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proofs of your sincere Christian sympa- freedom of will to choose between good thy.

and evil is not so destroyed, but that These chief principles are :

sin, as the act of the free-will, is reck. 1. We believe that God has revealed oned to man. himself to man in a supernatural man- 5. We acknowledge the comfortable

The doctrine of this revelation lies (trostreich) doctrine, that Jesus Christ, in the holy Scriptures of the Old and in whose name alone salvation and blessNew Testament, and we find therein all edness is given to man, has, his that is necessary to salvation. incarnation, (Gottmenschliches leben,) Every man is bound to read the holy innocent sufferings, and death, through Scripture, to search diligently therein; his resurrection and ascension into heaand from its inexhaustible treasures ven, and his exaltation to the right hand

to appropriate to himself. of the Father, accomplished everlasting The holy Scripture is the only acknow- redemption. ledged source of divine truth, and the 6. Through a living faith in Jesus judge (richter) in all Christian confes Christ, through union with him in his sions ; which, therefore, we are only Spirit, do we, with the help of the divine bound to receive so far as they agree grace of the Holy Ghost, become parwith the holy Scriptures.

takers of this redemption, and, receiving 2. The fundamental doctrine of Chris- forgiveness of sins, are considered as tianity is the belief in one God. He has righteous before God. This true living revealed himself to us as the Creator faith is active through love ; and reveals (the Father), the Redeemer (Jesus itself in us and around us, through a Christ), and the Sanctifier (the Holy God-sanctified life. Ghost). When the fulness of time was These fundamental doctrines of our come, God sent, out of fatherly love to Confession are sufficient to indicate the us, Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son, convictions of the heart; to show you, in whom the fulness of the Godhead honoured Sir, that we seek no other dwells bodily, for our salvation and truth, no other holiness, nor righteousredemption. All that the holy Scrip- ness; no other aim or eternal life, than tures teach of God the Father, of the that which is, by God's grace, given to divine nature and excellence of Jesus us in Jesus Christ. This we ourselves, Christ his Son, and of the Holy Ghost, and all who belong to us, ever strive to we also acknowledge and teach.

appropriate to ourselves more and more : 3. God had created man in his own this is, and ever shall be, our strenuous image, in holiness, righteousness, and endeavour. And we care very little for eternal blessedness.

the opposition of those who prefer them. 4. Man did not remain in the circum- selves and their human theories to Jesus stances of innocence and purity in which Christ and his grace, and make these the God created him. Since the fall of chief points of their strivings, and the Adam, sin has entered into humanity; symbols of their Christian profession. and, since then, living man has been With sincere esteem and in brotherly born in sin, and lies under its conse- love, we remain quences. However, we also believe,

Yours affectionately, that, through Adam's fall, and through

(Signed) J. CZERSKI. natural corruption, the image of God in

A. Post. man is not wholly annihilated ; and the Edgware-road, August 20th, 1846.

II.-BELGIUM. DR. MERLE D'AUBIGNE'S SUCCESSOR IN BELGIUM. The Protestant Churches of Belgium of Belgium.” The author's object is to termed "synodal” are supported by the obtain the intervention of the deputies State. The pulpit of one of these, at and lay-members of the several churches, Brussels, formerly occupied by Dr. Merle composing the synodal union, to rescind D'Aubigné, is now filled by M. Ernest a regulation adopted by the Synod at its Vent. This gentleman has published a sitting this year, by which candidates pamphlet entitled, “ Reflections on a for the ministry, who have studied in Decision of the Belgian Protestant Sy- the Theological School of Geneva, are nod, in its Session of 1846, addressed to declared eligible to the pastoral office, in the Members of the Evangelical Church Protestant Churches supported by the State. M. Vent does not conceal the To the faithful disciple of Jesus Christ, real grounds of his antipathy to the reso- who knows that by “Methodism” is lution of the Synod ; namely, the doc- here meant the principles of evangelical trinal principles of the School of Theo- Christianity, the information given by logy, and the views put forth by Dr. M. Vent will be matter of joy and Merle D'Aubigné. He stigmatizes the thanksgiving. The pamphlet will also Universities of Lausanne and Montau. be useful in opening the eyes of many of ban as “Methodistical.”

He compares

M. Vent's hearers, some of whom have the “ soi-disant Ministers" leaving the been deceived by certain scriptural School of Geneva, to pupils quitting the phrases from time to time employed by Colleges of the Jesuits; and ends by re- their Minister on the person and work of proaching his colleagues, not excepting Christ, imagining that there was the spithe reverend President of the Synod, and ritual bond of a common faith between the Synodal Commission, describing the their present and late Pastor. This latter as uniting to introduce “ Method. deception is now at an end.-Continental ism” into the churches of Belgium. Echo.

