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an amazing impulse that wrought so powerfully upoti such numbers of people, to make them forsake their native country to go to reside in the midst of a wilder.
What declared the principal design of those emi. grants, was their practice ; for they had no sooner arrived in New England, than they began to pursue that reformation in religion, which they had projected before they left their native country. On August the 27th 1630, they kept a folemn fait, and chose a mis
to us our heirs and succesiour's the tain bay there commonly called fifth part only of all oare,of gould Massachusets, alias Mattachusets, and silver, which from time to time alias Mattatusets bay, and also all and at all times hereafter thall be and singular those lands and herethere gotten, had or obtained, for ditaments whatsoever lying within all services, exactions and demands the space of three English miles vir whatsoever, according to the tenure the south part of the said river caland reservation in the said recitedled Charles river, or of any or every indenture expressed.
part thereof, and also all and finAnd further know ye that of gular the lands and hereditaments our more especiall grace, certain whatsoever lyeing and being within knowledge and nere motion, the space of three Englih miles to we have given and granted, and by the southward of the southermost these presents do, for us, our heirs, part of the said bay called Massaand succesfours give and grant untu chusetts, alias Mattachusetts, alias the said Sir Henry Rolewell, Sir Mattatufets bay. And also all those John Younge, Sir Richard Salton- lands and hereditanients whatsoeHall, Thomas Southcott, John ver which lye and be within the Humfrey, John Endecott, $ymon space of three English miles to the Whetcombe, Ifaac Johnson, Sa- northward of the said river called muel Aldersey, John Ven, Mat- Monomack alias Merryniack, or to thew Craddock, George Harwood, the northward of any and every Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, part thereof, and all lands and heRichard Bellingham, Nathaniel reditaments whatsoever lyeing Wright, Samuel Vafial, Theophi- within the limits aforesaid north Ius Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas and south in latitude and breadth, Adams, John Browne, Samuel and in length and longitude of and Browne, Thomas Hutchins, Wil within all the breadth aforesaid liain Vasai, William Pinchion, and throughout the maine lands there George Foxcroft, their heirs and from the Atlantick and western allignes, all that part of New Eng- sea and ocean on the east part to land in America which lies and ex: the south fear on the welt part, tends between a grcat river there and all lands and grounds, place commonly called Monoinach river, and places, foyles, wood and wood alias Merrymack river, and a cer- grounds, liavers, ports, rivers, watain other river there called Charles ters and hereditainents whatsoever river, being in the bottom of a cer- lyeing wit!.in the said bounds and
ay other per tsoever there any of them, ein. Provi: se faid lands, the premises ned, and by
and meant the time of former letthird day of eenth yeare rs reigne aTed or inhaftian prince the bounds,
that fouthpre granted o be plantng subjects Ierica, that t thall not its or pary inhabited nds of the aforesaid,
parcells fo Ven, Matthew Cradduck, George Ponched or innavited by such chrisHarwood, Increale Nowell, Rich. tian prince or state, or being withard Perry, Richard Bellingham, in the bounds aforefaid, shall be Nathaniel Wright, Samuel V asfal, utterly voide, the presents or any Theopilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, thing i herein contained to the conThomas Adams, John Browne, Sa- trary notwithstanding. To have muel Browne, Thomas Hutchins, and to hould, poffers and enjoy the William Vaffál, William Pinchon, said parts of New England in A. and George Foxcroft their heirs merica, which lye, extend and are
an amazin such num! native cou ness.
What c grants, W arrived it that refor before the 27th 1634
to us our heil fifth part onl and silver, w and at all tin there gotten, all services, e whatsoever, and reservati indenture ex
And furth our more el knowledge we have give these present and successot the said Sir John Young Itall, Thor Humfrey, ) Whetcombe, muel Alder thew Cradd Increase No Richard B Wright, Sai lus Eaton," Adains, Ic Browne, 1
cui alte breadth aforesaid liain Vasfal, William Pinchon, and throughout the maine lands there George Foxcroft, their heirs and from the Atlantick and weitern aslignes, all that part of New Eng. fea and ocean on the east part to land in America which lies and ex; the south fear on the welt part, tends between a great river there and all lands and grounds, place commonly called Monomach river, and places, foyles, wood and wood alias Merrymack river, and a cer- grounds, hare:s, ports, rivers, watain other river there called Charles ters and hereditaments whatsoever river, being in the bottom of a cr. lyeing within the said bounds and
nister to preside in their public worship. One Mr Wilson, formerly a minister of Sudbury, in the coun. ty of Suffolk, was appointed their pastor. This new church was formed at Charlestown, on the north side of Charles'-river, not far from Boston, which at that time did not exist. In a very short time there were seven churches formed in Massachusett's-Bay, all observing the fame order, worship, and discipline*, which the writers of the New England history compare to the
seven Charlestown, Dorchester, Boston, Roxbury, Lyn, Watertoun, Plymouth.
