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This plan

is governed on this occasion by interested individuals. The controversy between Pennsylvania and Connecticut will, I suppose, be now resumed, and put into a course for decision, the return of Mr. Root having removed the cause which suspended it.

In the beginning of this month, committees were appointed, in pursuance of a previous resolution for such an appointment every half-year, to examine into the proceedings of the several Executive Departments, and make report to Congress. was adopted not only to discharge the general duty of Congress, and to satisfy their constituents, but also that such reports might shelter, in some degree, faithful officers from unmerited imputations and suspicions, as well as expose to just censure those of an opposite character. For reasons which will occur to you

2. 22. 15. 12. 12. 16. 19. 17. 17. 15. 25. 18. 24. 6. 12. 7. 21. 5. 7. the Department of Finance. The 2. 22. 15. 12. 12. 6. is endeavoring, I am told, contrary to the object in view, to go into an investigation of the 1. 22. 26. 12. 14. 26. 10. 5. 11. 6. 12. 27. 3. 20. 1. 3. allowed by Congress.

All the movements of 2. 23. 15. 12. 12. 6. are pointed, directly or circuitously, either to 11. 22. 3. 1. 16. 13. 26. 18. 10. 25. 12. 18. 24. 1. 11. This cypher, I find, is extremely tedious, and liable to errors.

General Carleton, in his letter to General Washington above quoted, says, with respect to Lippencot only, that the court had passed their judgment, and that as soon as the length of the proceedings would admit, a copy should be sent to him. It is inferred that this murderer will not be given up, and consequently a vicarious atonement must be made by the guiltless Asgill.

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TO EDMUND RANDOLPH.

Philadelphia, July 23, 1782. DEAR SIR,

I have at length the pleasure of presenting you with certain, though not official, intelligence of the recognition of our Independence by the States General. This event, with other interesting particulars, is contained in the enclosed gazettes. Among its salutary consequences to this country, I hope the people of Virginia will not be inattentive to its influence on the value of its staple, on which it is very probable speculations will be attempted.

The language and measures of the present Administration will furnish you with copious matter for reflection. If we had received fewer lessons of caution against sanguine expectations, I should, with confidence, explain them by a scheme for a general pacification, and for fathering on their predecessors all the obnoxious conditions which the public distresses may expose them to. If this solution were a just one, it ought, at the same time, to be remembered that the triumph of Rodney may give a new turn to their politics. It appears, from the paper from which the enclosed intelligence is republished, that this event had reached London; that it was received with great rejoicings; but that the public were still haunted with fears for Jamaica. Other articles, not included in the paper herewith sent, are the capture of one, if not two, French seventy-fours, with a number of transports for the East Indies, by Admiral Barrington; the capture of a British frigate, with some transports, by a Dutch ship of war; the

VOL. I. 10*

capture of the valuable Island of Ceylon, from the Dutch, by Admiral Hughes; and of Negapatam, another of their important possessions, on the coast of Coromandel, with two ships, richly freighted with spices and other oriental productions. Ireland is likely to be indulged in every thing. In addition to a free trade and a free legislation, they have obtained the assent of the Lord Lieutenant to an Act of Parliament for emancipating the Catholics from their shackles on their religious rights, and on their tenures of real property. Your philanthropy will be gratified by my adding, as other proofs of the progress of light and freedom, the abolition of the inquisitorial jurisdiction in Sicily--the only part of the Neapolitan dominions where it was in force,and the inefficiency of the Pope's visit to Vienna in checking the liberal innovations of the Emperor in his ecclesiastical polity.”

The news from Holland has much emboldened the 3. 21. 12. 25. 6. 3. 17. 22. 18. 25. 15. 26. 21. 15. 24. 2. 13. 10. 5. 7. 15. 10. 12. 17. 23. 2. 1. 19. 13. 10. 2. 2. that it might be considered as the 3. 23. 22. 15. 27. 12. 4. 22. 6. 10. 2. 11. 8. 26. 22. 6. 14. 8. 5. 1. 12. 12. Yesterday I was reminded 27. 5. 21. 18. 23. 26. 25. 16. that 4. 25. 13. 6. 8. 10. 16. 26. 15. 25. 17. 16. 26. 12. 2. 16. 12. 4. 12. 2. 2. in restoring the 27. 8. 15. 3. 9. 26. 21. 16. 11. 17. 18. 15. 17. 22. 15. 13. 3. 26. Soon 26. 13. 5. 24. 15. 7. 3. 13. 11. 16. 6. 12. 8. 6. 26. 13. 19. 17. 24. 25. 14. 25. 27. 8. 12. 17. 16. 5. 1. 12. 12. 13. 27. 10. 15. 3. 10. 27. 6. 16. 7. 11. 17. 10. 6. 12. 14. 5. 27. 2. commission and 7. 21. 4. 12. 15. 19. 10. 5. 1. 12. 12. 26. 18. 7. 15. 14. 12. 13. 22. 2. The plan is to 3. 4. 15. 4. 18. 2. 12. 18.-6.-24-7-5-12

