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ebe lump. He is studying the passions themselves way of life in which no man can rise suitably to
backward in asserting what you ought to expect, The person of next consideration is Sir Andrew as it is a military fear to be slow in attacking Freeport,f a mørehant of great eminence in the when it is your duty. With this candour does the
city of London : a person of indefatigable industry, gentleman speak of himself and others. The same I strong reason, and great experience. His notions frankness runs through all his conversation. The
of trade are noble and generous, and (as every military part of his life has furnished him with
But that our society may not appear a set of that if this part of our trade were well cultivated, humorists, unacquainted with the gallantries and we should gain from one nation; and if another, pleasures of the age, we have among us the gallant from another. I have heard him prove, that dili- Will Honeycomb,* a gentleman who, according gence makes more lasting acquisitions than valour, to his years, should be in the decline of his life; and that sloth has ruined more nations than the but having ever been very careful of his person, sverd. He abounds in several frugal masims, and always had a very easy fortune, time has made amongst which the greatest favourite is,' A penny but very little impression, either by wrinkles on saved is a penny gol. A general trader, of good his forehead, or traces in his brain. His person is sense, is pleasanter company than a general scho- well turned, and of a good height. He is very lar; and Sir Andrew having a natural unaffected ready at that sort of discourse with which men eloquence, the perspicuity of his discourse gives the usually entertain women. He has all his life dressed same pleasure that wit would in another man. He very well, and remembers habits as others do men. Las made his fortune himself; and says, that Eng. He can smile when one speaks to him, and laughs land may be richer than other kingdoms, by as easily. He knows the history of every mode, and plain methods as he himself is richer than other can inform you from which of the French king's Tilen; though at the same time I can say this of wenches our wives and daughters had this manner him, that there is not a point in the compass, but of curling their hair, that way of placing their buows home a ship in which he is an owner,
boods; whose frailty was covered by such a sort Next to Sir Andrew in the club-room, sits Cap- of petticoat, and whose vanity to show her foot ta'n sentryti a gentleman of great courage, good made that part of the dress so short in such a year. Enderstanding, but invincible modesty. He is one in a word, all his conversation and knowledge has of those that deserve very well, but are very awk- been in the female world. As other men of his ward at putting their talents within the observation age will take notice to you what such a minister of such as should take notice of them. He was said upon such and such an occasion, he will tell soine years a captain, and behaved himself with you, when the Duke of Monmouth danced at court, great gallantry in several engagements, and seve such a woman was then smitten, another was taken ral sieges; bút having a sniali estate of liis own, with him at the head of his troops in the Park. and being next heir to Sir Roger, he has quitted a In all these important relations, he has ever about
the same time received a kind glance, or a blow On the outside of Temple Bar.
of a fan, from some celebrated beauty, mother of ale has been conjectured, and not without an appearance the present Lord Such-a-one. If you speak of a sa probability, that this charaeter was sketched from Mr. H. young commoner that said a lively thing in the Martes, a gentleman acknowledged by Steele (No. 555) to house, he starts up, 'He has good blood in his partially concerned in The British Merchant,' 3 vols. 8vo. /veins, Tom Mirabel begot him, the rogue cheated
me in that affair, that young fellow's mother used Sappened to have been Captain Kempenfelt, a native of Sweden, and lather of the rear-admiral of that name, who lose w life in the Royal George of 109 guns, which sunk az Spit * A Colonel Cleland is thought to have been alluded to under
me more like a dog than any woman I ever made were hung with many acts of parliament written advances to. This way of talking of his very in golden letters. At the upper end of the hall much enlivens the conversation among us of a more was the magna charta, with the act of uniformity sedate turn: and I find there is not one of the on the right hand, and the act of toleration on the company, but myself, who rarely speak at all, but left. At the lower end of the hall was the act of speaks of him as of that sort of man, who is usu- settlement, which was placed full in the eye of the ally called a well-bred fine gentleman. To con- virgin that sat upon the throne. Both the sides of clude his character, where women are not con- the hall were covered with such acts of parliament cerned, he is an honest worthy man.
