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Concludes with a Remark on a Pa may be very injurivus to his Patron, by per of his, intitled, A Discourse on In weakening that Principle upon which fidelity, fign'd SOCRATES (see p. 1071.) alone he seems to have any Credit with Whatever imaginary Deity he would be. A any Part of Mankind, and even with stow on Virtue and Morality, in Oppo Socrates himself. fition to the Principle of Self-Love, he is actually espousing the Cause of im
London Journal, Jan. 6. No. 706. morality, by destroying the natural and Of Tyranny, Anarchy, and Free Gogenuine Principle by which alone it
B Dolizers of Power have fo debauch'd Individual proposes to himself, in the doing a virtuous and friendly Action, tions of human Nature, Morals, and be not the Motive upon which he acts, Politicks, that some celebrated Writers it's impossible any Principle should be have supposed Mankind so ill made, found in human Nature, upon which that they could not subsist without Morality can be fupported. It will c Subjection to Power. Anaroby, or the therefore be incumbent on him to State of Man without Government, prove, that “ the Concern which a they have represented as Chaos and friendly Man feels at the Misfortunes Confusion; and a State of Nature, as of one he has a Regard for, proceeds a continual War of every Man against from any other Motive, than the Plea every Man. Thus human Nature, sure he proposes to himself of being Truth, Justice, and the Honour of freed from the Uneasiness he feels on D God, are prostituted to the Support of Account of his Friend; and that the
arbitrary Power; altho'a State of NaRelief he gives him is not acting upon ture is infinitely preferable to Tyranny the Principle of Self-Love : Since, if and arbitrary Power. the Misfortunes of his Friend gave him A State of Nature is, where every no Uneasiness, he could have no Mo Man's allowed to do what he will with tive to relieve him.”
his own Person and Property, confifTo say, that a benevolent Man and E tent with other Men's; and those common a selfish Man are distine Characters, is Rights are so easily discerned, that the saying nothing. They are indeed di Indians live much better than Men unItinct in the Ellimation of Mankind, der any Tyranny and arbitrary Governand in Nature too, while the benevo ment. Their Virtue and Happiness are lent Man's Uneasiness is produced by owing to their being untaught by those the Rezard he has for his Friends, and F whose highest Interest it is to deceive the selfish Man's by the Regard he them. has for himjelf; but does this prove The great Inequality of Property is Self-Love is not the immediate Motive the Source of almost all Murders, Robof both their Actions ? Are they not beries, and other Vices among our. both prompted to Action from some selves; which the wiser and happier Uneasiness
, in the removing of which G Savages knowing nothing of, are blesa Good is proposed to each Individual ? sed with Security and Eafe : For, they The Cause of this Uneasiness is not naturally assent to that divine Truth, material. Socrates can't distinguish be- fufficient unto the Day is the Evil, and tween the immediate Spring of moral The Good thereof too ; every Man proAstions, which is the Desire of Good vides for himself and his Offspring, founded upon Uneafiness, and that H and, invading no Man's Property, is which produces this Uneasiness. When vaded by no Man; and they are he has thought of this, he will hardly content to die as they live, not worth burt his Head again in a Controversy, a Groat; when they have no Occahon which, in the Manner he conducts it, for it, they have no Occafion for Go,
vernment: For all Government owes its
Universal Spectatoz, Jan. 6. No. 222.
Gesture, expressing our Ideas and
That Government only is just and fame Person and Play, obliged to per-
ces of a Begger, speaks, acts, and be.
G Eyes are apt to give our knowledge the
The celly Miscellanp, Jan. 6. No. 4.
On the Test Act
poration and Teft Acts repealed; but ciple advanced in a Paper pretended to
A tain of all Power and Authority ; (See
What Methods they intend to use Consideration, because finful in itself.
vied; even the Liberty of voting in
foiled. However, 'tis great Chance of the late K. James, who paid no but the Legislature will agree with Regard to the repeated Advices from the judicious Author of the Dispute France, concerning the Pr. of Orange's edj:yled, “That whenever the Tolera Designs, till the Prince declared it him• tion breaks in upon the Establish
self, and was ready to set Sail. ment, or the Ettablishment upon the As to K. James's Fleet lying Wind• Toleration, the Peace of this King bound in the Mouth of the Thames, dom will be at an End.'
when the Pr. of Orange fail'd by, its
doubted whether our Deliverer was not 'The Craft finan, Jan. 6. No. 340.
as much obliged to the Affections of Of the Navy and MIlitia.
the Officers and Seamen, who comON
N these two Bulwarks our Ance pos'd that Fleet, as to the Winds.
stors have safely rclied for inany But granting that some foreign Power Generations ; even during the long in the Interest of the Pretender should and bloody Wars between the Houies
conjure up a great naval Armament on of York and Lancaster, the Party that a Sudden, and steal it into England in a prevailid disbanded their Army, as dark Night, or by a favourable Wind, foon as the Action was over, and (corn' what are they to do? to secure themselves by a military Go “ The Cale then is thus, says Mr verrment.
