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TITHEREAS reciprocal advantages and mu
V tual convenience are found by experience to form the only permanent foundation of peace and friendship between States, it is agreed to form the Articles of the proposed Treaty on such principles of liberal equity and reciprocity, as that partial advantages, (those seeds of discord) being excluded, such a beneficial and satisfactory intercourse between the two countries may be established, as to promise and secure to both perpetual peace and harmony.
A Ř TICLE 1. His Britannick Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz. New-Hampshire, Massachusett'sBay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New-Jersey, Pennsylva. nia, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North-Carolina, South-Carolina, and Georgia, to be Free, So. vereign, and Independent States : that he treats with them as such; and for himself, his heirs and succeffors, relinquishes all claim to the government, propriety, and territorial rights of the same, and every part thereof : and that all disputes which might arise in future, on the subject of the boundaries of the said United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are, and shall be their boundaries, viz.
ARTICLE it. From the north-west angle of Nova Scotia, viz. That angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of St. Croix River to the Highlands, along the said islands which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the River St. Lawrence from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the north-westernmost head of Connecticut Ri. ver; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; from thence
by a line due west on said latitude, until it strikes the River Iroquois or Cataraquy; thence along the middle of said river into Lake Ontario, through the middle of said Lake, until it strikes the communication by water between that Lake and Lake Erie ; thence along the middle of said communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said Lake, until it arrives at the water communication between that Lake and Lake Huron; thence along the middle of said water communication between that Lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior, northward of the Ines Royal and Phelipeaux, to the Long Lake ; thence through the middle of faid Long Lake, and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods, to the said Lake of the Woods; thence through the said Lake to the most north-western point thereof, and from thence on a due west course to the River Miffissippi; thence by a line to be drawn along the River Mississippi, until it shall intersect the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude.--South, by a line to be drawn due east from the determination of the line last mentioned in the latitude of thirty-one degrees north of the Equator, to the middle of the River Apalachicola or Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River; thence strait to the head of St. Mary's River, and thence down along the middle of St. Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean.--East, by a line to be drawn along the middle of the River St. Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fundy, to its source; and from its source directly north, to the aforesaid Highlands which divide the Rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean from those which fall into the River St. Lawrence, comprehending all islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due east from the points where the aforesaid boundaries between Nova-Scotia on the one part,
eart from Latitude of ddle of the
and East Florida on the other, shall respectively. touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such islands as now are, or heretofore have been, within the limits of the said Province of Nova Scotia.
ARTICLE III. It is agreed, that the people of the United States shall continue to enjoy unmolested the right to take fish of every kind on the Grand Bank, and on all the other Banks of Newfoundland, and also in the Gulph of St. Lawrence, and at all other places in the sea where the inhabitants of both countries used at any time heretofore to fish. And also that the inhabitants of the United States shall have liberty to take fish of every kind on such part of the coast of Newfoundland as British fishermen shall use (but not to dry or cure the same on that island), and also on the coasts, bays and creeks of all other of his Britannick Majesty's dominions in America ; and that the American fishermen shall have liberty to dry and cure fish in any of the unsettled bays, harbours and creeks of Nova Scotia, Magdalen Inands, and Labrador, so long as the same shall remain unsettled; but so soon as the same, or either of them, shall be settled, it shall not be lawful for the said fishermen to dry or cure fish at such settlement, without a previous agreement for that purpose with the inhabitants, proprietors, or possessors of the ground.
ARTICLE IV. It is agreed, that creditors on either side shall meet with no lawful impediment to the recovery of the full value in sterling money of all bonâ fide debts heretofore contracted,
' ARTICLE V. It is agreed, that the Congress shall earnestly recoinmend it to the Legislatures of the respective States, to provide for the restitution of all estates, rights and properties which have been confiscated belonging to real British subjects; and also of the estates, rights and properties of persons resident in districts in the possession of his Majesty's arms, and who have not borne arms against the said United States : and that persons of any other description shall have free liberty to go to any part or parts of any of the Thirteen United States, and therein to remain twelve months unmolested in their endeavours to obtain the restitution of such of their estates, rights and properties as may have been confiscated. And that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several States a reconsideration and revision of all acts or laws regarding the premises, fo as to render the said laws or acts perfectly consistent, not only with justice and equity, but with that spirit of conciliation which on the return of the blessings of peace should universally prevail. And that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several States, that the estates, rights and properties of such last-mentioned persons shall be restored to them; they refunding to any persons who may be now in possession the bona fide price (where any has been given) which such persons may have paid on purchasing any of the said lands or properties fince che confiscation.
And it is agreed, that all persons who have any interest in confiscated lands either by debts, marriagesettlements, or otherwise, Thall meet with no lawful impediment in the prosecution of their just rights.
ARTICLE VI. That there shall be no future confifcations made, nor any prosecutions commenced against any per
son or persons for or by reason of the part which he or they may have taken in the present war; and that no person thall on that account suffer any future loss or damage, either in his person, liberty or property; and that those who may be in confineinent on such charges at the time of the ratification of the treaty in America, shall be iinmediately set at liberty, and the prosecutions fo commenced be difcontinued.
ARTICLE VII. There shall be a firm and perpetual peace between his Britannick Majesty and the said States, and between the subjects of the one and the citizens of the other: wherefore all hostilities both by sea and land shall then immediately cease ; all prisoners on both sides shall be set at liberty ; and his Britannick Majesty shall with all convenient speed, and without causing any destruction or carrying away any negroes, or other property of the American inhabitants, withdraw all his armies, garrisons, and fleets from the said United States, and from every port, place, and harbour within the same; leaving in all fortifications the American artillery that may be therein : and shall also order and cause all archives, records, deeds, and papers belonging to any of the said States, or their citizens, which in the course of the war may have fallen into the hands of his officers, to be forthwith restored and delivered to the proper States and persons to whom they
ARTICLE VIII. The navigation of the Miffissippi, from its source to the ocean, shall for ever remain free and open to the subjects of Great Britain, and the citizens of the United States.