as had been made for the establishment of public I cannot tell whether I am to account him, whom funds. The lady seemed to set an unspeakable I am next to speak of, as one of our company, value upon these several pieces of furniture, insofor he visits us but seldom, but when he does, it much that she often refreshed her eye with them, adds to every man else a new enjoyment of himself. and often smiled with a secret pleasure, as she He is a clergyman, a very philosophic man, of looked upon them; but, at the same time, showed general learning, great sanctity of life, and the a very particular uneasiness, if she saw any thing most exact good breeding. He has the misfortune approaching that might hurt them. She appeared, to be of a very weak constitution, and consequently indeed, infinitely timorous in all her behaviour ; cannot accept of such cares and business as pre- and whether it was from the delicacy of her con. ferments in his function would oblige him to: he stitution, or that she was troubled with the vapours, is therefore among divines, what a chamber-coun. as I was afterwards told by one, who I found was sellor is among lawyers. The probity of his mind, none of her well-wishers, she changed colour, and and the integrity of his life, create him followers, startled at every thing she heard.
She was like as being eloquent or loud advances others. He wise (as I afterwards found) a greater valetudiseldom introduces the subject he speaks upon; but narian than any I had ever met with, even in her we are so far gone in years, that he observes when own sex, and subject to such momentary consump: he is among us, an earnestness to have bim fall on tions, that, in the twinkling of an eye, she would some divine topic, which he always treats with fall away from the most Horid complexion, and much authority, as one who has no interests in this most healthful state of body, and wither into a world, as one who is hastening to the object of all skeleton. Her recoveries were often as sudden as his wishes, and conceives hope from his decays and her decays, insomuch that she would revive in a infirmities. These are my ordinary companions. moment out of a wasting distemper, into a habit
R. of the highest health and vigour.
I had very soon an opportunity of observing N 3. SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1710-11.
these quick turns and changes in her constitution. There sat at her feet a couple of secretaries, who received every hour letters from all parts of the
world, which the one or the other of them was Et quoi quisque fere studio devinctus adnæret, Aui quibus in rebus multum sumus ante morati,
perpetually reading to her; and according to the Atque in qua ratione fuit contenta magis mens,
news she heard, to which she was exceedingly atIn somnis eædem plerumque videmur obire.
tentive, she changed colour, and discovered many What studies please, what most delight,
symptoms of health or sickness. And fill men's thoughts, they dream them o'er at night. Behind the throne was a prodigious heap of
bags of money, which were piled upon one another Ix one of my late rambles, or rather speculations, so high that they touched the ceiling the foor on I looked into the great hall where the Bank is her right hand, and on her left, was covered with kept, and was not a little pleased to see the di- vast sums of gold that rose up in pyramids on pectors, secretaries, and clerks, with all the other either side of her. But this I did not so much members of that wealthy corporation, ranged in wonder at, when I heard, upon inquiry, that she their several stations, according to the parts they
had the same virtue in her touch, which the poets act in that just and regular economy. This revived tell us a Lydian king was formerly possessed of; in my memory the many discourses which I had and that she could convert whatever she pleasboth read and heard, concerning the decay of ed into that precious metal. public credit, with the methods of restoring it, and
After a little dizziness, and confused burry of which, in my opinion, have always been defective, thought, which a man often meets with in a dream, because they have always been made with an eye methought the hall was alarmed, the doors flew to separate interests, and party principles. open, and there entered half a dozen of the most
The thoughts of the day gave my mind employ. hideous phantoms that I had ever seen (even in a ment for the whole night, so that I fell insensibly dream) before that time. They came in two by into a kind of methodical dream, which disposed two, though matched in the most dissociable manall my contemplations into a vision or allegory, or ner, and mingled together in a kind of dance. It what else the reader shall please to call it.
would be tedious to describe their habits and perMethought I returned to the great hall, where I sons ; for which reason I shall only inform my had been the morning before, but to my surprise, reader, that the first couple were Tyranny and instead of the company that I left there, I saw,
Anarchy, the second were Bigotry and Atheism, towards the upper end of the hall, a beautiful the third the Genius of a commonwealth, and a virgin, seated on a throne of gold. Her name (as young man of about twenty-two years of age, they told me) was Public Credit. The walls, in- whose name I could not learn. He had a sword stead of being adorned with pictures and maps, brandished at the act of settlement ; and a citizen,
in his right hand, which in the dance he often an L., or a T ; which distinctions have been thus interpreted a spunge in his left hand. The dance of so many
• His papers in the Spectator are signed either with an R, who stood by me, whispered in my ear, that he saw paper av of his own writing; L, perhaps, composed from hinus jarring natures put me in mind of the sun, moon, dropped into the letter box ; and T, his editorial mark, signify, ing Transcribed from anonymous communications,
James Styart, the pretended Prince of Wales
LUCR. 1. iv. 959.
