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SUESEPTL'PLE.cat. [sub and spirits,
one Go!, to whom all wings were referred; but Lat.] Containing one of seven put..
under this God they worshipped many inferior and subservient gods.
Siilingflect. If unto this lower pulley there were added an
These ranks of creatures are subservient one other, then the power would be unto the weight
to another, and the most of them service able to in a subquintuple proportion; if a third, a subseptuple.
While awake, we feel none of those wutions Su’BSÉ QUENCE. n. s. [from subsequor,
continually made in the disposal of the cup real Lat.] The state of following ; not pre principles subservient berein. cedence.
Sense is subservient unto fancy, fancy unto inBy chis faculty we can take notice of the or tellect.
Grew. der of precedence and subsequence in which they We are not to consider the world as the body are pist.
Grew. of God: he is an uniturm being, void of organs, SUBSEQUENT. adj. [subsequent, Fr. 5zb. members, or parts; and they are his creatures, sequens, Lat. This word is improperly
subordinate to him, and subservient to his will.
Newtoni. pronounced long in the second syllable
Most criticks, fond of some subservient art, by Shakspeare.] Foilowing in train; not Suill make the whole depend upon a part; preceding
They talk of principies, but notions prize, In such indexes, although small pricks
And all to one lov’d folly sacrifice. To their subsequent volumes, there is seen SUBSE'X TCPLE, adj. [ sub and sextuplus, The baby figure of the giant mass
Lat.) Containing one part of six. Of things to come, at large. Shakspeare.
One of these under pullies abates half of that The subsequent words come on before the pre
heaviness the weight hath, and causes the power cedent vanish.
to be in a subduple proportion unto it, two of Why does each consenting sign With prudent harmony combine
them a subquadruple proportion, three a subsextuple.
Wilkins, In turns to move, and shequent arrear, TU SUBSI'DE. V. 1. [subsido, Lat.] To To gird the globe and reg te the year? Prior. This article is introducod as subsequent to the
sink ; to tend downward. It is comtreaty of Munster, made about 1019, when monly used of one part of a compound,
England was in the utmost confusion. Swift. sinking in the whole. Pope has used it SU'BSEQUENTLY.adt. [trom subsequent.] rather improperly:
Not so as to go before; so as to jollow He shook the sacred honours of his head, in train.
With terror trembled heav'n's subsiding hill, To men in governing most things full out ac
And from his shaken curls a:nbrosial dews distil. cidentally, and come not into any compliance
Dryden. with their preconceived en is; but tl.cy are Now Jove suspends his golden scales in ait, forced to comply subsequently, and to strike in Weighs the men's wits against the lady's hair: with things as they fill out, by postliminious
The doubtful beam long nods from side to side; after-applications of them to their purposes.
At length the wits mount up, the hairs subside. South.
Pope. To SUBSE’RVE. v. a. [subservio, Lat.] SUBSIDENCE. 1. s. [from subside.] The
To serve in subordination; to serve in- SUESI'DENCY. act of sinking; tendstrumentally.
ency downward. Not made to rule,
This gradual subsidency of the abyss would take But to subserve where wisdom bears command. up 2 considerable time.
Burnet Milion. This miscellany of bodies being determined to It is a greater credit to know the ways of cap
subsidence merely by their different specifick tivating nature, and making her subserve our grasitics, all those which had the same gravity purposes, than to have learned all the intrigues subsided at the same time.
Wood ward. of picy.
Glanville. By the alternate motion of those air-bladders, The memory hath no special part of the brain
whose surfaces are by turns freed from mutual devoted to its own service, but uses all those contact, and by a sudden subsidence meet again parts which subserve our sensations, as well as
by the ingress and egress of the air, the liquor our thinking powers. Waish. is still farther attenuated.
Arbuthnot. SUBSE'R VIENCE. n. s. [from subserve.]
SUBSIDIARY, adj. (subsidiaire, Fr. subSUBSE'RVIENCY. I Instrumental fitness,
sidiarius, Lat. from subsidy. ] Assistant;
brought in aid. use, or operation.
Bitter substances burn the blood, and are a Wicked spirits may by their cunning carry sort of subsidiary gall.
