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United States in Congress assembled Mall from time to time direct and appoint. The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several States within the time agreed upon by the United States in Congress assembled.
ARTICLE IX. The United States in Congress assembled shall have the fole and exclusive right and power of determining on peace and war, except in the cases mentioned in the sixth article ; of sending and receiving Ambassadors ; entering into treaties and alliances, provided that no treaty of commerce shall be made, whereby the legislative power of the respective States shall be restrained from imposing such imposts and duties on foreigners, as their own people are subjected to, or from prohibiting the exportation or importation of any species of goods or commodities whatsoever : of establishing rules for deciding in all cases, what captures on land or water shall be legal, and in what manner prizes taken by land or naval forces in the service of the United States shall be divided or appropriated; of granting letters
of marque and reprisal in times of peace ; appointing courts for the trial of piracies and felonies committed on the high seas; and establishing courts for receiving and determining finally appeals in all cases of captures, provided that no member of Congress shall be appointed a judge of any of the said courts.
2. The United States in Congress assembled shall also be the lait resort on appeal in all difputes and differences now subfisting, or that hereafter may arise, between two or more States concerning boundary, jurisdiction, or any other cause whatever ; which authority shall always be exercised in the manner following: Whenever the legislative or executive authority or lawful agent of any State in controversy with another, shall present a petition to Congress, stating the matter in question, and praying for a hearing, notice thereof ihall be given by order of Congress to the legislative or executive authority of the other State in controversy, and a day assigned for the appearance of the parties by their lawful agents, who Nall then be directed to appoint by joint consent Commissioners' or Judges to constitute a court for hearing and determining the matter in ques
tion ; but if they cannot agree, Congress shall name three persons out of each of the United States, and from the list of such persons each party shall alternately strike out one, the petitioners beginning, until the number shall be reduced to thirteen ; and from that number not less than seven nor more than nine names, as Congress shall direct, shall in the presence of Congress be drawn out by lot; and the per sons whose names shall be so drawn, or any five of them, shall be Commisioners or Judges, to hear and finally determine the controversy, so always as a major part of the Judges, who Thall hear the cause, shall agree in the determination : and if either party shall negle&t to attend at the day appointed, without Thewing reasons which Congress Thall judge sufficient, or being present shall refuse to strike, the Congress shall proceed to nominate three persons out of each State, and the Secretary of Congress shall strike in behalf of such party absent or refusing; and the judgment and sentence of the court to be appointed in the manner. before prefcribed, shall be final and conclusive: and if any of the parties shall refuse to submit to the authority of such court, or to appear or defend their claim
or cause, the court shall nevertheless proceed to pronounce sentence, or judgment, which shall in like manner be final and decisive; the judge ment or sentence and other proceedings being in either case transmitted to Congress, and lodged among the acts of Congress, for the security of the parties concerned : provided, that every Commissioner, before he sits in judgment, Thall take an oath, to be administered by one of the Judges of the supreme or superior court of the State where the cause ihall be tried, “ well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question, according to the best of his judgement, without favour, affection, or hope of reward :" provided also, that no State shall be deprived of territory for the benefit of the United States.
3. All controversies concerning the private, right of foil claimed under different grants of two or more States, whose jurisdictions, as they may respect such lands, and the States which passed such grants, are adjusted; the faid grants, or either of them, being at the same time claimed to have originated antecedent to such fettlement of jurisdiction; shall on the petition of either party to the Congress of the United States, be finally determined, as near as may be, in the same manner as is before prescribed for
deciding disputes respecting territorial jurisdiction between different States. .
4. The United States in Congress assembled shall also have the sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of the respective States ; fixing the standard of weights and measures throughout the United States ; regulating the trade and managing all affairs with the Indians, not members of any of the States, provided that the legislative right of any State within its own limits be not infringed or violated ; establishing and regulating postoffices from one State to another, throughout all the United States, and exacting such postage on the papers passing through the fame, as may be requisite to defray the expences of the said office ; appointing all officers of the land forces in the service of the United States, excepting regimental officers ; appointing all the officers of the naval forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service of the United States ; making rules for the government and regulation of the said land and naval forces, and directing their operations, C 3