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loaded, ought to be provided not only with the said passports or sea-letters, but also with a general passport, or with particular passports, or manifests, or other public documents, which are ordinarily given to vessels outward-bound, in the ports from whence the vessels have set sail in the last place, containing a specification of the cargo, of the place from whence the vessel departed, and of that of her destination; or, instead of all these, with certificates from the magistrates, or governors of cities, places, and colonies from whence the vessel came, given in the usual form, to the end that it may be known, whether there are any effects prohibited or contraband on board the vessels, and whether they are destined to be carried to an enemy's country or not. And in cafe any one judges proper to ex- ♦ press in the said documents, the persons to whom the effects on board belong, he may do it freely, without, however, being bound to do it; and the emission of such expression cannot, and ought not to cause a cemfiscatioq.

ARTICLE XXVI. If the vessels of the said subjects or inhabitants of either of the parties, sailing along the coasts, or on the high-seas, are met by a vessel of war, or privateer, or other armed vessel of the other party., the said vessels of war, privateers, or armed vessels, for avoiding all disorder, shall remain without the reach of cannon, but may send their boats on board the merchant vessels which they shall meet in this .manner, upon which they may not pass more than two or three men, to whom the master4 or commander shall exhibit his passport, containing the property of the vessel, according to the form annexed to. this treaty: and the vessel, after having exhibited such a passport, sea-letter, and other documents, shall be free to continue her voyage, so that it stiall not be lawful to molest her, or search her, in any manner,


•nor to give her chace, nor to force her to alter her course.


It shall be lawful for merchants, captains, and commanders of vessels, whether public and of war, or private and of merchants, belonging to the said United States of America, or any of them,.or to their subjects and inhabitants, to take freely into their service, and receive on board of their vessels, in any port or place in the jurisdiction of their High Mightinesses aforesaid, seamen or others, natives or inhabitants of any of the said States, upon such conditions as they shall agree on, without being subject, for this, to any fine, penalty, punishment, process, or reprehension whatioever.

And reciprocally, all merchants, captains, and commanders, belonging to the said United Netherlands, shall enjoy in all the ports and places under the obedience of the said United States of America, the same privilege of engaging and receiving seamen or others, natives or inhabitants of any country of the domination of the said States •General: provided, that neither on one fide nor the -Other, they may not take into their service such of .their countrymen who have already engaged in the service of the other party contracting, whether in war or trade, and whether they meet them by land or sea; at least, if the captains or masters under the command of whom such persons may be found, will not of their own consent discharge them from their service, upon pain of being otherwise treated -and punished as deserters.

ARTICLE XXVIII. The affair of the refraction shall be regulated in 'all equity and justice by the magistrates of cities .respectively, where it shall be judged that there is any room to complain in this respect.


ARTICLE XXIX. The present treaty shall be ratified and approved by their High Mightinesses the States General of the United Netherlands, and by the United States of America; and the acts of ratification shall be delivered, in good and due form, on one side and on the other, in the space of six months, or sooner, if possible, to be computed from the day of the signature.

In Faith of which, we the Deputies and Plenipotentiaries of the Lords the States General of the United Netherlands, and the Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, in virtue of our respective authorities and full powers, have signed the present treaty, and apposed thereto the seals of our arms.

LONE at the Hague, the Eighth osOctober; one thousand seven hundred eighty-two.




(L. S.) W. C. H. VAN LYNDEN.



(L. S.) T. G. VAN DEDEM, (Tot den Gelder)




The F O R M of the Passport which shall be given to Ships and Vessels, in consequence of the twentyfifth Article of this Treaty.

To all who shall see these presents, Greeting:

BE it known, that leave and permission are hereby given to

master or commander of the Ihip or vessel called of the

burthen of tons, or thereabouts, lying

at present in the port or haven of
bound for and laden with

to depart and proceed with his said ship or vessel on his said voyage, such ship or vessel having been visited, and the said master and commander having made oath before the proper officer, that the said ship or vessel belongs to one or more of the subjects, people, or inhabitants of

and to him ot them only. In witness whereof, we have subscribed our names to these presents, and affixed the seal of our arms thereto, and caused the same to be countersigned by at this

day of . in the year of our Lord


FORM of the Certificate which foall be given to Ships or Vessels, in consequence of the twenty-fifth Article of this Treaty:,


"~ magistrates

or officers of the customs of the city or port of

do certify and attest, that on the day of

in the year of our Lord

C. D. of personally appeared before us, and declared by solemn oath, that the ship or vessel called of

tons or thereabouts, whereof

of is at

present master or commander, does rightfully and properly belong to him or them only: that she is now bound from the city or port of to the port of laden with goods and

merchandizes hereunder particularly described and enumerated, as follows:

In witness whereof we hare signed this certificate, and sealed it with the seal of our office, this day of in

the year of our Lord Christ

FORM os the Sea-Letter.

MOST Serene, Serene, Most Puissant, Puissant, High, Illustrious, Noble, Honourable, Venerable, Wife and Prudent, Lords, Emperors, Kings, Republics, Princes, Dukes, Earls, Barons, Lords, Burgo-masters, Schepens, Counsellors, as also Judges, Officers, Justiciaries and Regents of all the good cities and places, whether ecclesiastical or secular, who shall see these presents, or hear them read.

WE, Burgo-masters and Regents of the city of make known, that the mas

ter of appearing before us,

has declared upon oath, that the vessel called

of the burthen of about

lasts, which he at present navigates,

if of the United Provinces, and that no subjects of


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