ites and earth, in the Rehearsal, that danced together incapacity of others. These are mortals who have
for no other end but to eclipse one another. a certain curiosity without power of reflection,
The reader will easily suppose by what has been and perused my papers like spectators rather than this before said, that the lady on the throne would have readers. But there is so little pleasure in inquitd been almost frighted to distraction, bad she seen ries that so nearly concern ourselves (it being the there but any one of these spectres; what then must worst way in the world to fame, to be too anxious "3 of have been her condition when she saw them all in about it), that upon the whole I resolved for the pa body ? She fainted and died away at the sight. future, to go on in my ordinary way; and without
too much fear or hope about the business of repuEt neque jam color est misto candore rubori; ible Vet viger, at vires, el quce modo visa placebant ;
tation, to be very careful of the design of my Nec corpus remanet
actions, but very negligent of the consequences of OVID. Met. ii. 491.
It is an endless and frivolous pursuit to act by
any other rule, than the care of satisfying our own
minds in what we do. One would think a silent There was as great a change in the hill of money- man, who concerned himself with no one breathbags
, and the heaps of money, the former shrinking ing, should be very little liable to misinterpretaand falling into so many empty bags, that I now tions; and yet I remember I was once taken up found not above a tenth part of them had been for a jesuit, for no other reason but my profound filled with money. The rest that took up the same space, and made taciturnity.
It is from this misfortune that, to be
out of harm's way, I have ever since affected the same figure
, as the bags that were ready filled crowds. He who comes into assemblies only to with money, had been blown up with air, and called into my memory the bags full of wind, which gratify his curiosity, and not to make a figure, en.
joys the pleasures of retirement in a more exquisite Homer tells us his hero received as a present from degree, than he possibly could in his closet; the Eolys
. The great heaps of gold on either side the lover, the ambitious, and the miser, are followed throne, appeared to be only heaps of paper, or thither by a worse crowd than any they can with. Title piles of notched sticks, bound up together in draw from. To be exempt from the passions with bandies, like Bath faggots.
which others are tormented, is the only pleasing Whilst I was lamenting this sudden desolation solitude, I can very justly say with the ancient that had been made before me, the whole scene
sage, 'I am never less alone than when alone.' vanished. In the room of the frightful spectres As I am insignificant to the company in public there now entered a second dance of apparitions places, and as it is visible I do not come thither, as very agreeably matched together, and made up of most do, to show myself, I gratify the vanity of all very amiable phantoms. The first pair was Li- who pretend to make an appearance, and have berty with Monarchy at her right hand. The se. often as kind looks from well-dressed gentlemen cond was Moderation leading in Religion ; and the and ladies, as a poet would bestow upon one of his third
, a person whom I had never seen,* with the audience. There are so many gratifications attend Genius of Great Britain. At the first entrance this public sort of obscurity, that some little disthe lady revived, the bags swelled to their former tastes I daily receive have lost their anguish ; and bulk, the pile of faggots and heaps of paper i did the other day, without the least displeasure, changed into pyramids of guineas : and for my loverhear one say of me, that strange fellow; and own part
, I was so transported with joy, that 1 another answer, I have known the fellow's face these awaked, though, I must confess, I would fain have twelve years, and so must you; but I believe you are fallen asleep again to have closed my vision, if I the first ever asked who he was. There are, I must could have done it.
confess, many to whom my person is as well known C.
as that of their nearest relations, who give them.
selves no further trouble about calling me by my No 4. MONDAY, MARCII 5, 1710-11.
name or quality, but speak of me very currently by the appellation of Mr. What d'ye call him.
