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H. of R.]

Berks County Memorial.

(FEB. 24, 1834.

sons who had signed that memorial had some covert and hastily formed, nor are they hastily abandoned; and, how, insidious object to answer by their proceeding?

ever a certain set of politicians, to suit their own selfish Mr. MUHLENBERG denied that he had used such purposes, may undertake to asperse, misrepresent, of language.

mislead them, yet he felt convinced that, when they should Mr. McKENNAN said that his object was merely to once be made to understand when the light of truth meet and resist an attack which he supposed was made should once penetrate, and the great questions, of para. upon gentlemen, with some of whom he had the pleasure mount importance to them, which now agitated the whole of an acquaintance, and as to whose character for integ- Union, should be presented to their strong and discrimi. rity, intelligence, and worth, he would feel it his duty nating minils, they would not be prevented froin coming to bear testimony, whenever or wherever attacked; but, to a just and proper decision by any such intimation as as his colleague had disavowed the use of the language the honorable gentleman had thought proper to make. which he supposed he had used, he was called upon to No, sir, (said Mr. W.,) let the light of truth once shine say nothing more on the subject.

upon them, and they will not stop to ask whether it has Mr. BINNEY asked to be informed by the Speaker come from the Philadelphia school; nor will they permit whether the memorial presented at the Clerk's table was any one to insinuate that it has sprung from a corrupt op exclusively in the English language, or whether a coun- degrading source. They know too well what is due to terpart, in German, formed part of the memorial; and, their own dignity as freemen. Sir, the day of retribution upon being informed that the memorial presented was is at hand, when those who have ventured so long to tam. altogether in the English language, he said, that as seve. per with the honesty and best interests of an upright peoral of the petitioners understood German better than Eng- ple will be taught a lesson they will not shortly forget. lish, and some, perhaps, did not understand English at all, in conclusion, Mr. W. remarked, that he had prohe was induced to ask the member from Pennsylvania pounded the question, and felt assured that his colleague who presented the memorial, whether, when it was given would answer it, with the candor and manhood which to him to present to the House, the memorial was not informed part of his character. both languages?

Mr. MUHLENBERG: If my honorable friend will Mr. MUHLENBERG replied that there were two take care of his own district, I will take care of mine. copies of the memorial—one in English, and the other in I am responsible to my own constituents for my course German; which last, for convenience, had been detached. here, and forbid any interference of the kind. I have

Mr. BINNEY would further ask, whether it was so de- spoken respectfully of my constituents. In using the tached by the gentleman who presented it?

term “covert," I intended to convey the idea that signers Mr. MUHLENBERG: Certainly.

to the memorial were obtained with a view to the reMr. WATMOUGH rose and said, that he was happy charter of the bank; whereas there was not one word in that his friend and colleague from Washington county had the memorial about the recharter of the bank. If the put to the honorable gentleman from Pennsylvania the question was put to his constituents, wbether they were question, which so naturally occurred to him on hearing in favor of General Jackson, two-thirds of them would what had fallen from his colleague who had just presented say-yes; and if they were asked whether they were in the memorial from the citizens of Berks. He was equal- favor of a recharter of the bank, two-thirds of them ly happy that his colleague from Berks had so promptly would say—no. replied, and repudiated the idea supposed to have been Mr. McKENNAN said: My colleague now admits that conveyed, and 'which struck him (Mr. w.) with so much he used one of the offensive terms which I had attributed pain. There was, however, yet one part of the remarks to him, notwithstanding his previous disavowal. He adof the gentleman who had presented the memorial to mits that he attributed to the memorialists a covert de which no answer had been given, and which appeared to sign; and I have to regret that his memory and mine him to be infinitely the most objectionable of all that had differ as to his having used the term "insidious” in the been so strangely uttered. Mr. W. desired to be inforin- same connexion. But, I ask, how is he justified in alleg. ed whether his colleague, in the concluding remarks of ing that an attempt was made to mislead and deceive the his speech

people; and that the object was really to effect a recharThe SPEAKER here interposed, and said it was not ter of the bank, under the cover of a pretence to proin order to propose interrogatories to members. cure a restoration of the public deposites? Where is bis

