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how to pray than we.” One evening, the hospital chapel, one of the assailants when in extreme pain, an aged member fractured his arm. The means afterof the Free Church was sent for at his wards employed for his cure not succeedrequest, and passed the whole night with ing, he sent to that very hospital for him in spiritual exercises.

medical aid, which was immediately Another fact which will serve to show granted. One of the victims of that your readers that the persecutors them- brutal conduct which had compelled the selves cannot withhold their confidence closing of the establishment herself wer from the objects of their attack, is this, to attend him as nurse. If God give us which has been related to me by the Di- grace always to overcome evil with good, rector of the Hospital of Echallens. While we shall not despair of our cause. engaged in demolishing the benches of Continental Echo.


to the catechumens, from the month of MODE OF WORSHIP, ENGAGEMENTS

October till the festival of Easter, in OF PASTORS, &c.

thirty exercises of two hours each. The The liturgy in use in this canton is instruction, which is imparted to each that of Zurich, and dates from the last sex separately, is based on the old century. Although perhaps less beauti- Zurich Catechism, which the young peoful as a composition than the liturgy of ple commit to memory, together with Geneva, it is written in a far more ortho- corresponding passages of Scripture. dox strain than most of the modern Confirmation takes place publicly,mat liturgies. In parishes having only one least, in my parish. After singing and Pastor, there is a sermon in the morning, prayer and a sermon addressed to the and catechising or some similar service catechumens, they assemble around the in the afternoon. I regret to say that baptismal font. The vow of confirmathe morning service begins by the read- tion having been recited aloud by the ing of governmental ordinances, an- eldest of the youths, and the Apostles' nouncements of sales by auction of Creed, in like manner, by the eldest of bankrupts' stocks, &c., which is imme- the girls, on behalf of all, and all having diately followed by singing. The Zurich declared aloud their desire to adhere therecollection of hymns is in use in nearly to, I give to each a written souvenir, and, all the parishes. It was published about laying my hands on his or her head, prothe commencement of the present cen- nounce the passage written on the soutury, and except a certain number of venir. The service ends with singing fine spiritual compositions, (though these and prayer. Marriage is always accomare in many cases mutilated,) it contains panied with the celebration of divine little else than insipid Rationalistic pro- service, as on Sundays.

The sermon ductions. The sacrament of baptism is being ended, the Pastor descends from administered between the singing of the the pulpit, and, uniting the hands of the first hymn and the sermon. There are espoused, pronounces the nuptial blessordinarily two godfathers. The admi- ing. In the same manner, a sermon nistration of this sacrament is followed is delivered and full service is performed by prayer and preaching. The Pastors at the funeral of every adult. Panegyrics are left free in the choice of their texts.* and biographies are happily not in vogue, The old Zurich Catechism, a noble me

and are even forbidden in the canton. morial of the seventeenth century, is still The Lord's supper is only celebrated on in use in several parishes. In others, the three great festivals of the Church : there has been introduced a new Cate- the Pastor first partakes of the elements, chism from the same canton, which is after which he hands them to the memnot likely, however, to prove so useful as bers of the presbytery, who assist him in the old one.

In the parish in which the administration of the ordinance; the the writer ministers, instruction is given female part of the congregation partake

* [This is not the case in all foreign Protestant churches. According to the Swedish ritual, for example, “the Clergyman is bound to preach in the forenoon service on the subject of the Gospel of the day, and in the evening service on that of the Epistle. Free texts are allowed only in the early service, where such is performed.” According to this plan, “it is obvious,” remarks Archbishop Wingard, of Sweden, in his “Review," &c. “ of the Church of Christ,"

” “ that the members of the congregation have only a very small part of the holy Scriptures expounded to them.”]



next, and afterwards the men, all in spect to this last matter, there exist old silence. The communicants then walk regulations, which might prove very usetowards the communion table, and with

ful were the presbyters better enabled to draw in a continuous procession, during enforce their execution. the singing of a hyınn or the reading of Scripture. A collection for the poor always takes place at the celebration of Great efforts have been made in this this sacrament. Here, as in other places, respect since 1830. Considerable sums, the church is always full ori sacrament raised by voluntary contributions, have day, even should it be empty on every been expended in the building of eligible other Sunday in the year. I have ordi- school-houses, and the training of Schoolnarily eight hundred communicants on masters : the majority of these last, I the principal day of each festival, while

regret to say, are not actuated by Christhe usual services are attended by from tian principle. The attendance of the three hundred to four hundred persons scholars is, in some of the mountain only.

