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A. D. 33.
MATT. XXI. 31, 32.

A. D. 33. son of Abraham. For the Son of man honey. Then went out to him Jeruis come to seek and to save that which salem, and all Judæa, and all the rewas lost, xix. 9, 10. What shall we gion round about Jordan, And were say then? That the Gentiles, which baptized of him in Jordan, confessing followed not after righteousness, have their sins. But when he saw many attained to righteousness, even the of the Pharisees and Sadducees come righteousness which is of faith. But to his baptisın, he said unto them, O Israel, which followed after the law generation of vipers, who hath warnof righteousness, hath not attained to ed you to flee from the wrath to come? the law of righteousness. Where- Bring forth therefore fruits meet for fore? Because they sought it not by repentance, Matt. iii. 1–8. And an faith, but as it were by the works of highway shall be there, and a way, the law. For they stumbled at that and it shall be called The way of hostumblingstone ; As it is written, liness; the unclean shall not pass Behold, I lay in Sion a stumbling- over it; but it shall be for those: the stone and rock of offence : and who wayfaring men, though fools, shall not soever believeth on him shall not be err therein, Isa. XXXV. 8. Thus saith ashamed, Rom. ix. 30--33. Who was the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, see, and ask for the old paths, where and injurious : but I obtained mercy, is the good way, and walk therein, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief. and ye shall find rest for your souls. And the grace of our Lord was ex. But they said, We will not walk thereceeding abundant with faith and love in, Jer. vi. 16. Bring forth therefore which was in Christ Jesus. This is fruits worthy of repentance, and bea faithful saying, and worthy of all gin not to say within yourselves, We acceptation, that Christ Jesus came have Abraham to our father : for I into the world to save sinners; of say unto you, That God is able of whom I am chief. Howbeit for this these stones to raise up children unto cause I obtained mercy, that in me

Abraham. And now also the axe is first Jesus Christ might shew forth laid unto the root of the trees: every all longsuffering, for a pattern to them tree therefore which bringeth not which should hereafter believe on him forth good fruit is hewn down, and to life everlasting, 1 Tim. i. 13—16. cast into the fire. And the people

asked him, saying, What shall we do VER. 32.

then? He answereth and saith unto "Hade gåę arçès üção 'løávums bv odo them, He that hath two coats, let δικαιοσύνης και ουκ επιστεύσατε αυτω ai

him impart to him that hath none; δε τελώναι και αι αόρναι επίστευσαν αυτώ. and he that hath meat, let him do ipers dè išGYTES, OU Meteueahonte ürtepov, likewise. Then came also Publicans του πιστεύσαι αυτα. .

to be baptized, and said unto him,

Master, what shall we do? And he For John a came unto you in the way said unto them, Exact no more than of righteousness, band ye believed him that which is appointed you, Luke not : but the Publicans and the harlots i. 8–13. For it had been better for believed him: and ye, when ye had seen

them not to have known the way of it, C repented not afterward, that ye righteousness, than, after they have might believe him.

known it to turn from the holy comIn those days came John the mandment delivered unto them, 2 Pet. Baptist, preaching in the wilderness ii. 21. of Judæa, And saying, Repent ye: b The baptism of John, whence was for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. it? from heaven, or of men? And For this is he that was spoken of by they reasoned with themselves, saying, the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice If we shall say, From heaven; he will of one crying in the wilderness, Pre- say unto us, Why did ye not then bepare ye the way of the Lord, make his lieve him? Matt. xxi. 25. For John paths straight. And the same John came neither eating nor drinking, and had his raiment of camel's hair, and they say, He hath a devil, xi. 18. And a leather girdle about his loins ; all the people that heard him, and the and his meat was locusts and wild | Publicans, justified God, being bapVOL, I.

2 C

A. D. 33.
MATT. XXI. 32, 33.

A. D. 33. tized with the baptism of John. But a tower, and let it out to chusbandmen, the Pharisees and Lawyers rejected and d went into a far country: the counsel of God against them a See on chap. xiii. ver. 3. clause 1. selves, being not baptized of him, b Thou hast brought a vine out of Luke vii. 29, 30. Ye sent unto John, Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and he bare witness unto the truth. and planted it. Thou preparedst room But I receive not testimony from before it, and didst cause it to take

: but these things I say, that ye deep root, and it filled the land. The might be saved. He was a burning hills were covered with the shadow of and a shining light: and ye were it, and the boughs thereof were like the willing for a season to rejoice in his goodly cedars. She sent out her light. But I have greater witness boughs unto the sea, and her branches than that of John : for the works which unto the river. Why hast thou then the Father hath given me to finish, broken down her bedges, so that all the same works that I do, bear wit- they which pass by the way do pluck ness of me, that the Father hath sent her? The boar out of the wood doth me, John v. 33--36.

