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DRAWN UP FROM THE ORIGINAL DIARIES, WITH HISTORICAL ILLUSTRATIONS,
EDWARD ROBINSON, D. D. LL. D.
PROFESSOR OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE IN THE UNION THEOLOGIO AL
SEMINARY, NEW YORK.
PUBLISHED BY CROCKER AND BREWSTER,
No. 47 WASHINGTON STREET.
LONDON JOHN MURRAY.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856,
FROM JERUSALEM TO GAZA AND HEBRON.
Shutting up of Jerusalem, 1. We stop but a single day, 1, 2. Preparations, guide,
etc. 2.---May 17th. Departure ; go round by Beit Jâla, 2. Statistics of the village,
2-4. Way to the village el-Khảdr, 4. View from high point beyond Wady Bittîr,
and notices of the country, 4-6.
Kůstůl, probably Lat. Castellum,' 6. Sôba, its situation, 6. Not Modin, 6, 7.
Possibly for Zuph, Zophim, the ancient Ramathaim-Zophim of Samuel, 7, 8. Objection
from the position, 8, 9. Objection as being on Mount Ephraim, 9, 10.--Boundary be-
tween Benjamin and Judah, 10. It passes Kirjath Jearim, probably the present Kur-
yet el-'Enab, 10-12. Its further course, 12.
Way to Beit ’Atâb, 13. Beit 'Atâb and wide view, 13, 14. Way to Beit Nettîf;
ancient road, 14, 15. Beit Nettîf and country around, 15. Climate, 15. Wide view
of many ancient places, 16, 17. Inhabitants; the parties Keis and Yemen, 17, 18.
Remarkable excavations near Deir Dubbân, 22-24. Way to Beit Jibrîn, 24.
Beit Jibrîn, ruins of a strong Roman fortress, 25, 26. Ruined church, Santa
Hanneh, 26. People wish the Franks to come, 26. Former Sheikhs of the district,
27. Beit Jibrîn, if not Eleutheropolis, is certainly the ancient Betogábra, 27, 28. Hist.
notices, 28, 29. Way to Tell es-Sâfieh, 29. Dhikrîn, 29. Tell es-Sâfieh, 29, 30.
The Blanchegarde of the crusaders, 31, 32.-May 19th. Leave for Gaza ; fertile coun-
try, 32, 33. Sůmmeil, deep well; error of Breydenbach, 33. General wish for the
Franks, 34. Bureir, 35. Threshing and winnowing, 35. Lively harvest-scenes, 35.
Immense olive grove near Gaza, 35, 36. Quarantine guard, 36.
May 21st. GAZA; letter of introduction, 36. Visit to the mosk, an ancient church,
36. Governor's secretary, Tezkirah, 37. Remains of antiquity, places of former gates,
37, 38. Geogr. position, 38. Dârôn, 38. Sandy tract along the sea, 38. Fertility,
39. Population, 39. Trade, 39. Hist. Notices, 40–43. Gaza probably not "desert,"
when the book of Acts was written, 41.
Region S. E. of Gaza, Gerar, 43, 44. Leave Gaza for Beit Jibrîn by a more
southern route, 44. Hûj, recently built up, 44, 45. Return to Bureir, 45. Agricul-
ture; all the rich plains held by the government, 45, 46.---May 22d. Um Lâkis, not
Lachish, 46, 47. Turn off to Tell el-Hasy; harvest-scenes, 47. Wady el-Hasy, 47,
48. The Tell and region, 48. 'Ajlân, Eglon, 49. Es-Sukkariyeh, probably an an-
cient site, 49. Difficulty for a guide, laziness, 50. Reapers and gleaners, “parched
corn," 50. El-Kubeibeh, 51. Beit Jibrîn, 51. Men of Beit Jâla, 51. The Sheikh
takes us to three clusters of very remarkable excavations, 51-53. Cufic inscriptions,
52. Sepulchres, 52. The Tell, 52. Singular excavated labyrinth, 53.
Not yet satisfied as to Eleutheropolis, 53. Roads to Hebron furnish a certain test,
54. Go to Dawâimeh for the night by mistake, 54, 55. Conclude to visit el-Burj
and hire a guide, 55, 56.--May 23d. The Sheikh attempts imposition; we return
towards Beit Jibrîn, 56. Take the road for Hebron by Idhna, Jedna, 56. " Incident,
disarming of the peasants, 57. Reach Idhna in two hours from Beit Jibrîn, which
identifies the latter with Eleutheropolis, 57.