limits and every part and parcel and allignes, or by any other per. thereof, and also all islands in A. fon or persons whatsoever there merica aforesaid in the said seas or inhabiting, by them, or any of them, either of them on the western or appointed to fish therein. Provieastern coasts or parts of the said ded always that, if the said lands, tracts of lands hereby mentioned illands, or any other the premises to be given or granted or any of herein before inentioned, and by them, and all mines and mineralls these presents intended and meant as well royal mines of gould and to be granted, were at the time of filver as other mines and mineralls the granting of the said former letwhatsoever, in the said lands and ters patent dated the third day of premisses or any part thereof, and November, in the eighteenth yeare free liberty of fishing in or within of our faid deare fathers reigne aany the rivers or waters within the foresaid, actually poffefled or inhabounds and limits aforesaid and the bited, by any other christian prince seas thereunto adjoining, and all or state, or were within the bounds, fihes, royal fishes, whales, balan, limits, or territories of that fouthIturgeon, and other fishes of what erne colonie then before granted kind or nature fuever that shall at by our said late father to be plantany time hereafter be taken in or ed by divers of his loving subjects within the said seas or waters or iu the fouth parts of America, that any of them, by the said Sir Henry then this present grant hall not Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Sir extend to any such parts or par. Richard Saltonstall, Tho. South cells thereof, fo forinerly inhabited cott, John Humfrey, John Ende- or lying within the bounds of the cott, Symon Whetcombe, Ifaac fouthern plantation as aforesaid, Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, Jolm but as to those parts or parcells fo Ven, Matthew Craddock, George poffeffed or inhabited by such chrisHarwood, Increase Nowell, Rich. tiu prince or state, or being withard Perry, Richard Bellingham, in the bounds aforefaid, ihall be Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vastal, utterly vuide, there presents or any Theopilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, thing therein contained to the conThomas Adams, John Browne, Sa- trary notwithstanding. To have muel Browne, I homas Hutchins, and to hould, poffers and enjoy the William Vasfál, William Pinchon, said parts of New-England in A. and George Foxcroft their heirs merica, which lye, extend and are
seven churches in Asia, which in some things they endeavoured to imitate.
Thecolony of Massachusetts-Bay soon became numer. ous, and it was refolved to plant other colonies in that country, as near one another as was possible to settle them. For this purpose in the year 1635, Mr Thomas Hooker, and a company that joined with him, fent agents from Cambridge, Connecticut, who purchased lands of the natives, where they settled, and formed another colony. Thofe new colonists
. . finding
abutted as aforesaid and every part Thomas Hutchins, William Vafall, a.d parcell the eof, and all the if William Pinchon, and George Foxlands, rivers, ports, havens, waters, croft, their heirs and alligns forfithings, fishes, iniqes, minerals, evermore. To be houlden of us jurisdictions, franchises, royalties, our heirs and successours, as our liberties, priviledges, commodities mannor of East Greenwich in the and premisles whatsoever, with the county of Kent within our realme app irtenances unto the said Sir of England, in free and coinmon Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, foccage, and not in Capite, nor by Sır Richard Saltonitall, Thomas knights fervice, and also yielding Southcott, John Himfrey, John and paying therefore to us, our Endecot, Symon Whetcombe, 1. heirs and fucceffours the fifth part faac Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, only of all oare of gould and silver John Ven, Matthew Craddock, which from time to time and at all George Harwood, Increase Notimes hereafter shall be there gota well, Richard Perry, Richard Bel- ten, had, or obtained, for all serviJingham, Nathaniel Wright, Sa- ces, exactions, and demands whatmuel Vaffal. Theophilus Eaton, foever. Provided alwayes and our Thoma, Goffe, Thomas Adams, expresse will and meaneing is, that John Browne, Samuel Browne, onely one fifth part of the the gould Thomas Hutchins, William Vaf- and silver oare abovementioned in fal, William Pinchon and George the whole, and no more, be refery Foxcroft, their heirs and alignes ed or payeable unto tis, our heirs firever, to the only proper and ab- and fuccettours, by colour or ver: folute use and behoofe of the faid tue of these presents, the double Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John reservations or recitals aforesaid, or Younge, Sir Richard Saltonitall, any thing therein contained notThoma: Southcott, John Huinfrey, withstanding. John Endecott, Symon Whet. And for as much as the gond and coinbe, Ifaac Johnson, Samuel Al. prosperous fuccefie of the plantaderley, John Ven, Matthew Crac- tion of the said parts of New-Engdock, George Harwood, Increase land aforefaid intended by the faid Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Bellingham, Nathaniell Wright, Younge, Sir Richard Saltonitall, Samuel Vaffall,' Theophilus Eaton; Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, Thomas Gofe, Thomas Adams, John Endecott, Symop WhetJohn Browne, Samuel Browne, combe, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Al