Mr. WATMOUGH persisted, and said he wished to be evidence? There is not a word about the recharter on informed correctly, whether his colleague did mean to the face of the memorial; and he would undertake 10 say that the subscriptions to the memorial had been ob-say, that many of the gentlemen who had signed the tained by improper and dishonorable means. The honor- paper would spurn the suggestion that they had atable gentleman evidently conveyed this idea; and said fur. tempted any deception. ther, that the doctrines expressed in the body of the me. Mr. MUHLENBERG rose to explain, and said that he morial were such as could alone have come from a certain had no doubt that many men whose names were on this quarter, to which the people were not accustomed to look, paper would spurn the suggestion that they had at: and upon which they could not be induced to rely. iempted to make a false impression, or bad practised

Mr. Speaker, (said Mr. W.,) as a Pennsylvanian, feel any deception; but that there were some underlings, ing deeply the importance and dignity of my native State, who would not be so particular about their conduct. and resolved, at all hazards, and upon all occasions, to He said he would like to know how many of the names stand by and protect her from insult or insinuation, from subscribed to the memorial were known to his col. what quarter soever they may come-on the present oc- league? casion, a proper regard to my own constituents, as well Mr. McKENNAN resumed, and said: I will answer as to the highly respectable individuals whose names were the inquiry by propounding another to my colleague. appended to the memorial, induces me to reiterate the I will ask him to name the underlings, to whom he under

. request made by my honorable colleague who spoke first takes to attribute the charge of fraud and deception. It Sir, (said Mr. W.,) I know full well the honesty and in- is due to the House, and due to the persons implicated. tegrity of the people of Pennsylvania. No State in the A course of this kind will enable his constituents to Union has been more highly distinguished for the sound judge of the correctness of the imputation, and, if unpolicy of her administration, and none more for the fixed just, would afford the persons so seriously implicated an and settled purpose with which she has carried that pol. opportunity of acquitting themselves of so grave a charge. icy out. The opinions of her people, it is true, are not He said it'was not for him to interfere between his col.

FEB. 24, 1834.]

Berks County Memorial.

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league and his constituents, as to the nature or binding have signed it if the German copy had not been apinfluence of their instructions; but he wished to vindicate pended, it was a sufficient reason for presenting the Gerthe character of respectable individuals from an unjust man copy with the other. imputation. He must, however, be permitted to say to Mr. MUHLENBERG had no objection to it, and should his colleague, and to the House, that a memorial signed comply with the request. He also stated that he had no by upwards of eighteen hundred persons, scattered over objection to the printing of the names. a congressional district, and their signatures obtained in Mr. WATMOUGH demanded the yeas and nays on his a very short time, was entitled to serious consideration. motion, and they were ordered. He would submit to his colleague whether, under the Mr. TURRILL objected to printing names of this, or circumstances, it was not a full, and loud, and powerful any similar memorial. It was time to put a stop to this voice of his constituents; and, as such, ought to be re- kind of operation. We had already printed half the names spected?

in Philadelphia, at the public expense. What was the obThe SPEAKER asked whether the gentleman from ject? Not to enlighten the members of this House in re. Pennsylvania intended to embrace the names in the mo- gard to the question: any one who wished to see what tion to print.

weight was attached to the names could go and read them Mr. MUHLENBERG said he did not.

in the Clerk's office, without drawing any money from the The memorial was then ordered to be printed. treasury. In the first place, the bank gets up its panic

Mr. WATMOUGH moved the printing of the names meetings, and then they come and ask us to pay the exappended to the memorial.

