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AN INTRODUCTION to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, by THOMAS
Street, Philadelphia-at Twelve Dollars, bound in cloth.
ing up these synopses the utmost attention has been given in order to present, sare THE first edition of this most valuable work was printed in England, something more i was practicable, at ove glance, a comprehensive view of the suhjects contatoes than seven years ago. Since that time it has, in that country, reached a fifth edition. book of Scripture. How necessary suen a view is to the critical study of the inpur The great and continued demand for a work so extensive, and of such a wature as that || records, ir is perhaps unnecessary to remark. before us, is the best evidence of its uncommon intrusick excellence. Nor have the In executing this part of his work, the author has endeavoured to steer between opinions of reviewers and crities, and the recommendations of clergymen and theologi- extreme prolixity of some analysts of the Bit'le, and the too great brevity of atten col professors, been few or fecble in proclaiming its merits. Any such review of it, and be ventures to hope, that this portion of his labours will be found particular therefore, as would be proper for a new work, would be manifestly port horam; and I usefil in stadying the doctrinal parts of the Scriptores. indeed would scarcely consist with a decorous respect for public opinion. Still we feel "Througbout the work references have been made to such approved writers that on the appearance of this first American edition, we ought not to be altogether best illustrated particular subjects: and critical notices of their works have been in Seat-We think that we owe it to the enterprising publisher who has stereotyped duced, partly derived from the author's knowledge of them, partly from the recent this voluminous publication, to make known that his work has been well executed ; and opinions of eminent biblical critics, and partly from the best critical jouruals and that we owe it still more to a very numerous and respectable class of our readers, who | sources :-the preference being invariably given to those, which are distings Keboow have not been able to get even a sight of an European copy to give them some the acknowledged talent and ability with which they are condocted. The late internation in regard to the wature and contents of this work. More than this, with of the Continent, and the sales by auction of several valuable divinity libraries a few closing remarks, we do not propose.
also enabled the author to procure many critical works that would otherwise hawber In regard to the execution of the work, we have to state that we have found, after a inaccessible. pretty careful comparison, that the American copy is, on the whole, superior to the Of the works cited in the potes to the following pages, care bas been taken toe British. The type is better, there are fewer typographical errors, the engravings are the particular editions. They are all referred to as authorities, for the statemente rather superior, and the paper, if not entirely equal to the British, is unexceptionably tained in the text; many of them furnish details which the limits of the present des good. The boards of the landing are covered with glazed muslin, handsomely coloured; I would not admit; and some few give accounts and representations which the elde atfording net only a neat appearance, but a degree of durability, nearly equal to a bind- I thought he had reason to reject. All these references, however, are introduced ing in sheep: and the price of the American edition (12 dollara) is about one-third less convenience of those readers, who may have inclination and opportunity for proses than the English. The two editions correspond with each other, page for page. ting more minute inquiries.
The nature and contents of this work (which we save not read throughout, but have Such are the plan and object of the work now submitted to the candour of the rul carefully inspected) are, we think, fairly stated by the author, in the following extracts lic. The author has prosecuted his labours under a deep sense of the responseillhitya from the prelace.
tached to such an undertaking, and though he dares ziot hope that he can altooth The Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, I have avoided mistake, yet he can with truth declare that he has anxiously endeavoare towoltered to the public, is designed as a comprehensive Mamial of Sacred Literature not to mislead any one. selected from the labours of the most euineat Biblical Critics, both British and Foreiga. We regard the Indexes and Appendices of these volumes as greatly enhancing the
"The four volumes, of which the work now consists, will be found to comprise the value. They enable the reader to turn so readily to any article he way wish to use following topics:
that he is not discouraged from seeking what he desires, by any difficulty in finding it "VOLUME I. contains a Critical Inquiry into the Gentimneacs, Authenticity, Un- Those who have been deeply versed in biblical studies and inquiries, will douture corrupted Presentation, and Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures including, among I find in these volumes muen with which they are already familiar. Were it others other subjects, a copious investigation of the testimonies from profane authors to the the work would certainly be less valuable than it is; for its avowed design is to come leading facts recorded in the Scriptures, particularly a new launch of evidence for their moicate biblical and theological knowledge of the most useful kind. Erudite the credaality, which is furnished by coins, medals, inscriptions, and ancient structures. -gians, however, will