Partisanship and the Birth of America's Second Party, 1796-1800: Stop the Wheels of Government

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000 - 245 Seiten

Between 1796 and 1800, Americans truly developed the forms of government that are recognized and continued today. This book examines the development of the two-party system, relationships between foreign and domestic affairs, and most importantly, the successes of the French Party in the light of the Quasi War, legal persecutions, and through Federalist popularity and bumbling. The leaders of the French Party were successful men committed to their vision of America's future. Even John Adams, a leading Federalist, successfully pursued his own course of action; his sacrifice stands as a remarkable example for political leaders today.

Federalist leaders were, however, ultimately unable to harness previous success and to unite varied agendas to maintain their leadership in the new century. Although a majority decried party politics, in theory or in commentary, Americans failed and continue to fail at running a government in a bipartisan manner. Even Thomas Jefferson, a leading Republican, failed to escape the grasp of partisanship and the politics of opportunity. These developments would foreshadow current political practices and the use of foreign affairs to support domestic agendas. Bringing together personality, structure, and practical measures of nation building, this work proves that the more things change, the more they remain the same.

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Inhalt

Preliminaries to a Crisis Revolution Politics and Diplomacy Leading to the Jay Treaty
xiii
1796 Jays Treaty Defines the Parties
21
1797 The French Party on the Endangered Species List
45
1798 The Crisis Peaks Only No One Seems to Notice
77
1799 Adams Joins the French Party
113
1800 The French Party Storms the Fort
151
1801 and Beyond Republicans Shed the French Party Yoke
183
Concluding the Reversal
211
Selected Bibliography
219
Index
231
Urheberrecht

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Beliebte Passagen

Seite 101 - Resolved, that the several States composing the United States of America, are not united on the principle of unlimited submission to their general government; but that by compact under the style and title of a Constitution for the United States...
Seite 25 - All neutral or allied Powers shall, without delay, be notified that the flag of the French republic will treat neutral vessels, either as to confiscation, as to searches, or capture, in the same manner as they shall suffer the English to treat them.1 Under this decree widespread and indiscriminate depredations were committed on the commerce of the United States.
Seite 102 - According to these bases, you were right to assert that whatever plenipotentiary the Government of the United States might send to France to put an end to the existing differences between the two countries would be undoubtedly received with the respect due to the representative of a free, independent, and powerful nation.
Seite 45 - Containing Some Strictures upon a Pamphlet Entitled "The Pretensions of Thomas Jefferson to the Presidency Examined, and the Charges against John Adams Refuted...
Seite 62 - It is impossible to conceal from ourselves or the world what has been before observed, that endeavors have been employed to foster and establish a division between the Government and people of the United States. To investigate the causes which have encouraged this attempt is not necessary; but to repel, by decided and united councils, insinuations so derogatory to the honor and aggressions...
Seite 130 - I am in the power of the party, they shall find, that I am no more so than the Constitution forces upon me. If combinations of Senators, GENERALS, and heads of departments shall be formed, such as I cannot resist, and measures are demanded of me that I cannot adopt, my remedy '
Seite 217 - The Attila of the age dethroned, the ruthless destroyer of ten millions of the human race, whose thirst for blood appeared unquenchable, the great oppressor of the rights and liberties of the world...
Seite 218 - But Bonaparte was a lion in the field only. In civil life, a cold-blooded, calculating, unprincipled usurper, without a virtue: no statesman, knowing nothing of commerce, political economy, or civil government, and supplying ignorance by bold presumption. I had supposed him a great man until his entrance into the Assembly des cinq cens, eighteen Brumaire (an. 8.). From that date, however, I set him down as a great scoundrel only.
Seite 141 - Perhaps no man in this community has equal cause with myself to deplore the loss. I have been much indebted to the kindness of the General, and he was an aegis very essential to me. But regrets are unavailing. For great misfortunes it is the business of reason to seek consolation. The friends of General Washington have very noble ones. If virtue can secure happiness in another world, he is happy. In this the seal is now put upon his glory.
Seite 32 - A bolder party-stroke was never struck. For it certainly is an attempt of a party, who find they have lost their majority in one branch of the Legislature, to make a law by the aid of the other branch and of the executive, under color of a treaty, which shall bind up the hands of the adverse branch from ever restraining the commerce of their patron-nation.

Über den Autor (2000)

MATTHEW Q. DAWSON is currently assigned at Fort Sill, Oklahoma./e After teaching at the United States Military Academy, he attended the Army's Command and General Staff College in Kansas.

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