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The principal topic in the accounts an independent canton, after having from the Canton of Vaud, of the past thrown off the yoke of Berne. To adapt month, is the convocation of the National this form to the new fête, several alteraSynod. This is described as an event of tions were made, most of which had no some importance. Synods of the Church political meaning ; but two of them were of Vaud have been rarely summoned; of a remarkable character. The Council that recently held being, it is believed, of State represented the revolution of the first which has met for upwards of a February as effecting the “emancipacentury.

tion" of the canton, and spoke of “proThe Synod met on the 20th of July, gress as being made since that period. in the hall of the Great Council. There This was rather strong; and the decision were, in all, twenty-seven members. It of the Synod became somewhat importhas been remarked, that none of the ant. After some preliminary business, Ministers called from foreign countries, the propositions of the Council of State to occupy the posts of the seceding Pas- were referred to a Committee of three tors, were invited.

The Synod was persons, who, after a few hours, brought summoned for the purpose of consulting up their report, from which it appeared on the prayers to be used at the fête, that they were divided: the majority, instituted in commemoration of the ac- consisting of the two clerical members, ceptance of the constitution by the peo- demanded the omission of the words ple, on the 10th of August, 1845. The “ emancipation” and “progress;

;" while Council of State, having received full the minority of one, a layman, filling the authority to establish this fête, might office of Chancellor of the Council of have dispensed with the opinion of the State, took the opposite side of the quesSynod ; but it was important to make tion. Discussion commenced ; and it sure of the Clergy, that a disappointment was evident that the dispute would di. like that which took place about a year rectly raise the question, “What was ago, when forty Pastors refused to read the worth of the political revolution of its political proclamation, might not be February, 1845 ? 'Had that revolution again experienced. It had also an ap- emancipated the Vaudois ? Had public pearance of legality ; for the law ordains

prosperity increased since that period ?” that the Synod be consulted on the insti. These questions presented themselves tution of religious festivals and changes before the Synod; their discussion in religious worship. But the Synod seemed inevitable, and a stormy controwere not at the trouble of composing a versy appeared about to commence ; form. The Council of State had adopted when all became changed by the sagathat prepared for the fête formerly cele- city of one of the clerical members, who brated on the 14th of April, in comme- rose to propose the following Resolu. moration of the admission of the Pays de Vaud into the Swiss confederation, as “ Having taken cognizance of the


liturgical form proposed by the Council wished to keep to the letter of the law. of State, for the religious service to be This is well; but the act should have held on the day of the civic fête, estab- been entire. The law enacts that the lished in commemoration of the accept. Synod be consulted when it institutes a ance of the new constitution, the Synod fête. It was therefore obligatory on the is satisfied that the form is the same Council of State to submit to the Synod which was formerly used at the fête of the question of the institution of the fête the 14th of April, with the exception of itself. some alterations relative to political af. “ But what will be the position of the fairs, made to suit the prayer to our Pastor whose mouth gives utterance to existing institutions : considering that words which his conscience disavows; these changes have no reference to devo- who, in invoking the God of truth, will tion, and that the discussion of past speak of emancipation' and 'progress,' events, and civil and political institu- when in the depths of his heart he knows tions under which we live, and upon that there has been neither emancipation which the blessing of God is implored, nor progress ? does not belong to ecclesiastical authori- “ The greater part of the Pastors apties, the Synod decides that it has no peared under the weight of a moral conobservations to make on the alterations straint; their hearts were full, but they proposed by the Council of State." opened them not; a secret conviction

The effect this motion on the majo- tormented them, but they gave not utterrity of the Synod was something like the ance to it.

The embarrassed speeches, gift of a plank to a drowning mariner, or the occasional words which dropped, the the announcement of pardon to a con- half-suppressed remarks, and even the demned criminal. It was decided that expressive silence,- all these indications it should be discussed before the propo- show that the official and seceding Passitions of the Committee were taken into tors are not far from being one in heart, consideration; and its adoption resulted and that, on matters so important to in the rejection of all the others : thus piety and the church, there exists a symthe special task of the Synod was accom- pathetic attachment between all these plished, the other questions being only Ministers of the same God. But how of minor importance.

deplorable is the position of the official L'Espérance observes: “In consult- Clergy !” ing the Synod on the prayer to be offered Threats continue to be uttered against up at the commemorative fête of the the seceding Pastors ; but no actual out10th of August, the Council of State has rages have recently occurred.--Ibid.





