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the lambs had escaped injury. It expected, or interded we should submust be added, that the ground also due the entire farm? Never. His was often so imperfectly tilled as to language is hyperbolical. Another vield but a scanty harvest, and some- contended that the fruitful field might times from year to year, no harvest as well give place to the wilderness, at all. But in this case it was com- as the wilderness to the fruitful tield. mon for the servants to console them. He could perceive very little differselves with the reflection, that God ence, he said, between the wild anionly could give the increase, and that mals of the wilderness, and the tame as he gives or withholds according to animals of the fields. God who his sovereign good pleasure, no blame made then all is benevolent, and no could justly attach to them. There respecter of persons, from which it were indeed a few instances of failure, must result, that they are all happy, where all the means of securing a and about equally happy; he thonght crop had apparently been faithfully it therefore a useless expense to carapplied. But it often happened that ry the arts of husbandry to the wilthose who in this manner went forth, derness; lie could perceive but little from year to year, weeping, bearing difference between the lion and the precious seed, came again at length wolf, and the ox and the lamb. All rejoicing, bringing their sheaves with were made very good animals, each them; and where this was not the lived in his own way, and why should case, it frequently happened that the we disturb them. seed though buried long in dust, Others who thought it would be a sprang up in a joyful harvest, after very good thing, to subdue the wilthe hand that sowed it, and the eye derness were it possible, fainted at that wept over it, were at rest in the the thouglit of such an undertaking. grave.

There were trees, they said, someIt was left in charge by the noble, where in that wilderness, an hundred man to his servants, that they should miles in circumference, harder than keep in good repair those parts of the the hardest steel, and whose roots farm which had been reduced to culti- were wrapped about the centre of the vation, and urge on the work of sub- earth, so that to cut them down, or duing the wilderness until the entire pull them up, or raise crops under farm should become one fruiliul field; their shade, was alike hopeless.and so vigorous at first was the onset And then there were lions in the way upon the wilderness, that it seemed of unusual strength, and fierceness, as if every tree of the forest would ready to slay every man who should bow, and every acre of the farm be show himself in their dominions; made to feel the plough, and to wave and there ioo travellers had seen the with harvests. But so much at length giants, in comparisou with whom did the love of these servants was they were grashoppers. If it was sug. cold, and their enterprise abate, that gested, by any servant, that the field the wilderness regained much of its now cultivated, was once itself a lost dominion, aud ail hope and all wilderness, and that what had been duty seemed to be limited to the de. done, could be done again; it was fence of the fruitlul fields, against the answered, that the great trees which encroachments of the wilderness. stood here were pulled up by miracles,

When at length a small number of and that the giants and lions were all servants, moved by primitive affec- killed by supernatural aid, not to be tion and zeal, read their master's die expected now. rection, 'go ye out into all parts of the If any pointed to tracts of wilderfarm and subdue the wilderness,' and ness recently subdued without mira. began to make experiments, they cles, as difficult of subjugation as any were stared upon as madmei. Do that remained, a new host of objecyou believe said one, that our master tors took up the argument; admitted the possibility of subduing the wil. derness, any person who ofiered himderness, but devied iliat there was ei- sell was sure to be received, however ther time or resources. It was as deficient in skill, or wanting in the much as could be done,' they said, to ordinary evidence of friendship to the maintain the cultivated field from the nobleman. The consequence was, encroachments of the wilderness, and that many servants unskilled in husthat charity begins at home. There bandry, and without friendship to the were sences enough to be mended, master, became members of his houseand flocks to be gathered, and weeds hold. These, as might be expected, to be eradicated at home, and noth- were extremely liberal in their views, ing should be done abroad, until the and charitably disposed towards all farm at home was put in perfect or- those servants, whose deportment in der. Beside, where shall we find la- better days would have ensured their bourers for the whole field? And expulsion from the household. If even were all the products of the cul- any servants proposed a more strict tivated part devoted to subduing the examination concerning skill, or inwilderness, it would be in vain : for- dustry, or friendship to their masgeuful that every vewly cultivated ter, with reference to the admission of acre poured into the treasury, thirty, servants, they were denounced as unsixty or an hundred fold; and that charitable, bigoted and cruel. Does the resources increased, as the work not charity, it would be said, hope to be done diminished.

all things, and believe all things? There was alter all, another diffi- Do we know the candidate for adculty, which was, on which side of mission to be a novice? why then the wilderness they should begin; should we worment bim by unreasonsome prefering to assail the forests able suspicions, implied in his examiimmediately contiguous, while others nation? They could not doubt that prefered going quite the other side. he had devoted liimself some where This difficulty was however settled by faithfully to the acquisition of agriculthe amicable agreement, that both tural kuowledge, and that he was, or sides should be assailed at once, and would be, as industrious, and skilsul, the assault continued until the ser- and faithful, as themselves; and, as vants should meet and shake hands in to friendship to the nobleman, “ Is the middle.

