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rich, or those who labor with their hands against those who labor with their brains for the common good. I have no doubt, no hesitation, no uncertainty, as to the result. The State of Hancock and Adams, of Quincy, Charles Sumner, John A. Andrew, is not to be deceived to its ruin. I do not think that God means to disgrace us by leaving us to follow cunningly devised fables, or to take for leaders such men as the Apostle described as seeking to lead the Church in his time, “proud, ignorant, doting about questions and strifes of words, whence cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, evil seducers, who wax worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived."

In that great sea-fight, in which Nelson fell in the arms of victory, he hoisted, as his last signal before battle, the flag with the motto, “England expects every inan to do his duty." Let our motto be not, “ Massachusetts expects every man to do his duty,” but “God expects every man to do his duty.” Let us show our gratitude to him who has given us freedom, peace, plenty in our homes, noble institutions, and a grand history, by transmitting them unimpaired to our children and our children's children. Our fathers, brothers, and sons went to fight and die to save the land from slavery and disunion; let us live and work to save it from dishonesty and dishonor.

XXIX.

THE BIBLE A PANORAMA OF LIFE.

29

XXIX.

THE BIBLE A PANORAMA OF LIFE.

Again, taking him up into an exceeding high mountain, he showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them, in a moment of time.

THE
HE advantage of a view from a high place is,

that you see the relative positions of all the objects around you. You have a map and a landscape

in one. Looking over Boston from the cupola of the State House, you observe at a glance its houses, squares, and public buildings; the sea, harbor, and islands; the course of Charles River; the direction taken by the railroads; the density of the different centres of population ; and the position and comparative size of East Boston, South Boston, Roxbury, and Charlestown. You may live in the city for years, and not have as comprehensive and accurate an idea of it as you will gain in half an hour by looking down on it from such an elevation. Hence the importance for travellers, that in visiting foreign places they should begin their ob ations by obtaining a view from some central and lofty position.

The same is true in the world of thought. A just insight into the relations of daily actions can be best gained by rising into the realm of ideas, universal truths, large principles. Your two children quarrel about the possession of a plaything. To settle that dispute, it is necessary that you should explain to them the rights of property, — that is, ascend into the region of everlasting justice. Some one asks you what you think of Browning's poetry or George Eliot's novels. Before you can give a satisfactory answer, you must consider what makes a good novel or poem ; what is the essential quality needed in each ; how many different kinds there may be, and which is the best. You must take a comprehensive view of literature and art, — in short, rise to a position which overlooks the whole field. Then you may have some basis for your criticism ; otherwise it is only guesswork, or the expression of personal partiality.

Such a wide view, which circles the whole horizon, we call a panorama. I hope that most of you have seen the panorama of the Battle of Gettysburg. You walk through a dark passage, go up a few stairs, and are at once in the midst of a summer landscape, with bright sky, far-reaching plains, over which you look for miles. to the distant woods and hills. You have the battle around you, but without its distracting tumult. You examine at your leisure the main points of that great struggle which

one of the decisive battles of history,

was

a

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