pense of printing and circulating their proceedings, meMr. BINNEY said this motion was connected with the morials, and even the signatures. He could see no posinquiry previously made by him, as to the memorial in sible benefit to result from printing the names. the German language. As many of the names would be ulemen who advocate the printing would give a reason for found in the German character, he wished to have the it, he would withdraw his objection. German original before the House, as an answer to the Mr. MILLER was indifferent whether the names were suggestion, whenever and wherever it might be made, printed or not; but he was at a loss to imagine why this that the memorial was submitted to the subscribers in a system of catechising members was introduced. His col. language which they did not understand. Since the alle- league had stated, expressly, that the memorialists were gation of insidious and covert designs had been made, many of them highly respectable men. The effect the production of the German memorial bad become es- that the memorial was intended to have could be seen by sential to protect the petitioners, or some of them, from any one. He believed, himself, that it was impossible to misrepresentations, designed or undesigned, that they draw a distinction between the question of a restoration did not understand the paper which they had set their of the deposites and the recharier of the bank. Who names to. He said that, while up, he would avail himself could doubt that the restoration would produce a recharter? of the occasion to say that he did not admit the theory and he had understood his colleague, (Mr. Binney,) with of the gentleman who presented the memorial--that he his accustomed frankness, to avow the opinion that, unless had such a property in his constituents as to warrant him the bank were rechartered, the restoration of the deposites in saying (as in substance he had said) to his friend from would be of no avail. In regard to the duplicate memorials another district in the same State, (Mr. WATMOUGH,) we were contending about, they were both the same, and that he should mind his own business, instead of interfer- it was of no consequence which was presented to the ing with the district of the gentleman who presented the House. memorial. He did not admit the theory; but, on the con Mr. McKENNAN said, as he was referred to by his col. trary, when a body of most respectable petitioners were league, (Mr. MILLER,) who had thought proper to come subjected to the remarks which the House had heard, he up to the defence of the gentleman who had presented the should at all times assert the right to interfere for their memorial, he begged leave to submit a few observations protection, whether they belonged to his own district or in reply. He says that my bonorable colleague had burne

Several of the petitioners he knew as among the his testimony to the respectability of the memorialists, and most respectable inhabitants of Berks, itself one of the had treated his constituents with perfect fairness. I wish. most important counties in Pennsylvania; and he also to call the attention of the Fouse to the language of my knew that they were as much above the employment as colleague on the presentation of the memorial. It is true they were above the influence of underlings for insidious that he stated that the memorial was signed by upwards and covert designs of any kind. Unless the German of one thousand eight bundred persons, many of whom original was annexed to the English memorial, the print. were respectable--some of them persons who liad belonging of German names might become the occasion of mis- ed io the Jackson party, but who had seceded since the representation.

veto upon the bank bill; and some of them were still adMr. MUHLENBERG rose only to explain the circum- hering members of the party, who differed from the adstances in connexion with the separation from the memo- ministration on this particular measure. But, at the same rial of the German translation. The original m:morial, time, he undertook to impute to those persons, in whose as brought to him, was written in English and German. favor he had thus testified, a covert and insidious motive. It was so much mutilated, that he handed it to the per. This, in my view, sir, is giving a character of his constitson from whom he received it, to make a new copy for uents with a vengeance, and one for which, I venture to presentation to the House. It was not proposed to him, say, tbey will not thank him. I feel it my duty, on benor did he think it necessary, to present also the Ger. half of many of these memorialists, to pronounce the im. man copy. He had no objection to the presentation of putation an aspersion on their character, and to call upon the German copy. If gentlemen wished it, they could both my colleagues to produce the proof upon which the have it.

charge is attempted to be supported. But my colleague Mr. MERCER said that the memorial directed to be on my left (Mr. MILLEN] puts it to me and the House to presented was written in two languages; and, therefore, say, whether all do not believe that, if a restoration of when the German portion of it was withheld, the House the deposites should be effected, the recharter of the barik was not put in possession of the whole memorial. must necessarily follow. For myself, sir, I will undertake

Mr. BINNEY would simply request the gentleman toto answer that there is no necessary connexion. Gentlehand the German copy to the Clerk.

men may, in order to justify themselves before their conMr. WAYNE said, if it could be supposed that a sin- stituents for supporting a bigh-handed, unjustifiable, and gle individual wlio liad signed the memorial would not destructive measure, use their efforts to connect it with a

not.

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Berks County Memorial.

