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INTRODUCTION.

Prior to 1783 the movement of population across

the Alantic to the American colonies is not classed

as immigration, but as colonization. During the period 1783-1820 immigration was exceedingly slight. The last eighty years of the nineteenth century licon icon

ute, practically, the period of

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careful inquiries by Dr. A. Seybert

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; the total number of immigrants

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Blodget wrote in 1806 that from

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ing in this country did not

ir thousand a year from 1784

in wars and the American conflict

à immigration thither until tain placed restrictions upon leave the British shores, and

se abolished. Before an emi

grant could pass

om house in Great Britain,

(1) Seybert, Stati
(2) Bromwell, Histi

ual, p.28.
igration, p.13.

INTRODUCTION.

Prior to 1783 the movement of population across

the Alantic to the American colonies is not classed

as immigration, but as colonization. During the

period 1783-1820 immigration was exceedingly slight. The last eighty years of the nineteenth century ( 1820-1900) constitute, practically, the period of immigration.

From 1783-1820, careful inquiries by Dr. A. Seybert

and others show that the total number of immigrants arriving in the entire United States was about

225,000 (1). Samuel Blodget wrote in 1806 that from

"the best records and estimates at present attainable" the immigrants arriving in this country did not

average more than four thousand a year from 1784

1794 (2). The European wars and the American conflict of 1812-1815 suspended immigration thither until after 1816. Great Britain placed restrictions upon immigrants seeking to leave the British shores, and

not until 1824 were those abolished. Before an emi

grant could pass the custom house in Great Britain,

(1) Seybert, Statistical Manual, p.28.
(2) Bromwell, History of Immigration, p.13.

he must show a certificate from the church wardens

and overseers of his parish, stating that they had

,

known him for several years and that his trade was not that of a manufåturer in wool, iron, or any metal,

of clocks, or any manufacture whatsoever (1). As a

futher measure to prevent immigration, fines were

imposed for encouraging natives of Great Britain to

emigrate. The manufacturers and mechanics ,who were

thus hindered, formed a large part of the number who wished to emigrate to the United States. These regu

lations impeded the early emigration from Great

Britain, although they to a great extent were avoided.

The period, 1783-1820 was therfore not one of immigration, but essentially a period of natural in

crease. Not until 1820 does the period of immigration begin in the history of the United States. This

date forms a very convenient dividing line, since

with that year begin our records of immigration. An

act of congress approved March 2, 1819, provided that

the customs officials be required to make reports to

the secretary of state concerning the number,

(1) Palmer, Journal of Travels in the United States,

p.455.

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