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Unto a ragged, fearful, hanging rock,
Luc. Nay, I was taken up for laying them down: Yet here they shall not lie, for catching cold.?
Jul. I see, you have a month's mind to them. 3
2 Yet here they shall not lie, for catching cold.]
That is, as Mr. M. Mason observes, lest they should catch cold. This mode of expression (he adds) is not frequent in Shakspeare, but occurs iu every play of Beaumont and Fletcher. So, in The Captain:
“ We'll have a bib, for spoiling of your doublet.” Again, in Love's Pilgrimage:
“Stir my horse, for catching cold.” Again, in The Pilgrim:
“ All her face patch’d, for discovery." To these I shall add another instance from Barnabie Riche's Souldiers Wishe to Britons Welfare, or Captaine Skill and Captaine Pill, 1694, p. 64: “—such other ill disposed persons, being once pressed must be kept with continuall guard, &c. for running away.” Again, in Chapman's version of the first Iliad:
then forked anchor cast, “ And 'gainst the violence of storms, for drifting made her
fast." Again, in Tusser's Five Hundred Pointes of Good Husbandrie, 1586:
“ Take heed how thou laiest the bane for the rats,
“ For poisoning thy servant, thyself, and thy brats.” Steevens. 3 I see, you have a month's mind to them.] A month's mind was an anniversary, in times of popery; or, as Mr. Ray calls it, a less solemnity, directed by the will of the deceased. There was also a year's mind, and a week s mind. See Proverbial Phrases.
This appears from the interrogatories and observations against the clergy, in the year 1552, Inter. 7: “ Whether there are any months minds, and anniversaries .?” Ştrype's Memorials of the Reformation, Vol. II. p. 354.
think Luc. Ay, madam, you may say what sights you see; I see things too, although you judge I wink.
Jul. Come, come, will 't please you go? [Exeunt.
A Room in Antonio's House,
Enter ANTONIO and PANTHINO.
Ant. Tell me, Panthino, what sad talk“ was that,
Pant. 'Twas of his nephew Proteus, your son.
“ Was the month's mind of Sir William Laxton, who died the last month, (July 1556,) his hearse burning with wax, and the morrow mass celebrated, and a sermon preached,” &c. Strype's Mem. Vol. III. p. 305. Grey.
A month's mind, in the ritual sense, signifies not desire, or inclination, but remembrance; yet I suppose, this is the true ori. ginal of the expression. Fohnson.
In Hampshire, and other western counties, for “ I can't remember it,” they say, “I can't mind it.” Blackstone.
Puttenham, in his Art of Poetry, 1589, chap. 24, speaking of Poetical Lamentations, says, they were chiefly used « at the bu. rials of the dead, also at month's minds, and longer times:” and in the churchwardens' accompts of St. Helen's in Abingdon, Berkshire, 1558, these month's minds, and the expenses attend ing them, are frequently mentioned. Instead of month's minds, they are sometimes called month's monuments, and in the Injunctions of K. Edward VI. memories, Injunct. 21. By memories, says Fuller, we understand the Obsequia for the dead, which some say succeeded in the place of the heathen Parentalia.
If this line was designed for a verse, we should read-monthes mind. So, in A Midsummer Night's Dream:
“ Swifter than the moones sphere.” Both these are the Saxon genitive case. Steevens. what sad talk -] Sad is the same as grave, or serious.
Fohnson. So, in The Wise Woman of Hogsden, 1638:
“ Marry, sir knight, I saw them in sad talk,
“But to say they were directly whispering,” &c. Again, in Whetstone's Promos and Cassandra, 1578:
“ The king feigneth to talk sadly with some of his coun
He wonder'd, that your lordship Would suffer him to spend his youth at home; While other men, of slender reputation, Put forth their sons to seek preferment out: Some, to the wars, to try their fortune there; Some, to discover islands far away;6 Some, to the studious universities. For any, or for all, these exercises, He said, that Proteus, your son, was meet, And did request me, to impórtune you To let him spend his time no more at home, Which would be great impeachment to his age,? In having known no travel in his youth:
Ant. Nor need'st thou much importune me to that, Wheron this month I have been hammering. I have consider'd well his loss of time; And how he cannot be a perfect man, Not being try'd and tutor'd in the world: Experience is by industry achiev'd, And pérfected by the swift course of time: Then, tell me, whither were I best to send him?
