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be superintended by an officer of the Corps of Engi- importance, extent, and variety of objecis, committed to neers, who has been ordered to Pitzsburgh, to be in rea- the direction of the Engineer Departinent. diness for that service.

Respectfully submitted. Under the act of the 26th of May last, making appro

ALEX. MACOMB, Maj Gen. priations for deepening the channel leading into the

Chief Engineer. harbor of Presqu'isle, in Pennsylvania, and for repair.

The Hon. J. C. CALIOUN, Secretary of War. ing Pks mouth Beach, in Massachusetts, officers of the corps of Engineers were assigned to superintend the REPORT OF THE ECRETARY OF THE NAVY, fulfilment of those objects, but were prevented, by una

Accompanying the President's Message. voidable circunstances, from entering upon their respective duties before the month of August. It was The Secretary of the Navy to the President of the U.States. found, after collecting materials, and making other preliminary arrangements at Presqu'isle,that the season hud

Nave DEPARTME`T, Dec. 1, 1824. advanced too far, and the weather had become too cold, SIR: I have the honor to present to you the following to authorize the commencement of the construction, the report, exhibiting the administration of this Departfirst stage of which would be driving piles, an operation ment during the present year. that would require exposure in the water. The con. There are now ir. commission for the sea service, the struction at Presqu'isle, therefore, will not be com. | vessels named in paper A, subjoined to this report. menced until the next spring, unless it should be found Nothing, worthy of particular observation, has occur to be practicable to drive the piles through the ice in the red with our squadron in the Mediterranean. ensuing winter. The success of a partial experiment It has been maintained at the extent which was prolately made, has thoroughly satisfied the engineer having posed in the report of last year, and has afforded the nethe superintendence of the work, of the feasibility and cessary protection to our commerce there 'The unefficiency of the plan, to fulfil the purposes for which it friendly relations, however, which exist between Alis intended.

giers and some of the governments of Europe, and the The repair of Plymouth Beach, although commenced effects not unlikely to be felt, upon our political and too late to admit of its being completed this season, has commercial interests in that quarter, with other imporbeen töree-fourths finished, and has put the beach in a tant considerations, have been supposed to render it excondition to afford very important, if not adequate pro-pedient to augment our force. With this view, the North tection to the harbor, for the present.

Carolina has been prepared, and will sail in a few days The Military Academy not only continues to sustain

The squadron will then consist of the ship of the line the high character for discipline and scientific attain. North Carolina, frigate Constitution, corvette Cyane, the ment which was exhibited in the last annual report, but

sloops of war Erie and Ontario, and schooner Nonsuch ; has evidently improved in its general condition. At the

and will be under the command of Commodore RodgJast June examination, before a numerous and scientific

ers, who has been, for several years past, the President Board of Visitors, a very favorable exbibition of the at:

of the Board of Navy Commissioners, and whose high tainments of the cadets confirms this opinion. The i qualifications are so well known and justly estimated by number of cadets now at the academy is two hundred

the nation. and fifty four, and the number of those which were gra

Our naval force in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico has duated and promoted into the army last year, is thirty

I continued under the command of Commodore Porter. one. Notwithstanding the Military Academy progress

By direction of the Department, he has, from time to es with remarkable success under the present system

time, despatched one of the vessels of his squadron to established for its government by the War Departinent,

the Coast of Africa, to touch at Cape Mesurado, minisit is evident that the institution is susceptible of further

ter to the wants of the agency there, and return by the improvements in its organization. These improvements

usual track of the slave ships. None of thesc, or any have suggested themselves in the course of experience,

other of our public ships, have found vessels engaged and can be effected by legislative provision only.

in the slave trade, under the flag of the United States,

and in such circumstances as to justify their being seized This subject has been particularly noticed by the

ced by the and sent in for adjudication : and, although it is known Board of Visitors who examined the Military Academy, in

y that the trade still exists, to a most lamentable extent, in June last. I take the liberty of presenting, here with, yet, as it is seldom, if ever. carried on under our own flav. a copy of their report, marked A, with extracts from

it is impossible, with the existing regulations and instructheir journal of proceedings, marked B, C, and D, and to

tions, to afford very efficient aid in exterminating it, beg leave to refer you to them, and also to my report That object can only be accomplished by the combined and the accompanying documents on the same subject,

me sunecefforts of the maritime nations,each yielding to the others

fist dated the 21st of February last, which has been publish. Lihat

the facilities necessary to detect the traffic under its own ed among the state papers of the 1st session of the 18th

flag. The agency for recaptured Africans has been Congress, in the 6th volume, article No. 111.

