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according admitted American apply armament armed merchant vessels attack authorities bâtiments de guerre Belges belligerent Britain British cargo carry caused character circumstances commander commerce communication condemnation considered contraband converted convoy course court crew cruisers defense destination determine difference eaux territoriales effective enemy established evidence examination exercise existing fact force foreign German going Government ground guerre étrangers guns high seas hostile important intended international law Italy justify liability maintained Majesty's Government Marine maritime ment merchant ships merchant vessels military nature naval necessary Netherlands neutral officers operations opinion Order in Council peace port position Powers practice present principle prize prize court protection provisions question reasonable reference regard regulations respect rules ship status stop submarine sufficient supplies taken tion trade treated United visit and search warships waters World
Página 78 - ... carry on war against a Power with which it is at peace; and also to use like diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction of any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel having been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within such jurisdiction, to warlike use.
Página 24 - ... machines used in their manufacture or repair, component parts thereof...
Página 37 - Convoy, and when said Vessels shall be under Convoy, the verbal declaration of the Commander of the Convoy on his word of honor that the Vessels under his protection belong to the Nation whose flag he carries, and when they are bound to an enemy's port, that they have no Contraband goods on board, shall be sufficient ARTICLE TWENTY FIRST.
Página 83 - C. Evidence necessary to establish the fact that the armament is solely for defense and will not be used offensively, whether the armament be mounted or stowed below, must be presented in each case independently at an official investigation. The result of the investigation must show conclusively that the armament is not intended for, and will not be used in, offensive operations.
Página 36 - Ships being laden, besides the said sea-letters or passports, shall also be provided with certificates containing the several particulars of the Cargo and the place whence the...
Página 11 - Manifestly the idea of strict neutrality now advanced by the Imperial and Royal Government would involve a neutral nation in a mass of perplexities which would obscure the whole field of international obligation, produce economic confusion, and deprive all commerce and industry of legitimate fields of enterprise, already heavily burdened by the unavoidable restrictions of war.
Página 76 - Although these vessels have, of course, a wholly different status from that of the regularly commissioned merchant cruisers, such as those we obtain under the Cunard agreement, the Admiralty have felt that the greater part of the cost of the necessary equipment should not fall upon the owners, and we have decided, therefore, to lend the necessary guns, to supply ammunition, and to provide for the training of members of the ship's company to form the guns
Página 86 - ... vessel. This right seems to have been predicated on the superior defensive strength of ships of war, and the limitation of armament to have been dependent on the fact that it could not be used effectively in offense against enemy naval vessels, while it could defend the merchantmen against the generally inferior armament of piratical ships and privateers.
Página 18 - But the rights and interests of belligerents and neutrals are opposed in respect to contraband articles and trade and there is no tribunal to which questions of difference may be readily submitted. The record of the United States in the past is not free from criticism. When neutral this Government has stood for a restricted list of absolute and conditional contraband. As a belligerent, we have contended for a liberal list, according to our conception of the necessities of the case.