« ZurückWeiter »
or other officers of those places search the same, or make examination concerning the lawfulness of such prizes; but they may hoist sail at any time, and depart, and carry their prizes to the places expressed in their commissions, which the commanders of such ships of war shall be obliged to shew. On the contrary, no shelter or refuge shall be given in their ports to such as shall have made prizes of the subjects, people, or property of either of the parties; but if such shall come in, being forced by stress of weather, or the danger of the sea, all proper means shall be vigorously used, that they go out and retire from thence as soon as possible.
their people, or subjects, shall within the coasts or dominions of the other, stick upon the sands, or be wrecked or suffer any other damage, all friendly assistance and relief shall be given to the persons shipwrecked, or such as shall be in danger thereof. And letters of safe-conduct shall likewise be given to them for their free and quiet passage from thence, and the return of every one to his own country.
E e A R T I
ARTICLE XIX. In case the subjects and inhabitants of either party, with their (hipping, whether public and of war, or private and of merchants, be forced through stress of weather, pursuit of pirates or enemies, or any other urgent necessity, for seeking of shelter and harbour, to retreat and enter into any of the rivers, bays, roads, or ports belonging to the other party, they shall be received and treated with all humanity and kindness, and enjoy all friendly protection and help; and they shall be permitted to refresh and provide themselves at reasonable rates with victuals and all things needful for the sustenance of their persons, or reparation of their ships, and conveniency of their voyage, and they shall no way* be detained or hindered from returning out of the said ports or roads, but may remove and depart when and whither they please, without any let or hindrance.
For the better promoting of commerce on both tides, it is agreed, that if a war should break out between the said two nations, six months after the proclamation of war shall be allowed to the- merchants in the cities and
towns towns where they live, for selling and transporting their goods and merchandizes; and if any thing be taken from them, or any injury be done them within that term, by either party, or the people or subjects of either, full satissaction shall be made for the same.
No subject os the Most Christian King mall apply for or take any commission or letters of marque for arming any ship or ships to act as privateers against the said United States or any of them, or" against the subjects, people, or inhabitants of the said United States or any of them, or against the property of any of the inhabitants of any of them, from any Prince or State with which the United States shall be at war; nor shall any citizen, subject, or inhabitant of the said United States, or any of them, apply for or take any commission or letters of marque for arming any ship or ships to act as privateers against the subjects of the Most Christian King, or any of them, or the property of any of the inhabitants of any of them, from any Prince or State with which the United States shall be at war; nor shall any citizen, subject, or inhabitant of the said E e 2 United United States, or any of them, apply for or take any commission or letters of marque for arming any ship or mips to act as privateers against the subjects of the Most Christian King, or any of them, or the property of any of them, from any Prince or State with which the said King mall be at war; and if any person of either nation shall take such commission or letters of marque, he shall be punished as a pirate.
ARTICLE XXII. It shall not be lawful for any foreign privateers, not belonging to the subjects of the Most Christian King, nor citizens of the said United States, who have commission from any other Prince or State at enmity with either nation, 'to fit their ships in the ports of either the one or the other of the aforesaid parties, to fell what they have taken, or in any other manner whatsoever to exchange their ships, merchandizes, or any other lading; neither shall they be allowed even to purchase victuals, except such as shall be necessary for their going to the next port of that Prince or State from which
they have commissions.
ARTICLE XXIII. It (hall be lawful for all and singular the subjects of the Most Christian King, and the citizens, people, and inhabitants of the said United States, to sail with their ships with all manner of liberty and security, no distinction being made who are the proprietors of the merchandize laden thereon, from any port to the places of those who now are or hereafter shall be at enmity with the Most Christian King or the United States. It shall likewise be lawful for the subjects and inhabitants aforesaid to sail with the ships and merchandizes aforementioned, and to trade with the same liberty and security from the places, ports, and havens of those who are enemies of both or either party, without any opposition or disturbance whatsoever, not only directly from the places of the enemy aforementioned to neutral places, but also from one place belonging to an enemy to another place belonging to an enemy, whether they be under the jurisdiction of the same prince or under several. And it is hereby stipulated, that free ships shall also have a freedom to carry goods, and that eve ry thing shall be deemed free and exempt which (hall be found on board the ships belonging
E e 3 to