Arbuthnot. farther in a seering confederacy or subserviercy SUBSIDY. n. s. [subside, Fr. subsidium, to the designs of a good angcl. Dryden. There is an immediate and agil subservience of
Lat.] Aid, commonly such as is given the spirits to the empire of the soul. Hale. in money
We cannot look upon the body, wherein ap They advised the king to send speedy aids, pears so much fitness, use, and subser viency io and with much alacrity granted a great rate of intinite functions, any otherwise than as the ef subsidhan.
Bacon. fect of contrivance.
'Tis all the subsidy the present age can raise. There is a regular subordination and sub
Dryden. serviency among all the parts to beneficial ends. It is a celebrated notion of a patriot, that a
Chegne. house of commons should never grant such subSUBSE'R VIENT, adj. [subserviens, Lai.] sidies as give no pain to die people, lest the naSubordinate; instrumentally useful.
tion should acquiesce under a burden they did Hammond had an incredible dexterity, scarce
Addison. ever reading any thing which he did not make
To SUBS'gn. v. a. [subsigno, Lat.) To sub.ervient in one kind or other,
Foll. sign under. Philosophers and common heathens believed, Neither have they seen any deed, before the VUL IV.
conquest, but subsigred with crosses and single : The essential part. names without surnarnes.
Camden. It will serve our turn to comprehend the subs TC SUBSIST. v. n. (subsister, Ir. subsisto, stance, without contining ourselves to scrupuloue Latin.]
exactness in form.
This edition is the same in substance with r. To be ; to hare existence.
Burnet. 2. To continue; to retain the present state They are the best epitomes, and let you see or condition.
with one cast of the eye the substance of a hundFirm we subsist, but possible to serve. Milt.
Addison. The very foundation was removed, and it was
4. Something real, not imaginary ; some. á moral impossibility that the republick could subsist any longer.
thing soliu, not empty. Svift.
Shadows tö-night 3. To bare means of living ; to be main. Fiave struck more terror sethe soul of Richard, tained.
Than cau the substarce of ten thousand so diers He shone so powerfully upon me, that, like Arm'd all in proof, and led by shallow Richthe heat of a Russian summer, he ripened the
Sbakspeare. fruits of poetry in a cold climate; and gave me He the future evil shall no less wherewithal to subsist in the long winter which In apprehension than in substance feel. Milter. succeeded.
Dryden. Hetoick virtue did his actions guide, Let us remember those that want necessaries, And he the substance, not th' appearance, chose: as we ourselves should have desired to be re To rescue one such friend he took more pride, membered, had it been our sad lot to subsist on Than to destroy whole thousands of such foes. other men's charity. Atterbury.
Dryden. 4. To inhere; to have existence by means Godis no longer to be worshipped and believed of something else.
in as a god foresheving and assering by types, Though the general natures of these qualities but as a god who has performed the substanse of
what he promised.
Ndoca. are sufficiently distant from one another, yet when they come to subsist in particulars, and to s. Body; corporeal nature. be clothed with several accidents, then the dis Beliveen the paris of opake and coloured cernment is not so easy.
South. bodies are many spaces, either empty or reSUBSISTENCE or SUBSI'STENCY. n. s. plenished with mediunis of other densities; as, (subsistance, Fr. from subsist.]
water between the tinging corpuscles wherewith 1. Real being.
any liquor is impregnated, 'air between the The flesh, and the conjunction of the flesh
aqueous globules that constitute clouds or mists,
and for the most part spaces void of both air with God, began both at coc instant; bis making and taking to himself our flesh was but one act;
and water; but yet perhaps not wholiy void of so that in Christ there is no personal subsistence
ail substance between the parts of hard bodies.
Nactor but one, and that from everlasting. Hooker. We know as little how the union is dissolved,
The gua'ities of plants are more various than those of animal substancës.
Arbwibeeld that is, the chain of these differing subsistencies
There may be a great and constant cough, that compound us, as low it first commenced.
with an extraordinary discharge of flegmatick
maiter, while, notwithstanding, the substance of
Blackmore. very images were of some creatures existing.
6. Weilih; mean ; of life. Stilling fleet.
He hath eaten me out of house and home, 1. Competence; means of supporting life.
and hath put all my substance into that fit belly His viceroy could only propose to himself a of his; but I will have some of it out again. comfortable subsistence out of the plunder of his
We are destroying many thousand lives, and 3. Inherence in something else.
exhausting cur sibstunte, but not for our ona SUBSISTEST. adj. [subsistens, Lat.)
interest. 1. Having real being.