(FEB. 24, 1834

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question of the recharter of the Bank of the United States, claim absolute itfallibility, or that he was more than man. and thus cover themselves under the prejudice which is He wished that the names would be printed, that it could supposed to exist among the people on that subject. But be hereafter seen they would be found again, as they had they have no justification in fact for doing so. After the always been, ardently supporting the principles of the passage of the bill for the recharter of the bank, which republican party. was vetoed-and, as I believe, most unjustifiably veloed Mr. McKENNAN said the friends of the administration hy the President, I took it for granted, and the nation took had reason to congratulate themselves on the accession of it for granted, that the bank must die; and the only hope a new member to their ranks, and to thank his colleague was, that it would have been permitted to expire in peace. from Philadelphia (Mr. SUTHERLAND] for the eulogy he It would have so expired in a short time, if the measure had pronounced upon the President; that this was language of the Treasury had not been adopted, which has pro which to him was new, and was such as he was not accusduced so much excitement and so much distress; and which tomed to use in the last Congress. The fact which he stated measure, I feel constrained by a sense of duty to say, is exhibited strongly the propriety of printing the names of most inexpedient and unjust, and has been, and will be, the memorialists. If there were persons who supported most ruinous in its consequences. The plighted faith of the present administration generally, who dared to come out the Government has been violated; and it is the duty of and avow their decided disapprobation of this disastrous every member of this House to vote for the redemption of measure, they ought to be known; they deserve credit for that faith, without any regard to the course which he may their independence and patriotism, and their names ought hereafter feel it his duty to adopt on the subject of the re- to be spread before the public. He trusted their example charter of the institution, which has been so unfortunate would be followed by all others who prefer the good of as to fall under the displeasure of the Executive. their country to the idolatry of a man. Another reason

Mr. BINNEY said he would ask to say a few words in why the names ought to be published was, to afford the reply to the gentleman from Pennsylvania near him, (Mr. House an opportunity of ascertaining whether the meMillen.) He felt himself under the necessity of rejecting morialists were citizens and taxable inbabitants; and, of the praise which that gentleman had awarded him for course, of determining whether any weight was to be atfrankly avowing that, unless the bank was rechartered, the tached to their representations or not. And in order to ilrestoration of the deposites would be of no avail. He lustrate the force of this reason, he would state a fact in had stated no such proposition. On the contrary, in his re- relation to a petition which had been presented here some marks to the House on a former occasion, he had taken time since from the city of Pittsburg, highly approbating some pains to be so understood as to express no sentiment the conduct of the Executive, and urging Congress not to of the kind. He had then said that, if the bank was not direct a restoration of the deposites. It had about 336 sig. to be rechartered, nor another bank to be chartered, natures, purporting to be from citizens of Pittsburg; and nor any control devised to prevent the currency from run the House would be surprised to learn that, on a compari

. ning into inextricable confusion, be considered the ques. son of the names with the tax list, it was found that 133 tion of time, and a short respite by the present return of only were taxable inhabitants, leaving 200 of those peti. the deposites, as of but little importance; and this was tioners who were either boys or strangers, or could have not the remark which the gentleman had attributed to him. little interest in either the currency or the prosperity of As to the part which he had taken in the small catechism the country. to which the gentleman had alluded, he would say that, There was still another reason why the names should be if it tended to show what was the duty of a representative, published, to be found in the allegation that some of the as the graver work of that name was intended to show memorialists had been imposed on. If this were the fact, the whole duty of man, it would not be without its use. the fraud and artifice ought to be detected, and the signa. The gentleman had asserted the right of a member, to tures ought to be laid before the people of Berks county, whom a memorial was delivered for presentation, to de- so as to lead to that detection. He hoped the publication tach a part of it, and to present the residue only, if he would be made. thought it to be of the same effect. He could not agree Mr. MUHLENBERG said there was some misapprewith the gentleman. The duty was, to present it as it was hension as to what had fallen from him. He had not obgiven to him, if he presented it at all; and no better illus-jected to the printing of the names of the memorialists. tration could occur ihan in the present case, in which the He, however, would state that he held a letter in his hand, separation of the German counterpart might give color to signed by nineteen persons, whose signatures were asfixed the remarks which had been made to the House. In ordi- to this memorial, in which they expressly state that they nary cases, he should consider it unnecessary to print the had been induced to sign it from some misconception of names; but the principle stated by his friend from Penn- its purport, and they had authorized him to state so to the sylvania (Mr. McKENNAN) he apprehended to be correct: House. that, where artifice or fraud was imputed in obtaining Mr. WATMOUGH, understanding all objection to the signatures, it was proper to print the names at length, that printing, on the part of his colleague, was withdrawn, the fraud or the calumny might be exposed. For this was by no means desirous to occupy, unnecessarily, the reason, he had moved, on a former day, to print the names time of the House; and, on the understanding, therefore, annexed to the memorial from the city and county of Phila- that no objection would be made, he withdrew his call delphia, and should vote for the present motion.

