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that the attemps made by a desperate faction, to dif. turb the public tranquility, would be discountenanced, and that the execution of the measure recommended would not meet with any difficulty. Both the ministry and the governor were mistaken in this conjecture. On the 21st of June, this part of the letter was laid before the new assembly by the governor, with a message, in which he earnelly requested their compliance; but observed, that in case or a contrary behaviour, he had received his Majesty's instructions how to act, and must do his duty. This produced a mef. fage from the assembly, in which they desired a copy of the instructions which the governor alluded to, as well as of fome letters and papers he had laid before the council. The governor sent a copy of the remainder of Lord Hillsborough's letter, in which the in. structions were contained, to the assembly, by which he was directed, in case of their refusing to comply with his Majesty's reasonable expectations, to diffolve them immediately, and to transmit a copy of their proceedings upon it, to be laid before the parliament, The whole of those requisitions, made by the government of Britain upon this colony, were considered by the colonists as the effects of the misreprefenrations of their own governor, who, as he wanted to rule over them with an arbitrary power, was provoked at their opposition, and therefore represenied them to the King and the ministry as a perverse and factious set of people that would be ruled by no law, and de, spised all goveroment.

The assembly gave no answer to the governor's request, till his patience was almost worn out, and he was obliged to send a message to them, to urge their. compliance with the King's demands. In answer to this message, they applied for a recess, that they

might have an opportunity to consult, aud advise with their constituents upon the occasion. This was what the governor knew would be of no service to his scheme, but would rather add fuel to the fire that was already kindled; he therefore refufed their request. Upon which they put the question, for rescinding the resolution of the last assembly, which para fed in the negative, by a division of ninety two to reventeen. This fhews how badly the secretary had been informed concerning the temper of the majority, when he affirmed, that the measure had been car. ried in a thin meeting, contrary to the opinion of the majority, who were absent. It appears to be a common infirmity prevailing with men of all ranks to believe, at least on occasions to affirm, whar is most an greeable to their own inclinations and interests, howe ever little evidence they have for their conduct.

The assembly then resolved to write a letter to Lord Hillsborough, and an answer to the Governor. In both these letters they endeavour to vindicate the condu&t of the last assembly, as well as the prefent, and deny the charges brought against them, of carrying the resolution by surprise in a thin meeting of the assembly, and affirm on the contrary, that the refolution for the circular letter was passed in a full reffion, and by a great majority. They also defended the legality of that measure, and affirmed that it was the inherent right of all subjects to petition the King, either jointly or separately, for a redress of grievances. In regard to the rescinding the resolu. tion, it was observed, that to speak in the sile of the common law, it was not now execuiory, but to all iq. tents and purposes executed: That the circular letters had been sent, and many of them answered: That both bad appeared in the public papers, and that they


could now as well refcind the letters as the resolves on which they were founded, and that both would, be equally fruitless. In the letter to the secretary of itate, they, made several Itrictures with great free. dom on the nature of the requisition, and alleged that it was unconstitutional, and without a precedent, to command a free assembly, on pain of its existence, to rescind any resolution, much less that of a former house. They complained greatly of the base and wicked representations that inust have been made to his Majesty, to cause him to conlider a measure per. fectly legal and constitutional, and which only tended to lay the grievances of the subjects before the throne, as of an inflammatory nature, tending to create unwarrantable combinations, and to excite an oppofition to the authority of parliament, which are the terms in which it is described in the lèiter. They concluded with the warmest expreslions of loyalty, and the strong. est remonstrances against the late laws. They were at the same time preparing a petition to the King for removal of their governor, in which they bring many heavy charges against him, that were arged with great vehemency, and expressed in very strong terms. But before they had finished this petition, the governor sook care to diffolve the assembly. The affemblies in America were now become something like the Enga lish parliaments in the reign of Charles the first, by no means tractable to the call of the court and sovereign; for which reason they were continually dissolved. Bur they were still as fimilar in their cases, the new assem. Blies were as tenacious of their rights as the old ones, and took up the grievances where tlie former asemblies left them, and began with rew remonftrances, while these marrers were warmly pursued in the colopies, and their assemblies continually diffolved, the

grand grand assembly of Britain continued unshaken by the whole force of pétitions and remonftrances that were levelled against it. The commons of Britain and the ministry understood one another, so that the whole forces of national petitions, and remonftrances could not procure a diffolution of parliament.

The circular letters which had been written by the secretary of state to the other colonies, were attended with as little success as that which was sent to Bof. ton. The assemblies of the other colonies wrote answers to that of Massachusett's-Bay, which were received by the late speaker, in which"they express the highest and warmest' approbation of their conduct, and a firm resolution to concur with their measures. Some of the colonies also addressed the secretary of state, and justified the measures taken by the assembly at Boston, and also animadverted with great free. dom upon several passages in the requisition contained in his letter. In the mean time, several of them enitered into resolutions, not to import or purchase any English goods, except what were already ordered for che ensuing fall, or such articles as they could not want, until the late acts were repealed: si poch - On the roth of June, 1768, a little before the diffolution of the assembly, a great tumult happened at Boston. - The board of customs had made a seizure of a floop belonging to one of ihe principal merchants of that town. That floop had been discharged of a cargo of wine, and in part re-loaded wish a quantity of oil, which is said to have been done under pretence of converting it into a store, without any great autention being paid to the new laws, or 10.; the customhouse regulations. Upon the seizure being made, the officers made a signal to the Romney man of war, and her boars were sent manned and armed, who


cut away the masts of the floop, and conveyed her under the protection of the man of war. The people, having assembled in great multitudes upon this occafion, pelted the commissioners of the customs with stones, broke one of their swords, and treated them in other respects with great outrage ; after which, they attack. ed their houses, broke the windows, and hauled the collector's boat to the common, and burnt it to alhes. The officers of the customs upon this outrage, took shelter aboard the man of war, from whence they removed to castle William, where they resumed the functions of their office. This transaction occasion. ed several town meetings, in which a, remonstrance was presented to the governor, wherein they claimed rights directly opposite to the new laws of the British legislature, and demanded that the governor would issue an order for the departure of his Majesty's fhips out of the harbour. "The minds of the people were now greatly irritated; they perceived that the new laws would be enforced by every exertion of the king and parliament, and as they disputed the right of the British legislature to impose such laws upon them, when they had no share therein, they looked upon themfelves as oppressed by an unwarrantable: authori-ty. Their spirits were now wrought up to a degree of enthusiasm, which led them to thofe acts of outrage which men are ready to fall into, when they are bereaved of what they believe to be their natural rights. There is no question but the leaders in the opposition neglected no árts that they thought necefsary to inflame the minds of the people, which when once they were wrought to a very high pitch, could not even be restrained by the authority of those who had inflamed them. In the fervour of controversy, it is difficult for men to restrain their passions, or to


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