ELEUTHEROPOLIS, 57. Identical with Betogabra and Beit Jibrîn; evidence from the
specifications of Eusebius and Jerome, 57–59. Hist. Notices, serving to sustain their
testimony, 59-63. Writers who mention Betogabra make no allusion to Eleutheropo-
lis, and vice versa, 63. The expression “ Betogabra of Eleutheropolis” probably a gloss,
63. Tradition of Samson's fountain in the vicinity, 64, 65. Hist. Notice identifying
Eleutheropolis and Betogabra, 65, 66.-Gath, 66, 67. Maresha, Maressa, 67. More-
sheth, 68. Invasion of the Edomites; the south of Palestine called Idumea, 68. Pos-
sible origin of the excavations we visited, 69.
Village of Idhna, Jedna, 69–71. Hospitality of the Sheikh, 70. Ascent of the
mountain, 71. Teffûh, Beth-T'appuoh, 71. Violent Sirocco; drops of rain with dust,
72. Large oak, 72. Reach Hebron and encamp on the grassy western slope, 72.
Pressing invitation from Elias, 73. Delay at Hebron, 73.
HEBRON. May 24th. General character and situation, 73, 74. Ancient pools,
74. The Haram, description, 75, 76. A mere wall around an interior court, 76, 77.
Probably a Jewish structure surrounding the sepulchre of the patriarchs, 77. Hist.
Notices, 77–79. Jews' window, 79.—Citadel in ruins, 79. Manufactory of water-
skins, 79. Bazars, 79. Manufactures of glass, 80. Go out to breakfast with Elias
under the great oak, 80–82. Camel loads of arms from Dûra, 80. Vineyards, how
trained, 81. Wine and Dibs, 81. The oak, 81. Elias and his family, breakfast, 82.
Threshing-floors; 'scenes of the book of Ruth, 83.—May 25th. Visit to the Rabbi of
the Jews, 83. Synagogue and manuscripts, 84. Ascend the western hill; extensive
view, 85. Visit to the three governors of Gaza, Jerusalem, and Hebron, 85–88. Offi-
cial dinner, Sheikh Sa'id of Gaza, his character and fall, 86-88.-Population and
trade of Hebron, 88. Historical Notices, 88-94. Question as to the identity of the
ancient and modern site, 91, 92. Hospital and former distribution of bread, etc. 92.
Rebellion in 1834 ; the town sacked by the Egyptians, 93, 94.
From HEBRON TO WADY MUSA AND BACK.
Delays at Hebron, 95. Visit from the Sheikh of the Jehâlîn, and bargain for
camels and guides, 95, 96. Further delay; shuffling conduct of Elias, 96.--May 26th.
Camels arrive; departure, 96. Way to Carmel, 97. Ascend the ridge beyond, pros-
pect towards the south, 97.6 Country of the Jehâlîn, 98. Encamp over Sunday, 98.
Notices of the Jehâlîn, 98, 99,-May 27th. Visitors in our tent, 99, 100. Engage
five Haweitât, 100.
May 28th. New guides and camels, Arab dilatoriness, 100. Difficulty about a
head-guide, 100, 101, : We at length set off, 101. Tell 'Arâd, ancient Arad, 101.
Rujeim Selâmeh and view, 102. Upper ez-Zuweirah, 103. Wide prospect over the
Dead sea and southern Ghôr, 103. First descent, lower tract of chalky hills, 104.