for the yeas and nays. Mr. SUTHERLAND said it was rather strange so much (Subsequently, Mr. W. observing that an objection should have been made upon so small a matter. His col. was about to be raised to the printing, resumed his call league did throw out an idea that there was something in- for the yeas and nays, and they were ordered.] sidious, owing to some misapprehension in the signers, in Mr. HANN, of New York, wished to know whether the manner by which some names were withdrawn from the printing was to be in Dutch, that there might be no this petition. Generally speaking, he wished gentlemen cheatery. to consider the propriety of having names printed to the The SPEAKER said he had announced his intention memorials as calculated to do little good, except to benefit of having the memorial printed in the Dutch. the public printer. Although there are many persons who After a few observations by Mr. FELDER and Mr. signed this and other memorials from Pennsylvania, they MERCER, were the steady friends of the administration, but who Mr. TURRILL would oppose, if he stood alone, the thought that in this matter a mistake or error had been printing of all such petitions. It was surprising to him committed by General Jackson, for whom they did not lio hear such an unnecessary expense advocated. There

FEB. 24, 1834.]

Berks County Memorial.

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was, among others, a petition already printed on this Mr. CROCKETT rose and said: Sir, as I am the only subject, with sixty-two pages of names, at a considerable person from Tennessee in this House who is opposed to expense. These petitions, he believed, were got up the administration, I hope I may get a few words in-that originally by the bank, and those who procured the sig- I may say what are my own notions on these matters. Sir, natures were paid for their trouble out of Mr. Biddle's I think the member from New York (Mr. TURRILL) who breeches pocket. He felt that it was time for the House has just spoke, has been a little testy in his objections; he to take a stand, and save the treåsury from this expense talks much about this, as if it was a great matter. Sir, which was sought to be thrown upon it. It was possible are we to stick at such trifles as a few dollars, in printing that many of those who signed the petitions from the a matter so important? It seems, sir, to me to be somelarge cities were stimulated by the assurance that their thing like loading a twenty-four pounder to shoot a flea. names would appear in a printed book.

Sir, is it not so? We are spending three or four thouMr. H. EVERETT did not think the member from sand dollars in discussing the printing of a matter that perNew York (Mr. TURRILL] warranted in taking for haps, after all, will not be twenty dollars cost. But, sir, granted that all the memorials presented on account of this is retrenchment; but it is the old rule for retrenching. distress were got up by the bank; and he desired to know I love, sir, to see the petitioners come liere, and, my life on if it was the design of gentlemen, by making such state. it, sir, they will come-ay, and from Indiana-for all that ments, to forestal public opinion, and thus prevent them we hear to the contrary; and, from my own State,

. . tress? If such denunciations were made, it must have they know very well in my district the character of the the effect of delerring, in futute, any petitions being man who, when he takes any thing into his head, will

He hoped that the representatives would not con- carry it into effect. They know how I should act in this sider themselves so much the representatives of any par- bank business, for I told them, before I was elected, how ticular district as of the whole people; and that, when I should vote that I would recharter the bank and repetitions should be presented, they would be treated store the deposites. Sir, I get letters every day, from all by members in a respectful manner. They should look parts, which tell me these acts are disapprobated. The to considerations affecting the general good, and ought question is, now, whether we shall continue to live and do to be above those of party.

well under the old and happy state of things, or have a Mr. BURGES was astonished at the opposition given despot. Sir, the people have a right to tell their griev. to the printing of the names to memorials on the ground ances, and, sir, I tell you they must not be refused. of expense, and he advocated it as necessary to establish, Mr. ASHLEY, of Missouri, said that he could not unbeyond question, whether the distress which now agi- dertake to state, with any degree of precision, how the tated the country was real or pretended-was got up by people of Missouri were divided on the important questhe people themselves, or by the influence, as charged, tion of the removal of the deposites, nor could he account of the bank.

for not having received memorials from his constituents on Mr. LANE believed that the statements they had that subject. Perhaps the people of Missouri have come heard, that these memorials about distress were got up to the conclusion that memorials, petitions, or prayers of by the bank, were justly founded. They had been any kind touching this subject, would avail nothing; that, known to originate almost at the doors of the bank, and should they be favorably disposed of by Congress, they only from those places directly under its influence. might be disregarded in another quarter. Mr. A. thought There was no voice of distress from Indiana or Illinois. the people of Missouri as deeply interested in this meas

