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Our frustrate search on land: Well, let him go.
[Aside to SEB. Do not, for one repulse, forego the purpose That you
resolv'd to effect. Seb.
The next advantage
Let it be to-night;
I say, to-night: no more.
Solemn and strange musick; and Prospero above, invisi
ble. Enter several strange Shapes, bringing in a banquet; they dance about it, with gentle actions of salutation; and, inviting the King, &c. to eat, they depart.
Alon. What harmony is this? my good friends, hark!
o Our frustrate search —] Frustrate for frustrated. So, in Chapman's translation of Homer's Hymn to Apollo:
some God hath fillid, “Our frustrate sails, defeating what we willd.” Steevens. 7 A living drollery:] Shows, called drolleries, were in Shak. speare's time, performed by puppets only. From these our modern drolls, exhibited at fairs, &c. took their name. So in Beaumont and Fletcher's Valentinian:
“I had rather make a drollery till thirty.” Steevens. A living drollery, i. e. a drollery not represented by wooden machines, but by personages who are alive. Malone.
one tree, the phenix' throne;] For this idea, our author might have been indebted to Phil. Holland's Translation of Pliny, B. XIII. chap. 4:“ I myself verily have heard straunge things of this kind of tree; and namely, in regard of the bird Phænix, which is supposed to have taken that name of this date tree; (called in Greek, Porvaz]; for it was assured unto me, that the said bird died with that tree, and revived of itselfe, as the tree sprung again.”
At this hour reigning there.
I'll believe both;
If in Naples, I should report this now, would they believe me? If I should say, I saw such islanders, (For, certes, these are people of the island,) Who, though they are of monstrous shape, yet, note, Their manners are more gentle-kind, 3 than of Our human generation you shall find Many, nay, almost any. Pro.
Honest lord, Thou hast said well'; for some of you there, present, Are worse than devils.
Again, in one of our author's poems, p. 732, edit. 1778:
“ Let the bird of loudest lay,
« On the sole Arabian tree,” &c. Our poet had probably Lyly's Euphues, and his England, parti. cularly in his thoughts: signat. Q 3.-“ As there is but one phenix in the world, so is there but one tree in Arabia, wherein she buildeth.” See also, Florio's Italian Dictionary, 1598: “ Rasin, a tree in Arabia, whereof there is but one found, and upon it the phænix sits.” Malone.
9 And I'll be sworn 'tis true: Travellers ne'er did lie,] I suppose this redundant line originally stood thus:
" And I'll be sworn toʻt: Travellers ne'er did lie -." Hanmer reads, as plausibly: " And I'll be sworn 'tis true. Travellers ne'er lied.”
Steevens. such islanders,] The old copy has islands. The emendation was made by the editor of the second folio. Malone.
2 For, certes, &c.] Certes is an obsolete word, signifying cer. tainly. So, in Othello:
certes, says he, “ I have already chose my officer.” Steevens. 3 Their manners are more gentle kind,] The old copy has“ gentle, kind -.” I read (in conformity to a practice of our au. thor, who delights in such compound epithets, of which the first adjective is to be considered as an adverb,) gentle-kind. Thus, in K. Richard III. we have childish-foolish, senseless-obstinate, and mortal-staring. Steevens.
I cannot too much muse, 4 Such shapes, such gesture, and such sound, expressing (Although they want the use of tongue,) a kind Of excellent dumb discourse. Pro.
Praise in departing. 5 [ Aside. Fran. They vanish'd strangely. Seb.
No matter, since They have left their viands behind; for we have sto
machsWill’t please you taste of what is here? Alon.
Not I. Gon. Faith, sir, you need not fear: When we were boys, Who would believe that there were mountaineers, 6 Dew-lapp'd like bulls, whose throats had hanging at them Wallets of flesh? or that there were such men, Whose heads stood in their breasts?? which now we find
too much muse,] To muse, in ancient language, is to admire, to wonder. So, in Macbeth:
“ Do not muse at me, my most worthy friends.” Steevens. 5 Praise in departing.) i. e. Do not praise your entertainment too soon, lest you should have reason to retract your commendation. It is a proverbial saying: So, in The Two angry Women of Abingdon, 1599:
“ And so she doth ; but praise your luck at parting.” Again, in Tom Tyler and his Wife, 1661:
“ Now praise at thy parting.” Stephen Gosson, in his pamphlet entitled, Plares confuted in five Actions, &c. (no date) acknowledges himself to have been the author of a morality called, Praise at Parting. Steerens.
that there were mountaineers, &c.] Whoever is curious to know the particulars relative to these mountaineers, may consult Maundeville's Travels, printed in 1503, by Wynken de Worde; but it is yet a known truth that the inhabitants of the Alps have been long accustomed to such excrescences or tumours.