parishes, very irregular : to whatever The incomes of the Pastors generally cause this be owing, the Pastor desirous vary from between £40 to £70 sterling of maintaining discipline and order finds per annum: it is only in the principal herein a constant source of pain and town that the Pastor's income amounts difficulty. to £90; this includes occasional emolu

ROMISH CHURCH. ments : those engaged in the ministry, therefore, are not likely to make fortunes. The Romish Church embraces only The writer, perhaps, with his £70, has one-eighth of the population, (4,000 just enough, by leading a most simple souls,) scattered over eight different life, to keep himself out of debt. In

parishes, of which

is entirely rather extensive parishes, and which con- Romish. After the religious wars which tain a great number of poor and several followed the Reformation in Switzerland, schools, the Pastor's time is occupied the Roman Catholics of this canton sucin numerous engagements, and he has ceeded in obtaining a distinct jurisdicbut little time left for meditation, study, tion and government, and an amount and (in the highest sense of the phrase) of influence in political affairs almost the cure of souls. At Matt, for example, equal to that possessed by the Protestant the Pastor, besides having to conduct the portion (seven-eighths) of the populaSunday and week-day services, (such as tion. This state of things was those for catechumens,) is the inspector pletely changed by the new constitution of four schools and the President of the of 1836. Since that period there has Commission for the Affairs of the Poor, existed but one government and one which gives occasion to numerous meet- jurisdiction, and the Roman Catholics ings of the presbytery, interviews, and a are now represented in public affairs only rather extensive official correspondence. in proportion to their numbers. The As to the visits paid to the sick, at their Priests, having declined to take the oath own homes, they are well received in my of allegiance to the constitution, were parish; unhappily they are almost wholly deprived of their livings, and banished neglected in this canton, and much zeal the canton, in consequence of which the and courage is required to secure their duties of the Romish parishes have, re-introduction. In short, the life of a since that time, been performed only by Pastor in this country is occupied to Curates. At the present time the Roman a great extent in secular affairs. Apart Catholics possess scarcely any influence from the disadvantages resulting from in the canton. Considerable hostility such a state of things to his studies, to the exists between the two confessions; the spiritual concerns of his flock, and to his more as every native of Glaris seems to own inward religious life, the Pastor has range himself very decidedly either on yet the advantage of being placed at the the side of radicalism or ultramontanism, head of the affairs of his parish in relation which at the present moment rend our to education, the relief of the poor, and lovely country in so distressing a manner. the surveillance of morals. With re- - Continental Echo.





NEW-HEBRIDES. The native Missionaries stationed in into the bush by the way-side, that they the New-Hebrides have been constantly might be concealed from any one who exposed to peril, and the devoted men might pass. The party rushed on the labouring on the Isle of Pines have place where Samuela was at work. He been actually murdered. The particu- was immediately despatched; and the lars of this tragical event have been sup- merciless party proceeded to the house plied by the Rev. Messrs. Murray and where there yet remained one of the Turner, who visited the group in the Mission family. “ John Williams” during the last The wife of Samuela had remained at year :

home, probably to watch their little proWe found that the Teachers had been perty. The blood-thirsty party were killed by the poor deluded people among soon at the house. Nasana, the leader, whom they had laboured. This mourn- entered and proposed to the widow, who ful event transpired, as nearly as was not aware that anything was wrong, could ascertain, about the month of Fe- to become his wife. This, she replied, bruary or March, 1843. The occasion she could never consent to be, as it was of it was the same as that which led to contrary to the will of God. She sought the temporary suspension of the Tana

out some property, however, and offered Mission, the idea so generally enter- it to him, probably observing him much tained by the natives of these islands, excited, and suspecting that all was not that foreigners introduce disease among right. Instead of receiving the gift, he them.

gave a shout, and the savages rushed in On the day it happened, both the upon the poor defenceless woman, and Teachers, Samuela and Apela, with the put her to death. They wound up the daughter of the former, a girl about se- dreadful affair by dividing among themven or eight years of age, had gone to selves the little property that belonged to their plantations, which were some con- the Teachers, burning the house, and apsiderable distance from their dwelling- portioning the bodies among the different house, to do a little work, and take some districts of the island. The bodies of food home. Apela and the girl left first, Samuela and his wife were cooked, and to return home. Samuela remained those of the other victims were sunk in behind, intending soon to follow with the sea. Thus ended this tragical event ; some fire-wood. The former were met thus fell our poor Teachers by the hand on their way by an armed party, and of those for whose welfare they had long murdered. Their bodies were thrown laboured and prayed.-Biblical Review.




