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absolute action adopted amending power appertaining articles of confederation authority co-ordinate governments compact concurrent majority confederacy confederation conflict Congress consequence consti constitution and government constitutional governments construction convention counteract course danger decision delegated powers departments division of power effect election encroachments equal eral ernment executive exer exercise existence extent favor federal government federal numbers federal population force former give hence honors and emoluments impeaching implied powers independent individual interests judiciary lative latter laws legislative legislature liberty means ment monarchy necessarily necessary negative numerical majority object opinion oppression and abuse ordained and established organ party plebeians political portion possessed President prevent principle proportion protect provisions question racter ratified reference regarded relation reserved powers resistance respective right of suffrage Roman Republic Senate separate governments sovereign sovereign communities sovereignty sphere stitution stronger tendency tion treaties tution tween Union United vested vote whole
Seite 355 - That to this compact each State acceded as a State, and is an integral party, its co-States forming, as to itself, the other party : That the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers...
Seite 354 - ... in case of a deliberate, palpable and dangerous exercise of other powers, not granted by the said compact, the States who are parties thereto, have the right, and are in duty bound to interpose, for arresting the progress of the evil, and for maintaining, within their respective limits, the authorities, rights, and liberties appertaining to them.
Seite 325 - States, and the decision is against their validity, or where is drawn in question the validity of a statute of, or an authority exercised under any State on the ground of their being repugnant to the Constitution, treaties, or laws of the United States, and the decision is in favor of their validity...
Seite 353 - That this assembly doth explicitly and peremptorily declare that it views the powers of the Federal Government as resulting from the compact to which the States are parties...
Seite 318 - By the twenty-filth section of the judiciary act of seventeen hundred and eighty-nine, it is provided, "that a final judgment or decree in any suit in the highest court of law or equity of a state, in which a decision in the suit could be had...
Seite 208 - No state shall, without the consent of congress, lay any duty on tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.
Seite 206 - To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased, by the consent of the legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and other needful 'buildings.
Seite 136 - In all our deliberations on this subject we kept steadily in our view that which appears to us the greatest interest of every true American, the consolidation of our Union, in which is involved our prosperity, felicity, safety, perhaps our national existence.
Seite 115 - Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and independence, and every power, jurisdiction and right which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States in Congress assembled.
Seite 151 - The idea of a National Government involves in it, not only an authority over the individual citizens, but an indefinite supremacy over all persons and things, so far as they are objects of lawful Government. Among a People consolidated into one Nation, this supremacy is completely vested in the National Legislature.