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ter—a conspicuous unity of aim and a moment the solemnity of such conequal devotion of patriotism-a love of templations, by turning aside to notice England, and of all that is implied the vulgar herds of faction which suse in that venerable name, which no cessively arrayed themselves in resistcaprice of fortune could abate or ex. ance to the royal and illustrious tinguish. Together they walked in champions of their country's independnoble sincerity of purpose, and heroic ence and fame. It has now pleased energy of resolution, throughout the fate to round the course of our late darkest periods of our modern history monarch's earthly career, without hav. -struggling to defend the ark of the ing permitted them to make any senBritish constitution, and the majesty sible breach upon its magnificent conof the British name, against the storms tinuity; and the sceptre which has by which they were assailed-main- dropped from his hand has been taining the native hue of courage and transferred to a successor, who will constancy amid the wreck of empire never bend it to their fantastic inand the desolation of the civilized solence and presumption. Be it world—and putting their humble but their bitter portion to remember, that assured trust in the immortal energy they struggled to embarrass the career of principle, of which it did not please of a prince who was justly revered as the Providence that they should witness idol of his people, and that they struge the final triumph, but which, through gled in vain-and that his fame is now the prevailing power of their spirit

and equally beyond the scope of their patheir example, was destined, at last, negyric and invective-for it is recordto hold its rejoicings over the honoured ed in the triumph of all generous printomb of the great minister, and around ciple, and the glory of a mighty people, the unconscious solitude of his royal whose regrets now gather round his and revered master.

tomb, while their affections shall beam We cannot think of disturbing for for ever upon his blessed memory.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

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Connexion of Moon and Weather.- that so abound in the calcareous forma. Dr Olbers denies that any connexion be- tions of Lower Normandy. One stratum tween the changes of the moon and of the in the vicinity of Caen is almost entirely weather is ever observable in the north of composed of them. They are in perfect Germany; and he asserts that, in the course conservation; and, from the singular chaof an extensive medical practice, continued racters which they exhibit, M. Lamouroux for a number of years, with his attention gives figures of the natural size, with some constantly directed to the lunar periods, he essential parts magnified by the aid of ophas never been able to discover the slightest tical glasses. The work will be of use to connexion between those periods and the geologists, by making them acquainted with increase or decrease of discases, or their antediluvian animals of a description not symptoms.

visible or known at present. Some constiGreenland. --Gieske, the mineralogist, af. tute new genera, and others belong to known ter a residence of eight years, draws a som- genera : among these latter are sponges, brous picture of the colony of East Green. and other animals of a similar kind. The land, which he visited and explored to the work will include a figure and description 62d degree of latitude. He is confident, of the fossile crocodile that has been disfrom the information given him by the na- covered near Caen. tives, that at present that rigorous coast is State of German Literature in Sweden. not inhabited, or even habitable, beyond German literature has been very much cul. the 64th degree at farthest; and that it tivated of late years in Sweden. Excluwould be difficult, if not impossible, to pe. sive of a collection of classical German aunetrate further.

thors printed at Upsal, in the original lanSalt Mines of Meurthe. The researches guage (sixty-six volumes in the whole), the for the discovery of rock-salt, which com- best works of various authors have been menced in July last at Moyenire, in the translated into Swedish. department of La Meurthe, is carried on Lalande's Journey to India.-M. de La. to advantage. After exploring to the lande, associate naturalist to the king's depth of 200 feet, and reaching the first garden, Paris, has just set out on his tralayer, which is eleven feet in thickness, vels to the Cape of Good Hope, where the workmen had to perforate a bed of he will pursue his researches in botany, gypsum and clay of 546 feet, when they zoology, and the various departments of came to a second stratum of salt, eight feet natural history. From thence he will proin thickness. It is intended to remove the ceed to India to prosecute the ulterior obresearches to two other neighbouring points, jects of his mission in the Indian Seas. to ascertain the breadth and magnitude of Killing Animals by Carbonic Acid. the whole bed. The two points form a A new method of putting animals to triangle nearly equilateral, each side of death, without pain, has been proposed by which may be about 6 or 700 toises in Dr Thornton ; in consequence of the emlength. One of these points is in the city ployment of which, it is said, the meat of Vic, and the other to the south of it. would look better, last better, keep better, On this latter point, they have already and salt better. These desiderata are propierced to the depth of twenty-five feet of posed to be attained by means of fixed air. vegetable earth : the orifice of each bore is Crocodiles' Flesh an Article of Food 34 inches, which constantly fills up with At Sennaar crocodiles are often brought fresh water. The salt of the first bed is ex- to market, and their flesh is publicly sold tremely white, and transparent as rock-crys- there. I once tasted some of the meat at tal. It is likewise very pure, and free from Esne, in Upper Egypt; it is of a dirty every noxious or terrene substance. The white colour, not unlike young veal, with a second appears to be intermixed with gyp- slight fishy smell ; the animal had been seous or argilaceous substances, but in a caught by some fishermen in a strong net, very small proportion. This salt is brown, and was above twelve feet in length. The not unlike a clouded flint; both the kinds Governor of Esne ordered it to be brought are very compact, well crystallized, the frac. into his court-yard, where more than a hun. tures cubical, and the saline taste superior dred balls were fired against it without any to that of any salt obtained by evaporation. effect, till it was thrown upon its back, and It contains but very little of muriate of the contents of a small swivel discharged at magnesia, or of sulphate of time.