The first event of much consequence

The result of this new baptism of the that occurred in our little world during Spirit of holiness was soon felt in our the past year was a revival of spiritual congregations, and among the people religion in the Mission families. For generally. Such is the connexion besome time after our last District-Meet

tween holiness and usefulness, and such ing we were unusually dull in spiritual our obligation to be entirely holy, that things. There was not so good a feel- we may answer all God's designs with ing in our native meetings as we had respect to others. felt during the previous year.

The The conversion of Varani was Lord, however, was pleased to revive event we had long prayed for, and, as his work in our souls, principally by you will see from our Report, was evimeans of our English class-meetings. dently a work of God. He had long In many instances, we have felt much been convinced of the truth of Chrisof the presence of God in these means tianity ; but was prevented from making of grace; and have thereby been strength. a public profession of it, by his connexened for the performance of those du- ion with Seru, the Chief of Bau. He ties which the great Head of the church has long acted as the human butcher of has called us to perform.

this young Chief, who is the Napoleon his purpose,

" Then,'

of Feejee. Varani learned to read during the early part of the year; and, what was of still more importance, he began to pray. Often would he retire into the woods to entreat God to have mercy on his soul. He was, in fact, so fully convinced of his need of a Saviour, that the name of Jesus became very precious to him. If he found, in the course of his reading, a passage which referred to the love of Christ to sinners, he would kiss the book for joy and thankfulness. Two or three Viwa men, who are truly devoted to God, attended to him continually. They frequently spent whole nights in reading, conversation, and prayer. Two of these young men were, at the tine, students in our Institution, and are both now in Circuits. Varani would talk about nothing but religion, either to Heathens or Christians. He was obliged to go to war ; but it was exceedingly against his will. The Lord protected him in a remarkable manner. On one occasion he was ordered to attempt to set fire to a town, and had to approach very near to effect

He was perceived by the enemy, and a musket-ball passed close by his head. He immediately fell on his knees to thank God for his deliverance, not merely from death, but from hell, which he feared much more than death, and which he fully believed would be his portion, if he died without making a public profession of Christianity. He felt that praying, while he still remained a Heathen, would not do, but that he must take up his cross, and follow Christ, as his professed disciple, before he could hope for salvation. This conviction induced him, at length, to inform the Chief of Bau that he must become a Christian.

The Chief, as might be expected, endeavoured to dissuade him from taking such a step, at any rate, at present. This, however, only led Varani to exhort the Chief to join him. Seru, the Chief, knowing the firmness of the man, said no more ; and thus gave an unwilling assent to what he evidently disapproved. All that remained was to take the important step; which is always done, if the person is able, by bowing the knee in the house of God at a public service. Providence, even as to the time of taking this step, evidently interposed. I had published, on the Sunday before Good-Friday, that we should observe that day as a singa tambu, “sacred day,” in honour of the death of our Saviour. Varani heard of this, and determined that this should be the day of his decision. He came early

in the morning to inquire when this day would return. I informed him, of course, not till another year. said he, “I'll become a Christian today.” A short time after, the bell rung for the morning prayer-meeting, which Varani attended, and at which he publicly, to the great joy of many, bowed "before Jehovah's awful throne.”

I observed that the time of his embracing Christianity was evidently an interposition of Providence.

Had he been an hour later, the Bau Chiefs would have suspected him of having embraced Christianity because he was angry, and the whole affair would have had a political aspect, which it was very desirable to avoid. As soon

as he returned from the chapel, a messenger came from Bau to inform him that Komaimbole, a Chief of Lasakau, had been shot during the previous night. This Chief, a man of great rank, had long lived under the protection of Varani, his own people being opposed to him. Finding it impossible to kill him while he remained at Viwa, they pretended to be reconciled to him, in order to persuade him to return to his own town. He went on a visit to them first, intending to remove his family after a while, believing, in part at least, their professions of friendship. One night he was invited to drink yang-gona with some other Chiefs, and, it is said, was warned not to go. He, however, determined to go, as he had been invited. He had taken his bowl of yang-gona, and was sitting down to smoke a Feejeean cigar, when a person from without, employed by the Chief who had invited him to his house, shot him in the breast. He fell at once, and his wicked host rose up with a hatchet-club, to finish the murder.