It is generally known that the Jesuits Malta is too near the Peninsula, and have for some time had an establishment the papers published there in the Italian at Malta, for the purpose of extending language too easily penetrate into the their influence throughout the Mediter- states of the Church, for the authorities

The English Government have at Rome to remain indifferent to this not opposed their projects; but neither new danger. Although, for the suphave they screened them from the attacks pression of heresy, the Index [of prohiof opponents. The result is, that though bited Books) is there very much prefer. the inhabitants of Malta used to trouble red to discussion, a reply to this unhappy themselves little about polemics, contro- Maltese journal became matter of comversial questions are now very much dis- pulsion,—it having succeeded in obtaincussed there. The journals have opened ing circulation in spite of custom-house their columns to these discussions : one officers and inquisitors ; and as thus of ther has even inserted an article in much had to be done, it was considered which, after having defended the truths desirable to do it with éclat.

In fact, of Christianity against the infidels, the we find in the Diario di Roma the rewriter openly combats the pretensions of port of a solemn sitting of the Academy the Holy See, and the false unity of of the Catholic Religion, in which the Rome.

Rev. Father Secchi, of the Society of Jesus, undertook to maintain against the only to open: so the Diario di Roma, Maltese journal the supremacy of the forgetting, for an instant, that the Church Roman See, and the doctrine of infalli- which it desires to serve forbids the read. bility. So much condescension certainly ing of the holy Scriptures to the laity, deserves attention.

strongly advised the friends of truth to Not the least curious part of the mat- read the first two Epistles of St. John; ter is, that Father Secchi has expressed promising them that, provided they behis wish to rest his arguments on holy come firmly convinced that they were Scripture; and that he has contrived å written to the Church of Rome, they new species of exegesis, expressly to will find therein proof of the two great meet the necessities of his cause. He Catholic dogmas of unity and infalli. labours to show, in the dissertation bility, bo audaciously attacked by the which he read to the Academy, that the Maltese journal. first two Epistles of St. John were ad- It is only at Rome, and in the absence dressed by that Apostle to the Gentile of all knowledge of exegesis, that such church founded at Rome, as were the absurdities could be maintained. Father two Epistles of St. Peter to the church Secchi has good reason to say that these of the Hebrews dispersed over Asia. new arguments ;” but this has not According to him, these two great primi. hindered Cardinals Simonetti and Gaz. tive churches, called “co-elect” by St. zoli from congratulating him on his marPeter, (1 Peter v. 13,) and “elect sis- vellous discovery. That the champions ters” by St. John, (2 John 1, 13,) ex- of the Holy See should consent not only changed salutations in these Epistles. to meet their antagonists on the ground He afterwards endeavours to show, that, of Scripture, but, even to the neglect of to accomplish the prophecy of there Commentaries in use among them, have being but one fold under one Shepherd, recourse to an interpretation which not it was necessary that one of these two one of the Fathers, Popes, or Councils churches should absorb the other; and ever dreamed of, down to the present that this distinction fell, not to the He- day,--this proves that the controversy brew, but to the Gentile, church ; to the must have been carried on with spirit at church which, according to this reverend Malta. Who, we ask, after this, are Jesuit, St. John addressed in his Epis- the Preachers of opinions ?tles ; in a word, to the Church of Rome. Sémeur. Now that you have the key, you have



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In a former communication I in- Tungi, and some others; but all ap-
formed you, that, in case of the death peared to approve heartily of the mea-
of Tubou, it was likely that the pre- sure, and the greatest propriety was
sent King, George, who was the legi. manifested. I took my seat behind the
timate heir to the government, would King, under an old cocoa-tree, beneath
in all probability succeed him: this which the King is expected to sit during
event has taken place, and George is the ceremony. The company was, as
now head over the whole of the Friendly usual, select. None were allowed to go
Islands. The ceremony of appointing near, in order to stare, or to walk about ;
him, or of calling him for the first time

to prevent which, a Feejeean, dressed by the name significant of his office, and blacked according to the custom of the Tuikanokubolu,—was performed, as his country, and armed with club and is the usual custom, at Bangi, in Hihifo, spear, walked to and fro as the guard of at which village, a place of much note the ceremony.

