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Study and knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, by THOLAS
HARTWELL HORNE, M. A. Published, in four large volumes, by E. LITTELL, 88, Chesnut

Street, Philadelphia-at Twelve Dollars, bound in cloth.
From the Christian Advocate, March, 1826.

ing up these synopses the utmost attention has been given in order to present, u bir THS first edition of this most valuable work was printed in England, something more was practicable, at one glance, a comprehensive view of the subjects contenatis than seven years ago. Since that time it he, in that country, reached a bith edition, bank of Scripture. How necessary such a view is to the critical study of the The great and continued demand for a work so extensive, and of such a bature as that records, it is perhaps unnecessary to remark. before us, is the best evidence of its uncommon intriusick excellence. Nor have the

In executing this part of his work, the author has endeavoured to steer Letween opinions of reviewers and critics, and the recommendations of clergymen and theologi- extreme prolixity of some analysis of the Bil le, and the too great brevity al cal professors, been fow or feeblo in proclaiming its merits... Any such review of it, and he ventures to hope, that this portion of his labours will be found partestar therefore, as would be proper for a new work, would be manifestly post horam; and useful in studying the doctrinal parts of the Scriptures. indeed would scarcely consist with

a decorous respect for public opinion. Still we feel ** Throughout the work references have been made to such approved writers at that on the appearance of this first American edition, we ought not to be altogether beat illustrated particular subjects: and critical notices of their works have been silent-We think that we owe it to the enterprising publisher who has stereotyped duced, partly derived from the anthor's knowledge of them, partly from the ree This voluminous publication, to make known that his work has been well executed; and opinions of eminent biblical critics, and partly from the best critical journals and that we owe it still more to a very numerous and respectable class of our readers, who | sources: the preference being invariably given to those, which are distingen we know have not been able to get even a sight of an European copy to give them some | the acknowledged talent and ability with which they are conducted. The best information in regard to the nature and contents of this work.--More than this, with of the Continent, and the sales by auction of several valuable divinity libreria a few closing remarks, we do not propose.

also enabled the author to procure many critical works that would otherwise bare In regard to the execution of the work, we have to state that we have found, after a inaccessible. pretty careful comparison, that the American copy is, on the whole, superior to the of the works cited in the notes to the following pages, care has been taken

til British. The type is better, there are fewer typographical errors, the engravings are the particular editions. They are all referred to us authorities, for the statement rather superior, and the paper, if not entirely equal to the British, is unexceptionably tained in the text; many of them furnish details which the limits of the presentaron good. The boards of the binding are covered with glazed muslid,

handsomely coloured I would not admit; and some few give accounts and representations which the sun atfording zet only a neat appearance, but a degree of durability, nearly equal to a bind- thought he had reason to reject. Åll these references, however, are stronged the ing in sheep: and the price of the American edition (12 dollara) is about one-third les convenience of those readers, who may have inclination and opportunity for me than the Euglish. The two editions correspond with each other, page for page. ting more minute inquiries.

The nature and contents of this work (which we have not read throughout, but have Such are the plan and object of the work now submitted to the cardour of carefully inspected) are, we think, fairly stated by the author, in the following extracts | lic. The author has prosecuted his labours under a deep sense of the responciny from the preiace.

tached to such an undertaking, and though he dares not hope that he can alle * The Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, have avoided mistake, yet he can with truth declare that he has anxiously endeava Dow ofered to the public, is designed as a comprehensive Mamial of Sacred Literature not to mislead any one. selected from the labours of the most eminent Biblical Critics, both British and Foreiga We regard the Indexes and Appendices of these volumes as greatly enhancing a

"The four volumes, of which the worls now consists, will be found to comprise the value. They enable the reader to turn so readily to any article he may wish to a following topics:

that he is not discouraged from seeking what he desires, by any difliculty in Erdins i VOLUME I. contains a Critical Inquiry into the Geranizacs, Authenticity, Un- Those who have been deeply versedia biblical studies and inquiries will doulde terrupted Preservation, and Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures, including, among I find in these volumes much with which they are already

familiar. Were it oftea other suljects, a copious investigation of the testimonies from profane authors to the the work would certainly be less valuable than it is; for its avowed design is to come

