The Classic Midrash: Tannaitic Commentaries on the Bible

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Reuven Hammer, Judah Goldin
Paulist Press, 1995 - 528 páginas
"Paulist Press deserves credit for adding this new dimension to interfaith dialogue." The Jewish Spectator Classic Midrash, The: Tannaitic Commentaries on the Bible translation, introduction and commentaries by Reuven Hammer, preface by Judah Goldin Do you want to come to know He Who Spoke and the world came into being? Learn haggada (rabbinic lore) for by doing that you will come to know He Who Spoke and the world came into being and hold fast to His ways. Sifre Deuteronomy 49 Midrash (from the Hebrew root "to seek out"), which contains both legendary and legal material, is both a process and a product. It reflects the process of searching the text of Scripture in order to better understand it and apply it to life. Begun by the Sages of Israel when the Torah was canonized by Ezra in the fifth century B.C.E., its classic period culminated in the editing of the Tannaitic Midrashim (the "product") in the land of Israel in the fourth to fifth centuries C.E. The classic midrash presented here is a collective work. Although presenting interpretations in the name of individual Sages, it has no one author: rather, it reflects the collective wisdom of the leaders of Pharisaic Judaism which later became Rabbinic Judaism. Each succeeding generation added its own layer and remained a part of the ongoing process. Multiple interpretations are presented. There is no one way of understanding the word of God. There are always new levels of meaning to be uncovered. Midrash is the enemy of fundamentalism. Simplistic, literalistic interpretation of a text is its death knell. Rather than closing the text, midrash opens it up and emphasizes the interaction between the reader and the text. This volume presents and introduction to midrash in general and to these specific Tannaitic works, explaining the history and development of midrash as well as its methodology and message. It then offers translations of major sections of these works, with a commentary to each section and a running commentary to the text to help the reader understand the midrash, its background and its meaning. No student of the Bible should read it without the insight of the classic Sages. No student of religion should neglect the insights of these masters of the spirit. No student of culture and literature should ignore the methods and the products embodied in these creations. No one concerned with the problems of being human in this day and age should ignore the answers to these problems, which are found in these classic works.

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EXODUS
53
LEVITICUS
171
NUMBERS
220
DEUTERONOMY
289
EXODUS
397
LEVITICUS
425
NUMBERS
461
DEUTERONOMY
493
RABBINIC AUTHORITIES BY GENERATIONS
513
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
515
INDEX TO PREFACE AND INTRODUCTION
517
INDEX OF RABBINIC AUTHORITIES
520
INDEX TO TEXT
523
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Página 115 - The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.
Página 205 - And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought : and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh's house.
Página 165 - Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed; for God made man in his own image.
Página 81 - David said to the Philistine, You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.
Página 230 - The LORD bless you and keep you; the LORD make his face to shine upon you. and be gracious to you; the LORD lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace.
Página 63 - ... that ye may remember, and do all my commandments, and be holy unto your God. I am the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God : I am the Lord your God.
Página 207 - The wolf shall live with the lamb, the leopard shall lie down with the kid, the calf and the lion and the fatling together, and a little child shall lead them. The cow and the bear shall graze, their young shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.

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