The day being very in by-gone times of Heathenism, there fine, and the Chiefs screened from the formerly stood a very large house upon rays of the sun by the branches of the an open space. The day fixed upon was large trees which have stood for ages December 4th; and, accordingly, the upon the malae of Bangi, it was a very Chiefs from various parts of Tonga as- interesting meeting. Had it occurred sembled, as well as several from the Haa- three days later, it would have been the bai and Vavau groups. A few of the exact date that the deceased King was Tonga Chiefs were still in their Heathen appointed eighteen years ago; but 0, state, as Nuku, Maafu, Tubou-leva, under what very different circumstances !

At that time the Chiefs assembled were thers." The first is named Motua. Heathens, with one or two exceptions, buaka; the other, Lauaki. Their office and Heathens who were opposed to the is to relieve the King, and to act on his spread of the true religion, and had re- account. The other Chiefs sit on either sorted to the measure of making Tubou side, forming a large circle, the bulk of King, as the means of effectually check- the people being in front.

The cava ing what was then considered a great being prepared, before it was served out, evil. At that time “the Kings of the various Chiefs addressed the assembly. earth set themselves, and the rulers took After Motua-buaka had opened the busicounsel together, against the Lord, and ness, by stating the object of their assemagainst his Anointed.” The little band bling, the King addressed them, also, in of Missionaries of the Friendly Islands

his turn. The King's cava being lived all at Tonga, in those days of poured into the dish, the name was then . weakness and fear: they were permitted called; this Motua-buaka called, in to be present to witness the novel sight doing which he said, Tali-ai Tubou of appointing a Tonga King to his Tuikanokubolu. It had been arranged office; but when we reflected that it was to drop the word T'ali-ai, that being the to be the means of turning his feet from family-god; but the father had forgotten the right ways of the Lord, and to it, or, I judge, he would not have used prevent the spread of the cause of God, it, as the King did by no means approve which we had come to promote, it took of it, and will not be called by that off the pleasure of the ceremony. Still name, but by the family name Tubou, we did not fear as to the cause of God; George, or his name of office, as above. we could see his hand even in this; and, After these things were over, and the being encouraged by his faithful word, parties had taken some refreshment, we “He that sitteth in the heavens shalí assembled in the fine new chapel at Hilaugh,” &c., we waited to see the result, hifo, for divine service. After reading and have not been disappointed. The the Scriptures suited to the occasion, I Chiefs whose province it is to appoint preached to a deeply-attentive congregathe Tuikanokubolu, are now all Chris. tion on 2 Sam. xxiii. 3, 4: “ He that tians; and the assembly that met on the ruleth over men,” &c. The King and present occasion were, with very few ex- his Queen Charlotte were present. Mr. ceptions, Christians; and from prin- Wilson prayed at the close. ciple, therefore, Christian principle, as The King has taken up his residence well as from a firm conviction of George's at Nukualofa, and great peace and harright, by birth, to the office, to say mony prevail: there are a few excepnothing of his superior qualifications in tions from two of the heathen forts ; but every respect, he was made choice of to we hope, ere long, that all will acknowfill the office. I could not help exclaim. ledge him, and bring him the accustomed ing, as I looked back to by-gone days, presents; but, should they not do so, I to what Tonga was then, and contrasting

believe he will “hold his peace.” it with what it now is, “What hath God After the funeral ceremonies for the wrought!” “Let the people praise late King were over, the Chiefs of Haathee, O God ; let all the people praise bai and Vavau returned home. The thee.” The Lord hath made known Queen, likewise, accompanied her Vahis salvation : his righteousness hath he vau friends, in order to make preparaopenly showed in the sight of the Hea- tion to remove to reside at Tonga : she then ;” so that the Heathen themselves is now expected daily, with the young can see, and appear to be saying, “ The Prince George, who is a most interesting Lord hath done great things for them.” boy of about a year old. George has George is approved of, because he is a two sons and one daughter, all of whom Christian, not in profession merely, but are married. The Lord has seen good to af.. in principle and practice; and, if his flict him since he has been made Governorvaluable life be spared, we do not doubt in-Chief, so that he has been much conthat he will be made a great blessing to fined to his house, and has only preached the inhabitants of these seas.

a few times. He is now in a fair way, The ceremony of appointing to office we hope, to recover ; and our prayer is, took place at a cava-meeting. The cava that, if consistent with the will of God, has been considered sacred ; and almost he may long be spared to his friends everything to be settled in these islands and his people. He is the first Tui. is done at a cava-meeting, at which great kanokubolu Preacher and Class-Leader order is observed. Two persons sit, the that ever existed, and bids fair to be a one on the right hand, and the other on great blessing. He has an earnest dethe left, who are called matuas, or "fa- sire that all his people should be brought

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