To make up for these trivial disadvantages, I
have the high satisfaction of beholding all nature -Egregii mortalem altique silentii?
with an unprejudiced eye ; and having nothing to HOR, % Sat. vi. 58.
do with men's passions or interests, I can, with the One of uncommon silence and reserve.
greater sagacity, consider their talents, manners, As, author when he first appears in the world, failings, and merits. is very apt to believe it has nothing to think of but
It is remarkable, that those who want any one his performances. With a good share of this va- sense, possess the others with greater force and nity in my heart, I made it my business these three vivacity., ' Thus my want of, or rather resignation days to listen after my own fame; and as I have of speech, gives me all the advantages of a dumb sometimes met with circumstances which did not man. I have, methinks, a more than ordinary pedisplease me, I have been encountered by others, netration in seeing; and flatter myself that I'have which gave me much mortification. It is incredible looked into the highest and lowest of mankind; to think how empty I have in this time observed and make shrewd guesses, without being admitted some part of the species to be, what mere blanks to their conversation, at the inmost thoughts and they are when they first come abroad in the morn-reflections of all whom I behold. It is froin hence ing, how utterly they are at a stand, until they are that good or ill fortune has no manner of force set a-going by some paragraph in a newspaper.
towards affecting my judgment. I see men flou. Such persons are very acceptable to a young rishing in courts, and languishing in jails, without author
, for tbey desire no more in any thing but being prejudiced, from their circumstances, to their to be new, to be agreeable. If I found consola. favour or disadvantage ; but, from their inward tion among such, I was as much disquieted by the manner of bearing their condition, often pity the | The Hector of Hanover, afterwards King
prosperous, and admire the unhappy.
Those who converse with the dumb, know from
HOR. Ars Poet. ver. 5.
the turn of their eyes, and the changes of their treat on matters which relate to females, as they countenance, their sentiments of the objects before are concerned to approach or fly from the other them. I have indulged my silence to such an ex. sex, or as they are tied to them by blood, interest, travagance, that the few who are intimate with me, or affection. Upon this occasion I think it but answer my smiles with concurrent sentences, and reasonable to declare, that whatever skill I may argue to the very point I shaked my head at, with have in speculation, I shall never betray what the out my speaking Will Honeycomb was very en- eyes of lovers say to each other in my presence. tertaining the other night at a play, to a gentleman At the same time I shall not think myself obliged who sat on his right hand, while I was at his left. by this promise to conceal any false protestations The gentleman believing Will was talking to him, which I observe made by glances in public assemself, whien upon my looking with great approba- blies; but endeavour to make both sexes appear tion at a young thing in a box before us, he said, in their conduct what they are in their hearts. By 'I am quite of another opinion. She has, I will this means, love, during the time of my specula. allow, a very pleasing aspect, but, methinks, that tions, shall be carried on with the same sincerity simplicity in her countenance is rather childish as any other affair of less consideration. As this is than innocent.' When I observed her a'second the greatest concern, men shall be from henceforth time, he said, “I grant her dress is very becoming, liable to the greatest reproach for misbehaviour in but perhaps the merit of that choice is owing to it. Falsehood in love shall hereafter bear a blacker her mother; for though,' continued he, * I allow a aspect than infidelity in friendship, or villany in beauty to be as much to be commended for the business. For this great and good end, all breaches elegance of her dress, as a wit for that of his lan- against that noble passion, the cement of society, guage ; yet if she has stolen the colour of her ri- shall be severely examined. But this and all other ,bands from another, or had advice about her trimo matters loosely hinted at now, and in my former mings, I shall not allow her the praise of dress, papers, shall have their proper place in my followany more than I would call'a plagiary an authoring discourses. The present writing is only to When I threw my eye towards the next woman admonish the world, that they shall not find me an to her, Will spoke what I looked, according to his idle, but a busy Spectator. romantic imagination, in the following manner:
R. Behold, you who dare, that charming virgin ; hehold the beauty of her person chastised by the innocence of her thoughts, Chastity, good-nature, N° 5. TUESDAY, MARCH 6, 1710-11. and affability, are the graces that play in her countenance: she knows she is handsome, but she knows she is good. Conscious beauty adorned with con. scious virtue! What a spirit is there in those eyes!
