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each case what is right; but the man judgment and the neek will he teach who at heart is dishonest, and yet de- his way. What man is he that fearsires to maintain the reputation of eth the Lord, him shall he teach in the honesty, is always environed by way that he shall choose.* These doubts because he has not, like the things have I written unto you conhonest man, a plain path before him. cerning them that seduce you, but the In like manner, he whose heart is al- anointing which ye have received of ienated from God, and opposed to the him, abideth in you,
need not truth, calls to his aid, difficulties and that any man teach you ; but as the doubts, that he may be released from same anointing teacheth you of all the necessity of coming to the light. things and is truth, and is no lie and
To these considerations it may be even as it has taught you, ye shall aadded, that those who do the will of bide in him.t God, have in many points of doctrine, Then said Jesus to those Jews an experimental knowledge, which is which believed on bim, if ye continue absolute certainty. Having compar- in my word then are ye my disciples ed their hearts with the law of God, indeed and ye shall know the truth, they know that by nature they are as and the truth shall make you free. the Scriptures testify,without goodness It follows from what has been said: and full of evil. They know that 1. That the irreligious and immorthey perceive in the Son, the same al, are never candid inquirers after divine excellence, which they per- truth. ceive in the Father; and that they Often they are at open war with experience the same joy and peace in revelation, and obviously because revconfiding in him, which they experi- elation is at war with them. Or if ence in confiding in the Father.- they render to the book a nominal creThey know that in their own obedi- dence, it is only that under the guise ence, there is such a relative defect, of reverence, they may carry through that upon no principles of law can its pages a war of extermination athey be justified, on account of their gainst all its peculiar doctrines.obedience or repentance; and that if These “ do not the will of God," and pardon is possible, it must be obtain- in forming a judgmeot concerning the ed on other conditions than works of doctrines which he has revealed, they righteousness which they have done. are convicts judging in their own
Those who do the will of God, cause. No wonder that the God of know that a great change has been the bible wears to their apprehension accomplished in their affections by a a character which they find it convensupernatural influence. They have ient to “ change.” No wonder that as perfect knowledge, that a change the doctrines of the bible, appear unin this respect has taken place, as a reasonable and unamiable; and no man who was born blind, had of the wonder, when kind bearied friends change, when he testified, “ Where have obliterated from the sacred page as I was blind, now I see,” and from its spiritual requisitions, and its depast inessectual effort to feel as they nunciations of " wrathi to come,” that now do, in connection with the decla the hostility of the flagitious and the rations of Scripture on this subject, infidel is allayed. Finding as they they have as perfect evidence of su- think in the rectified page, a charterpernatural aid, as the blind man had ed impunity in sin, they begin to doubt in the case of restored vision.
whether the bible may not be true. It accords with the promises of Are any who read this discourse God also that they who do his will the subjects of such conversion, let shall kuow the truth. The text does
* Psalm, xxv. 9 and 12. not stand alone. Then shall we know if we follow on to know the
| 1. John, ii. 26, 27. Lord.* The mcek will he guide in 15. 16, 17 and 20 : Isaiah liv. 13: John x. them remember that Jesus Christ has the sun ariseth, even a morning withpronounced the convert to a false re- out clouds. Reject this expedient, ligion, sevenfold more the child of and probably you will never become hell than he was before. Not of pe- established in your faith, until the cessity more immoral or more irreli- light of eternity shall dispel your gious, but more profoundly and doubts, and compel you to know the hopelessly deceived. Repent and truth. The intellect of Gabriel would break off your sins by righteousness, not suffice to counteract the prevail. and then your temptation to change ing influence of an unholy heart; while the truth of God into a lie will cease, the intellect of a child associated with and then too you shall know the rectitude of heart, will enable us to truth, and the truth shall make you understand the doctrines of the Gos. free. In no other way can you suc. pel. Listen then, ye disputers of this ceed to quiet your fears. The bible world to the voice of mercy, which is too evidently the word of God, speaks to you from heaven. Whereand too full of wrath, revealed against fore do you spend your money for all ungodliness of men, to consist with that which is not bread, and your laquietness of mind while you live in bour for that which satisfieth not. Insin. Your consciences condemn you, cline your ear and come unto me; and like the troubled sea when it can hear and your souls shall live. not rest, you find no peace. Cease 3. The subject we have discussed then from your vain expedients to may set at rest the hearts of those reconcile sioping with peace of con- who are anxious about the ignorant science, and try a more excellent
1 John viji, 31, 32; see also, John xis. * Hosca, vi 3.
4 and 5.
and the poor.
