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cross or difficult came in your way, that given you food and raiment, but you have the glory of God was concerned in, it has improved both in tbe service of sin. He been your manner to shun it, and excuse has preserved you while you slept ; but yourself from it: You did not care to hurt when you arose, it was to return to the yourself for Christ, that you did not see old trade of sinning: God, notwithstandworthy of it: and why then must it being this ingratitude, has still continued his looked upon as such a hard and cruel mercy; but his kindness has never won tbing, if Christ has not been pleased to your heart, or brought you to a more spill his blood and be tormented to death grateful behavior towards bim. It may for such a sioner.
be you have received many remarkable You have slighted and made light of mercies, recoveries from sickuess, or preGod; and wby Iben may not God justly servations of your life, when at one time slight you ?-Vol. vii, pp. 343-345. and another exposed by accidents, when,
if you had died, you would have gone diAnd you bave not only slighted God in time past, but you slight him still. You rectly into bell : But you never had any
true ibankfulness for any of these mercies. indeed now make a pretence and shew of God has kept you out of hell, and continhonouring him in your prayers, and al- ued your day of grace, and the offers of tendance on other esternal duties, and by a salvation, this so long a time; and that, it sober countenance, and seeming devout may be, while you did not regard your ness in your words and behaviour; but it is all mere dissembling. That dowocast and ask God for it: And now God has
own salvation so much as to go in secret look and seeming reverence, is not from greatly added to bis mercy to you, by giv. any honor you have to God in your heart; ing you the strivings of bis Spirit, whereby though you would have it go so, and
you have a most precious opportunity for would have God, take it so. You that
your salvation in your bands. But what bave not believed in Christ, bave not the
thanks has God received for it? What least jot of honor to God; that shew of it is kind of reiurns bave you made for all this merely forced and what you are driven to kindness? As God has multiplied mercies, by fear, like those mentioned in Psalm
so have you multiplied provocations livi. 3. “ Througb the greatness of ihy sball thine enemies submit them for mercy, and to and fault with God, oot
And yet now are you ready to quarrel power selves to thee." In the original it is, only because he does not bestow more * shall lie unto thee," hat is, yield feigned submission, and dissemble respect and
mercy, but to contend with bim, because
he does not bestow infinite mercy upon bonor to thee. There is a rod held over
you, heaven with all it contains, and even you that makes you seem to pay such re. spect to God. Tbis religion and devotion; ideas have you of yourself, that you think
bimself, for your eternal portion. What even the very appearance of it, would God is obliged to do so much for you: soon be gone, and all vanish away, is that though you treat bim so ungratefully for were removed. Sometimes it may be
bis kindriess that you have been followed you weep in your prayers, and in your with all the days of your life? hearing sermons, and hope God will take notice of it, and take it for some honor; Satan in his enmity and opposition to
You have voluntarily chosen to be with but he sees it to be all hypocrisy. You God; how justly therefore miglit you be weep for yourself; you are afraid of hell; with him in his punisbment? You did not and do you think that that is worthy that choose to be on God's side, but rather God should take much notice of you, he chose to side with the devil, and have ob cause you can cry when you are in daq.
slinately continued iu it, against God's ofger of being damned; when at the same
ten repeated calls and counsels. You time you indeed cere nothing for God's
have chosen rather to hearken to Satan bogor?
than to God, and would be with bim in Seeing you thus disregard so great a his work: You have given yourself up to God, is it a heinous thing for God to slight
him, to be subject to bis power and goryou, a little wretched, despicable crea
ernment, in opposition to God. How [ure ; a worm, a mere notbing, and less
justly therefore may God also give you up than nothing; a vile insect, that has risen
to him, and leave you in his power, to up in contempt against the Majesty of
accomplish your ruin ? Seeing you bave beaven and earth ?
yielded yourself to bis will, to do as he Why should God be looked upon as ob.
