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on the rock are they, which when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.
+ And that which fell among thorns, are they, which when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares, and riches, and pleasures of this life, and bring no fuit to perfection. || But that on the good ground, are they, which in an honest and good heart; having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience.
# The Sunday called Quinquagesima, or the next Sunday Before Lent.
rity are nothing worth; Send thy Holy Ghost, and pour into our hearts that most excellent gift of charity, the
bond of peace, and of all virtues, without which whosoever liveth is counted dead before thee. Grant this for thine only Son Jesus Christs sake. Amen.
The Epistle. 1 Cor. 13. 1.
have not charity, I am become as founding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and underAtand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith,
Paraphrase on the Collect for Quinquagefima Sunday. O Lord, who has taught us that all our best Works featly peaceable and virtuous; and without which we are of no value, if they proceed not from a principle of may be justly accounted dead in Sin, even whilft we C/ arity; bestow upon us, by thy Holy Spirit, this enjoy an animal Life. Grant this for the sake of thy molt excellent disposition, the means to make us per- Son Jesus Christ.
# And that which fell among Tkorns, &c. The thereto firmness of Resolution, and a due government Ground full of Thorns, whichofprang up with the of their pallions. Such, by the Blelling of God, will Seed, and choked it, represents those who receive the be likely to bring forth the Fruits of Righteousness Word into Hearts full of worldly Cares, which fooner abundantly. or later destroy whatever Convictions, or good Resolu I Quinquagefima Sunday is fo called, because it is tions are raised by it. Worldly Cares are justly.com- fifty Days before Easter. And as the Church had pared to Thorns, not only because of their pernicious appointed a Faft of forty Days before Eafter, which effects, but because they are to be rooted out with great begins on the Wednesday before Quadragefima Sundifficulty.
day.So it was ordered by Telesphorus and Gregory Bishops || But that on the good Ground, &c. The good Ground, of Rome, that all Priests should begin their Fafts two the honest and good Hearts, fignify such as endeavour to Days sooner that as they preceded the People in digunderstand the Word; and are disposed to believe the nity, they might also precede them in sanctity: Where Truth, tho' contrary to their prejudices, and to prac- fore to the Week of 'Quadragefima was this other ad. tise it cho' opposite to their inclinations : and join ded named Quinquagefima.
fo that' I could remove mountains, and have no charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unseemly, * seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil
, rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth ; beareth all things, t believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy, in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be
When I was child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. For now we see through a glafs darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as alfo I am known. And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three ; but the greatest of these is charity.
The Gospel. S. Luke 18. 31.
Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man fhall be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully intreated, and spitted on. And
Seeketh not her own. Charity does not confine its Charity will dispose us to hope Things are not so bad as endeavours to the private good of the Person who is they are represented; or to bope at least for the Offenpossessed of it; but continually excites us to promote ders reformation. Nay even when the charitable Perthe welfare of all Men according to our ability and son is in fome degree a sufferer by an inconfiderate opportunity.
Brother; (where his Crimes are not of such a natu' e as # Believeth all Things, bopeth all Things, endureth to require his panishment, for the fake of the public) all Things Where there is any just reason to fuppofe the charitable Person will endure his Wrongs with the Person accused is not guilty of the charge laid a- patience will conceal his Faults from the World ; and gzinft Him, Charity will incline us to believe him in- endeavour to win him over to a better Mind, by gen. nocent. And even where the circumstances alledged tleness, meekness, and good offices. againft him cannot be entirely refuted; yet even here
they shall scourge him, and put him to death ; and the third day
haft made, and doft forgive the sins of all them that are penitent; Create and make in us new and contrite hearts, that we
** And they understood none of these things. Our Lord's Son of Timeus, who seems to have been a Person of some Disciples, through their ignorance of the Scriptures, diftinction; and that having fallen into poverty and could not imagine how the Things which Jefus had told blindness, he was forced to beg for his Bread. them should happen to him. Because as they had all I Thy Faith bath laved thee. That is, thy Faith along looked upon kim as the Messiah, and, as such, hath made thee a proper Object of this Mercy. expected him to take upon himself the dignity and And immediately he received his Sight, &c. Thus, power of a temporal Prince; they could not fee how says “ Era/mus, Jesus, ty his Touch, cures the Mind his having dominion over the World could be .con " that is blinded with worldly Luks; and gives light fiftent with the sufferings he had told them he must un " for this end, that we may follow his steps. dergo. This blindness, which was the consequence of Il Lent. Is so called from the antient Name of national prejudice, continued upon them till the Holy March, which by the Saxons was named Lenet, Monat, Spirit defcended upon them at the Feast of Pentecoit. or Length Month because the Days then begin to exceed
# A certain blind Max, &c. St. Matthew mentions the Nights in length. For this reason, as the forty two who received their Sight at that Time. But the Days Abstinence are generally a part of this Month, reason why only one of them is taken notice of by St. they were therefore called Lent. Mark and Luke is, probably, because one of the Beg Ash-wednesday is so called from the antient custom gars was more remarkable than the other, being the of Faiting that Day in Sackcloth and Ahes.