Quis tumidum guttur miratur in Alpibus ? Steevens.
Whose heads stood in their breasts?] Our author might have had this intelligence likewise from the translation of Pliny, B. V. chap. 8: “ The Blemmyi, by report, have no heads, but mouth and eies both in their breasts." Steevens.
Or he might have had it from Hackluyt's Voyages, 1598: “On that branch, which is called Caora, are a nation of people, whose heads appear not above their shoulders. They are reported to have their eyes in their shoulders, and their mouths in the middle of their breasts. Malone.
Each putter-out on five for one,8 will bring us
I will stand to, and feed,
8 Each putter-out, &c.] The ancient custom here alluded to, was this. In this age of travelling, it was a practice with those who engaged in long and hazardous expeditions, to place out a sum of money, on condition of receiving great interest for it, at their return home. So, Puntarvolo, (it is Theobald's quotation,) in Ben Jonson's Every Man out of his Humour: “I do intend, this year of jubilee coming on, to travel; and (because I will not altogether go upon expense) I am determined to put some fiue thou. sand pound, to be paid me five for one, upon the return of my wife, myself, and my dog, from the Turk’s court in Constanti. nople.”
To this instance I may add another from The Ball, a comedy, by Chapman and Shirley, 1639:
So I did most politickly disburse my sums,
“ To have five for one, at my return from Venice." Again, in Amends for Ladies, 1639:
“ I would I had put out something upon my return;
So, in Barnaby Riche's Faults, and nothing but Faults, 1607; “ –
- those whipsters, that having spent the greatest part of their patrimony in prodigality, will give out the rest of their stocke, to be paid two or three for one, upon their return from Rome.” &c. &c. Steevens. Each putter-out on five for one,] The old copy has :
of five for one.” I believe the words are only transposed, and that the author wrote: “Each putter-out of one for five.”
So, in The Scourge of Folly, by J. Ďavies, of Hereford, printed about the year 1611:
“ Sir Solus straight will travel, as they say,
“ And gives out one for three, when home comes he.” It appears from Moryson's ITINERARY, 1617, Part I. p. 198, that “this custom of giving out money upon these adventures was first used in court, and among noblemen;" and that some years before his book was published, “bankerouts, stage-players, and men of base condition, had drawn it into contempt,” by undertaking journies merely for gain upon their return. Malone. ! I will stand to, and
The best is past:] I cannot but think, that this passage was intended to be in a rhyme, and should he printed thus:
“ I will stand to and feed; although my last,
Stand too, and do as we.
his wings upon the table, and, with a quaint device, the banquet vanishes.2
Ari. You are three men of sin, whom destiny
[Seeing Alon. SEB. &c. draw their swords. And even with such like valour, men hang and drown Their proper selves. You fools! I and my fellows
1 Enter Ariel like a harpy; &c.] This circumstance is taken from the third book of the Aneid, as translated by Phaer, bl. I. 4to. 1558:
fast to meate we fall. · “But sodenly from down the hills with grisly fall to syght, “ The harpies come, and beating wings with great noys out
“ And at our meate they snach; and with their clawes,” &c. Milton, Parad. Reg. B. II. has adopted the same imagery:
Steevens. and, with a quaint device, the banquet vanishes.] Though I will not undertake to prove that all the culinary pantomimes exhibited in France and Italy, were known and imitated in this kingdom, I may observe, that flying, rising, and descending ser. vices were to be found, at entertainments given by the Duke of Burgundy, &c. in 1453, and by the Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1600, &c. See M. Le Grand D’Aussi's “ Histoire de la vie privée des François,” Vol. III. p. 294, &c. Examples, therefore, of ma. chinery similar to that of Shakspeare, in the present instance, were to be met with, and perhaps had been adopted on the stage, as well as at public festivals, here in England. See my note on The Merry Wives of Windsor, Act V. sc. v. from whence it appears, that a striking conceit in an entertainment given by the Vidame of Chartres, had been transferred to another feast, prepared in England, as a compliment to Prince Alasco, 1583.
Steevens. 3 That hath to instrument this lower world, &c.] i. e. that makes use of this world, and every thing in it, as its instruments to bring about its ends. Steevens.