waste it, and the wild beast of the € But my people would not hearken field doth devour it. Return, we beto my voice; and Israel would none seech thee, O God of hosts : look of me. So I gave them up unto their down from heaven, and behold, and own hearts' lust: and they walked in visit this vine ; And the vineyard their own counsels, Psal. Lxxxi. 11, 12. which thy right hand hath planted, But they refused to hearken, and pulled and the branch that thou 'madest away the shoulder, and stopped their strong for thyself. It is burned with ears, that they should not hear. Yea, fire, it is cut down : they perish at the they made their hearts as an adamant rebuke of thy countenance, Psal. lxxx. stone, lest they should hear the law, 8—16. Solomon had a vineyard at and the words which the LORD of Baal-hamon; he let out the vineyard hosts hath sent in his spirit by the unto keepers; every one for the fruit former prophets: therefore came a thereof was to bring a thousand pieces great wrath from the LORD of hosts, of silver. My vineyard, which is Zech. vii. 11, 12. And the Father mine, is before me: thou, O Solomon, himself, which hath sent me, hath must have a thousand, and those that borne witness of me. Ye have neither keep the fruit thereof two hundred, heard bis voice at any time, nor seen Cant. viii. 11, 12. Now will I sing to bis shape. And ye have not his word my wellbeloved a song of my beloved abiding in you : for whom he hath touching his vineyard. My wellsent, bim ye believe not. Search the beloved hath a vineyard in a very Scriptures; for in them ye think ye fruitful hill: And he fenced it, aud have eternal life: and they are they gathered out the stones thereof, and which testify of me. And ye will not planted it with the choicest vine, and come to me, that ye might have life, built a tower in the midst of it, and John v. 37–40. In meekness in- also made a winepress therein : and structing those that oppose them- he looked that it should bring forth selves; if God peradventure will give grapes, and it brought fortă wild them repentance to the acknowledging grapes. And now, 0 inhabitants of of the truth, 2 Tim. ii. 25.

Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, VER. 33.

I pray you, betwixt me and my vine

yard. What could have been done "Anany wapaConny axouoate "Arbeavatós more to my vineyard, that I have not

hy oixodeonórns, &CTIS EPÚTETTY åpne done in it? wherefore, when I looked Nära, val opayudo avrõ regui@nxe, sal that it should bring forth grapes, üqutov ev aita anvèy, xal qirodóungo muze brought it forth wild grapes, Isa. v. yov, xai itidoto aútèr yemgyors, sal d'medý- 1-4. Yet I had planted thee a nopenosy.

ble vine, wholly a right seed: how Heur another a parable: b There was then art thou turned into the degenea certain householder, which planted a rate plant of a strange vine unto vineyard, and hedged it round about, me? Jer. ii. 21. And he began to and digged a winepress in it, and built speak unto them by parables. A


A. D. 33.

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXI. 33, 34. certain man planted a vineyard, and the messengers of God, and despised set an hedge about it, and digged his words, and misused his prophets, a place for the winefat, and built a until the wrath of the Lord arose tower, and let it out to husbandmen, against, his people, till there was no and went into a far country, Mark remedy, 2 Chron. xxxvi. 15, 16. And xii. 1. Then began he to speak to testifiedst against them, that thou the people this parable; A certain mightest bring them again unto thy man planted a vineyard, and let it law: yet they dealt proudly, and forth to husbandmen, and went into a hearkened not unto thy commandfar country for a long time, Luke xx. ments, but sinned against thy judg9. I am the true vine, and my Fa- ments, (which if a man do, he shall ther is the husbandman, John X. 1. live in them ;) and withdrew the

c The Scribes and the Pharisees sit shoulder, and hardened their neck, in Moses' seat, Matt. xxiii. 2. and would not hear. Yet many years

d For the kingdom of heaven is as a didst thou forbear them, and testifiman travelling into a far country, who edst against them by thy Spirit in thy called his own servants, and deliver- prophets : yet would they not give ed unto them his goods. And unto ear : therefore gavest thou them into one he gave five talents, to another the band of the people of the lands, two, and to another one; to every Neh. ix. 29, 30. From the thirteenth man according to his several ability; year of Josiah the son of Amon, king and straightway took his journey, of Judah, even unto this day, that is Matt. xxv. 14, 15. For the Son of man the three and twentieth year, the is as a man taking a far journey, who word of the Lord hath come unto me, left his house, and gave authority to and I have spoken unto you, rising his servants, and to every man his early and speaking; but ye have not work, and commanded the porter to hearkened. And the LORD hath sent watch, Mark xiii. 34. He said there- unto you all his servants the prophets, fore, A certain nobleman went into a rising early and sending them; but ye far country to receive for himself a have

not hearkened, nor inclined your kingdom, and to retum, Luke xix. 12. ear to hear. They said, Turn ye

again now every one from his evil VER. 34.