maintained, in the same manner as in the last year. The From the growing importance,as well as from the exten: eleven negroes which were taken from Captain Chase, sion of the duties assigned to the Engineer Department; at Baltimore, and sent to the agency, were restored to it is evident that the number of officers attached to it is their homes, under circumstances very gratifying to hu. inadequate to the fulfilment of all that is required of it; manity, and calculated to produce a good effect upon and, in consequence, the Department is under the their several tribes. The near relations of some of them necessity of employing individuals in civil life, at a rate were on the shore when they arrived, manifested much of compensation far above that paid to the regular offi- sensibility at their unexpected return, and furnished safe cers of the Department. I therefore respectfully submit means of restoring them to their families. to your consideration, whether,linder the increasing de- The agent, Dr. Ayres, was compelled, by enfeebled mands for the services of the Engineers, an augmenta: health, to return to the United States, and left Mr. Ashtion of their numbers would not at this time be expe- mun as acting agent. He, likewise, was obliged, by the dient, both on the score of economy. and the faithful ex- same cause, to be absent for a time; inconveniences neecution of the enlarged duties required of the Depart cessarily resulted, and it was thought expedient to send ment. The whole number of the officers of the Corps the Rev. Mr. Gurley to examine into the situation of the of Engineers is twenty-two, and of the Topographical En agency, with directions to make certain arrangements gineers, ten-a small number, when compared with the should circumstances require them. His report, marketi

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B, with other papers, will be annexed, should his health year, on that and other stations, will be annexed, markenable him to make it in time, and will show the condi. ed D. tion and prospects of the agency. The principal difil Some improvements have been made, and others are culties which have been encountered there, have arisen proposed, at Thompson's Island, by cutting the timber, from the want of a fit position and suitable accommodu- clearing and draining the ground, and building storetions for the agent, and the recaptured Africans, on their houses, and, if the means are afforded, it is confidently arrival on the coast. These difficulties have been, in a believed that it will be made both comparatively congreat degree, overcome, and will, with the exper:se, befortable and healthy, before the next summer and fallregularly diminished, as the establishment made by the A balance of $28,784 69 still remains of the appropriaColonization Society increases, and is rendered more tion of December, 1822, "authorizing an additional pay. permanent and well regulated, furnishing facilities for al force for the suppression of piracy," but claims exist all the objects for which the agency was created The against it, to a large amount, which have not yet been expenditures during the year, so far as they are yet presented. known, of the appropriation for the prohibition of the two of the small schooners, the Greyhound and the slave trade, has amounted to $15,326 02, and there re Jackall, purchased under the authority of that act, have mains of that fund a balance of $17,391 39.

| been found“ so much out of repair, that it was not for The manner in which the force assigned to the pro- the interest of the United States to repair them," and tection of our commerce, and the suppression of piracy were disposed of; and one other, the Wild Cat, it is in the West Indies, has been employed, will be seen by feared, is lost, with her officers and crew, in a passage the annexed letters and reports of Commodore Porter, from Havana to Key West. marked C. The activity, zeal, and enterprize of our of- The force on that station has been in this way, someficers, have continued to command approbation. All what reduced, and it has been considered expedient to the vessels have been kept uniformly and busily em augment it, by the addition of the frigate Constellation, ployed, where the danger was believed to be the great which will be ready to join it as soon as men can be enest, except for short periods, when the Commander sup- listed for the purpose. One of the sloops of war, nov posed it necessary that they should return to the United in the Mediterranean, will, probably, be ordered there States, to receive provisions, repairs, and men, and for in the spring, should circumstances permit. other objects essential to their health, comfort, and effi- - The surveys directed by the act, entitled " An act au. ciency. No complaints have reached this Department, thorizing an examination and survey of the harbor of of injury from privateers of Porto Rico, or other Spanish Charleston, in South Carolina, of St. Mary's, in Georgia, possessions, nor have our cruisers found any violating our and of the coast of Florida,and for other purposes," have rights. A few small piratical vessels, and some boats, not yet been completed. have been taken, and establishments broken up, and competent naval officers have been ordered upon the much salutary protection afforded to our commerce. service. It was thought useful to unite with them, in a The force employed, however, has been too small, con- part of the examinations, one or more of the Corps of stantly to watch every part of a coast, so extensive as that Engineers, which could not be effected. of the islands and shores of the Gulf of Mexico, and some On application to the War Department, it was found piratical deprecations have therefore becn committed; that all the officers of that corps were so engaged, as to but they are of a character, though, perhaps, not less prevent the Secretary from detailing even one for this bloody and fatal to the sufferers, yet differing widely service. It is hoped, however, that such information from those which first excited the sympathy of the pub- has, in the mean time, been procured, respecting the lic, and exertions of the Government. There are few, if places named, except St. Mary's, as will accomplish the any, piratical vessels of a arge size in the neighborhood purpose for which the law was passed, should Congress of Cuba, and none are now seen at a distance from the act upon the subject at this session. Should it be proland; but the pirates conceal themselves, with their posed, however, to fix upon a site for a Naval Depot in boats, in small creeks, bays, and inlets, and finding vesihe Gulf of Mexico, I would respectfully suggest the pro. sels becalmed, or in a defenceless situation, assail and priety of entrusting the selection and purchase to the destroy them. When discovered, they readily and safe Department, after further and satisfactory surveys shall ly retreat into the country, where our forces cannot fol. | have been made. low, and, by the plunder which they have obtained, and Commodore Stewart, in the Franklin, arrived at New which they sell at prices low and tempting to the popu- Yurk in the month of August, having left Commodore lation, and by the apprehensions which they are able to Hull, with the frigate United States, the sloop of war create in those who would otherwise give information, Peacock, and the schooner Dolphin, in the Pacific. they remain secure, and mingle, at pleasure, in the bu. It is hoped that this force will be able to prevent de. siness of the towns, and transactions of society, and ac. predations on our important commerce in that sea, and quire all the information necessary to accomplish their secure respect for our flag. Our commerce, however, purposes. Against such a system, no naval force, within has increased so rapidly there, and is scattered over so the control of this Department, can afford complete se. large a space, that an addition of one or more vessels curity, unless aided by the cordial, unwavering, and would be made, if they were within the control of the energetic co-operation of the local governments; a co-Department. operation which would render their lurking places on This addition will become indispensable, should the land unsafe, and make punishment the certain conse-Government be disposed to make permanent provision quence of detection. Unless this co-operation be ob- for the protection of our commerce, and other interests tained, additional means ought to be entrusted to the in the neighborhood of Columbia river, and on the northExecutive, to be used in such manner as experience may west coast. Constant experience shews the importance dictate.