12-12 with 2. 25. 13. 15. the others from the 2. 16. 3. 24. 27. 18. 16. 27. 6. 12. 4. 13. 20. 12. 10. 17. The 12. 22. 5. 24. 16. of 11-26. 13. 10. 2. 26. 19. 4. 7. to be 26. 27. 5. 20. 27. 9. 12. 16. These and some other 17. 5. 25. 8. 17. 13. 20. 4. strongly 14. 22. 3. 12. 2. 12. 11. 13. 10. 2. 20. 16. 7. 20. 9. of 14. 8. 3. 12. 23. 15. 17. 20. 17. 17. I earnestly wish we had 23. 22. 6. 10. 25. 7. 11. in 16. 12. 1. 10. 2. 17. 26. 21. 6. 4. 18. 15. 17. 5.

General Washington is still here. I have nothing to add to my last on the subject of Lippencot and Asgill.

TO EDMUND RANDOLPH..

Philadelphia, July 30, 1782. DEAR SIR,

I was not mistaken in my 7. 21. 5. 1. 10. 26. 27. 21. 7. 11. 18. 15. 13. 12. 25. 12. 8. 5. 12. 25. 1. 18. 10. 11. 14. 24. 10. 26. 11. 17. 7. the 10. 8. 4. 12. 27. 13. 20. 25. 1. 16. 17. 16. 27. 6. and 7. 21. 4. 12. 15. 19. 10. 5. 1. 12. 12. 26. relative to 14. 12. 13. 22. 2. 13. 21. 8. 24. 1. 12. 12. 4. 23. 25. 23. last the 11. 22. 5. 1. 12. 12. 3. 13. 11. 10. 26. 11. 17. 21. 22. 11. 25. 24. 24. 2. and 17. 12. 15. 7. 11. 2. 12. 16. by 27. 19. 13. 6. 1. at 4. 16. 3. 11. 17. 27. 1. 5. afterwards 27. 5. 13. 5. 2. 11. 9. 17. 10. 3. 16. 22. 25. 5. 25. 17: the 16. 1. 24. 24. 3. 13. 25. 3. 24. 27. 13. 21. 4. 1. 1.-12. so requiring. Not a word 21. 8. 4. 11. 25. 7. 11. against 18. 15. 17. underscored in the third line. The arguments on the other point were drawn from a source which need not be pointed out to you. An 26. 11. 22. 7.

18. 16. 21. 25. 24. 11. 18. 8. 3. 10. 2. 17. 27. 17. 23. 17. 6. 12. 16. 24. 26. 26. 26. 27. 17. An intended 16. 12. 26. 24. 20. 26. 19. 8. 20. 16. 26. 21. 26. 7. 18. 12. 10. 17. 23. 26. 19. 27. 20. 20. 16. 12. 22. 5. 17. 2. 18. 27. 13. 3. 2. 12. 23. 24. 20. 27. 3.

I have found means hitherto of parrying the 26. 27. 5. 20. 27. 9. 22. 26. the 12. 22. 5. 24. 16. 13. 13. 25. 7. 15. 16. 16. 4. My 1. 22. 24. 4. 2. 26. 14. 6. 24. 16. 6. 8. 7. 24. 15. 3. 23. 17. 20. 17. 3. 11. 24. 17, pressed the necessity of an 26. 10. 5. 7. 3. 1. 22. 26. 26. 15. 3. 26. 4. for 16. 8. 5. 1. 3. 23. 16. 26. 26. 17. 6. 12. 15. 7. 11. 20. 12. 26. 12. 6. 13. 21. on that subject, be 18. 3. 17. 24. 11. him and the 26. 26. 4. 24. 10. 27. 19. 10. os. 18. 12. 26. 11. 6. 27. 19. 10. 25. but 16. 12. 13. 4. 9. 23. to bring the 17. 1. 14. 2. 2. 1. 27. 14. 24. 3. 13. 25. 17. 22. 12. 12. 14. 3. 24. 16. 17. At present 27. 19. 13. 6. 1. 17. 12. 17. 5. 16. to decline the object, as having an 7. 19. 24. 12. 2. 12. 11. 17. 6. 27. 23.

All the movements of 2. 23. 15. 12. 12. 6. are pointed, directly or circuitously, either to 11. 22. 3. 1. 16. 13. 26. 18. 10. 25. 12. 18.24. 1. 11. This cypher, I find, is extremely tedious, and liable to errors.

General Carleton, in his letter to General Washington, above quoted, says, with respect to Lippencot only, that the court had passed their judgment, and that as soon as the length of the proceedings would admit, a copy should be sent to him. It is inferred that this murderer will not be given up,

and consequently a vicarious atonement must be made by the guiltless Asgill. *

• The key to the cypher used in the above and two preceding letters could not be found.-EDITOR.

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