We have certainly way.
intelligence, and leisure, and means 2. The mode proposed by our Sa- of knowledge which they do not pos. viour of removing doubts, and giving sess; and yet we find our miods perefficacy to evidence, is peculiarly a- plexed with difficulties and doubts. dapted to the necessities of men of a How then can the multitude ascerphilosophical and speculative turn of tain what is true? By adopting the miod.
method proposed by the Saviour; by These are they who as described doing the will of God. Multitudes of by the Apostle as ever learning, and this class of men have made the exnever able to come to the knowledge periment, and are walking in the of the truth. They are anxious and light of his countenance, while you indefatigable. They read much, and who pity them are groping in darkconverse often,
ness. Their love to God has render
ed the doctrines of the bible plain,
and reason high of Providence, foreknowledge, will and
its precepts reasonable, and obedifate,
ence delightful. They need not the Fix'd fate, free-will, fore-knowledge abso- aid of learned critics to help them to lute,
misunderstand the sacred book. EnAnd find no end in wandering mazes lost.
vironed as the bible may seem to be The reason is, the malady is in with difficulties, the poor have the their hearts; and no application to gospel preached to them, and become the understanding can reach it. They rich in faith, and heirs of a kingdom. say and they think that they are wil- 4. The expedient proposed by our ling to be convinced. But then they Saviour to gain doctrinal knowledge,
. must see the evidence and have their will leave without excuse the ignoobjections answered. Do any such rance of those who complain that read this discourse, let them adopt they have not time for the investigathe prescription of their Saviour, tion of truth. It belongs, they supand do the will of God, and the light pose, to the ministers of Christ to unof truth shall break upon their bewil- derstand such matters, and if any." dered minds, as the morning when others have leisure, it may be weilio attend to the subject; but as for them ed, as well as duties to be done; and they have more urgent matters to at- there are damnable heresies, as well tend to, which cannot be neglected. as immoralities; and though it is not
Unhappy men, you are placed then, possible for all men to look alike, it it would seem, in a condition of una- is possible for all who possess the bivoidable ignorance, and are obliged to ble, substantially to think alike; and go bliadtold out of time into eternity, it is easily accomplished. Let their not knowing whether you shall open hearts be united in doing the will of your eyes in heaven or in hell. How God, and their understanding will be hard is your lot, doomed as you are, harmonious, with respect to the docmerely for the blessings of the life trines of his word. that now is, to risque the welfare of 7. Do any read this discourse your souls for ever. But behold I who have enjoyed the blessings of a bring you glad tidings. . A very little religious education, who by the sugtuition of the heart will avail more gestions of others, or of their own than years of study and intellectual hearts, have become unsettled in speculation. Do the will of God, their religious opinions; and are you and you shall be rescued from the open to conviction, and sincere and danger of perdition, and know and en- honest in your inquiries after truth, joy the doctrines of the gospel. You and ready to say in your heart, what shall come out of darkness into mar- more can we do? And if, after all, vellous light, and learn the happy art we should err, will it not be a misof reconciling diligence in business, take so honest and sincere, that God with fervency of spirit in the service will be too just to punish it? of God.
Take heed that ye be not deceiv5. Those who complain that there ed. The heart is deceitful above all are so many different opinions upon things, and desperately wicked. You the subject of religion, that they know are judges too in your own cause, not, and cannot know what to be. and your verdict is on the side of lieve, may find relief in complying your acquittal from a crime, and now with this direction of Jesus Christ. what authority have you for the con
There are none who can deny that clusion to which you have come ? Is God requires you to love him. Do it inclination that speaks, or philosothis then, and you shall know amid phy, or the bible? Turn to the chapthe conflicting opinions of men, the ter and the verse of the word of God, true doctrine of the bible. Your path which gives a dispensation to those shall be like that of the just, shining who sincerely and honestly reject the more and more, to the perfect day. fundamental doctrines of the gospel. Your love shall constitute a golden Such a case, I apprehend, has never thread, leading you through all the demanded the attention of the Highlabyrinths of errour, in the right way; Court of heaven, for it must bring an anchor ever holding you sure and home to the Majesty on higli, the steadfast amid winds and floods charge of imbecility in making a rev: until you enter the haven where elation unintelligible to honest and the wicked cease from troubling, and sincere subjects; or the charge of inthe weary are at rest.
justice in requiring impossibilities.6. Are there any who have read Are you sure that in the day of judgthis discourse, who are in the habit of ment it may not be disclosed, that an despising the obligation of maintain- evil heart darkened your understanding correct opinions, and denying the ing and perverted its decisions ? criminality of errour; dealing out the There is one way to decide whether Hippant argument, "ihat men can no you have been, as you suppose, sinmore think alike, than they can look cere and honest in your inquiries afalike?” All your positions are false. ter truth. If you have availed yourGod has revealed truths to be believ- selves faithfully of all the means of Vol. 3-No. I.