here find not a little, which, if not absolutely new in its name This is followed by a full view of the arguments afforded by miracles and prophecy, is frequently presented under a new aspect; and much in a condensed form, ha for the inspiration of the Scriptures, and by a discussion of the internal evidence for probably they had gleaned from the laborious perusal of many volumes. They their inspiration, furnished by the sublimity and excellence of the doctrines, and by the likewise find a reference to recent writers, of the highest authority in certain rarta purity of the moral precepts, revealed in the Bible ;-the harmony subsisting between biblical criticism, by which their further researches will be facilitated. every part the preservation of the Seriptures to the present time; and their tendency But to the young biblical student, whether layman, clergyman, or candidate for to promote the present and eternal happiness of mankind, as evinced by an historical holy ministry, these volumes will prove an invaluable treasure. If carefully read the review of the beneficial effects actually produced in every age and country by a cordial | will furnish him at once with the most useful part of knowledge, on the subject reception of the Bible; together with a refutation of the very numerous objections | which they relate; they will greatly aid him in the choice of other books for his wlactolave been urged against the Scriptures in recent deistical publications. An Ap-ry; and whenever information is desired, more particular and extensive that the pendix to this volume comprises a particular, examination of the miracles supposed to which the volumes impart, they will direct him to the authors which he may monts have been wrought by the Egyptian magicians, and of the contradictions which are I vantageously consult. Supposing a theological student to possess the originale of blsely alleged to exist in the Seriptures, whether historical or chronological ;-contra.|Sacred Scriptures with the usual helpa for studying them, Craden's Concordance, dictions between prophecies and their accomplishments contradictions in morality; one good English commentator, we have no hesitation in giving it as our judcore --apparent contradictions between the sacred writers themselves, and between sacred that the next money which he expends for books, would better be laid out in the jour and profane writers, or seering contradictions to philosophy and the nature of things. chase of these volumes than of any other with which we are acquainted. This discussion is followed by a table of the chief prophecies relative to the Messiah, Mr. Horne's work abounds, as it ought to do, with quotations from writers of my both in the Old and New Testament, and by an examination of the pretensions of the bence. His own style is easy and perspicuous;
his sentiments, so far as we have be apocryphal books of the Old and New Testament
able to collect them, are pious and evangelical, but not peculiarly Calvinistick. He VOLUME II. in two parts, treats, first, on Sacred Criticism; inelnding an Historia minister in the established church of England, and his attachment to it is apparel eal and Critical Account of the Original Languages of Scripture, and of the Cognate or yet he is not bigotted or sectarian. He appears as ready to bestow merited praise seripts of the Old and New Testaments, together with a bibliographical and critical i want of such assistance as, in this work, le lias endeavoured to furnish, which first pe Notice of the chief printed editions, and of the divisions and marks of distinction ocll him (and principally with a view to his own improvement) on making the ingur
the world. We should have the ancient and modern Versions of the Scriptures, and their application to the criticism deemned ourselves fortunate to have met with such a publication in onr early years, and and interpretation of the sacred volume, illustrated with fac-simile specimens of the we therefore feel it to be a duty to recommend it to our younger clerical brethren, oriental venions executed at the Serampore press. In this part of the work, the history terms of no equivocal import. of the authorised English version of the Bible is particularly considered, and the literaTy character of its venerable translators is satisfactorily vindicated against the cavils of
From the Christian Observer. November, 1819. some late writers. The benefit to be derived from Jewish and Rabbinical authors is wert discussed, and the genuineness of the celebrated Jewish historian's account of Jesus much to assert of these volumes, that they constitute the most important theologie
It is saying much-yet as far as onr knowledge of Biblical works extends, bet to - On the Various Readinga occurring in the Scriptures, with a digest of the chief criti-l publication of their kind, which has appeared in this or any other country for ment in the News, with Nexo Tabler of the Quotations et length, in Hebrew, Greek, andinose studente in divinity, whose pecuniary resources are too limited to admit oder English, from new types cast expressly for the purpose ; showing, first, their relative contes penditure would do well, even on the score of economy, to include theater agreement with the Hebrew and with the Septuagint; and secondly, whether they are has contrived to condense and concent-ate in these volumes, the real information phecies accommodated; or simple allusions to the bid Testament :-On the Podry of many quartos and folios; and what is of not less importance, he has furnished sucks
merous and miunte references to his authorities as must be of very extensive service to with observations for better understanding the productions of the Hebrew poets and those who desire to obtain more detailed information.
