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accompanying achieved actions activities acts adjustments admitted altruism amount arises authority becomes belief benefit body bring called carried caused changes chapter claims co-operation complete conceived conception concerned conclusions conduct consciousness consequences considered constituted continue course creatures definite depends desires direct effects efforts egoistic emotions entailed equal ethical evils evolution evolved existence experience fact feelings follows functions further give given greater greatest happiness higher highest human ideal ideas immediate implied increase individual involved kind labour less living maintaining means mental moral nature needs object observe organism origin pains pass performed physical pleasures pleasures and pains possible present principle produce reached recognize regard relations relative remote requirements respect satisfactions shown social society structures suffering Suppose theory things thought tion truth ultimate welfare wrong yield
Página 224 - I must again repeat what the assailants of utilitarianism seldom have the justice to acknowledge, that the happiness which forms the utilitarian standard of what is right in conduct is not the agent's own happiness but that of all concerned. As between his own happiness and that of others, utilitarianism requires him to be as strictly impartial as a disinterested and benevolent spectator.
Página v - Government, vaguely indicated what I conceived to be certain general principles of right and wrong in political conduct ; and from that time onwards my ultimate purpose, lying behind all proximate purposes, has been that of finding for the principles of right and wrong in conduct at large, a scientific basis.
Página 123 - Just in the same way that I believe the intuition of space, possessed by any living individual, to have arisen from organized...
Página 164 - Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.
Página 52 - For where no covenant hath preceded, there hath no right been transferred, and every man has right to everything and consequently, no action can be unjust. But when a covenant is made, then to break it is unjust and the definition of injustice is no other than the not performance of covenant. And whatsoever is not unjust is just.
Página 19 - is a definite combination of heterogeneous changes, both simultaneous and successive, in correspondence with external coexistences and sequences.
Página 57 - I conceive it to be the business of Moral Science to deduce, from the laws of life and the conditions of existence, what kinds of action necessarily tend to produce happiness, and what kinds to produce unhappiness. Having done this, its deductions are to be recognized as laws of conduct ; and are to be conformed to irrespective of a direct estimation of happiness or misery.
Página 57 - During its early stages, planetary astronomy consisted of nothing more than accumulated observations respecting the positions and motions of the sun and planets; from which accumulated observations it came by and by to be empirically predicted, with an approach to truth, that certain of the heavenly bodies would have certain positions at certain times. But the modern science of planetary astronomy consists of deductions from the law of gravitation — deductions showing why the celestial bodies necessarily...