its belly, the skin of which is much softer Work on Petrifactions.---M. Lamou. than that of the back.---Burckhardt's roux, Professor of Natural History in the Travels. Royal Academy of Caen, is about pub. Remarkable Phenomena at Christiana.. lishing a work' (with 40 plates), contain. The following curious details have been ing some account of the marine polypi received from Christiana, in Norway :-

Roberts, C. Gurney Slade, Somersetshire, inn- Smith, I. D. St G. Rotherhithe, cork-manufacturer keeper

Thompson, C. Halifax, watch-glass-cutter
Roberts, W. Chowbent, Lancashire, innkeeper Thackara, J. Maltby, millwright
Reed, C. Plymouth, merchant

Taylor, M. Long-lane, dealer in cotton
Ray, J. & Ray, J. R. Clare, Suffolk, bankers Townsend, w. Sheffield, builder
Read, G. R. Barbican-court, merchant

Taylor, J. Hedon, mariner
Roberts, J. Leeds, woolstapler

Thompson H. & Moses, T. Rotherhithe, wineRiley, J. Leicester, gri cer

merchants Rabbeth, W. Red-Lion-passage, Red-Lion-square Trustrum, J. Grove, Great Guildford-street, car. Sendall, J. Fulham, horse-dealer

penter Sorrell, R. B. Kirby-street, printer

Twiddy, G. Bread-street-hill, oil and colourman Sharrock, P. T. Preston, musie-vender

Tvler, J. Petworth, spirit-merchant Story, T. Hunworth, miller

Whittield, W. P. Commercial-ruad, porter and wide Smith, T. Leeds, worsted-spinner

merchant
Sidney, R. Newman-street, Oxford-road, picture. Womack, J. W. Norwich, linen-draper
dealer

Wood, J. Walsall, factor
Scott, A. John-street, Commercial-road, dealer Wynn, w. Dean-strect, Soho, watch-maker
Shopbridge, W. Marden, Kent, fariner

Wheeler, H. sen. Flandford-forum, Dorsetshire, Sinclair, J. Brighthelmstone, bookbinder

butcher Swaine, J. Bristol, dealer

Worrall, W. Liverpool, merchant Sellers, H. Burnley, cotton-spinner

Whitley, J. Dubb, Bingley, worsted-spinner Scott, J. Fore-street, corn dealer

Watters, S. Berinondsey, anchorsinith Siinpson, C. Stretford, nurseryman

Wrathell, C. C. Lancaster, dealer in coals Skinner, S. Sharpe's buildings, Rosemary-lane, Want, J. Russell.place, surgeon slopseller

Young, J. Laystal-street, milkman.

ALPHABETICAL List of Scotch BANKRUPTCIES, announced between Ist and 31st

January 1820, extracted from the Edinburgh Gazette.

Attwell, W'm, brush and basket maker, Glasgow

DIVIDENDS. Alexander, John, distiller, Linlithgow Brown, Robert, horse and cattle-dealer and grazier, Francis Garbett & Co. late of Carron Wharf; a diGlasgow

vidend on 15th February Byers, Richard, & Co. spirit-dealers, Glasgow Gillies, Colin, merchani, Brechin; a dividend on Douglas, G. Newcastleton, Dumfries-shire

14th February Drummond, J. architect and builder, Oban

Lawrie, Andrew & Son, upholsterers, Edinburgh; Erskine, Wm, merchant and spirit-dealer, Glasgow a dividend on 28th February Harkness, Thomas, Esq. of Balthinore, wool and M*Farlane, Rennie, & Co. merchants, Glasgow; a

timber-merchant, residing at Garrachovan, Cowal dividend on 14th February Jamieson, Andrew, merchant, Turriff