Trenchard, that 20,000 Men, of which I suppose, says D'anvers, it will not few can be Horse, are landed in Engbe denied that we have at present the land, without any human Probability finest Navy, and the bravest Seamen of being supply'd from Abroad. This in the World; and I hope the former
Army shall never march 20 Miles into will not be suffer'd to decline, nor the the Country ; for they cannot put latter by being discourag'd or ill Ulage themselves in a marching Poiture in less be forc'd into foreign Service. But the than a Fortnight or 3 Weeks, by which common Method of Manning our Time we may have 100,000 Militia Fleets by Impressing, I am perswaded, drawn down upon them ; whereof is inconsistent with Magna Charta, the e 10,000 Mhall be Horse, and as ma. Rights of Englishmen, and of pernicious ny Dragoons as we please; and if this Consequence to Trade.
Militia does nothing but drive the Whilst we are able to keep up such Country, cut off their Foragers, and a naval Power, we shall easily maintain intercept Provisions, their Army mult the Sovereignty of the Seas, and safely be destroy'd in a short Time.” despise any Attempts from Abroad. F If then our Militia is backd only
But Mr Wallingham says there can with 5 or 6000 regular Troops, what be no absolute Dependance on a naval Danger can we apprehend from an InForce, to oppole or defeat an Invasion ; vasion! -- This was the Opinion of see p. 652. Vol. II.] Nobody can be the late D. of Marlborough, who deignorant that the necesary Preparati clared he would undertake to defeat any ons for such an Enterprize tahe
Body of Men, which could be poi great deal of Time, and require such a fibly landed on us by Surprize, with Number of Ships, that all Europe must only his own Regiment of Guards, be alleep, if it should pass unobserved. two or three of Dragoons, and such a The Spanish Armada confiited but of Train of Artillery as he could easily 18,000 Men ; and K. William brought draw out ; whereas they could not
in 6 or 700 Ships ; so that bring any with them of Contequence; nothing but the moit egregious In nor stand long, having no fortify! dolence can expose us to such an At Towns to secure themselves. tempt, without some Warning and The Success of the Revolution was Time for Defence. This was the Case entirely owing to the Dilaffection
spread amongst all Ranks and Degrees The Difficulty is, in getting them of People.
disbanded, as Mr Gay observes : Militia are the natural, strongest and
Soldiers are perfect Devils in their Way, Clay moft proper Defence of free Countries; When once they're rais’d, chey're cursed hand to and were always rely'd upon in Eng- A
The Datly Courant, Jan. 9. land, till the Reign of K. Charles II. Sir Robert Cotton, in his Advice to
Remarks on the Craftsman. . K. Charles I. lets him know how
the THE Inconfiftency of the Craftfhis
we in the Winter ; tho' we were then in only compare his Journal of the 15th War both with France and Spain.
of April last (see p. 701) with the When the D. of Alençon came to foregoing of the 6th Inftant. the Court of Q. Elizabeth, and for Supposing, as he affirms, that the Some Time had admir'd the Riches of Militia were the only Forces made use the City, the Conduct of her Govern of in the Wars between the Houses of ment, and the Magnificence of her York and Lancaster; how does this Court, he ask'd her, amidst so much prove,
that our Ancestors relied whol. Splendour, where were her Guards ? ly on the Militia against an Invafion Pointing to the People, (who received of foreign regular Troops ? Or, supher in Crouds with repeated Acclama- posing the Militia in those Days, os tions) These said she, my Lord, are my even in the Reign of Q. Elizabeth, Guards, These have their Hand's, were to be relied on againit a foreign Hearts, and Purses always at my Com Invasion, will the Craftsman affert,
that the Militia of these Days, (who, To this it has been objected by the he acknowledges, are good for nothing Hon. Gentleman and his Advocates, that but cramming their Guts) equals in the Circumstances of Affairs in Europe Bravery the Militia in those Reigns? are entirely alter'd in this Respect. But, says he, nothing can be more
This Alteration took Place when absurd than to suppose that the Milimost of the free States of Europe were E tia can't be made useful ; yet comconverted into absolute Monarchies
. plains, that it's in vain to propose any Yet still in Holland and other free States Scheme of this Kind, whilst no Pains the inland Towns are defended by their are spared to make the Militia conMilitia and Burghers only.
temptible; tho' in the Paragraph just I would not be thought to mean, before, he had himself called them adds D'arvers, that our Militia are fit F « Men fit for no Service, besides cramto defend our Country or indeed for any ming their Guts at the Expence of Thing, besides furnishing the Town their industrious Fellow-Subjects. with a ridiculous Diversion, and cram Mr Trenchard is his great Oracle. ming their Guts at the Expence of their In the Quotation which Mr D'anvers. industrious Fellow-Subjects. For this takes from him, two Things are to be Reason they are laid aside every where G observed; one, that Mr Trenchard but in Middlesex. See p. 208. Vol. I. supposes 20,000 regular Forces may be
But it's absurd to suppole that the landed upon us in a dark Night; the Militia cannot be made useful.- From other, that the 100,000 Militia are not whence is our present Army rais'd but supposed to have been made useful, but from the Budy of the People? Do's Men fit for no Service but cramming clapping a red Coat upon a Man's Back H their Guts: With which, no doubt, the make him a Soldier ? May not a great Nation would be better pleased than Part of the present Army when dis 18,000 regular Forces. For, suppose handed be incorporated into the Mi. these 20,coo regular Forces landed in litia?
Siutland, what is to be done? Draw