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In Troy, there lies the scene. From isles of Greece
The princes orgulous, their high blood chaf'd,
Have to the port of Athens sent their ships,
Fraught with the ministers and instruments
Of cruel war: sixty and nine, that wore
Their crownets regal, from th’ Athenian bay
Put forth toward Phrygia ; and their vow is made
To ransack Troy, within whose strong immures
The ravish'd Helen, Menelaus' queen,
With wanton Paris sleeps; and that 's the quarrel.
To Tenedos they come ;
And the deep-drawing barks do there disgorge
Their warlike fraughtage: now on Dardan plains
The fresh and yet unbruised Greeks do pitch
Their brave pavilions : Priam's six-gated city,
Dardan, and Tymbria, Helias, Chetas, Troien,
And Antenorides, with massy staples
And corresponsive and fulfilling bolts,
Sperr up the sons of Troy.
Now expectation, tickling skittish spirits,
On one and other side, Trojan and Greek,
Sets all on hazard : and hither am I come
A prologue arm’d, but not in confidence
Of author's pen or actor's voice, but suited
In like conditions as our argument,
To tell you, fair beholders, that our play
Leaps o'er the vant and firstlings of those broils,
Beginning in the middle, starting thence away
To what may be digested in a play.
Like or find fault ; do as your pleasures are :


30 Now good or bad, 't is but the chance of war. 15 Spon = bolt. 2 A prologue armid. The person who spoke the prologue usually wore a black cloak, but in some cases a characteristic dress. Before battle plays it would seem that he wore


22 tant = van.


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Scene I. Troy. Before PRIAM's palace.

Enter TROILUS armed, and PANDARUS.
Tro. Call here my varlet ; I 'll unarm again :
Why should I war without the walls of Troy,
That find such cruel battle here within ?
Each Trojan that is master of his heart,
Let him to field ; Troilus, alas ! hath none.

Pan. Will this gear ne'er be mended ?

Tro. The Greeks are strong and skilful to their strength,
Eierce to their skill and to their fierceness valiant;
But I am weaker than a woman's tear,
Tamer than sleep, fonder than ignorance,
Less valiant than the virgin in the night
And skilless as unpractis'd infancy.

Pan. Well, I have told you enough of this : for my part, I 'll not meddle nor make no further. He that will have a cake out of the wheat must needs tarry the grinding.

Tro. Have I not tarried ?
Pan. Ay, the grinding ; but you must tarry the bolting.
Tro. Have I not tarried ?
Pan. Ay, the bolting, but you must tarry the leavening.
Tro. Still have I tarried.

Pan. Ay, to the leavening ; but here's yet in the word “hereafter” the kneading, the making of the cake, the heating of the oven and the baking; nay, you must stay the cooling too, or you may chance to burn your lips.

Tro. Patience herself, what goddess e'er she be,
Doth lesser blench at sufferance than I do.
At Priam's royal table do I sit ;
And when fair Cressid comes into my thoughts,
So, traitor! “ When she comes !” When is she thence ?

Pan. Well, she look'd yesternight fairer than ever I saw her look, or any woman else.

31 Tro. I was about to tell thee: when my heart, As wedged with a sigh, would rive in twain, Lest Hector or my father should perceive me, I have, as when the sun doth light a storm, Buried this sigh in wrinkle of a smile : But sorrow, that is couch'd in seeming gladness, Is like that mirth fate turns to sudden sadness.


Pon. An her hair were not somewhat darker than Helen's - well, go to - there were no more comparison between the women: but, for my part, she is my kinswoman; I would not, as they term it, praise her: but I would somebody had heard her talk yesterday, as I did. I will not dispraise your sister Cassandra's wit, but

Tro. O Pandarus! I tell thee, Pandarus, -
When I do tell thee, there my hopes lie drown’d,
Reply not in how many fathoms deep
They lie indrench'd. I tell thee I am mad
In Cressid's love : thou answer'st “She is fair;"
Pourist in the open ulcer of my heart

Her eyes, her hair, her cheek, her gait, her voice,
Handlest in thy discourse, O, that her hand,
In whose comparison all whites are ink,
Writing their own reproach, to whose soft seizure
The cygnet's down is harsh and spirit of sense
Hard as the palm of ploughman: this thou tell'st me,
As true thou tell'st me, when I say I love her;
But, saying thus, instead of oil and balm,
Thou lay'st in every gash that love hath given me
The knife that made it.

60 Pan. I speak no more than truth. Tro. Thou dost not speak so much.

Pan. Faith, I 'll not meddle in 't. Let her be as she is: if she be fair, 't is the better for her; an she be not, she has tho mends in her own hands.

Tro. Good Pandarus, how now, Pandarus !