Macharg & Wallace, merchants, Ayr; a dividend Laird, Anthony, cooper and fish-curer, Leith

on 8th February M.Ewen, Archibald, merchant and grocer, Glasgow Petrie, James. jun. merchant, Aberdeen; a divi. Paterson, John, skinner and tanner, Spoutmouth, dend on 14th February Glasgow

Scott, J. sen. & Co. merchants and agents, Glas Thomson, John, Robroyston, flesher, cattle and gow; a dividend on 11th March horse dealer, Calton, Glasgow

Sheriff, Robert, manufacturer, Glasgow ; a diviWhite & Downie, merchants, Glasgow

dend on 16th February. Woodman & Lookup, tanners and skinners, Dum

fries

S.

per 70 lbs.

London, Corn Exchange, Jan. 31.

Liverpool, Feb. 5.
S.

8. Whcat,
8. d. s. d.

$. d. Wheat, red, new 56 to 60 Boilers

16 to 48

Pease, grey 56 0 to 40 Fine ditto. 60 to 63 New.

- to

Boiling . 4.5 0 to 52 0
Superfine ditto 64 to 67 | Small Beans . 40 to 4.! English, new 9 0 to 10 9 Flour, Eng. pr. 280 lb.
White
56 to 60 | Tick

35 to 35 American.
8 3 to 9 0 Fine

540 to 56 0 Fine ditto . . 62 to 66 Foreign 36 to 38 Dantzic 9 6 to 10 0 Irishp.240lb.4 i 0 to 45 Superfine

68 to 71 Feed Oats 19 to 21 Dutch Red 0 0 to 0 0 Amer. p. 196 lb. Old ditto ... 75 to 78 Fine

21 to 23 Riga . . . . 8 0 to 8 5 Do, in bond 34 0 to 33 0 Rye

... 30 to 32 Poland do 29 to 24 Archangel . 7 6 to 7 9 Sour 34 0 to 36 0 Barley . 28 to 31 Fine.

25 to 27 Canada ... 0 0 to 0 0 Oatmeal, per 240 lb. Fine . 32 to 34 Potato do... 21 to 26 Scotch

. 90 to 9 6 English 35 0 to 35 0 Superfine . . . 3.5 to 37| Fine

27 to 29 Irish, new

8 6 to 9 3 Scotch

... 28 0 to 34 0 Malt, . . 50 to 60 Flour, p. sack 55 to 60 Barley, per 60 lbs. Irish

27 0 to 32 0 Fine

65 to 70 Seconds 50 to 55 Eng. grind. · 44 to 16 Bran, p.24 lb. 0 0 to 0 0 Hog Pease . . 10 to 12 North Country 15 to 50 - Malting 50 to 0 0 Maple . 12 to 44 Pollard

20 to 28 Scotch .. 4 6 to 50 Butter, Bcef, &c. White pease 42 to 45 i Bran

8 to

4 0 to 0 0 Butter, per cwt. s.
Seeds, fic.
Foreign 4 0 to 4 3 Belfast

81 to 0 Oats, per 45 lh. Newry .

0 s. English pota. 5 6 to 3 8 Waterford, new O to 0 Must. Brown, 15 to 20 Hempseed .

9 Irish.

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82 to

8.

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Irish, do. . 3 3 to 5 6 Cork, pick. 2d 78 to 0 White 6 to 11 Linseed, crush. to Scotch do. 3 6 to 3 81

70 to 0 Tares.

o to 0 New, for Seed to - Rye, perqr. 36 0 to 38 0 Beef, p. tierce 95 to 105 Turnips.

..14 to 20 Ryegrass, 15 to 10 Malt, p. 9 gls. 100 to 00 Tongu. p. fik. 0 to 0 New O to 0 Clover, Red, 60 to 98 Beans, pr qr.

Pork, p. br). 75 to 84 -Yellow

o to 0-White. 60 to 100 English. : 46 0 to 50 0 Bacon, per cwt. ('arraway.. 48 to 50 Coriander .. 10 to 12 Irish ... 41 0 to 46 0 Short middles 56 to 58 Cinary

80 to 911 Trefoil • 30 to 6 Rapeseed £30 to £0 Hams, dry, U to 0 New Rapeseed, £31 to £35.