Second descent; ez-Zuweirah, fort and reservoirs, 104. Wady ez-Zuweirah; encamp
in a side valley, 104, 105. Our guides less intelligent than those from the Tawarah,
105, 106. ..,
May 29th. Follow down Wady ez-Zuweirah to the shore, 106, Sunrise upon the
Dead sea, 106. Zuweirah has no relation to Zoar, which lay on the east of the sea,
106, 107. Hajr or Khashm Usdum (Sodom), a mountain of fossil salt, 107–110.
Bathe in the sea, 110. Deep cavern in the mountain, 110. Alarm at an approaching
party, 110. We prove the strongest, and our Haweitât begin to plunder; remon-
strances, 111. S. W. corner of the sea, 111. This end of the sea very shallow, and a
flat extends far to the south, 112. Eastern part of the Ghộr (Sâfieh) fertile and well-
watered, 112, 113. Range of cliffs crossing the Ghôr further south, an offset or step to
the 'Arabah beyond, 113. Already known that the waters of the ’Arabah flow north-
wards, 113, 114.-We keep along the western side of the Ghôr; character, salt rills,
114, 115. 'Ain el-Beida, 115. S. W. corner of the Ghôr, Wady el-Fikreh, 116. Keep
along the base of the transverse line of cliffs, 116. 'Ain el-'Arūs, 117. Wady Ghŭrůn-
del and ruins, Arindela, 117. Haweitât breakfast, 117, 118. Mouth of Wady el-Jeib,
the drain of the 'Arabah, 118. Proceed up this deep broad chasm, 118, 119. Eve-
ning halt, romantic desert scene, 119, 120. Results of the day, 120.: "Ascent of
Akrabbim," 120. ..
May 30th. Night-travel, 121. Leave Wady el-Jeib, desert of the 'Arabah, 121.
Rocks Hůmra Fedân, and Wady Ghuweir, 121. Halt at 'Ain el-Buweirideh, 122.
Violent Sirocco, 122. Routes up to Wady Mûsa, 122, 123. Base of the mountains,
porphyry cliffs, 123. Romantic pass of Nemela, 123, 124. Juniper trees, 124. En-
camp at the top of the pass; 124.-May 31st. View from the brow of the mountain ;
the 'Arabah, the western desert, Wady el-Jerâfeh, Mount Hor, etc. 124, 125. Region
of Nemela, 125, 126. Sandstone formation, 126. Oleanders, 126. Sîk or chasm,
with a sculptured tablet, 126. Plain Sutûh Beida, village Dibdiba, 127. Poverty of
inhabitants, 127. Way to Eljy, 127, 128. Saracenic fortress, 128. Eljy, 128. 'Ain
Mûsa and brook, 129.
Arrival at the valley; tomb on the right, 129. Enter the valley; commencement
of the street of tombs, 129. Monolithic tombs, like those in the valley of Jehoshaphat,
129, 130. Tomb with pyramids, 130. Entrance of the Sîk, 130. Arch across the
chasm, 130. Width of the chasm and height of the sides, 130, 131. Oleanders, chan-
nels, pavement, 131. Magnificence of impression, 131, 132. The Khúzneh, character
and imposing effect, 132, 133. Interior, 133. Tombs beyond the Khúzneh, 133.
Singular ornament, 133. Amphitheatre, 134. View from it, 134. Encamp; the ob-
ject of our visit, 134, 135.--Area of the ancient city on both sides of the brook, 135.
Remains of a temple and bridges, 135. Triumphal arch, 135. Kúsr Farón, a late
structure, 135. Zub Farộn, column of a temple, 136. The whole area once occupied
by a city of houses built of stone, 136.-Western wall of cliffs with tombs, 136. Springs
flowing off into a western chasm; its character, 137..
Laborde’s delineations correct, but convey no good general idea of the whole, 138.
The ancient city not enclosed by perpendicular rocks on all sides, 138. Perpendicular