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And if any vender of goods or merchandize shall fell any such goods on higher terms, or shall in any manner, or by any device whatsoever, violate or depart from this agreement, no person ought, nor will any of us deal with any such person, or his or her sactor or agent, at any time thereafter, for any commodity whatever.
X. In cafe any merchant, trader, or other persons shall import any goods or merchandize after the first day of December, and before the first day of February next, the same ought forthwith, at the election of the owner, to be either re-fhipped or delivered up to the committee of the county or town wherein they shall 'be imported, to be stored at the risk of the importer, until the non-importation agreement shall cease, or be sold under the direction of the committee aforesaid; and in the last mentioned case, the owner or owners of such goods shall be reimbursed (out of the sales•) the first cost and charges; the profit, if any, to be applied towards relieving and employing such poor inhabitants of the town of Boston, as are. immediately sufferers by the Bostonport bill; and a particular account of all goods so returned, stored, or sold, to be inserted in the public papers; and if any goods or merchandizes shall be imported after the said first day of February, the same ought forthwith be sent back again, without breaking any of the packages thereof.
XI. That a Committee be chosen in every county, city, and town, by those who are qualified to vote for Representatives in the legislature, whose business itshallbe attentively to observe the conduct of all persons touching this association: and when it (hall be made to appear to the satissaction of a majority of any such Committee, that any person within the limits of their appointment has violated this association, that such majority do forthwith cause the truth of the case to be published in the Gazette, to the end that all such foes .to the rights
a 2 of of British America may be publicity known, and universally contemned as the enemies of American liberty; and thenceforth we respectively will break off all dealings with him or her,
XII. That the Committee of Correspondence in the respective Colonies do frequently inspect the entries of their custom-houses, and inform each other from time to time of the true state thereof, and of every other material circumstance that may occur relative to their association.
XIII. That all manusactures of this country be fold at reasonable prices, so that no undue advantage be taken of a future scarcity of goods.
XIV. And we do further agree and resolve, that we will have no trade, commerce, dealings or intercourse whatsoever, with any Colony or Province, in North-America, which stiall not accede to, or which stiall hereafter violate this association, but will hold them as unworthy of the rights of freemen, and as inimical to the liberties of their country.
And we do solemnly bind ourselves and our Constituents, under the ties aforesaid, to adhere to this association until such parts of the several Acts of parliament passed since the close of the last war, as impose or continue duties on tea, wine, molasses, syrups, paneles, coffee, sugar, piemento, indigo, foreign paper, glass, and painters colours, imported into America, and extend the powers of the Admiralty Courts beyond their ancient limits, deprive the .American subject of trial by jury,*authorise the judge's certificate to indemnify the prosecutor from damages, that he might otherwise be liable to, from a trial by his peers, require oppressive security from a claimant of ships or goods seized, before he shall be allowed to defend his property, are repealed.—And until that part of the Act of the 12 Q. HI. ch. 24. intituled, " An act for the better securing his Majesty's dock-yards, magazines, ships, am
munition, munition, and stores," by which any persons Charged with committing any of the offences therein described, in America, may be tried in any stiire or county within the realm, is repealed—And until the four Acts passed in the last session of parliament, viz. That for stopping the port and blocking up the harbour of Boston—That for the altering the charter and government of the Massachusetts Bay—■ and that which is intituled, " An act for the better administration of justice," &c.—and that " for extending the limits of Quebec, &c."are repealed. And we recommend it to the Provincial Conventions, and to the Committees in the respective Colonies, to establish such sarther regulations as they may think proper, for carving into execution this association.'
The foregoing association being determined upon by the Congress, was ordered to be subscribed by the several Members thereof; and thereupon we have hereunto set our respective names accordingly.
In Congress, Philadelphia, Off. 20, 1774. Signed, PEYTON RANDOLPH, President.
New Hampshire. John Sullivan, Nat. Foltbm.
Massactusetfs Bay. Thomas Custiing, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine.
Rhode-I/land. Stephen Hopkins, Sam. Ward.
ConueftiLut. Eliphalet Dyer, Roger Sherman, Silas Deane.
New-Tork. Isaac Low, John Alsop, John• Jay, James Duane, William Floyd, Henry Weisner, S. Boerum.
New-Jersey. James Kinsey, William Livingston, Stephen Crane, Richard Smith.
Pennsylvania. Joseph Galloway, John Dickinson, Charles Humphreys, Thomas Mifflin, Edwards Biddle, John Morton, George Ross.
Newcastle, &c. Cæsar Rodney, Thomas M'Kean, George Read.
Maryland. Matthew Tilghman, The. Johnson, William Pace, Samuel Chase.
a 3 Virginia.
Virginia. Richard Henry-Lee, George Washington, P. Henry, jun. Richard Bland, Benjamin Harrison, EJmund Pendleton.
North-Carolina. William Hooper, Joseph Hawes* R. Caswell. . .•
South-Carolina. Henry Middleton, Tho. Lynch, Christopher Gadsden, John Rutledge, Edward Rutledge.
Two days after passing the preceding agreement, it was resolved, That should a redress of the grievances complained of not be obtained before the month of May, another Congress mould be held at Philadelphia; and, neither the Declaration of Rights nor the Non-importation Agreement making any impression on the British Ministry, a General Congress assembled at Philadelphia on the ioth of May, 1775- .
Conciliation was the avowed object of this, as "it had been of every Congress, Provincial and'Continenta], which had been held since the commencement" of the dispute with Great-' Britain ;.■aiW, after many fruitless efforts to obtain a restoration' of harmony, the Congress' resolved on a final petition to the King, and Mr. PENN was deputed to carry the petition to' England. The subjoined copy was thus authenticated by the gentlemen who presented it.
LAST PETITION TO THE KING.
The following is a true copy of the petition from. the General Congress, in America, to his Majesty y which was delivered to Lord Dartmouth the first of this month, and to which his Lordship said no answer would be given.
RICHARD PEN?*,. Sept. 4, 1775. ARTHUR LEE.
TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.
Moji Gracious Sovereign,
W E your Majesty's saithful subjects of the Colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey) Pennsylvania, the counties of Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex, on Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, in behalf of ourselves and the inhabitants of these Colonies, who have deputed us to represent them in. General Congress, entreat your Majesty's gracious attention to this our humble petition.
The union between.our Mother Country and these Colonies, and she energy of mild and just government, produced benefits ib remarkably important, and afforded such assurance of their permanency and increase, that the wonder and envy of other nations. were excited, while they beheld GreatBritain rising to a power the most extraordinary the world bad ever known. Her rivals observing that there was no probability of this happy connection being broken by civil dissentions, and apprehendjng its future effects, if left any longer undisturbed, a 4 resolved