SUBSTANTIAL. adj. [subsiantiel, Fr. from Such as deny spirits subsistent without bodies,
substance.] will with difficulty aftım the separate existence of their own.
1. Real; actually existing. 2. Inherent.
If this atheist world have his chance to be ? These qualities are not subsiszent in thuse bo
real and substantial agent, he is more stupid tr.12 dies, but are operations of fancy begotten in
Beatles. something else.
Bentley'. 2. True; solid; real; not merely seeming, SUBSTANCE. n. S. [substance, Fr. sub
O blessed, blessed right! I am afraid, stantia, Latin.]
Being in night, all this is but a dream; 1. Being; something existing ; something
Too flattering stseet to be substantial. Sbakıp. of which we can say that it is.
To give thee being, i lent
Out of my side to thee, nearest my heart, Since then the soul works by herself alone, Substantial life. Springs not from sense, nor humours well agree
if happiness be a sułstantial good, ing,
Not fram'd of accidents, nor subject to them,
I err'd to seck it in a blind revenge.
Tiine, as a river, hath brought down to 15
what is more light and superficial, while things And this empyreal substance, cannot fail. M:lt.' more suiid and substantial have been immersiella 2. That which supporis accidents.
What creatures there inhabit, of what mold The difference betwist the empty vanity of And substance?
Milton. ostentation, and the substantial ornameris of Evciy being is considered as subsisting in and virtue.
L'Esfragt hy itself, and then it is called a substance; or it Observations are the only sure grounds unence subsists in and by anuther, and then it is called a on to build a lasting and substantiat piniosu Uy, mode or maand of being.
A solid and substantiel greatness of soul, looks ever advenes to the act itself alreadý subsiune down with neglect on the censures and applauses tiated.
Ayliffe. of the multitude.
Addison. SU’BSTANTIVE.n. s. [substantif, Fr. subThis useful, charitable, humble employment of yourselves, is what I recommend to you with
stantivum, Lat.) A noun betokening the greatest earnestness, as being a substantial part
thing, not a quality. of a wise and yious life.
Claudian perpetually closes his sense at the 3. Corporeal; material.
end of a verse, commonly called golden, or two Now shine these planets with substantial rays?
substantives and two adjectives, with a verb bcDoes innate lustre gild their measur'd days?
twixt them to keep the peace. Dryden.
SUBSTA'NTIVE. adj. ( substantivus, Lat.]
Prior. The sun appears filat like a plate of silver, the 1. Solid ; depending only on itself. Not moon as big as the sun, and the rainbow a large substantial arch in the sky; all which are gross
He considered how sufficient and substantive falsehoods.
this land was to maintain itself, without any aid 4. Strong : stout; buiky.
of the foreigner.
Bacon. Substantial doors,
2. Betokening existence. Cross-barr'd and bolted fast, fear no assault.
One is obliged to join many particulars in
Milton. one proposition, because the repetition of the 5. Responsible; moderately wealthy; pos
substantive verb would be tedious. Arbuthnos. Sessed of substance.
SUBSTA'NTIVELY. adv. [from substanTrials of crimes and titles of right shall be tive.] As a substantive. made by verdict of a jury, chosen out of the honest and most substantial freeholders. - Spenser.
To Su’BSTITUTE. v. a. (substituer, Fr. The merchants, and substantial citizens, can
substitutus, from sub and statuo, Lat.] not make up more than a hundred thousand fa To put in the place of another. milies.
Addison. In the original designs of speaking, a man can SUBSTANÍTA'LITY, n. s. [from substan
substitute none for them that can equally con
duce to his honour. tial.]
Government of the Tongue.
If a swarthy tongue 1. The state of real existence.
Is underneath his humid palate hung, 2. Corporeity ; materiality
Reject him then, and substitute another. Dryden. Body cannot act on any thing but by motion; Some few verses are inserted or substituted in motion cannot be received but by quantity and the room of others.
Corgreve. matter: the soul is a stronger to such gross sube SU'ESTITUTE. n. s. (substitut, Fr. from stantiality, and owns nothing cf these. Glanville.
the verb.) SUBSTA'NTIALLY, adv. [from substan 1. Onc placed by another to act with detial.]
legated power. 1. In manner of a substance ; with real Were you sworn to the duke, or to the deputy? ity of exist: 'nce.
