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17 09. Appointed in February or March chief secretary for Ireland

under the Marquise of Wharton ; crossed to Ireland in April;

returned in October; commenced to write for The Tatler in May. 1710. Again in Ireland between May and August. On the final

fall of the Whig ministry, after the elections in October, Addison loses all his employments; writes “The Whig Examiner" in

September and October. 1711, March 1. Publishes the first number of The Spectator; pur

chases the house and lands of Bilton in Warwickshire for 10,000 1. 1713. The tragedy of “Cato" brought upon the stage. Addison

writes for The Guardian between May and September. 1714. Appointed secretary to the Council of State, which carried

on the government between the death of Queen Anne and the arrival of George I.; nominated a second time chief secretary for Ireland under Lord Sunderland; writes for the new issue, or eighth

volume, of The Spectator between June and September. 1715. His comedy of “The Drummer" brought on the stage ;

returns to England, and obtains a seat at the Board of Trade.

December 23, commences The Freeholder. 1716. Marries the Dowager Countess of Warwick. 1717. Appointed secretary of state; has the charge of the south

ern province; resigns in a few months from ill health, on a pension of 1,500 1. a year; writes a treatise on the evidences and early

extension of the Christian religion. 1719. Writes in The Old Whig against Steele in The Plebeian.

June 17. Dies at Holland House of asthma, complicated by a dropsy.


1672. Born on March 12, in Dublin, though, as he says, an English

man. His father was also Richard Steele, a lawyer ( ?), who died when his son was five years old. His mother's maiden name is uncertain, possibly Gascoigne or Devereux. Tradition makes her

Irish, of the county Wexford. 1684, Nov. 17. Admitted to the Charter House, London, through

the Duke of Ormond. Here he was a schoolmate of Addison. 1690, March 13. Entered Christ Church, Oxford. 1694. His name ceases to appear in the college records, he having

entered the army, though at just what date is unknown. 1701, April. Publishes “ The Christian Hero," though still in the

army. 1702 and following years. Wrote and published many plays, more

or less successful. 1706, August. Appointed gentleman waiter to Prince George of

Denmark. 1706, December. His first wife, who was Mrs. Margaret Stretch,

died, leaving him in possession of an estate of 850 l. per year.

When he married her is not known. 1707, May. Appointed government gazetteer. 1707, September 9. Married Mary Scurlock, a Welsh lady. 1709. Began The Tatler. 17 11. Appeared The Spectator. 1713, March 12. The Guardian was started, and extended to a

hundred and seventy-five numbers. 1714 and following years. Conspicuous as a writer for the Hano

verian Succession. 1715. Elected to Parliament from Boroughbridge, and knighted.

1717. Appointed one of a commission to inquire into the estates

of traitors and popish recusants, referring mainly to those Scotch nobles and gentlemen who had taken part in the insurrection of 1715. He visited Scotland annually during the following four

years. 1721. Made governor of the Royal Company of Comedians. 17 22. Elected to Parliament for Wendover, Bucks. 17 26. Retired to his estate in Wales. 1729, September 1. Died in Carmarthen, and was buried in St.

Peter's Church.


This writer was born August 19, 1686, being the son of Gilbert Budgell, D.D., of St. Thomas, Exeter, by his first wife Mary, only daughter of Bishop Gulston of Bristol. The latter's sister was the wife of Lancelot, and thereby mother of Joseph Addison, thus making the two essayists cousins in the second degree. Eustace Budgell entered Trinity College, Oxford, March 31, 1705. Afterward he entered the Inner Temple, and was called to the bar. His intimacy with Iddison rather drew him to literature. Thirty-seven papers in The Spectator are, by Drake, ascribed to him. By many he is called an imitator of Addison. He undertook some independent literary ventures. In 1711 the death of his father brought to him a considerable fortune. On the accession of George I., he became under secretary to Addison. In 1717 Addison secured for him the place of accountant general. He lost his fortune in the South Sea speculations. Misfortune followed mishap, along with actions savoring of dishonesty, as in the alleged forging of a will, till he at last, in 1737, May 4, committed suicide by drowning. His life was an active if not a successful one. He did much in the way of pamphlet writing, and had to do with The Bee as well as The Spectator. He was also known as one of the Grub Street writers.

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