knowledge in your power, this would apartments, and with homely but carry the appearance at least of sin- wholesome fare. cerity. But if you have neglected the The stabulum is very large. It means of knowing the truth, which, admits under the same roof travellers of all others, are the most direct and and their cattle, without any partition simple, and which beside are abso- between them. Men and iheir herds lutely infallible, how can you justify share the same accommodations; onyourselves in the favourable conclu- ly they take different sides of the sion that you have honestly and sio- house, the former being furnished cerely endeavoured to ascertain the with a fire-place. truth ? How then does the matter There is now another kind of ind, stand: Have you adopted the re- which seems to have been a modern commendation of Christ, “If any improvement upon the stabulum. It man will do his will, he shall know is called a caravansary; and is still of the doctrine, whether it be of larger than the stabulum, being lightGod ?” Have you obeyed the com- ed from the top. This also is an inmand, Thou shalt love the Lord thy discriminate receptacle for men and God ? Have you complied with the cattle. The latter, however, occupy kind requisition, My son give me the greater portion of the building; thine heart? If you have not, is not only a wall three feet high, and four the evidence of your honesty and or six feet broad, adjoining the marsincerity greatly to be distrusted ? gin of the hall, being reserved for the
To conclude, let all who have at former. This narrow elevation betended to the subject of this disc ing furnished with fire-places at concourse, without delay make the joy- venient distances, serves " for kitchful experiment, which their Saviour en, parlour and bed chamber." has proposed, of dispelling the dark- It is more than probable that the ness of the understanding, by render- Greek word xalalupa, as used Luke ing to their God the cheerful homage ii. 7, answers to the xenodochium ; of their hearts. If any complain and savdoxelov, Luke x. 34, to the that they cannot love God, let them stabuluni; for each of these Greek remember, that to refuse to do it is words is rendered, in the Vulgate and rebellion, and that God will by no Syriac, by an appropriate term. It means clear the guilty.
is true that Erasmus, Castalio, Beza, and other modern translators, have
rendered both by the word diversoriFor the Christian Spectator.
um. But they cannot establish the MR. EDITOR,
synonony of those words against the Jr
authority of writers who flourished deem the following observayou
when the Greek was a living lantions, which are substantially taken from Dr. Campbell's celebrated work guage, and when the appropriate use on the Four Gospels, worthy of a
of these words was best understood.
We have reason to doubt the proplace in your Magazine, you are at liberty to insert them. L. P.
priety of the word inn, as used by
our translators, Luke ii. 7, for it was In the days of the apostles there never used to denote a public house, were in Judea two kinds of public in which the guests were entertained houses; one of which Busbequius calls free of expense, as surely those were xenodochium, and the other stabul. who lodged in the xenodochium, or un. The xenodochium is now rarely 'malah upa. The English word inn found. It was designed for the ac- answers more exacıly to the Greek commodation of strangers, who were wavdo xelov, whose etymology denotes treated with attention, and supported that it received every thing that three days at the public expense.- could enter it. Mr. Harmer, howevThey were furnished with separate er, supposes that the wavdoxsoov must have been a very commodious place, might easily have been fitted up for from the circumstance that the good a convenient stabulum. Samaritans entrusted the wounded Nor were the saladuda and savo man to the keeper of it, and promis. Sexslov connected under the same ed to reward him for his services.- rooi; for had that been the case, But the necessary accommodations Christ would have been born in the might have been afforded a sick man, xenodochium, which Mary could not although the wavdoy soov did also re-enter, because it was full. Further, ceive cattle. Besides, had it been a they could not have been connected, xalah.upa, or xenodochium, no prom- for they were two distinct and indeise of payment would have been ne- pendent establishments, founded for cessary, at least for three days enter- essentially different purposes, and furtaioment, as all who lodged in it were nished with very different accommoentertained for that period gratis. dations.
Bethlehem was a small place, and The result from the whole is, that afforded only one zamachupa, and that, Christ was born in all the humiliation at the time of our Saviour's birth, that could be attached to the poverty was full. And unless it can be prova and helplessness of Mary, and in all ed that Christ was born in a cave, as the disgrace that could belong to the is asserted by Justin Martyr and inconvenience and meanness of a Origen, there was no other public stable ; and also, that our translators place to which Joseph and Mary have misapplied the word inn to the could have repaired. * Were this in- Greek xalaruua, which signifies a deed proved, it would not necessarily house gratuitously allotted for a time weaken the argument; since a cave to the use of strangers.
For the Christian Spectator. natural to expect of these servants,
great “diligence in business," great
friendship among themselves, and It is recorded in a very ancient great joy as their master's interest book, that a certain nobleman of great should prosper in their hands; and possessions being about to journey, this for a season was to a great excalled together his servants, delivered tent the fact, though not without some to them his goods, and said unto each painful exceptions, which it falls to “ occupy till I come."
our lot to record. There were serOf these servants it is observed, vants who evidently pursued interests that by birth, they were the property separate from their master's, and to of their master, but having fallen into his injury. The hedge about their captivity they had been bought also master's vineyard was broken down, with a price; in addition to which, and the boar from the wilderness every one of them said “ I love my without molestation rooted up the master,” and by significant tokens had vine. The door of the sheepfold too eegaged to serve him during life.-- was left open, and the grievous wolf They would hold, they said, no sepa- came in not sparing the rock. When rate property, or be influenced to such events happened however, it was serve by mercenary motives. Their common for the servants to become master's interest they said, should be indignant, at the boar, and the wolf, their own, his reputation their hon- not reflecting that had the fence of our, his prosperity their reward. the vineyard, and the door of the
Thus circumstanced, it would he sheepfold been kept, the vines and