Erudite to credibility, which is furnished by coins, medals, inscriptions, and ancient structures.-gians, however, will fiere find not a little, which, if not absolutely new in its

roue This is followed by a full view of the arguments afforded by miracles and prophecy, is frequently presented under a new cupect; and much in a condensed form, for the inspiration of the Scriptures, and by a discussion of the internal evidence for probably they had glesned from the laborious perusl of many volumes. They their inspiration, furnished by the sublimity and excellence of the doctrines, and by the likewise find a reference to recent writers, of the highest authority in certala pants purity of the moral precepts, revealed in the Bible ;-the harmony subsisting between biblical criticism, by which their further researches will be facilitated. every part ;- the preservation of the Scriptures to the present time; and their

tendency But to the young biblical student, whether layman, clergyman or candidate to promote the present and eternal happiness of mankind, as evinced by an historical holy ministry, these volumes will prove an invaluable treasure. If carefully need review of the beneficial effects aetually produced in every age and country by a cordial will furnish him at once with the most useful part of knowledge, on the subjek reception of the Bible; together with a refutation of the very numerous objections which they relate; they will greatly aid him in the choice of other books for bisa which have been urged against the Seriplures in recent deistical publications. An Ap-ry; and whenever information is desired, moore particular and extensive than a have been wrought by the Egyptian magicians, and of the contradictions which are vantageously consult. Supposing a theological student to possess the originals of the faleely alleged to exist in the scriptures, whether historical or chronological ;-contra: Sacred Scriptures with the usual helps for studying them, Cruden's Conconstance, -apparent contradictions between the sacred writers themselves, and between sacred that the next money which he expends for books, would better be laid out in the per and profane writers, or seeming contradictions to philosophy and the nature of things. chase of these volumes than of any other with which we are acquainted. This discussion is followed by a table of the chief prophecies relative to the Messiah, Mr. Horne's work abounds, as it ought to do with quotations from writer of em both in the Old and New Testament, and by an examination of the pretensions of the linence. His own style is easy and perspicuous;

his sentiments, so far as we have been apocryphal books of the Old and New Testament.

able to collect them, are pious and evangelical, but not peculiarly Calvinistick * VOLUME II. in two parts, treats, Sirat, on Sacred Criticism; inclnding an Histori- | a minister in the established church of England, and his attachment to it is appareat eal and Critical Account of the Original Languages of Scripture, and of the Cognate or yet he is not bigotted or sectarian. He appears as ready to bestow merited pose Kindred Dialects ;-an account (with numerous fac-similes of the principal Mana, writers of other communions, as on those of his own. He states that it was bisa Rotice of the chief printed editions, and of the divisions and marks of distinction ochim (and principally with a view to his own improvement) on making the inguinis the ancient and modern Versions of the Scriptures, and their application to the criticism deemed ourselves fortunate to have met with such a publication in our early yean, and and interpretation of the sacred volume, illustrated with fac-simile specimens of the we therefore feel it to be a duty to recommend it to our younger clerical brethren, oriental versions executed at the Serampore press. In this part of the work, the history terms of po equivocal import. of the authorized English version of the Bible is particularly considered, and the literaTy character of its venerable translators is satisfactorily vindicated against the cavils of

From the Christian Observer. November, 1819. some late writers. The benefit to be derived from Jewish and Rabbinical authors is

It is saying much yet as far as our knowledge of Biblical works extends, set to next discussed, and the genuineness of the celebrated Jewish historian's account of Jesus Christ is vindicated and established. These discussions are followed by dissertatious push to assert of these volumes, that they constitute the most important this

On the Various Readings occurring in the Scriptures, with a digest of the chief eriti | publication of their kind, which has appeared in this or any other counts for en ment in the New, with Nero Tables of the Quotations al length, in Hebrew, Greek, and those students in divinity, whose pecuniary resources are too limited to agreement with the Hebrew and with the Septuagint; and secondly, whether they are in the list of their library. We say even on the score of economy, because Mr. Borne prophecies cited as literally fulfilled; prophecies typically or spiritually applied; pro has contrived to condense and concentrate in these volumes, the real informationen phecies accommodated; or simple allusions to the old Testament: On the Podry of many quartos and folloss and what is of not less importance, he has furnished ssebne with observations for better understanding the productions of the Hebrew poets: -and those who desire to obtain more detailed information.


outline is very inadequate to give the reader an idea of the copious and we On Harmonies of the Scriptures, including remarks on the principles on which they

pected treasures which await him. stiguld be constructed. "The Second part of the Second Volume is appropriated to the Interpretation of the

From the Eclectic Review. January, 1819. Scriptures ; comprehending an investigation of the different senses of Scripture, literal, spiritual, and typical, with criteria for ascertaining and determining them the signi.

