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437 assured, by the treaty or treaties that shall terminate the war.

ARTICLE IX. The contracting parties declare, that being resolved to fulfil each on its own part, the clauses and conditions of the present Treaty of Alliance, according to its own power and circumstances, there shall be no after-claim of compensation, on one side or the other, whatever may be the event of the war.

ARTICLE X. The Most Christian King and the United States agree to invite or admit other powers, who may have received injuries from England, to make common cause with them, and to accede to the present alliance, under such conditions as shall be freely agreed to, and settled between all the parties.

ARTICLE XI. The two parties guarantee mutually from the present time and for ever, against all other powers, to wit, the United States to his Most Christian Majesty, the present poffeffions of the Crown of France in America, as well as those which it may acquire by the future treaty of Ff 3

peace ,

peace; and his Most Christian Majesty guarantees on his part to the United States, their liberty, sovereignty, and independence, absolute and unlimited, as well in matters of government as commerce, and also their poffeffions, and the additions or conquests that their confederation may obtain during the war, from any of the dominions now or heretofore possessed by Great-Britain in North Ameriça, conformable to the 5th and 6th articles above written ; the whole as their poffeffion shall be fixed and alsured to the said States, at the moment of the çeslation of their present war with England.

ARTICLE XII. In order to fix more precisely the sense and application of the preceding article, the con. tracting parties declase, that in case of a rupture between France and England, the reciprocal guarantee declared in the said article shall have its full force and effect, the moment such war fhall break out; and if such rupture shall not take place, the mutual obligations of the said guarantee shall not commence until the moment of the cessation of the present war, between the United States and England, jhall have ascertained their possessions,



The present treaty shall be ratified on both fides, and the ratifications shall be exchanged in the space of fix months, or fooner, if poffible. i.,


IN "FAITH WHEREOF the respective Ple-
· nipotentiaries, to wit, on the past of the
Most Christian King, Conrad Alexander
Gerard, Royal Syndic of the City of Stras-
bourg, and Secretary of his Majesty's
Council of State; and on the part of the
United States, Benjamin Franklin, Deputy
to the General Congress from the State
of Pennsylvania, and President of the
Convention of said State ; Silas Deane,
heretofore Deputy from the State of Con-
necticut ; and Arthur Lee, Counsellor at
Law, have signed the above Articles both
in the French and English languages ;
declaring, nevertheless, that the present
Treaty was originally composed and
concluded in the French language, and
they have hereunto affixed their seals.

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DONE at PARIS, this fixth day of Fe

bruary, one thousand seven bundred and : Seventy-eight. H et is nie in. (L. S.) ; i C. A. GERARD.


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I X.

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