way, and from the evil of your doings, “Οτε δε ήγγισεν ο καιρός των καρπών, | and dwell in the land that the LORD απέστειλε τους δούλους αυτού προς τους | hath given unto you, and to your faγεωργούς, λαβείν τους καρπούς αυτού. thers for ever and ever: And go not

And when the time of the fruit drew after other gods to serve them, and to near, a he sent his servants to the hus worship them, and provoke me not to bandmen, that they might receive the anger with the works of your hands ; fruit of it.

and I will do you no hurt. Yet ye have

not hearkened unto me, saith the a Yet the Lord testified against LORD; that ye might provoke me to Israel, and against Judah, by all the anger with the works of your hands to prophets, and by all the seers, saying, your own hurt, Jer. xxv. 3—7. I have Turn ye from your evil ways, and sent also unto you all my servants the keep my commandments, and my sta- prophets, rising up early and sending tutes, according to all the law which them, saying, Return ye now every I commanded your fathers, and which man from his evil way, and amend I sent to you by my servants the pro- your doings, and go not after other phets. Notwithstanding they would gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell not hear, but hardened their necks, in the land which I have given to you like to the neck of their fathers, that and to your fathers: but ye have not did not believe in the LORD their inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto God, 2 Kings xvii. 13, 14. And the me, xxxv. 15. Therefore say thou LORD God of their fathers sent to unto them, Thus saith the LORD of them by his messengers, rising up be hosts ; Tum ye unto me, saith the times, and sending ; because he had Lord of hosts, and I will turn unto compassion on his people, and on his you, saith the LORD of hosts. Be not dwelling place: But they mocked as your fathers, unto whom the former

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXI. 34, 35.

A. D. 33.

your heart.

prophets have cried, saying, Thus of the vineyard, What shall I do? saith the LORD of hosts; 'Turn ye I will send my beloved son: it now from your evil ways, and from may be they will reverence him when your evil doings : but they did not they see him. But when the hus. hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the bandmen saw him, they reasoned LORD. Your fathers, where are they? among themselves, saying, This is and the prophets, do they live for the heir: come, let us kill him, that ever? But my words and my statutes, the inheritance may be our's. So they which I commanded my servants the cast him out of the vineyard, and prophets, did they not take hold of killed him. What therefore shall the your fathers? and they returned and lord of the vineyard do unto them? said, Like as the LORD of hosts thought He shall come and destroy these husto do unto us, according to our ways, bandmen, and shall give the vineand according to our doings, so hath yard to others. And when they he dealt with us, Zech.i. 3—6. Thus beard it, they said, God forbid. And speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, he beheld them and said, What is Execute true judgment, and shew this then that is written, The stone mercy and compassion every man to which the builders rejected, the same his brother: And oppress not the is become the head of the corner? widow, nor the fatherless, the stran Whosoever shall fall upon that stone ger, nor the poor; and let none of you shall be broken; but on whomsoever imagine evil against his brother in it shall fall, it will grind him to pow

But they refused to der. And the Chief Priests and the Learken, and pulled away the shoul- Scribes the same hour sought to lay der, and stopped their ears, that they hands on him; and they feared the should not hear. Yea, they made people : for they perceived that he their hearts as an adamant stone, lest had spoken this parable against them, they should hear the law, and the Luke xx. 10–19. words which the LORD of hosts hath b Solomon had a vineyard at Baalsent in his spirit by the former pro hamon; he let out the vineyard unto phets : therefore came a great wrath keepers ; everyone to the fruit therefrom the LORD of hosts. Therefore it of was to bring a thousand pieces of is come to pass, that as he cried, and silver. My vineyard which is mine, they would not hear; so they cried, is before me: thou, O Solomon, must and I would not hear, saith the LORD have a thousand, and those that keep of hosts, vii. 9-13. And at the season the fruit thereof two hundred, Cant. he sent to the husbandmen a servant, viii. 11, 12. What could have been that he might receive from the hus- done more to my vineyard, that I bandmen of the fruit of the vineyard. have not done in it? wherefore, when And they caught him and beat him, I looked that it should bring forth and sent him away empty. And grapes, brought it forth wild grapes ? again he sent unto them another ser Isa. v. 4. vant; and at him they cast stones,

VER. 55. and wounded him in the head, and

Και λαβόντες οι γεωργοί τους δούλους αυsent him away shamefully handled. And again he sent another; and him του, δεν μέν έδειραν, όν δε απέκτειναν, όν δε

έλιθοβόλησαν. . they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some, Mark xii.