Pan. I have had my labour for my travail ; ill-thought on of her and ill-thought on of you; gone between and between, but small thanks for


labour. Tro. What, art thou angry, Pandarus? what, with me? 70

Pan. Because she's kin to me, therefore she's not so fair as Helen: an she were not kin to me, she would be as fair on Friday as Helen is on Sunday. But what care I? I care not an she were a black-a-moor; 't is all one to me.

Tro. Say I she is not fair ?

Pan. I do not care whether you do or no. She's a fool to stay behind her father; let her to the Greeks; and so I 'll tell her the next time I see her: for my part, I 'll meddle nor make no more i’ th' matter. Tro. Pandarus, –

80 Pan. Not I.

23 An her hair were not somewhat darker, etc. Helen was a golden-haired blonde. “In the old age clark was pot counted fair." Sonnet CXXVII. The beauty of dark eyes and bair in women is a modern discovery.

Tro. Sweet Pandarus,

Pan. Pray you, speak no more to me: I will leave all as I found it, and there an end.

(Ecit Pandarus. An alarum. Tro. Peace, you ungracious clamours! peace, rude sounds! Fools on both sides! Helen must needs be fair, When with your blood you daily paint her thus. I cannot fight upon this argument; It is too starv'd a subject for my

sword. But Pandarus, — O gods, how do you plague me!

I cannot come to Cressid but by Pandar;
And he's as tetchy to be woo'd to woo,
As she is stubborn-chaste against all suit.
Tell me, Apollo, for thy Daphne's love,
What Cressid is, what Pandar, and what we?
Her bed is India; there she lies, a pearl:
Between our Ilium and where she resides,
Let it be call’d the wild and wand'ring flood,
Ourself the merchant, and this sailing Pandar
Our doubtful hope, our convoy and our bark.

Alarum. Enter NEAS.
Æne. How now, Prince Troilus! wherefore not afield ?

Tro. Because not there ; this woman's answer sorts,
For womanish it is to be from thence.
What news, Æneas, from the field to-day ?

Æne. That Paris is returned home and hurt.
Tro. By whom, Æneas?

Troilus, by Menelaus.
Tro. Let Paris bleed : 't is but a scar to scorn ;
Paris is gor'd with Menelaus' horn.

(Alarum. Æne. Hark, what good sport is out of town to-day !

Tro. Better at home, if “would I might” were “may.” 110 But to the sport abroad : are you bound thither?

Æne. In all swift haste.

Come, go we then together. (Exeunt.



SCENE II. The same. A street.


Cres. Who were those went by ?

Queen Hecuba and Helen.
Cres. And whither go they?

Up to the eastern tower,
Whose height commands as subject all the vale,
To see the battle. Hector, whose patience
Is, as a virtue, fix'd, to-day was mov’d:
He chid Andromache and struck his armorer,



And, like as there were husbandry in war,
Before the sun rose he was harness'd light,
And to the field goes he; where every flower
Did, as a prophet, weep what it foresaw
In Hector's wrath.

What was his cause of anger?
Aler. The noise goes, this: there is among the Greeks
A lord of Trojan blood, nephew to Hector;
They call him Ajax.

Good; and what of him?
Aler. They say he is a very man per se,
And stands alone.

Cres. So do all men, unless they are drunk, sick, or have no legs.

18 Aler. This man, lady, hath robb’d many beasts of their particular additions ; he is as valiant as the lion, churlish as the bear, slow as the elephant: a man into whom nature hath so crowded humours that his valour is crush'd into folly, his folly sauced with discretion : there is no man hath a virtue that he hath not a glimpse of, nor any man an attaint but he carries some stain of it: he is melancholy without cause, and merry against the hair: he hath the joints of every thing, but every thing so out of joint that he is a gouty Briareus, many hands and no use, or purblind Argus, all eyes and no sight.

Cres. But how should this man, that makes me smile, make Hector angry?

30 Aler. They say he yesterday cop'd Hector in the battle and struck him down, the disdain and shame whereof hath ever since kept Hector fasting and waking.

Cres. Who comes here?
Alex. Madam, your uncle Pandarus.



Cres. Hector 's a gallant man.
Alex. As


be in the world, lady. Pan. What's that? what's that? Cres. Good morrow, uncle Pandarus.

Pan. Good morrow, cousin Cressid: what do you talk of? Good morrow, Alexander. How do you, cousin? When were you at Ilium?

Cres. This morning, uncle.

Pan. What were you talking of when I came? Was Hector arm'd and gone ere ye came to Ilium? Helen was not up, was she?

Cres. Hector was gone, but Helen was not up.


per 3. = hy himself. (lat.) *2 llium was the citadel of Troy; but Lydgate, having mistakenly made it Priam's palace, s. followed him.

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