-To him and his substitutes. Sbakspeare, in him his Father shone substantially express'd.
You 've taken up,
Under the counterfeited zeal of God, 1. Strongly; solidly.
The subjects of his substitute, iny father,
And here upswarm'd them. Sbakspeare. Having so substantially provided for the north, they promised themselves they should end the
Hast thou not made me here thy substitute, Clarendon,
And these inferior far beneath me set? Milton.
Providence delegates to the supreme magi3. Truly; solidly; really; with fixed
strate the same power for the good of men, purpose.
which that supreme magistrate transfers to those The laws of this religion would make men,
several substitutes who act under him. Addisun. they would truly observe them, substantially religious towards God, chaste, and temperate.
2. It is used likewise for things : as, one Tillotson.
medicine is a substitute for another. 4. With competent wealth.
SUBSTITUTION. n. s. (substitution, Fr. SUBSTA'XTIÁLNESS. n. s. [from substan
from substituie.] The act of placing any tial.]
person or thing in the room of another; 1. The state of being substantial.
the state of being placed in the room of 2. Firmness; strengih; power of holding
another. or lasting.
He did believe When substantialness combincth with delight
He was the duke, from substitution, fulness, fulness with fineness, how can the lan
And executing th' outward face of royalty, guage which consisteih of these sound other
With all prerogative.
Sbakspeare, than most full of sweetness?
Nor sai, sulphur, or mercury, can be separated In degree of substantiałness next above the
from any perfect metals; for every part, so se* Dorique, sustaining the third, and adorning the parated, may easily be reduced into perfect me
tal without substitution of that which chymists imagine to be wanting.
Bacon. SUBSTANTIALS. n. so (without singular.]
To SUBSTRA'ct. v. a. (subtrabo, Latin ; Although a custom introduced against the sub
soustraction, French.] stantials of an appeal be not valid, is that it 1. To take away part from the whole. should not be appealed to a superior but to an 2. To take one number from another. inferior judge, yet a custom may be introduced SUBSTRA'Ction. n. s. (soustraire, sou• against the accidentals of an appeal. Ayliita.
straction, French.] To SUBSTANTIATE. v. a. [from sub 1. The act of taking away part from the sinure. 1 To make to exist.
whole. The accidental of any act is said to be what. I cannot call this piece Tully's nor my own,
war that sumnier.
being much altered not only by the change of is the word now used.] Lying under the style, but by addition and substraction.
the earth ; placed below the surface. Denbam.
Metals are wholly subterrany; whereas plants 2. [In arithmetick.] The taking of a lesser
are part above earth, and part under. Dacon. number out of a greater of like kind, In subterranies, as the fathers of their tribes,
are brimstone and mercury.
Bacon, whereby to find out a third number,
The force being or declaring the inequality, ex
Of subterranean wind transports a hill cess, or difference between the numbers
Torn from Peiorus, or the shatter'd side given.
Of thund'ring Æva, whose combustible SUBSTRU'CTION. 1. s. [substructio, from And fuel'd entrails thence conceiving fire, sub and struo, Lat.] Underbuilding. Sublim'd with mineral fury, aid the winds.
Milton. To forind our habitation firmly, examine the bed of earth upon which we build, and then the
Alteration proceeded from the change made underfillings, or substruction, as the ancients call in the neighbouring subterraneal parts by that it.
Beyłe. SUBSTY'LAR. adj. [sub and stylus, Lat.]
Tell by what pails, what subterranean ways, Substylar line is, in dialing, a right line,
Back to the fountain's head the sea conveys
Blackmore. whereon the gnomon or style of a dial Let my soft minutes glide obscurely on, is erected at right angles with the plane. Like subterraneous streams, unheard, unknown. Dict.
Norris. Erect the style perpendicularly over the sub This subterraneous passage was not at first destilar line, so as to make an angle with the dial signed so much for a highway as for a quarry. plane equal to the elevation of the pole of your
Rous'd within the subterranean world, SUBSU'LTIVE. adj. (subsuelts, Latin.] Ti' expanding earthquake unresisted shakes
Tborason. SUBSU'LTORY.) Bounding; moving by
SUBTERRA'NITY. . s. [sub and terre, starts. SUBSU’LTORILY. adr. [from subsultoru. ]
Lat.) A place under ground. Not in In a bounding manner; by fits; by
We commonly consider subterranities not in starts.
contemplations sufficiently respective unto the The spirits spread even, and move not subsul
Brows. torily; for that will make the parts close and SUBTILE. odi. [subt:le, Fr. suhtilis, Lat. pliant.