This work we bring forward with confidence to the notice of our readers, as the very words, -rules for the investigation of emphases, and particularly of the Greek article; || English literature. It is a comprehensive digest of the labours of the most enne festim of words and phrases, with general rules for investigating them; emphatick | best introduction to the critical study of the Holy Seriptures, in the whole com erages; analogy of Scripture, or paraula passages, with rules for ascertaining and attention of the author for a considerable number of years, and is replete with procesa applying them ; scholia, and glossaries; the subject matter, context, scope, historical his industry, nor is this the only qualification for the undertaking which is display

"These discussions are followed by the application of the preceding principles, foris altogether an invaluable work, and cannot fail or procuring for the author the ascertaining the sense of Scripture, to the historical interpretation et the Sacred Wri: commentation of every liberal scholar. To the Biblical student it may be safety principles of interpretation of tropes and figures; together with an examination of the knowledge of the Scriptures, than any other publicatioa whatever, and as entities metonymies, metaphors, allegories, parables, proverbs, and other figurative modes of place in his library, whether it be large or small, among the books which he will a speech occurring in the Bible; the spiritual or mystical interpretation of the Scrip-regret having purchased. tures ;--the interpretation of prophecy, including general rules for ascertaining the

We are greatly pleased with the serious spirit which pervades these volumess sense of the prophetic writings, observations on the accomplishment of prophecy in rit which, we regret to say, has not always distinguished the labours of Biblical en of types of the doctrinal and mural parts of Scripture of the promises and threatening. ||tion, apart from its real utility in reisting the understanding to apprehend the de therein contained and the mferential and practical reading of the Sacred Writings. || and import of Revelation, for the purpose of applying its truths and influence in A copious Appendix to this solume comprises (among other articles) bibliographical heart.

To how great advantage, compared with some other writers, donc and critical notices of the principal grammars and lexicons, of the Hebrew, Greek, and the present author appear. Caguate Languages, of the most remarkable editions of the Septuagint Greek Vorsion of the Old Testament, of the principal writers on the criticism and interpretation

From the Englisk Westerjanı Methodist Magazine of the Scriptures, and a select list of the chief commentators and expositors of the Bible, a To the library of every lover of the Holy Scriptures, who has the leisure to per

"In VOLUME II. will be found a sketch or summary of biblical geography and it, this elaborate work will form a most valuable addition, but to the Biblical Shuters antiquities, in four parta:

and to young Ministers, it is at once indispensable and invaluable; no single work at * PART L includes an outline of the Historical and Physical Geography of the Holy any of the foor mais branches of Biblical Study which are here so copiously treated Land.

having, we believe, ever issued from the prest, which comprehends so much informa “PART II. treats on the political and military affairs of the Jews, and other nations tion in itself, or points out, by references so ample, where that information may be et Tbcidentally mentioned in the Scriptures.

tained without which the Scriptures can beither be fully understood, por esplats “PART IL discusses the sacred antiquities of the Jews, arranged under the heada Almost every author of note has been consulted by the industry of the Author at the of Sacred Places, Sacred Persons, Sarred Times and Season, and the Corruptions of most important contributions of the learning, research, and observation of others, Religion among the Jews, their idolatry and various sects, together with a description be liere found collected, and arranged with a sober and temperate judgment, zud tinder of their moral and religious state in the time of Jesus Christ.

the guidance of the ligbt of evangelical truth. The last is an important circunst, *PART IV. discusses the domestic antiquities, or the private life manners, cus and renders the work saft as well as instructive. Ponus, amnements, &c of the Jews, and other nations incidentally mentional or allud- 4 In recommending, in the strongest manner, this very important work to the carte to in the Holy Scriptures.

study of young Ministers, we feel ourselves discharging an important duty, bot merek " an APPENDIX to this Thinl Volume contains (besides chronological and other to the praiseworthy labours of the author himself, but to those on whom the hope Sabiles, of money, weights, and measured.) a Geographical Inder of the principal place the Church of Christ, as to future years, principally repases. mentioned in the Bible, especially in the New Testament; Including an abstract of pro- The work before us is certainly one of the most valuable ever published to ane oriental history, from the time of Solomon to the captivity, illustrative of the His shattainments; and the Christian world owes to its excellent and indefale ory of the Hebrews as referred to in the prophetic writines, and presenting historical write best thanks For ourselves, we think it an indispensable addition to the us antices of the Assyrian, Chalder, Median, and Penian empireo.

VOLUME IV. I apropriate to the analysis of our It contain a hurry young Minister; and it will be more and add

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