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of the State of New-York, represented in Senate and Assembly." And that all writs and other proceedings mall run in the name of" the People of the State of New-York," and be tested in the name of the Chancellor or Chief Judge of the court from whence they shall issue.

XXXII. And this Convention doth further, in the name and by the authority of the good people of this State, ordain, determine, and declare, that a court shall be instituted for the trial of impeachments, and the correction of errors, under the regulations which shall be established by'the legislature; and to consist of the President of the Senate for the time being, and the Senators, Chancellor, and Judges of the Supreme Court, or the major part of them; except, that when an impeachment mall be prosecuted against the Chancellor, or either of the Judges of the Supreme Court, the person so impeached shall be suspended from exercising his office until his acquittal: and in like manner, when an appeal from a decree in equity (hall be heard, the Chancellor shall inform the court of the reasons of his decree, but shall not have a voice in the final sentence. And if the cause to be determined shall be brought

up up by writ of error on a question of law, on a judgment in the Supreme Court, the Judges of that court shall assign the reasons of such their judgment, but shall not have a voice for its affirmance or reversal.

XXXIII. That the power of impeaching all officers of the State, for mal and corrupt conduct in their respective offices, be vested in the Representatives of the People in Assembly; but that it shall always be necessary that twothird parts of the Members present shall consent to and agree in such impeachment. That previous to the trial of every impeachment, the Members of the said court shall respectively be sworn, truly and impartially to try and determine the charge in question, according to evidence; and that no judgment of the; said court shall be valid, unless it be assented to by two-third parts of the Members then present; nor^ shall it extend sarther than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any place of honour, trust or profit under this State. But the party so convicted, shall be, nevertheless, liable and sub-ject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to the laws of the land.


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XXXIV. And it is further ordained, that in every trial on impeachment or indictment for crimes or misdemeanors, the party impeached or indicted shall be allowed counsel, as in civil actions.

XXXV. And this Convention doth further, in the name and by the authority of the good people of this State, ordain, determine, and declare, that such parts of the common law of England, and of the statute law of England and Great-Britain, and of the acts of the legislature of the Colony of New-York, as together did form the law of the said Colony on the 19th day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventyfive, shall be and continue the law os this State; subject to such alterations and provisions, as the legislature of this State (hall from time to time make concerning the same. That such of the said acts as are temporary, shall expire at the times limited for their duration respectively. That all such parts of the said common law, and all such of the. said statutes, and acts aforesaid, or parts thereof, as may be construed to establish or maintain any particular denomination of Christians or their Ministers, or concern the allegiance heretofore yielded

ed to, and the supremacy, sovereignty, government, or prerogatives, claimed or exer-» cised by the King of Great-Britain and his predecessors over the Colony of New-York* and its inhabitants, or are repugnant to this Constitution, be, and they hereby are, abrogated and rejected. And this Convention doth further ordain, that the resolves or resolutions of the Congresses of the Colony of NewYork and of the Convention of the State of New-York now in force, and not repugnant to the government established by this Constitution, shall be considered as making part of the laws of this State; subject, nevertheless* to such alterations and provisions as the legislature of this State may, from time to time, make concerning the same.

XXXVI. And be it further ordained, that all grants of land within this State, made by the King of Great-Britain, or persons acting under his authority, after the fourteenth day of October, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, shall be null and void: but that nothing in this Constitution contained, shall be construed to affect any grants of land, within this State, made by the authority of the


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said King or his predecessors, or to annul any charters to bodies politic, by him or them, Or any of them, made prior to that day. And that none of the said charters shall be adjudged to be void, by reason of any non-user or mis-user of any of their respective rights or privileges, between the nineteenth day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, and the publication of this Constitution. And further, that all such of the officers described in the said charters respectively, as by the terms of the said charters were to be appointed by the Governor of the Colony of New-York, with or without the advice and consent of the Council of the said King in the said Colony, shall henceforth be appointed by the Council established by this Constitution for the appointment of officers in this State, until otherwise directed by the legislature.

XXXVII. And whereas it is of great inu portance to the safety of this State, that peace and amity with the Indians within the same be at all times supported and maintained; and whereas the frauds too often practised towards the said Indians, in contracts made for

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