it not well known,” they demanded, In the ancient book already refer- "that he had no enemies ? It was red to, and which the nobleman de- unreasonable to think that he had, posited in the hands of his servants, and if any pretended to be bis eneThere were rules which he directed mies, or ever conducted as if they them to follow implicitly in the man- were, undoubtedly they were deceivagement of the farm; forbidding ed, or from modesty merely exhibited them to make a single unauthorized themselves as being worse than they experiment. In this book it was were. Besides, friendship and enmi. provided, that persons of competent ty are feelings of the heart, and what skill io husbandry, who could exhibit have we to do with each other's evidence of frieudship to their mas- bearts ? To our own master we ter, and would make the requisite en- stand or fall.” gagements, might be received into If, at any time, attempts were the household of the nobleman; and made to expel from the household an for a season, those who offered them- idle or profligate servant, he would selves were corefully examined, and inquire the authority of the servants few were received, who did not con- to do it, and cry persecution ; when sult in some good degree, the inter- instantly, as if ronised by fellow feelests of their master. But in processing, a host of sympathetic brethren of time it came to pass, that from in- would come to his aid to denounce dolence or carelessness, or false ten. his persecutors, and certify whom it



might concern, of his preeminent in- sincerely, were better than wheat dustry, sincerity, and skill. In con- sowo hypocritically, conceived the sequence of this state of things, the idea, that all attention to the roots of business of the farm, in many parts, trees was entirely superfluous labour, was wretchedly conducted. Many a that the root of the tree was depenfield was scarcely tilled at all, but dent on the top, not the top upon the was grown over to thorns, and net- root; and that all that a skilful bustles covered the face thereof, and the bandman had need to do, was to keep stone wall thereof was broken down. his trees well pruned. They talked, Some servants ningled tares with the and wrote, and printed, and went agood seed, and some sowed little be- bout with great kindness, to open the side tares. At first indeed, it was eyes of other servants to the extreme dove in the night, while men slept, folly of delving in the dirt about the but at length it was done openly. If roots of trees. • For what,' said any alleged that a particular servant they, can be more beautiful than sowed tares, it was replied, that tares leaves and blossoms, or what more and wheat were so nearly alike, that excellent than delicious fruit? Let none should presume authoritatively the top of the tree, they said, be duly to discriminate beiween them. It cultivated, and the luxuriant top, if had always been disputed,' they said, roots be veedful, will produce them.' ' which were tares, and which were If any quoted that passage in the wheat, and that every servant must book of husbandry, which apostrojudge for himself. The accused plizing a tree says, 'thou bearest not thought that he sowed wheat, and the root, but the root thee, it was eahis accusers thought that he sowed sy to reply that the passage was mistares, and he was as likely to be right translated, and that it ought to be as they. Besides, it was all, they rendered as it does read in the origisaid, a matter of mere opinion, for nal; thou bearest not the branches, which no man should be accountable. but the branches thee. If their fellow servant bad in fact Were it alleged, that where attensowed tares, he had done it, ibey did tion was paid to the roots of trees, not doubt, sincerely, and of course they were invariably the most flourwould be as well accepted of their ishing and fruitful. The fact would master, as those who sowed wheat. be sometimes reluctantly admitted, But, after all, said they, of what con- while that the difference was caused sequence is it what seed a man sows, by the different mode of culture, provided the harvest is good : What would be strenuously denied.barm can there be in sowing tares, • Prove to us,” they would say, 'thai provided we reap wheat? or even if the difference does not arise from soil every seed produced aster his kind, or position, or the cultivation which they could perceive no such mighly you bestow upon the top, in commou difference as to render it a matter of with us; for as long as it is possible much consequence what seeds were that the difference may arise from sown. Among all the seeds sown some other cause, it is absolutely cerupon the farm, they could not lay tain that it is not produced by your their finger upon more than two or particular mode of cultivation. three of much importance; and unl Another charge left upon record in the whole, they concluded, that tares the book of husbandry, was, that the sown sincerely, were even better than servants should take particular care wbeat sowo hypocritically.

of the sheep and lambs of the dock, It was directed in the book of hus. to see that they were defended against bandry, that in the cultivation of fruit the lion, who went about seeking to trees, particular attention should be devour them. But those servants paid to the root, but the same ser- who dreaded so much the labour of vants who thought that tares sown tilling the roots of trees, found the


service of keeping the flock too labo- ted by clothing it with the animated rious for pleasure, and by searching powers and actions of an animal critically the book of husbandry, dis- which did not exist. What sense covered to their great joy that there could there be in calling a traitor a was no such animal as the lion; that Judas, had no treacherous Judas exthe lion so often spoken of in the book isted ; in calling a miser's heart, a of husbandry, as such a powerful and heart of stone, if no such hard mateferocious animal, was nothing but the rial called a stone had any being ; principle of evil personified, as it ex- and why call the principle of evil in isted in thunderstorms and the dis- disease and thunder, a lion, if there be eases of sheep. It is well known, no such living animal in the wilderthey said, that thunderstorms roar, ness. Does not the calling of storms that they are noxious to lambs, and and diseases, lions, (said these simthat they go about, figuratively seek- ple-hearted servants) prove the exing whom they may figuratively de- istence of real lions? Do the Greeks voor. When reminded that the book and eastern nations illustrate the powspoke of many lions, though of one er of thunder and disease by the as chief in strength and ferocity, it properties and actions of non-existenwas easy to reply that thunderstorms ces? Do you find any examples of were numerous, some great and some the kind in Homer, Sanchoniathon, small; the greatest being called the Manetho, or the Talmuds ? These old lion, and the rest lions, or young questions demanding time in order to lions, according to their power. In answer them learnedly, time was aclike manner, they insisted, were 'the cordingly taken, when, after extended diseases of sheep personified, pro- research, without being able to find ceeding as they all did, from princi- an example in point, it was profoundples of disease in the animal called the ly conjectured, that all the books old lion, or the lion, or young lion, which authorized the illustration of as the disease was more or less de- the properties of real existences, by structive. These diseases, it was the properties and actions of nothing, well known, caused sheep to bleat, were destroyed in Herculaneum, or which by a figure of speech, common burnt in the Alexandrine library. in eastern countries, might be called