This oqtline is very inadequate to give the reader an idea of the copious 2 On Harmonies of the Scriptures, including remarks on the principles on which they || peeted treasures which await him. should be constructed. " The Second Part of the Second Volume is appropriated to the Interpretation of the
From the Eclectic Revier. January, 1819. Scriptura; comprehending an investigation of the different senses of Scripture, literal,
This work we bring forward with confidence to the notice of our realets, as the very spiritual, and typical, with criteria for ascertaining and determining them--the signi fioation of words and phrases, with general rules for investigating them; emphatick || best introduction to the critical study of the Holy Seriptures, in the whole come orde, -rules for the investigation of emphases, and particularly of the Greek article; English literature. It is a comprehensive digest of the labours of the most enuine - the subsidiary means for ascertaining the sense of Scripture, the analogy of lan writers, both foreign and domestis on subjects of Biblical criticism. It has engaged applying them; acholia, and kasaria; the subject matter, contert, scope, historical hidastry or in this the only qualification for the undertaking which is displayers
"These discussions are followed by the application of the preceding principles, forisaltogether an invaluable work, and cannot fail of procuring for the author the ad lings; the interpretation of the figurative language of Scripture, comprehending the commended, as londing him more assistance in the pursuit of his proper object, see principles of interpretation of tropes and figures; together with an examination of the kuowledge of the Scriptures, than any other publication whatever, and as entitled metonymies, metapliors, allegories. parables, proverbs, and other figurative modes of place in his library, whether it be large or small, among the books which he will speech occurring in the Bible; the spiritual or mystical interpretation of the Scrip-regret having prerchased.
We are greatly pleased with the serious spirit which pervades these volumes; tares;-the interpretation of prophecy, including general rules for ascertaining the sence of the prophetic writings, ofservations on the accomplishment of prophecy in it which, we recret to say, has not always distinguished the labours of Biblical care of types of the doctrinal and muwal parts of Scripture of the promises and threatening tion, apart from its real atility in resisting the undertanding to apprehend the design general, and especially of the predictions relative to the Messiah ;-the interpretation. Too many of them are treated the literature of the Scriptores as a subject of specu therein contained and the inforential and practical reading of the Sacred Writings and import of Revelation, for the purpose of applying its truths and influence tour A copias Appendix to this volume comprises (antong other articles) bibliographica! heart to how great advantage, compared with some other writers, dove and critical notices of the principal grammars and lexicons of the Hebrew, Greek, and the present author appear. Coguata Languages, of the most remarkable editions of the Septuagint Greek Ver
From the Engli Wesleyan Mahodist Magazine. sion of the Old Testament, of the priucipal writers on the criticism and interpretation of the Scriptures, and a select list of the chief commentators and expositors of the Bible a To the library of every lover of the Holy Scriptures, who has the leisure to pene
1. VOLUME II. will be found a skech or summary of billical geography and it, this elaborate work will form a most valuable addition, but to the Biblical Student, antiquities, in four parts:
"PART L includes an outline of the Historical and Physical Geography of the Holy any of the four main branches of Biblical study which are here so copiously treated, Land
4 PART LL. treata on the political and military affairs of the Jews, and other nations tion in itself, or points out, by references so anuple, where that information may be Incidentally mentioned in the Seriptures.
tained without which the Scriptures can neither be fully understood, nor explained "PART m. discusses the sacred antiguities of the Jews, Arranged under the heads|| Almost every author of note has been consulted by the industry of the Author, and the of Sacred Places, Sacred Persona, Sacred Times and Servis, and the Corruptions apst important contribution of the learning, research, and observation of other, wu Religion among the Jews, their idolatry and various tects, together with a description be here found collected, and arranged with a sober and temperate judgment, and und
the guidance of the light of evangelical truth. The last is an important circumstante, PART IV. discusses the dorrentic antiquitia, or the private B, manners, cus and renders the work safe as well as instructive. toms, amusements, &c. of the Jews, and other nations incidentally mentioned or allud In recommending, in the strongest manner, this very important work to the carefa ed to in the Holy Scriptures.
study of young Ministers, we feel ourselves discharging an important duty, not mend * An APPENDIX to this Third Volume contains (beniden chronological and other to the praiseworthy labours of the author himself, but to those on whom the hope thle, of honey, weights, and measures.) a Geographical Index of the principal place the Church of Christ, as to future years, principally reposes. Inentioned in the Bible, especially in the New Testament; Including an abstract of pro- The work before us is certainly one of the most valuable ever published, to ale fate oriental Distory, from the time of Solomon to the captivity, illustrative of the Rapuchattarements and the Christian world owes to its excellent and indefatigabit tury of the Hebrews as referred to in the prophetic writies, and presenting blatorical cathorito test thanked selveswe think it an indispensable addition to this
VOLUME IV. is aprI to the day of Scripture. It contains copiou crits of clothes to a inthalb des e
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