worthily lamenting our fins, and acknowledging our' wretchedness,
For the Epistle. Joel. 2. Í 2.
and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning. And rent your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the Lord your God : for he is gracious and merciful, flow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. Who knoweth if he will return, and repent, and leave a blessing behind him, even a meat-offering, 'and a drink-offering unto the Lord your God? | Blow the trumpet in Zion, fanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the people, fanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that fuck the breasts ; let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet ; let the priests, the minifters of the Lord, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them fay, Spare thy people, O Lord, and give not thine heritage to reproach, that the heathen should rule over them: wherefore should : they say, among the people, Where is their God di ne :
The Gospel. S. Matth. 6. 16.
ye fast, be not as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: forthey disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men
on the Colleat for Ash-wednesday. Most might and eternal God, who loveft thy Crea- coming sorrow for our Offences, and a sense of our tures, and haft promised to pardon the Sins of such as misery without thy Mercy,may obtain full Reconciliation are truly penitent: Inspire us with hearty Repentance with thee the God of all goodness, through Jesus for our Transgresłons, and new Resolutions of better Christ our Lord. Obedience for the future ; that we thus fhewing a be
# Turn ze, even to bim, &c. Observe here that but that Times also thould be set apart for publick Fasting and all other outward ligns of penitence will Humiliation for our national Offences, and that Peonothing avail without a real contrition and change of ple may then offer up their united Supplications in the Heart, and iurning to the Lord' by a new Obedience. Assemblies, to avert God's displeasure,
| Blow the Trumpet in Zion, &c. This thews that When je ja, be not as the Hypocrites, &c. Our it is not only requisite that every particular Person Lord herein teacheth us that on any occasion of abstinence kould hew acts of Contrition for his Sins in private; we ought not to be formal and vain glorious, like those
to fast. Verily I say unto you, they have their reward. But 'thou, when thou fastest, anộint thine head, and wash thy face, that thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father which is in secret : and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. $ Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal. up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor ruit doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal. For where your treasure is, there will your heart be alfo.
# The firft Sunday in Lent.
nights ; Give us grace to ufe such abstinence, that our fleih being subdued to the Spirit, we máy »ever obeys thy godly motions in righteousness and true 'holiness, to thy honour and glory, who livest and reignest with the Father and the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.!
"The Epiftle. 1. 2. Cor. 6.1.3 E then as workers together with him, beseech you alfo, that
ye receive not the grace of God in vain : (for he faith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the Day of lalvation have I succoured thee : behold now is the accepted time;
Paraphrasé on the Colle@ for the firf Sunday in Lent. O Lord Jesus Christ, who, in order to prepare thy. brought in captivity to the obedience and Glory of thee felt for the work of the Miniftry, didit undergo a forty in all Holiness, who reignes with the Father and the Days Fait ; teach us so to mortify and deny our sensual Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Desires and Appetites that every. Thought may be Diffemblers, who at such Times, either covered their larly recommended at this leafon, that we are therefore Faces with a Veil, or by melancholy Looks and Gef- at liberty freely to indulge oor Appetites all the rest of tures, endeavoured to draw the observation of others. the Year. For as the Flesh is an Enemy that vre have For such Fasts have no farther recompence to expect. to contend with through Life: fo it behoves us cond
Lay net up for yourselves, &c. This precept very nually to keep a guard against its Allurements. property flows the preceding: for, in order to ren We then as workers togetber, &c That is, we, the der our Fatting acceptable, it is neceffary, as Ifaialt re- Minifters of Christ, who are employed in the great commends, that we deal our Bread to the hungry, and Work of reconciling Men to God, intreat you not to that we bring the Poor that are cast out to our Houses : receive the Gospel in vain, by neglecting to make a when we see the naked, that we cover him, and that we proper use of it: for not you have an opportunity hide not ourselves from our own Flefh, Isaiah lviii. 7• thereby of promoting the Salvation of your souls.
| Let no one suppose, becausc Abstinence is particu