The father of the fallen Chief, though an old man, rose up to intercede for his son ; but the monster pushed the poor old man away, and, having despatched his son, turned round and killed the father. It was all done in a few moments. They insulted the unfortunate Chief, by cutting his body with knives ; after which, he and his father were buried. This was a most cruel affair, and a great insult to Varani. If he bad heard of it before he had embraced Christianity, probably it might have put him off for some time ; at any rate it would have been the occasion of much misrepresentation and wrong feeling. It was very affecting to see the anxiety manifested by the wives of the murdered Chief to be strangled. One of them came to Varani, while I was in

his house, begging him to despatch her. at once to meet in class. He is now She, however, was too late. They were baptized by the name of Elijah. He is all spared, and are now all professing humble, zealous, and conscientious. He Christians, and some of them are meet- is exeedingly diligent in all the means ing in class. Varani bore the painful of grace, and not ashamed of confessing event like a Christian, and has never Christ before men. He has many enementioned it in my hearing in any way mies, and has need of our prayers and that indicates a desire to be revenged on counsel. May God keep him, and make his enemies.

him as successful a servant of the In a day or two he was married to his Saviour, as he has been of the archprincipal wife, a fine woman.

He began

murderer !--Rev. John Hunt.


A BRIDGE OF MONKEYS.-In ad. By article 8 it is provided that the Gervancing toward the great basin of the man States of the Customs' Union may Llanos, or savannahs of Caraccas, our adhere to the treaty. Article 9 fixes naturalists were amused with the Ara- that the treaty shall take effect from the guatoes, or howling monkeys, which 1st of September next, for five years, and they saw for the first time in numerous continue, afterwards, tacitly in force till bands, moving in procession from one dissolved by a twelvemonth's notice. tree to another, a male being followed by A copy of every work declared is to be many females, several of which carried delivered to the Company of Stationers their young on their shoulders. When in London, and the Minister for Ecclesithey cannot leap from tree to tree, the astical Affairs at Berlin..Gentleman's male that leads the band suspends him. Magazine, self by the callous and reprehensible PRISON AMUSEMENT.- -The Abbé part of his tail, and, dropping the rest of Olivet has described an amusement of his body, swings, till in one of his oscil- Pelisson, during his confinement in the lations he reaches the nearest branch; Bastile, which consisted in feeding a and he is then immediately followed by spider, which he had discovered forming all the rest of the band. Don Ulloa its web in the corner of the small win. ascribes to these animals a still more dow. For some time he placed his flies extraordinary sagacity; and has even at the edge, while his valet, who was given an engraving, which represents with him, played on a bag-pipe; little these monkeys forming a sort of chain by little, the spider used itself to distinwith their tails, so as to reach the oppo- guish the sound of the instrument, and site side of the river. The howl of the issued from its hole to run and catch its Araguatoes is heard at the distance of prey. Thus calling it always by the nearly a mile ; and, according to the same sound, and placing the flies at a Indians, they have always a leader who still greater distance, he succeeded, after chants in a strong voice.-Humboldt. several months, to drill the spider by

INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT.-A regular exercise, so that at length it treaty for the protection of copyright in never failed appearing, at the first sound, books has been concluded with Prussia, to seize on the fly provided for it, even The right of the publisher is to be the on the knees of the prisoner.-Curiosisame in the two States ; but a declara- ties of Literature. tion must be made in the foreign coun- GIGANTIC TREES.- -Quitting Caractry to secure it. Dramatic works are cas, then in its beauty and glory, our included in this disposition. Article 4 travellers commenced their long journey reduces the duty on the importation of of six or seven hundred leagues, to visit Prussian books. All books are to be the banks of the great Oronoko. Crossmarked with a stamp, for recognition at ing the lofty mountains of Los Teques, the Custom-houses. The contracting they found in the deep ravine of the parties reserve to themselves the right of Quebrada Seca, a fallen tree of monexcluding works contrary to good morals. strous size, the Hura Crepitans, which, Article 7 engages to the introduction of though its summit had been burnt, had this stipulation into any treaties which a trunk one hundred and fifty-four feet may be concluded with other States. long, eighteen feet in diameter near the

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