A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language
Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Director Survey of English Usage Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan Svartvik, Emeritus Professor of English Linguistics Geoffrey Leech
Longman, 1985 - 1779 páginas
From the time when we started collaborating as a team in the 1960s, we envisaged not a grammar but a series of grammars. In 1972, there appeared the first volume in this series, A Grammar of Contemporary English (GCE). This was followed soon afterwards by two shorter works, A Communicative Grammar of English (CGE) and A University Grammar of English (UGE), published in the United States with the title A Concise Grammar of Contemporary English. With A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language, we attempt something much more ambitious: a culmination of our joint work, which results in a grammar that is considerably larger and richer than GCE and hence superordinate to it. Yet, as with our other volumes since GCE, it is also a grammar that incorporates our own further research on grammatical structure as well as the research of scholars worldwide who have contributed to the description of English and to developments in linguistic theory. - Preface.
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The English language
A survey of English grammar
Verbs and auxiliaries
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acceptable addition adjective adjuncts adverbs alternative appear applies auxiliary better called classes clause combination common Compare complement complex conjoins conjuncts considered construction context contrast coordination corresponding definite determiner direct disjuncts distinction distinguish element ellipsis ellipted ending English equivalent especially example expressions frequently function further genitive given grammatical hand head implied indefinite indicate interpretation John kind language less look meaning modal modifiers negative normally Note noun phrase object occur operator particular passive past perfective person play plural position possible preceding predication prepositional prepositional phrases present progressive pronoun question realized reason reference relation relative require respect restricted result role seen semantic sense sentence similar simple singular sometimes speak speaker structure subjuncts subordinate substitute tense types units usually verb phrase whole