And the husbandmen a took his ser 2-5. And at the season he sent a

vants, and beat one, and killed another, servant to the husbandmen, that they and stoned another. should give him of the fruit of the a Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: vineyard : but the husbandman beat for great is your reward in heaven : him, and sent him away empty. And for so persecuted they the prophets again he sent another servant: and which were before you, Matt. v. 12. they beat him also, and entreated Wherefore ye be witnesses unto your. him shamefully, and sent him away selves, that ye are the children of empty. And again he sent a third: them which killed the prophets. Fill and they wounded him also, and yeup then the measure of your fathers. cast him out. Then said the lord | Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers,

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXI.35–37.

A. P. 33.

how can ye escape the damnation of went into Egypt; And Jeboiakim the hell? Wherefore, behold, I send unto king sent men into Egypt, namely, you prophets, and wise men, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and cerscribes : and some of them ye shall tain men with him into Egypt. And kill and crucify; and some of them they fetched forth Urijah out of Egypt, shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and brought him unto Jehoiakim the and persecute them from city to city, king; who slew him with the sword, xxiii. 31—34. For it was so, when and cast his dead body into the graves Jezebel cut off the prophets of the of the common people. NevertheLORD, that Obadiah took an hundred less, the band of Ahikam the son of prophets, and hid them by fifty in a Shaphan was with Jeremiah, that cave, and fed them with bread and they should not give him into the water, 1 Kings xviii. 4. Was it not hand of the people to put him to told my lord what I did when Jezebel death, xxvi. 21–24. Nevertheless I slew the prophets of the LORD: how I must walk to day, and to morrow, and hid an hundred men of the Lord's the day following: for it cannot be prophets by fifty in a cave, and fed that a prophet perish out of Jerusathem with bread and water? 13. lem. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto killest the prophets, and stonest them Elijah, saying, So let the gods do to that are sent unto thee; how often me, and more also, if I make not thy would I have gathered thy children life as the life of one of them by to- together, as a hen doth gather her morrow about this time, xix. 2. And brood under her wings, and ye would he said, I have been very jealous for not, Luke xii. 33, 34. Which of the the Lord God of hosts : for the chil-prophets have not your fathers perdren of Israel have forsaken thy cove- secuted? and they have slain them nant, thrown down thine altars, and which shewed before of the coming of slain thy prophets with the sword; the Just One; of whom ye have been and I, even I only, am left; and they now the betrayers and murderers, seek my life, to take it away, 10. | Acts vii. 52. Who both killed the But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, went near, and smote Micaiah on and have persecuted us; and they the cheek, and said, which way please not God, and are contrary to went the Spirit of the Lord from me all men : Forbidding us to speak to to speak unto thee? zii. 24. Then the Gentiles, that they might be saved, Asa was wroth with the seer, and to fill up their sins alway; for the put him in a prison house; for he was wrath is come upon them to the utin a rage with him, because of this termost, 1 Thes. ii. 15, 16. And thing. And Asa oppressed some of the others had trial of cruel mockings and people the same time, 2 Chron. xvi. scourgings ; yea, moreover of bonds 10. And the Lord God of their fa- and imprisonment: They were stoned, thers sent to them by his messengers, they were sawn asunder, were temptrising up betimes, and sending ; be- ed, were slain with the sword: they cause he had compassion on his peo- wandered about in sheepskins and ple, and on his dwelling place : Bụt goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, they mocked the messengers of God, tormented, Heb. xi. 36, 37, and despised his words, and misused

VER. 36. his prophets, until the wrath of the Lord årose against his people, till

Πάλιν απέστειλεν άλλους δούλους πλείthere was no remedy, XXXvi. 15, 16. | ονας των πρώτων και εποίησαν αυτούς

ώσαύτως. In vain have I smitten your children;

. they received no correction : your own

Again, he sent other servants more sword hath devoured your prophets than the first : and they did unto them

likewise, like a destroying lion, Jer. ii. 30. And when Jehoiakim the king, with

VER. 37. all his mighty men, and all the princes, “Υστερον δε απέστειλε προς αυτούς τον heard his words, the king sought to | υιόν αυτού, λέγων· 'Εντραπήσονται τον υιόν put him to death, but when Ŭrijah pov. heard it, he was afraid, and fled, and But a last of all he sent unto them his

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