Pant. I think, your lordship is not ignorant, How his companion, youthful Valentine, Attends the emperor, in his royal court.&
-of slender reputation,] i. e. who are thought slightly of, are of little consequence. Steevens.
6 Some, to discover islanıls far away;] In Shakspeare's time, voyages for the discovery of the islands of America were much in vogue. And we find, in the journals of the travellers of that time, that the sons of noblemen, and of others of the best fami. lies in England, went very frequently on these adventures. Such as the Fortescues, Collitons, Thornhills, Farmers, Pickerings, Littletons, Willoughbys, Chesters, Hawleys, Bromleys, and others. To this prevailing fashion our poet frequently alludes, and not without high commendations of it. Warburton.
-great impeachment to his age,] Impeachment, as Mr. M. Mason very justly observes, in this instance signifies reproach or imputation. So, Demetrius says to Helena, in A Midsummer Night's Dream:
“ You do impeach your modesty too much,
“ Into the hands of one, that loves you not.” Steevens. 8. Attends the emperor, in his royal court.] Shakspeare has been guilty of no mistake, in placing the emperor's court at Milan, in
Ant. I know it well.
Ant. I like thy counsel; well hast thou advis'd:
Pant. To-morrow, may it please you, Don Alphonso,
Ant. Good company; with them shall Proteus go:
this play. Several of the first German emperors held their courts there occasionally, it being, at that time, their immediate property, and the chief town of their Italian dominions. Some of them were crowned kings of Italy at Milan, before they received the imperial crown at Rome. Nor has the poet fallen into any contradiction by giving a duke to Milan, at the same time that the emperor held his court there. . The first dukes of that, and all the other great cities in Italy, were not sovereign princes, as they afterwards became; but were merely governors, or viceroys, under the emperors, and removeable at their pleasure. Such was the Duke of Milan, mentioned in this play. Mr. M. Mason adds, that “ during the wars in Italy, between Francis I, and Charles V, the latter frequently resided at Milan.” Steevens.
-in good time,] In good time was the old expression, when something happened, that suited the thing in hand, as the French say, à propos. Fohnson. So, in Richard III: “ And, in good time, here comes the sweating lord.”
Steevens. now will we break with him.] That is, break the matter to him. The same phrase occurs, in Much Ado About Nothing, Act I. sc.i. M. Mason.
O, that our fathers would applaud our loves,
Ant. How now! what letter are you reading there?
Pro. May't please your lordship, 'tis a word or two Of commendation, sent from Valentine, Deliver'd by a friend, that came from him.
Ant. Lend me the letter; let me see what news.
Pro. There is no news, my lord: but that he writes How happily he lives, how well belov’d, And daily graced by the emperor; Wishing me with him, partner of his fortune.
Ant. And how stand you affected to his wish?
Pro. As one, relying on your lordship’s will,
Ant. My will is something sorted with his wish:
be in readiness to go: Excuse it not, for I am peremptory.
Pro. My lord, I cannot be so soon provided : Please you, deliberate a day or two.
Ant. Look, what thou want'st shall be sent after thee: No more of stay; to morrow thou must go.Come on, Panthino; you shall be employ'd To hasten on his expedition. . [ Exeunt Ant. and Pant.
Pro. Thus have I shunn’d the fire, for fear of burning; And drench'd me in the sea, where I am drown'd: I fear’d to shew my father Julia's letter, Lest he should take exceptions to my love; And, with the vantage of mine own excuse, Hath he excepted most against my love.
2 Like exhibition -] i. e. allowance. So, in Othello:
“ Due reference of place and exhibition." Again, in the Devil's Law Case, 1623:
in his riot, does far exceed the exhibition I allowed him.” Steevens.