would have you, sorely God may leave liged to bestow.salvation upon you, when
you in his hands to execute bis will upon you have been so ungrateful for the mer. cies be bas bestowed upon you already? and on his side, why is God obliged to re
you. If men will be with God's enemy, God has tried you with a great deal of deem them out of his hands, when they kiadoess, and be never has sincerely been
have done his work ?-Vol. vii. pp. 345– tbanked by you for any of it. God has
347. watched over you and preserved you, and provided for you, and followed you with What is it that you would make of God? mercy all your days; and yet you have Must the great God be tied up to that, that contioued singing against him. He has he must not use his own pleasure in bes
towing his own gifts, but if he bestows because there are some things in God's disthem on one, must be looked upon obliged pensations above your understanding, is to bestow them on another? Is not God exceeding unreasonable. Your own conworthy to have the same right, with res. science charges you with great guilt, and pect to the gifts of his grace, that a man with those things that have been mentionhas to his money or goods? Is it because ed, let the secret things of God be w bat God is not so great, and should be more in they will. Your conscience charges you subjection than man, that this cannot be with those vile dispositions, and that base allowed him? If any of you see cause to behaviour towards God, that you would at şbew kindness to a neighbor, do all the any time most highly resent in your neighrest of your neighbors come to you, and bour towards you, and not a whit the less tell you, that you owe them so much as for any concern tbose secret counsels and you have given to such a man? But this mysterious dispensations of God may have is the way that you deal with God, as in the maller. It is in vain for you to exthough God were not worthy to have as all yourself against an infnitely great, Ind absolute a property in his goods, as you boly and just God. If you continue in it, have in yours.
it will be to your eternal shame and con At this rate God cannot make a present fusion, when hereafter you shall see at o any thing; he has nothing of his own to whose door all the blame of your misery bestow : If he has a mind to shew peculiar lies. favor to some, or to lay some particular
I will finish what I have to say to nalpersons under peculiar obligations to him, ural men in the application of this doche cannot do it; because he has no spe- trive with a caution not to improve the cial gift, that his creatures stand in great doctrine to discouragement. For though need of, and that would tend greatly to it would be righteous in God forever to their happiness, at his own disposal. If cast you off, and destroy you, yet it will this be ibe case, why do you pray to God also be just in God to save you, in and to bestow saviog grace upon you? If God through Christ, who has made complete does not fairly deny it to you, because he satisfaction for all sin. Rom. iii. 25, 26. bestows it on others, then it is not worth “Whom God hath set forth to be a propityour while to pray for it, but you may go iation, through faith in his blood, to declare and tell him that he has bestowed it on his righteousness for the remission of sios these and those, as bad or worse than you, that are past, through the forbearance of and so demand it of bim ns a debt. And God; to declare, I say, at this time bis at this rate persons never need to thank righteousness, that he might be just, and God for salvation, when it is bestowed; the justifier of him which believeth in Jefor what occasion is there to thank God sus." Yea, God may, through this Media for that which was not at his own disposal, tor, not only justly, but honorably shew you and that he could fairly have denied Tbé mercy. The blood of Christ is so precious, ching at bottom is, ibat men have low that it is fully sufficient to pay that debc thoughts of God, and high thoughts of that you have contracted, and perfectly to themselves; and therefore it is that they vindicate the divine Majesty from all that look upon God as having so little righi, dishonor that has been cast upon it, by and they so much. Matih. xx. 15. those many great sins of yours that have it not lawful for me to do what I will with been mentioned. It was as great, and mine own?"-Vol. vii. p. 370.
indeed a much greater thing, for Christ to
die, than it would have been for you and And will you not be ashamed, notwith
all mankind to have burnt in bell to all standing all these things, still to open eternity. Of such dignity and excellency your mouth, to object and cavil about the is Christ in the eyes of God, thal, seeing decrees of God, and other things that you he has suffered so mucb for poor sinners, cannot fully understand ! Let ihe decrees
God is willing to be at peace with them, of God be what they will, that alters not however vile and unworthy they have the case as to your liberty, any more than been, and on how many accounts soever if God had only foreknown. And why is the punishment would be just. So that God to blame for decreeing things ? How
you need not be at all discouraged from onbecoming an infinitely wise Being seeking mercy, for there is enough in would it have been to have made a world, Christ.–Vol. vii. pp. 371, 372. and let things run out at random, without disposing events, or foreordering how they I would conclude this discourse by im. should come to pass ? And what is that proving the doctrine, in the second place, to you, how God bas foreordered things, as very briefly to put the godly in mind of long as your constant experience teaches the wonderfulness of the grace of God to you, that that does not hinder your liberty, wards them. For such were some of you, or your doing what you choose to do. The case was just so with you as you have This you know, and your daily practice heard ; you had such a wicked heart, you and behaviour amongst men declares that lived such a wicked life, and it woulu you are fully sensible of it, with respect to have been most just with God forever to yourself aod othere. And still lo object, have cast you off : But he has bad mercy
upon you: he bath made his glorious the means of carrying home such powgrace appear in your everlasting salvation,
erful appeals to the conscience and You bave bebaved yourself so as you have heard towards God : You had no love to
the heart, as those we have just quoGod but he has esercised unspeakable ted. May it not be made a question, love to you: you have contemned God, whether the melody, the pictures and and set light by him ; but so great a value
the associations, which are fitted to bas God's grace set on you and your happiness, that you have been redeemed at the
fascinate the imagination, and to touch price of the blood of his own Soo : You the natural sensibilities of the soul, chose to be with Satan in his service ; can, by the force of any genius, be so but yet God hath made you a joint heir
mingled with other ingredients, as to with Christ of his glory. You was ungrateful for past mercies; but yet God not
make the most solemn and effectual only continued those mercies, but be
but be impression on the conscience, and the stowed unspeakably greater mereies upon active principles of our nature? If you: You
refused to hear when God call: the imagination is delighted and the ed! You abused the infiniteness of God's natural affections moved, and the mercy to encourage yourself in sin against soul filled with admiration of the talGod: but yet God has manifested the infi- ents, and genius, and taste of the it towards you: You have rejected Christ, speaker, do not these very emoand set bim at nougbt; and yet be is be
tions prevent the exercise, at the same come your Saviour: You have neglected moment, of the strongest powers of your own salvation: but God has not neg moral principle? If these observalected it: You have destroyed yourself: tions are just, then we ought not to but yet God has been your help. God has magnified his free grace towards you, and regret that any preacher has chosen not to others; because he has chosen you, that method which on the whole and it halb pleased him to set love upon produces the most powerful, lasting, you.