Spectatum admissi risum tencatis? What a bloom in that person ! How is the whole woman expressed in her appearance ! Her air has
Admitted to the sight, would you not laugh ? the beauty of motion, and her look the force of an opera may be allowed to be extravagantly language."
lavish in its decorations, as its only design is to It was prudence to turn away my eyes from this gratify the senses, and keep up an indolent atten. object, and therefore I turned them to the thought. tion in the audience. Common sense however reless creatures who make up the lump of that sex, quires, that there should he nothing in the scenes and move a knowing eye no more than the por- and machines which may appear childish and ab. traiture of insignificani people by ordinary pain- surd. How would the wits of King Charles's time ters, which are but pictures of pictures. have laughed, to have seen Nicolini exposed to a
Thus the working of my own mind is the gene tempest in robes of ermine, and sailing in an open ral entertainment of my life; I never enter into boat upon a sea of pasteboard? What a field of the commerce of discourse with any but my parti- raillery would they have been led into, had they cular friends, and not in public even with them. been entertained with painted dragons spitting Such an habit has perhaps raised in me uncommon wild-fire, enchanted chariots drawn by Flanders reflections, but this effect I cannot communicate mares, and real cascades in artificial landscapes? but by my writings. As my pleasures are almost A little skill in criticism would inform us, that shawholly confined to those of the sight, I take it for dows and realities ought not to be mixed together a peculiar happiness, that I have always had an in the same piece; and that the scenes which are easy and familiar admittance to the fair sex. If designed as the representations of nature should be I never praised or fattered, I never belied or con- filled with resemblances, and not with the things tradicted them. As these compose half the world, themselves. If one would represent a wide chamand are, by the just complaisance and gallantry of paign country filled with herds and flocks, it would our nation, the more powerful part of our people, be ridiculous to draw the country only upon the I shall dedicate a considerable share of these my scenes, and to crowd several parts of the stage speculations to their service, and shall lead the with sheep and oxen. This is joining together in young through all tlie becoming duties of virginity, consistencies, and making the decoration partly marriage, and widowhood. When it is a woman's real, and partly imaginary. I would recommend day, in my works, I shall endeavour at a style and what I have here said to the directors, as well as to air suitable to their understanding. When I say the admirers, of our modern opera. this, I must be understood to mean, that I shall not As I was walking in the streets about a fortnight lower but exalt the subjects ! treat upon. Dis. ago, I saw an ordinary fellow carrying a cage course for their entertainment, is not to be debased, full of little birds upon his shoulder; and, as I was but refined. A man may appear learned without wondering with myself what use he would put them talking sentences, as in his ordinary gesture he dis to, he was met very luckily by an acquaintance, covers he can dance, though be does not cut capers, who had the same curiosity. Upon his asking him In a word, I shall take it for the greatest glory of what he had upon his shoulder, he told him that he my work, if among reasonable women this paper had been buying sparrows for the opera. . Sparmay furnish tea-table talk. In order to it, I shall rows for the opera, says his friend, licking his lips,
ahat, are they to be roasted ! No, no, says the used by none but pedants in our own country : wther, they are to enter towards the end of the and at the same time fill their writings with such first act, and to fly about the stage.
poor imaginations and conceits, as our youths are This strange dialogue awakened my curiosity so ashamed of, before they have been two years at far, that I immediatey bought the opera, by which the university. Some may be apt to think that it De ans 1 perceived the sparrows were to act the is the difference of genius which produces this difpart of anging birds in a delightful grove: though, ference in the works of the two nations ; but to upin a nearer inquiry, I found the sparrows put show that there is nothing in this, if we look into the same trick upon the audience, that Sir Martin the writings of the old Italians, such as Cicero and Mar-all practised upon his mistress ; for though Virgil, we shall find that the English writers, in they flew in sight, the music proceeded from a con- their way of thinking and expressing themselves, cert of fagelets and bird-calls, which were planted resemble those authors much more than the modern bel nd the scenes. At the same time I made this Italians pretend to do. And as for the poet himdiscovery, I found, by the discourse of the actors, self