3d dry

so forward whilst using this exertion, it expected astronomical facts. The author would be liable to lose its balance, and quit deduces the motion of the whole of our sysits hold, had it only one toe behind ; where. tem from the progressive motion of the sun as, by the contrivance of two, it is enabled itself; a quality which, he says, must be strongly to adhere to the branch.

equally possessed by all the heavenly boPsittacus also has the pedes scansorit, and díes, resulting from the universally acknowis actually a climbing gemus ; yet this con- ledged laws of gravitation. He argues, a firmation does not, in my opinion, in any priori, that from progressive motion rotamanner induce thereto. To say that Par. tion is produced, and, a posteriori, that a rots assist themselves with their beaks in body in free space, having rotation round climbing, would not argue the pedes scanso. its own axis, is a clear indication of its berii to be of no utility. Their real use to ing in progressive movement. This he corthis genus seems to be not only to grasp roborates by the general belief now enter. their food (for the foot of a Parrot serves tained, that our sun and planets are advancthe purpose of a hand in that respect), buting towards the constellation Hercules. The to enable them to step securely from one opinion that the sun has progressive motion, branch to another, and likewise to hang was not entertained till long after its rotasuspended as they often do ; in which case, tory motion was discovered. Captain B. the two toes before, and two behind, certain states his conviction, that if, from the discoly give stability to their hold.

very of the sun's rotation, and the acknow. With respect to the Pici, rather a clumsy ledged universality of gravity, its progrestribe, the very stiff feathers in the tail are of sion had been inferred, when Kepler first material service to prop them up in the act suggested that the planets moved round the of climbing : not so the peder scansorii, forsun by means of its atmosphere, the system the Nuthatch, without them, runs up trees of this philosopher would have obtained imequally well. Of what use then can these mediate and lasting credit, and that the hy. be to the Woodpecker ? I answer, that in pothesis of these bodies being continued in boring trees, in which occupation the bird motion by an original projectile impulse, is often engaged for a considerable length of would not have been resorted to in account. time, its weight is thrown backward, and ing for the phenomena of their motions. thus the supply of two toes behind is ren- Potato.-- The general opinion is, that dered extremely necessary for its support this vegetable is indigenous in America, and What makes me think the wise Author of that it was brought from that Continent to Nature had this end principally in view is, Europe by the Spaniards, soon after the that the Nuthatch, from the want of this discovery of America by Columbus. A fact confirmation, is, when breaking muts, under mentioned in the Transactions of the Linthe necessity of sitting with its head down. nean Society, vol. xii. p. 585, may, perwards. It may be alleged, that its flexible haps, be considered as a corroboration of tail compels it to this position ; but, as I this opinion. Don Jose Pavon, of Madrid, have before observed, it runs up trees with one of the authors of the Flora Peruviana, equal or greater facility than the Woodpeck states, in a letter to Mr Lambert, that he er, notwithstanding this disadvantage. and his companions, Ruiz and Dombey,

It would be a curious circumstance, and had found the potato (Solanum tuberosum) a conclusive argument in my favour, should growing wild in the environs of Lima, and it ever be ascertained that the three-toed fourteen leagues from thence on the coast Woodpecker (picus tridactylus), which has of Peru, as well as in Chili; and that it is only one toe behind, bores trees in the atti- cultivated very abundantly in those countude assumed by the Nuthatch when break- tries by the Indians, who call it papas. ing nuts. REVETT SHEPHARD. Portable Gas Lamp. The ingenious idea

of compressing gas for the purpose of renNilumination of Coal Mines. The inge- dering it portable, and thus adapting it to nious plan for illuminating cities by the various economic purposes, appears to have means of an electrifying machine, appears been suggested by Professor Brande, in a well adapted for the use of coal mines, &c. lecture delivered May 1810. But the merit and bids fair to reduce the number of those of using condensed gas for economical purterrific explosions of such frequent occur- poses, is due to Mr Gordon, who lately obrence in an inflammable atmosphere. The tained a patent for gas lamps, &c. electric fluid, in Professor Meinecke's ap- Phosphoric Acid in Vegetables.-Mr Barparatus, acts on a similar principle to the ry, in making experiments on pharmaceutigalvanic column lately applied to the for- eal extracts obtained by carrying on the mation of a self-moving machine.

evaporation in vaeuo, “became acquainted New Theory of the Motions of the with the singular fact, that phosphoric acid, Planetary System. -A curious commen. in a soluble state, was found in all the extary, or rather an attack upon the received tracts. On further investigation, it was assystem of the planetary motions, has re- certained that this acid, besides that porcently been published, in a smal pamphlet, tion of it which exists as phosphate of lime. by Captain Burney, which is likely to is contained in a vist variety of vegetables. excite the attention of the scientific world, All those which are cultivated seem to conand may lead to the discovery of very un- tain phosphoric salt in greut abundance."

WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.

LONDON. The Second Part of Mr Galt's Life of A manuscript of undoubted authenticity, B. West, Esq. President of the Royal Aca- calculated to excite an extraordinary degree demy, will shortly be published, forming of interest, has just reached this countrythe Life and Works of Nr West subsequent it is already in the hands of a translator, to his arrival in England, compiled from and will be published both in English and materials furnished by himself; with a Por- in the original French during the ensuing trait, from an original picture painted by month; it is entitled, “ DOCUMENTS Mr West some years since.

HISTORIQUES ET REFLEXIONS SUR LE Mr James Wilson has in the press, a GOUVERNEMENT DE LA HOLLANDE Journal of two successive Tours upon the PAR Louis BONAPARTE Ex ROI DE Continent, performed in the years 1816, HOLLANDE.” 1817, and 1818; containing an account of This work contains every event relating the principal places in the south of France; to the political or financial situation of Hol. of the great road over the Alps, and of the land, from the commencement of the reign chief cities and most interesting parts of of Louis until the close of his government ; Italy ; accompanied with occasional Re- Sketches of the invasion of Italy and Expemarks historical and critical.

dition in Egypt, in both of which the author In a few days will be published, Original was present-Relations of most of the imMiscellanies, in prose and verse; by John portant events in Spain, and his refusal of Laurens Bicknell, F.A.S. This volume the crown of that kingdom on the renunciacontains a dedication to the members of a tion of Charles 4th to Ferdinand his son, society instituted under the auspices of the and the formal cession of the latter to Naauthor's late lamented friend, the Rev. Dr poleon--copies of the letters of Charles 4th Burney, and a preface, including strictures to Ferdinand, relating to the conspiracy of upon many of the novel writers of the day. the latter against his father. The hitherto The first subject of the book is a burlesque secret motives of the marriage of the author novel, entitled Sarah Lloyd, in which the with the daughter of the Empress Josephine, heroine and the incidents are placed in a and their subsequent mutual agreement to ludicrous point of view, something in the a separation. The events which occurred on style of "the Musical Travels of Joel Col- the separation of the Emperor Napoleon and lier," written by the author's father. A the Empress Josephine. The various Princomplete analysis of the play of Hamlet cesses proposed to Napoleon, and the reason follows-a plan which the author proposes of his selecting the daughter of the Emperor to pursue with the rest of the plays of of Austria. Numerous characteristic and Shakspeare, if he can find leisure for the highly interesting letters from Napoleon to employment ; and the present specimen the author, exposing his views, situation, and shall be found useful to the readers of our purposes. An indisputable genealogical immortal bard. The burletta of the “ Siege history of}the family of Bonaparte, extracted of Troy," hitherto published anonymously, from various histories of Italy and other and a selection of poems and a drama, form public documents, all of which prove bethe remainder of the volume.

yond doubt the illustrious rank they held in Should the present volume be fa- Italy even in the 12th Century, and it is vourably received by the public, the author somewhat singular that 600 years ago, Anintends to print a small volume of the drolius Bonaparte was Grand Podesta or writings of his late father, the writer of the Governor of Parma, where is now the wife beautiful poem of the Dying Negro, which of Napoleon as Grand Duchess! An im. was the composition of the late Mr Bick- portant letter from the Duc de Cadore, ex. nell,

the barrister, and corrected by the late plaining the intentions of the Emperor reMr Day.

lating to Holland, the various united pro

positions of France and Russia to accommoThe Rev. John Jebb, author of a volume date with England, and a variety of anecof Sermons, is preparing for the press, Cri- dotes of the author of Napoleon and of his tical Observations on Select Passages of the family. New Testament; the style and structure of Although this work may contain many which are examined and illustrated, ac- events already known to the public in a cording to the principles of poetical and general way, yet coming from the hand of sententious parallelism, established in the one who was on a throne, and who had an prelections of the late Robert Lowth, D. D. immediate share in all that occurred, joined Lord Bishop of London.

to his universally acknowledged probity and Mr Fuseli, Professor of Painting in the good faith, form together an unanswerable Royal Academy, is about to reprint his three motive for giving it the preference over Lectures on Painting formerly published every other modern publication, and it is with three additional ones that have not assuredly next in point of interest to a work yet appeared.

from the pen of Napoleon himself. It is

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