BUNYAN. roaring, and as disease and death decompose the bodies of animals, Anecdotes of the late King of Eng. they are fitly compared to a lion tear

land, George III. ing in pieces and devouring his prey. It is scarcely to be conceived how

(Concluded from page 637.) much rejoicing and self-complacency

CONSCIENTIOUSNESS. this discovery occasioned. The ser- Many attempts were made during vants who made it and availed them- the late reign in favor of what is calselves of it, deemed themselves the led Catholic emancipation, and to remost learned servants on the farm, move all those barriers, which excluand to express at once their estima- ded Roman Catholics from the hightion of themselves, and their con- est offices in the state. In 1807, when tempt of the old fashioned servants, Lord Grenville applied to the king they styled themselves rational hus- on this subject, we are told (on the aubandmen. The irrational servants thority of a letter of Sir H. Harper,) did in this case all to reclaim their that his majesty replied, "My lord, fellow servants, which could be ex- I am one of those who respect an pected of men bereft of reason, or

oath. I have firmness sufficient to who never had any. They demand- quit my throne and retire to a coted, how the principle of evil in dis- iage, or place my neck on a block or eases and thunderstorms, which was a scafold, if my people require it; a reality, could possibly be illustra- but I have not resolution to break

that oath which I took in the most entious.' Sometime afterwards one solemn manner at my coronation.'* of the princesses called at the ware

At another time, being further urg- house in London, and said to Mr. B. ed by one of his ministers on this sub. “You are a great fa: orite with his ject, he said with much good nature, majesty.' Mr. B. answered,' It gave and with a conciseness that was him pleasure to hear it, but he was common to him, “Tell me who took not conscious of having done any the coronation oath ? did you or I ?' thing to obtain his majesty's favor.' The pleader was not stopped by this The princess then reminded Mr. B. pointed reply, but was proceeding, of the above conversation ; she said when the king interrupting him, said, his majesty had related the whole to Dundas, let me have no more of the queen and the princesses, and had your Scotch sophistry; I took the added, 'I like B.--,I wish every oath, and I must keep it.' --Rippon's one to be conscientious.' Sernion.

MISCELLANEOUS. His late majesty having had fre

At the late public meeting at Weyquent occasions of speaking to an

mouth, the Rev. Dr. Cracknell intro. eniminent manufacturer who employ- duced the following anecdote of his ed many hands, one day asked him majesty, which supplies another ilwhether he was an alderman of W- lustration of his habitual piety and -, and being informed he was not, nice discrimination. “My late friend, wished to know the reason; the per- Mr. Wathen, the celebrated oculist,' son replied, “ that being a Protestant said the doctor, ó related to me that Disseuter, he could not obtain the in one of his interviews with the king, qualification but by receiving the he observed to his majesty, - I have Lord's Supper-the required test.'

often thonght of the words of Solo. *Very righi, very right, exclaimed his majesty, 'I like a man to be consci- thority the people rejoice, and if

mon, · When the righteous are in a*That part of the coronation-oath, which your majesty could always appoint the kiog supposed to militate with the

servants of that character, the voice claims of the catholics is as follows:

The Archbishop says, “ Will you to the of rejoicing would be heard throughutmost of your power maintain the laws out the empire.' "Wathen,' replied of God, the true profession of the gospel, his majesty, these are the men I and the protestani reformed religion as established by law? And will you preserve

have sought for; but when I have unto the bishops and clergy of this realm, required their services, I have often and to the churches committed to their been disappointed, for I find men discharge, all such rights and privileges, as tinguished by habits of piety prefer by the law do or shall apperta unto them, retirement; and that, generally speakor any of them?

The king replies, “All this I promise to ing, the men of the world must iransdo."

act the world's business.'



Devicw of New Publications.

The difficulties and temptations which

attend the preaching of the gospel in great cities : a sermon preached in the first Presbyterian church, in the city of Bali imore, Oct. 19th 18.20; at the ordination and installation of the Rev. William Nevins, as Pastor of said church. By

Samuel Miller, D. D. Professor of
Ecclesiastical History, and Church
Government, in the Theological
Seminary of the Presbyterian
Church in the United States, at
Princeton. Baltimore, 1820.

We do nct deem it a course that

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