and salutary effects. If it should be 0! what a cause is here for praise ? What obligations are upon you to bless asked, was Edwards then an elothe Lord, who hath dealt hountifully with quent preacher ? We answer; if by you, and to magnify, his holy name? eloquence be meant the power of What cause to praise bim in bumility to gratifying the taste, and pleasing the formed to that in Ezek. svi. 63 : "That imagination, and moving the natural thou mayest remember and be confound- affections of an audience, and by these ed, aod never open thy mouth any more, means exciting the highest admirabecause of thy shame, when I am pacified tion of the speaker, probably no man towards thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord God!" You should never ever had less of eloquence, who had open your mouth in boasting, or selsjustifi- at the same time so great a power cation : You should lie the lower before over the minds of his hearers. But if God for his mercy to you. But you have eloquence is to be understood in its sins, to open your mouth in God's praises, appropriate signification, as the art that they may be continually in your or power of persuading, if it is to be mouth, both here and to all eternity, for measured by its effects on the underbis rich, unspeakable, and sovereign mercy to you, whereby be, and be alone, will, or by the arguments and motives
standing, the conscience, and the bath made you to differ from others.
it addresses to men as rational and In copying these extracts, with moral agents, we certainly do not perhaps some secret feeling of regret know the preacher who has a juster that thoughts so excellent had not title, to the appellation. been expressed in language a little The question thus stated, is not a more smooth and elegant, and adap- question of taste, but of fact-and ted to the taste of the present time, facts fully justify our assertion. Not the question arose in our mind, wheth- withstanding his manner of delivery er it is possible for language, beauti- like that of his writing was plain, and ful with imagery, rich in poetic col- he stood almost motionless in the ours, and polished to the acceptance pulpit, and rarely raised his eyes from of the most refined taste, to be made his notes, and did not affect the mod
Vol.3_No. VI. 40
ulations of voice, which aim at emo- creasing elegance of composition, and tion, yet would he fix the eyes and animation of delivery; but it is cerattention of his audience by the tainly possible that these excellencies weight of his matter, and the deep should be purchased at too great a solemnity and earnestness of his inan- sacrifice. If an attention to them, ner, for an hour together, while his withdraws the attention of the speakwords pierced the soul, and left im- er or hearer from things of greater pressions which were not soon effa- moment, if taste is gratified, and the ced, and which were often followed conscience not impressed, if admiraby the most salutary consequences. tion is sought and gained by the When he was invited to preach at preacher, while the honour of his Enfield, the inhabitants of the town, master in any degree suffers by it, were in such a state of religious in- there can be no doubt that it is not difference, that, in the language of improvement, but deterioration. the historian of Coonecticut " when But whatever may be thought of they" (the neighbouring clergymen) Edwards as an eloquent preacher, he went to the meeting-house, the ap
was certainly an instructive preacher. pearance of the assembly was thought. His exhibitions of divine truths, were less and vain. The people hardly always distinct and full. He stated conducted themselves with common them, not in the form of abstract decency. The Rev. Mr. Edwards propositions, but of important facts. of Northampton preached, and before He shewed them in all their parts the sermon was ended, the assembly and bearings, and painted them to the seemed deeply impressed and bowed miud so that they could not easily be down with an awful conviction of misapprehended or forgotten. their sin and danger. There was He was also a powerful and an afsuch a breathing of distress and weep- fecting preacher. The truths which ing, that the preacher was obliged to he selected and illustrated were of speak to the people and desire silence, such a character, and were set home that he might be heard.*" This to the heart with such irresistible was the commencement of a general force, as to reach every conscience revival of religion in that town. not "seared as with an hot iron,"_to