Bacon. SUBTA’YGENT. n. s. In any curve, is the
This word is often written subtle.]
1. Thin; not dense; not gross. line which determines the intersection
Froin his eves the fleeting fair of the tangent in the axis prolonged. Retir'il, like suhtle smoke dissolu'd in air. Dryd.
Dict. Diny Des Cart his suntik matter, TO SUBTE'ND. v. a. (sub and tendo, Lat.]
You leave him neither fire nor water. Prior. To be extended under.
is not the heat conveyed through the vacuum In rectangles and triangles, the square which
b: the vibrations of a much subtiler medium than is made of the side that subiunilets the right an
air, which, after the air was drawn out, remained in the vacuum?
Newton. gle, is equal to the squares which are made of the sides containing the right angle. Brosun.
2. Nice ; fine; delicate; not coarse. From Aries rightwayo draw a line, to end
But of the clock, which in our breasts we bear, In the same round, and let that line subtend The subtil: motions we forget the while. Droies. An equal triangle: now since the lines
Thou only know'st her nature and her pow'rs; Must three times touch the round, and meet
Her subtile for that only canst denne. Davies.
I do distinguish plain Where'er they meet in angles, those are trines. Each subtile line of her inmortai face. Davies.
Cycech. 3. Piercing; acute. SUBTE'NSE. N. s. [sub and tensus, Latin.] Piss we the slow disease, and subtile pain, The chord of an arch.
Which our weak frame is destin’d to sustain;
The cruel stone, the cold catarrh. Prisr. SU'PTER. [Lat.] In composition, signi
4. Cunning; artiul; sly; subdolous. In fies inder. SUBTERFLU'ENT. adj. [subterfino, Lat.]
this sense it is now commonly written SUBTERFLUOUS. Running under.
subtle. Milton seems to have both. (See
SUET1...] SU'ETER FUGE. n. s. [subterfuge, Fr. subter
Arrius, a priest in the church of Alexandria, a and fugio, Lat.] A shift ; an evasion;
subtile-witted and a marvellous frir-spoken min, a trick.
was discontenteż that one should be placed he'The king cared not for subterfuges, but would fore himn in honour, whose superior he thought stand envy, and appear in any ibing that was to hinıself in desert, because through eiwy and sto his mind.
mach prone unto contradiction. Haséer. Norvithstanding all their sly subterfuges and
Think rou this York studied evasions, yet the product of all their en Was not incensed by his subtle mother deavours is but as the birth of the labouring To taunt and scorn you?
Sbaespeare. mountains, wind and emptiness. G!.noille. O subtil: love, a thousand wiles thou hast
Anect not littie shifts and switcrfiges to avoid By luunble suit, by service, or by hire, the force of an argument. Watts. To win a maiden's hold.
Fairfax. SUBTERRANEAL. adj. (sub and terra,
A woman, an hariot, and subtila of heart,
Prearls. SUBTERRANEAN. Lat. sousterraine, Nor thou his malice, and false guile, contemn : SUBTERRANEOUS. Fr. Subterranean Subtile he necds must be, who could seduce SU'BTERRANY. or subterraneous Angels.
How shall we this union well express? Like a bowi upon a subtle ground,
Nought ties the soul, her subtilty is such. Davies. I've tumbled past the throw. Shukspeare.
The corporeity of all bodies being the same, 6. Refined ; acute beyond necessity.
and subtilly in all bodies being essentially the Things remote from use, obscure and subtle. same thing, could any body by subtilty become
Greru. SU'BTILELY. adv. [from subtile.]
some degree of life.
Bodies, the more of kin they are to spirit in 1. In a subtile manner; thinly ; not subtilly and refinement, the more spreading and densely.
self-diriusive are they.
Norris. 2. Finely; not grosoly.
2. Nictv; exility. The constitution of the air appeareth more Whatsoever is invisible, in respect of the finesubtilely by worms in oak-apples than to the ness of the body, or subtilty of the motion, is sense of inan. Bacon. little enquired.
