Theravāda Buddhism: A Social History from Ancient Benares to Modern Colombo
Psychology Press, 1988 - 237 páginas
In this book, Richard Gombrich shows how Theravada Buddism has affected and been afected by its social surroundings. He explains what the Buddha owed to his predecessors and what he was arguing against. Many issues are raised and discussed.The Buddha preached in north-east India in about the fifth-century BC. He claimed that human beings are responsible for their own salvation, and put foward a new ideal of the holy life, establishing a monastic Order to enable men and women to pursue that ideal. For most of its history the fortunes of Theravada, the most conservative form of Buddhism, have been identified with those of that Order. Under the great Indian emperor, Asoka, himself a Buddhist, Theravada reached Sri Lanka in about 250 BC. There it became the religion of the Sinhala state, and from ther it spread, much later, to Burma and Thailand.In this book, Richard Gombrich, a leading western authority on Buddhism, shows how Theravada Buddhism has affected and been afected by its social surroundings. He explains what the Buddha owed to his predecessors and what he was arguing against. Buddhism began as a largely urban religion, appealing to a new middle class, but in Sri Lanka it became the culture of the agricultural society. In the nineteenth century, British colonial rule, and especially contact with Protestant missions, initaited fundamental change. Now, as Gombrich shows, in independent Sri Lanka the rapid urbanization of an exploding population threatens to schange the religion beyond recognition.
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2 Gotama Buddhas problem situation
3 The Buddhas Dhamma
4 The Sanghas discipline
5 The accommodation between Buddhism and society in ancient India
6 The Buddhist tradition in Sri Lanka
7 Protestant Buddhism
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Theravada Buddhism: A Social History from Ancient Benares to Modern Colombo
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accept ancient Anuradhapura ascetic Asoka Bāhu brahmins Buddha Buddha’s death Buddhaghosa Buddhist monks Burma called Canon caste century BCE ceremony Ceylon chapter Christian chronicles claim Colombo commentaries communal religion culture Dhamma Dharmapāla doctrine early Enlightenment ethical evidence formal gods Gotama higher ordination Hindu Hinduism ideas ideology important India individual inscriptions Jain Jainism kamma Kandy karman katriya king laity language layman living Mahāva Mahāyāna Mahinda means meditation missionaries missions modern monastery monastic monks moral nibbāna Nikāya novice one’s ordination tradition Pali Canon Parakkama Parinibbāna pātimokkha practice preached priests probably problem Protestant Buddhism rebirth relic religious renouncers ritual rule sacrifice salvation Sangha Sanskrit Sāsana scriptures sects seems sermon Sinhala Sinhalese Sinhalese Buddhist social society soteriology Sri Lanka śruti stupa Sutta Tamil teaching term theory Theravāda Theravāda Buddhism Theravādin Theravādin tradition translated truth unintended consequences Upaniads uposatha Veda Vedic Vesāli village Vinaya Vinaya Piaka word