Such were, in a degree, the fre- rouse and sway all the active princiquent effects of his sermons, inso- ples of man. He was moreover an much that similar effects were ex- earnest, animated preacher. His pected by the audiences to which he earnestpess was the pledge of his owo was invited to preach, with a confi- conviction of the truth and impordence rather inconsistent perhaps tance of every word he uttered; and with those doctrines of grace, which not unfrequently, the glow of his own the preacher inculcated. But we feelings give the highest degree of anneed not go in proof of the eloquence imation both 10 his sentiments and of our author's discourses to the time language. Lastly, he was a successin which they were delivered. Even ful preacher. He was an honoured now, notwithstanding the change instrument of turning many from which has taken place in the style of darkness to light, of translatiog them writing, an audience, if unusually im- from the kingdom of darkness into pressed with religious subjects, will the kingdom of God's dear Son. His listen with as earnest attention to the best discourses are to this day the reading of one of these discourses, as best specimens of sermonizing, if we of any one in the language. We have may judge from their effects, which looked with pleasure at the improve- New-England has ever produced. ment which is taking place in the They are the models of a style of preaching of New-England, the in- preaching which has been signally
blessed by God to the conversion of * History of Connecticut, Vol. II. p. 145. sinners, and which should be looked to as a standard by those who wish as stars in the firmament for ever and like him to turn many to righteous- ever. sess, that with him they may shine
(To be concluded.)
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence.
Io press, and will shortly be publish- The price of tuition for each stued by Anthony Finley of Philadelphia, dent, is eight dollars the term, or twen. The Constitution of the Presbyterian ty-four dollars a year. Persons who Church in the United States of Amer- pay for their education, as well as benica; containing the Confession of Faith, eficiaries, will be admitted. the Catechisms, and the Directory for The preparatory studies, or qualifitbe Worship of God: together with cations of candidates for admission inthe Plan of government and discipline, to the several classes of the Collegiate as amended and ratified by the Gene Institution, and the course of studies ral Assembly at their session in May, in the various departments of science 1821.'
and literature, during the four years of Proposals have been issued at Port Yale College.
membership, are to be the same as in land, for publishing by subscription,
The first term of study will com. * Extracts from the Journals of the late
mence on the third Wednesday of Rev. Thomas Smith, from the year September next, when candidates for 1720 to the year 1788, comprehending adinission into the several classes will notices of foreign events--domestic be examined. occurrences--a separate account of
In the present infant state of the Inthe seasons—and a view of the life and stitution and funds, it is expected, that character of the deceased-with an
the persons who wish to avail themappendix containing a variety of oth
selves of the charity fund, as beneficiaer interesting matters. Collected by ries, shall be under the patronage of Samuel Freeman, Esq."
some Education Society, or other resProposals have been issued in ponsible association, which shall furCharleston, S. C. for publishing a vol nish, to each benificiary, a part of his ume of Gospel Melodies.
support, to the amount of at least one
dollar a week, for which he will reRobert Southey is preparing for ceive his board and tuition. And it will publication, a History of the Quakers. be required of every applicant, that he
shall produce to the Examining ComDr. Adam Clarke is preparing a new
mittee, satisfactory evidence of his inand enlarged memoir of Wesley.
digence, piety and promising talents." Theological Seminary at Auburn.- Russia.-"Count Romanzow has lateThe Rev. Dr. PERINE, late of the city ly fitted out two new expeditions for the of New-York; the Rev. Mr. Mills of discovery and investigation of unknown Woodbridge, N. J.; and the Rev. Mr. countries. One ot the expeditions is Lansing of Auburn, N. Y. have been
to endeavour to travel along the solid choseo Professors in the Theological ice on the coast of Tschutski from Institution at Auburn.
Asia to America ; the other to ascend
one of the rivers in the North-west Collegiate Charity Institution of Amkerst The Board of Trustees of this known space between the Icy Cape and
coast, in order to penetrate the unInstitution, "have elected the Rev.
Mackenzie's River. Zephaniah Swift Moore, D. D. President; and he has accepted the trust. New Churches in England." The
The Rev. Gamaliel S. Olds, has been commissioners for building new churchelected Professor of Mathematics, and es have made their first report; from Natural Philosophy; and Joseph Eas. which it appears, that 85 new churchtabrook, A. M. has been elected Pro- es or chapels are to be built, furnishing fessor of the Greek and Latin Lan- sittings to 144,190 persons: the probaguages in the same Institution.
ble expense is 1,068,0001.