Mr. EWING corroborated the statement that there was ure as those of any other portion of the Union. The no distress felt in Indiana; and he maintained that there State had been, a few years ago, literally inundated with was a general feeling that the people should have some local bank paper, when every thing in relation to the curbenefit from the profits derived by the bank; that they rency of the country was confusion and distrust. On the thought these profits should not be monopolized by any introduction of the paper of the Bank of the United institution which properly belonged to themselves. As States, this unsound and fraudulent currency (local bank other memorials had been printed, he would vote for the paper) gradually diminished, and, at length, entirely disprinting of this, both in German and English. *

appeared. Since that time up to the present, every thing *HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, February 27, 1834. }

for the benefit of a few, and had reason to believe, when their au}

thority was not exercised for the benefit of all, it was abused; that, Messrs. GALES & SEATON:

inasmuch as corporation banks belong to a few, the authority of Gentlemen: I am sorry to be required to correct every notice this Government, founded upon the equal rights and equal privitaken in reports of what has heretofore fallen from me since I have leges of the people, should not be conferred upon such institutions, occupied a seat, or, by silence, suffer the most obnoxious misrep- nor would the freemen of the country rest satisfied that power thus resentations to go forth to the world. This is the case more par- conferred would not be abused to all eternity; that I viewed a comticularly in a perversion of my sentiments expressed on the 24th bination of State banks yet more dangerous and much more subinstant, as republished, from the Globe of yesterday, in the Intel- ject to abuse, for they are unconstitutional monopolies, and beyond ligencer of this morning. It may arise from the position of my the reach of the power of this House; that I could not sanction seat, that I have not been distinctly heard by the reporters; but such places of deposite, except temporarily, until a proper substiwhat is not heard should not be reported without inquiry. And I tute can be organized; that, although the opinions of the President find my consciousness confirmed by every member I have con- are reported to be fixed, yet that fact, situated as matters now sulted, that, when I followed my colleague on the occasion advert- stand, is not to control the action of the representatives of the ed to, I did not corroborate his statements, but, on the contrary, people; it leads to his own accumulation of power, and I should felt myself called upon, (and so stated,) as Indiana had been re- give to Cæsar only what of right he is entitled to; the control of ferred to in a way to impress a wrong belief of no dissatisfaction or the purse the people deposited with Congress, and in Congress apprehended distress existing there, because remonstrances were this power must be kept; that, however desirous I felt to agree not obtruded upon Congress, to avow that many letters had reached with the President, I would not be tempted to abandon the rights me, manifesting great dissatisfaction and fear of approaching pres- and interests of the people and the union of these States, which a sure; that the want of a safe and sufficient circulating medium is uniform and safe currency is essential to promote; that the people felt, and that the effect of recent ineasures, touching the deposites must have the control, &c., &c. and the United States Bank, could not be experienced until the I need add nothing more, as I here give you enough to show to produce of the last season be sent to market, which will be in the the world what is known to every member of the House, that I month of March; that it was known I was the advocate of a national have been entirely misrepresented in the report published. bank, to be constituted upon principles very different from those

Respectfully, your obedient servant, of the existing corporation; that the people did not confer power

JNO, EWING.

FEB. 25, 1834.)

Chester Memorial-Fortification Bil.

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in relation to the currency of the country had moved on Mr. ADAMS moved to suspend the rules for the pursmoothly; but he feared, from present appearances, this pose of enabling him to submit a motion; (the assent of state of things would not long exist.

two-thirds of the House is necessary to the suspension of Mr. LANE made some explanations in reply to his col. a rule;) on this motion the division was, ayes 88, noes 52. league, (Mr. Ewing.]

So the motion was not carried. The question was then taken on the motion to print the [The reporter is enabled to state that the resolution names signed to the memorial, and decided in the affirma- which Mr. Adams was not allowed to move was in the tive-Yeas 111, nays 91.

following words: MEMORIAL FROM CHESTER, PA.

" Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be di

rected to report to this House a statement of all the sums Mr. POTTS presented a memorial of inhabitants of the denominated, in the Treasury accounts, unavailable funds; county of Chester, in the State of Pennsylvania, praying specifically designating the several banks or individuals that the deposite of the public money may be restored to indebted to the Treasury therefor; the time when each the Bank of the United States.

debt first became due; the time when failure of payment On presenting this memorial, Mr. P. said that he had thereof first occurred; the security, if any, which the pubpresented six memorials from citizens of Pennsylvania, his lic have for payment thereof at any time; and the prospect immediate constituents, of a character similar to many of such eventual payment.") Oriers presented to the House. The memorialists represented that a most severe pres

FORTIFICATIONS. sure existed in the moneyed concerns of the community; The House then resumed the consideration of the bill that public confidence was greatly impaired; and that the making appropriations for certain fortifications of the currency of the country was becoming daily more and United States. more unsettled and deranged. They represented that The question being on the motion of Mr. McDuffie to hundreds of their fellow-citizens, whose business was de recommit the bill to the Committee of the Whole on the pendant on a regular market, public confidence, and the state of the Unionusual accommodations incident to mercantile and com.

Mr. McDuffie explained that his only wish was to mercial pursuits, were on the verge of ruin; that they recommit the bill in order to have its provisions more were excited to inquiry as to the cause and the remedy fully investigated; he asked for the yeas and nays, which for a state of things so alarming, and so destructive of the were ordered. best interests of the country; and that they felt themselves Mr. POLK reminded the House of the fact that there bound to declare that, in their opinions, the distress and were four works introduced into the bill for which small difficulties experienced in the moneyed concerns of the appropriations had been previously made. One of these community were fairly ascribable to the removal of the forts was in Boston harbor, another at New Orleans, a public de posites from the Bank of the United States. third for the defence of Pensacola, and the other at Throg's They, therefore, called upon Congress, whose province Neck, New York. The Secretary of War deemed it ne. they believed it to be, to provide the remedy; to place cessary that these works should be completed. The ag. the currency on the same sound foundation in which it gregate appropriation was about sixty-six thousand dollars was known to stand on the 1st of September last. That, beyond that of last year. whilst they expressed their doubts of any measure short of Mr. WILDE said that the fact of these appropriations the restoration of the public moneys to the Bank of the being for the benefit of the great commercial ports would United Stales having the desired effect, they, at the same secure their passage. He adverted to the project for a time, declared themselves impressed with the deepest defence of the seacoast by General Bernard, and to the conviction, and fullest assurance, that, by the adoption of classification and estimated expense of the various works. that measure, public confidence would be restored, the The armament of these fortifications would consume a currency be redeemed from its de based and vitiated state, great amount of money, would require much time, and the distress that now prevails would be relieved, and the would render necessary a large augmentation of the miliruin that now threatens be averted.

tary force. To show this," he referred to information Mr. P. said that he fully concurred in opinion with the communicated to Mr. Hamilton, of South Carolina, when memorialists as to the cause, the extent, and the remedy he was chairman of the Military Committee of the House. for the existing evils; that he believed that, by the remo. He stated a few other facts to show the importance of a val of the public treasure from its proper and legitimate full examination. lepository-an act by which public confidence had been

Mr. CAMBRELENG said he thought that a less amount deeply shaken, and credit, the active, vivifying principle could not properly be appropriated. He said that the of trade and business, had perished--a blow had been evil which existed did not grow out of the appropriations struck, heart deep, at the prosperity of the country; that, for the navy and the army, but out of the expenditures with them, he too agreed that it was peculiarly the prov- beyond these objects. ince of Congress to place the currency upon a sure and Mr. PINCKNEY said that he desired the recommitment siable foundation; but that that subject would be left to of the bill, and, if it were not recommitted, that he should be regulated by the Legislative Department of the Gov- be compelled to vote against the bill. He was not op; ernment, hié confessed he entertained many and strong posed to fortifications, but the annual appropriations had dunbis. Ile would, however, forbear further comment, increased until they had reached an amount which he and move that the memorial be referred to the Committee thought too large, in a moment of profound peace, and of Ways and Means.

when economy ought to be an object of attention and purAfter the reception of sundry other memorials, the suit. In the present state of our finances, we could not House arljourned.

afford to make extravagant appropriations. The Presi.

dent had recommended to Congress to avoid such approTUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25.

priations. After the reading of the journal,

The CHAIR called the gentleman to order, as going Mr. ADAMS, of' Massachusetts, asked the unanimous into a range of debate which the question did not permit

. consent of the House to make a motion; (such consent Mr. PINCKNEY then stated that his object was to heing requisite, under the present arrangement of the move an amendment. He remarked that there was a fort rules of the House, to enable any member io make a mo- in Charleston harbor called Fort Moultrie, of which the tion) Objection being made to this request,

Carolinians had been proud, and for which they had never

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