« ZurückWeiter »
For the City and County of New-York, nine.
The City and County of Albany, ten.
The County of Dutchess, seven.
The County of Westchester, Jlx.
The County of Ulster, Jix.
The County of Suffolk>u/?W.
The County of Queen's, four.
The County of Orange,sour.
The County of King's, two.
The County of Richmond, two.
The County of Tryon, six.
The County of Charlotte, four.
The County of Cumberland, three.
The County of Gloucester, two.
V. That as soon after the expiration of seven years subsequent to the termination of the present war as may be, a census of the electors and inhabitants in this State be taken, under the direction of the legislature. And if on such census it shall appear that the number of Representatives in Assembly from the said Counties is not justly proportioned to the number of Electors in the said Counties respectively, that the legislature do adjust and apportion the same by that rule. And further, that once in every seven years after the taking of the said first census, a just account of the Electors resident in each county shall be taken; and if it shall thereupon appear that the number of. Electors in any county shall have encreased or diminished one or more seventieth parts of the whole number of Electors which on the said first census shall be found in this State, the number of Representatives for such county shall be encreased or diminished accordingly, that is to say, one Representative for every seventieth part as aforesaid.
VI. And whereas an opinion hath long prevailed among divers of the good people of this State, that voting at elections by ballot, would tend more to preserve the liberty and equal freedom of the people than voting viva voce: to the end, therefore, that a fair experiment be made, which of those two methods of voting is to be preferred:
Be it ordained, that as soon as may be after the termination of the present war between the United States of America and Great Britain, an act or acts be passed by the legislature of this State, for causing all elections thereafter to be held in this State, for Senators and Representatives in Assembly, to be by ballot, and directing the manner in which the same shall be
conducted. And whereas it is possible, that after all the care of the legislature in framing the said act or acts, certain inconveniencies and mischiefs, unforeseen at this day, may be found to attend the said mode of electing by ballot:
It is further ordained, that if after a full and sair experiment shall be made of voting by ballot aforesaid, the same shall be found less conducive to the safety or interest of the State than the method of voting viva voce, it shall be lawful and constitutional for the legislature to abolish the same: provided two-thirds of the Members present in each House respectively shall concur therein : And further, that, during the continuance of the present war, and until the legislature of this State shall provide for the election of Senators and Representatives in Assembly by ballot, the said elections shall be made viva voce.
VII. That every male inhabitant of full age, who shall have personally resided within one of the counties of this State for fix months im«mediately preceding the day of election, stiall, at such election, be intitled to vote for Representatives of the said county in Assembly, is, during the time aforesaid, he ihall have been a freeholder possessing a freehold of the value of
twenty pounds, within the said county, or have rented a tenement therein of the yearly value of forty shillings, and been rated and actually paid taxes to this State: Provided always, that every person who now is a freeman of the city of Albany, or who was made a freeman of the city of New-York, on or before the fourteenth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, and shall be actually and usually resident in the said cities respectively, shall be entitled to vote for Representatives in Assembly within his said place of residence.
VIII. That every elector, before he is admitted to vote, shall, if required by the returning officer, or either of the inspectors, take an oath, or, if of the people called Quakers, an affirmation of allegiance to the State.
IX. That the Assembly thus constituted shall choose their own Speaker, be judges of their own Members, and enjoy the same privileges, and proceed in doing business in like manner as the Assemblies of the colony of New-York of right formerly did; and that a majority of the said Members shall, from time to time, constitute a House to proceed upon business.
L. X. And
X. And this Convention doth further, in the name and by the authority of the good people of this State, ordain, determine,and declare, that the Senate of the State of New-York shall consist of twenty-four freeholders, to be chosen out of the body of the freeholders, and that they be chosen by the freeholders of this State possessed of freeholds of the value of one hundred pounds over and above all debts charged thereon.
XI. That the Members of the Senate be elected for four years, and immediately after the first election, they be divided by lot into four classes, six in each class, and numbered one, two, three and four; that the feats of the Members of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the first year, the second class the second year, and so on continually; to the end that the fourth part of the Senate, as nearly as possible, may be annually chosen.
XII. That the election of Senators shall be after this manner: that so much of this State as is now parcelled into counties, be divided into four great districts; the southern district to comprehend the city and county of NewYork, Suffolk, Westchester, King's, Queen's, and Richmond counties; the middle district to