Bacon. In these plaisters the stone should not be too 3. Rcfinement; too much acuteness. subtilely powdered; for it will better manifest its
You prefer the reputation of candour before attraction in more sensible dimensions. Brown,
that of subtilty.
Boyle. The opakes' bodies, if subtilely divided, as me Intelligible discourses are spoiled by too much cals dissolved in acid inenstruuns, become per subtilty in nice divisions.
Locke, fectly transparent.
Greece did at length a learned race produce, 3. Artfully ; cunningly.
Who needful science mock'd, and arts of use; By granting this, add the reputation of loving Mankind with idle subtilties embroil, the truth sincerely to that of having been able And fashion systems with romantick toil. to oppose it subtitely: Boyle.
Blackmore. Others have sought to ease themselves of af They give method, and shed subtilty upon fiction by disputing subtilely against it, and per their author.
Baker. tinaciously maintaining that aišictions are no
4. Cunning; artifice; slyness. real evils.
Finding force now faint to be, SUBTILENESS. n. s. [from subtile.]
He thought grey hairs afforded subtilty. Sidney. 1. Fineness; rareness.
The rudeness and barbarity of savage Indians 2. Cunning; artfulness.
know not so perfectly to hate all virtues as some To SUBTILIATE. v. a. [from subtile.]
King Cbarles. To make thin.
As from his wit and native subtlety. Milton, A very dry and warm or sultilialing air opens the surface of the earth.
Harvey. Su'BTLE. adj. [written often for subtile, SUBTILIATION. n. s. [subtiliation, Fr. especially in the sense of cunning.] Sly;
from subtiliate.] The act of making artful; cunning. thin.
Some subtle headed fellow will put some quirk, By subtiliation and rarefaction, the oil contain or devise some evasion, whereof the rest will ed in grapes, if distilled before it be fermented, take hold.
Spenser. becomes spirit of wine.
Shall we think the subtle-witted French SUBTILIZATION. n. s. (from subiilize.)
Conj'rers and sorc'rers, that, afraid of him, 1. Subtilization is making any thing so
By magick verse have thus contriv'd his end?
Sbakspeare. volatile as to rise readily in steam or .
The serpent, subtlest beast of all the field. vapour. Quincy.
Milton. Fluids have their resistances proportional to The Arabians were men of a deep and subtle their densities, so that no subtilization, division wit.
Spralt. of parts, or retining, can alter these resistances. Su’BTLY. adv. (from subtle.]
1. Slily ; artiully; cunningly. 2. Refinement; superfluous acuteness.
Thou see'st how subtly to detain thee I devise; To SUBTILIZE. v. a. (subtilizer, Fr. from Inviting thee to hear, while I relate. Milton. subtile.]
2. Nicely ; delicately. 1. To make thin; to make less gross or in the nice bee, what sense so subtly true, coarse.
From pois nous herbs extracts the healing dew! Chyle, being mixed with the choler and pan
Popa creatick juices, is further subtilized, and render. To SUBTRACT. v. a. (subtractio, Latin, ed so fluid and penetrant, that the thinner and They who derive it from the Latin finer part easily finds tay in at the streight ori write subtract; those who know the fices of the la teous veins.
Ray. Body cannot be vital; for if it be, then is it so
French original, write substract, which either as subtired or organized, moved or en
is the common word.] To withdraw dowed with lite.
Grew. part from the rest. 2. To refine; to spin into useless niceties. Reducing many things unto charge, which, by The most obvious verity is subtilized into nice
confusion, became concealed and subtracted from ties, and spun into a thread indiscernible by
Davies. Glanville. common opticks.
What is subtracted or subducted out of the exTO SUBTUILE. V. n. To talk with too
tent of the divine perfection, leaves still a crotient intinite.
Hale, much refinement.
The same swallow, by the subtracting dai.y of Qualities and moods some modern philoso
her eggs, laid nineteen successively, and en phers have subtilized on.
Digby. SETILTY. n. s. [subtilité, Fr. from SUBTRA'CTER. n. s. (subtraho, Lati..]
The number to be taken out of a larger 1. Thinness; fineness ; exility of parts.
number. The suktilties of particular sounds may pass through small crannies not confused, but its SUB'TRA'ction. n. s. See SUBSTRACmagnity not so well.