, from whom the dreams of this opera* are ibai there were great designs on foot for the im- taken, I must entirely agree with Monsieur Boijav ment of the opera ; that it had been proposed leau, that one verse in Virgil is worth all the clin. obitak down a part of the wall, and to surprise quant or tinsel of Tasso. :) che audience with a party of an hundred horse, But to return to the sparrows; there have been and that there was actually a project of bringing so many flights of them let loose in this opera, that, the New River into the house, to be employed in it is feared the house will never get rid of them etibaus and water-works. This project, as I have and that in other plays they may make their ensice heard, is postponed till the summer season ; trance in very wrong and improper scenes, so as å hen it is thought the coolness that proceeds from to be seen flying in a lady's bed-chamber, or perch. funtains and cascades will be more acceptable ing upon a king's throne ; besides the inconveaid refreshing to people of quality. In the mean niencies which the heads of the audience may some. 1.76, 10 find out a more agreeable entertainment times suffer from them. ' I am credibly informed, for the winter season, the opera of Rinaldo is that there was once a design of casting into an bied with thunder and lightning, illuminations and opera, the story of Whittington and his Catt and ze-works ; which the audience may look upon that in order to it, there had been got together a w thout catching cold, and indeed without much great quantity of mice; but Mr. Rich, the proanger of bemg burnt; for there are several en- prietor of the playhouse,very prudently considered cies filled with water, and ready to play at a that it would be impossible for the cat to kill them Laute's warning, in case any such accident should all
, and that consequently the princes of the stage Espen.t
. However, as I have a very great friend. might be as much infested with mice, as the prince is for the owner of this theatre, I hope that he of the island was before the cat’s arrival upon it; ay been wise enough to insure his house before for which reason he would not permit it to be acted would let this opera be acted in it.
in his house. And indeed I cannot blame him; It is no wonder, that those scenes should be very for, as he said very well upon that occasion, I do mr.sing, which were contrived by two poets of not hear that any of the performers in our opera trent nations, and raised by two magicians of pretend to equal the famous pied piper, who buient sexes. Armida (as we are told in the ar- made all the mice of a great town in Germany rent) was an Amazonian enchantress, and poor follow his music, and by that means cleared the Thor Cassani (as we learn from the persons re- place of those little noxious animals. z sented) a Christian conjurer (Mago Christiano), Before I dismiss this paper, I must inform my list confess I am very much puzzled to find reader, that I hear there is a treaty on foot be* an Amazon should be versed in the black art, tween London and Wises (who will be appointed Dw a good Christian, for such is the part of the gardeners of the playhouse) to furnish the opera of Encian, should deal with the devil.
Rinaldo and Armida with an orange-grove; and lo consider the poet after the conjurers, I shall that the next time it is acted, the singing birds you a taste of the Italian from the first lines will be personated by tom-tits: the undertakers s preface; ' Eccoti, benigno lettore, un parto di being resolved to spare neither pains nor money, edere, che se ben natodi not te, non è però aborto for the gratification of the audience. tebre, mà si farà conoscere figlio d'Apollo con
C. che raggio di Parnasso.' Behold, gentle er, the birth of a few evenings, which, though
• Rinaldo, an opera, by Aaron Hill. the offspring of the night, is not the abortive + See No. 14; and Tat. No. 78. kness, but will make itself known to be the The records of Hamelen, an ancient city on the banks of the i Apollo, with a certain ray of Parnassus. Weser, give an account of a strange accident which betel them, fterwards proceeds to call Mynheer Handel on the 20th of June, 1284.
Being at that time much pestered with rais, which Ibey Espheus of our age, and to acquaint us, in the could by no means destroy, a stranger at last undertook it, sublimity of style, that he composed this on the promise of reward, and immediately taking a taires in a fortnight. Such are the wits to whose and pipe, the rats tollowed his music to the river, where they We so ambitiously conform ourselves. The town in a rage, and threatened revenge accordingly ha of it is, the finest writers among the modern returned next year, and by the
same musie enticed most "ox is express themselves in such a forid form of cave on the top of a neighbouring kill called Koppelberg, - and such tedious circumlocutions, as are where he and they entered, but were never inore heard of
! In remembrance of this sad accident, the citizens, for many
years after, dated all their public writings from the day they lost yden's comedy of that name.
iheir children, as appears by many old deeds and records.
They still call the street through which the children passed, Conan bad evidently this paper in mind when he of stone, with an inseription, in barbarous Latin verse, giving
Tabret Street; and at the momh of the cave there is a nonument pilogue that was spoken by Miss Farren (now an account of this tragical story, by which the citizens lost 130 Derby) on the opening of New Drury lane theatre, A. The reader may refer to it in the European Maga
The queen's gardeners.