of such augmentation of the number of our vessels, as The health of the squadron, and of Thompson's Island, will enable the Government to add to the force both in has been much better than during the last season ; yet the Atlantic and Pacific. Inconveniences are felt, and many of our officers, and among them Commodore Por- Josses are sustained, by our citizens in both Oceans, ter, have suffered severely from disease, and several have which might be prevented, were the means for their died ; most of the latter have fallen victims to the neces- protection enlarged. sity, real or imagined, of visiting unhealthy places upon in the course of the year, several regulations have shore, which they were warned as much as possible to heen adopted to promote efficiency and economy in the avoid, and whicb a sense of duty, no doubt, induced medical and other departments of the service, and some Hem to visit. A list of those who have died during the good is anticipated from them. It is impossible, bowe.

three

18th Congress, 2d SESSION.

Documents accompanying the President's Message. [Sen. and H. of R.

S ver, to do all which is desired without the aid of Con- Leaving an expenditure, beyond the receipts, of sixgress. Several laws seem necessary to render the esta- teen thousand two hundred and ninety-eight dollars and blishment economical and efficient. Among them are ninety-one cents. those which were under consideration at the last ses. A comparison of the receipts for postage for the three sion, for building ten sloops of war and reorganizing the quarters preceding the 30th June last, with the corres. navy. To these ought to be added a revision of the law ponding quarters of the previous year, will show a confor the better government of the Navy, and the system of siderable increase of receipts. Courts Martial. But especially some provision should be Postage received from 1st October, to made for the education and instruction of the younger the 31st of December, 1823, amounted to $277,833 10 officers. We have now the light of experience on this in the corresponding quarter of 1822, point in the army, and its salutary effects are very there was received

261,741 64 manifest. Instruction is not less necessary to the Navy than the Army. I refer to the views taken of soine of

16,091 46 these subjects in the reports made during thic last Ses Making an increase for this quarter, of sixteen thousion, and it will be my duty to develop them more fully sand and ninety-one dollars and forty-six cents. in answer to a resolution of the Senate now before me. Postage received from 1st January,

The expenditures of the vear are submitted in a report 1824, to the 31st of March, ensuing, $309,755 69 from the Second Comptroller, marked F, and the esli In the corresponding quarter of the year mates for the next year in one from the Commissioners 1823.

286,144 29 of the Navy, marked G. In the latter, it will be found that estimates have been made of the expense of cer.

23,611 40 tain necessary improvements at Thompson's Island, and

Making an increase, for this quarter, of twenty-three for the repairs of four of our frigates, which policy and

thousand six hundred and eleven dollars and forty economy require to be placed in such a situation, that

cents. their services can be commanded whenever they shall be

Postage received from the 1st April to necessary.

I the 30th of June, 1324, We have, at present, no frigate which could be sent

$291,275 54

There was received for the correspond. to sea, without large repairs, creating a delay which, un der certain circumstances, might be injurious to the pub.

njing quarter of tire year 1823,

288 211 26 lic interest. The general estimate comprehends the several heads

3,064 28 of expenditure in the form supposed to be best fitted for

Making an increase for this quarter, of three thousand keeping the accounts, with plainness and accuracy, most

ost land sixty four dollars and tweniy-eight cents. easily explained, best adapted to a rigid investigation of

The total increase of receipts for the the expenses of the naval service, and, as far as practi.

uarters

$42,767, 14 cable, conformed to the views of the House of Repre.

The accounts rendered for the quarter ending on the sentatives at the last Session, as widerstood at the De- 1 30th of September last, have not been all examined, but partinent. It is accompanied by explanatory statements

it is calculated that the receipts will exceed, by fifteen of the several items, io great detail, exbibiting the pro

thousand dollars, the receipts of the corresponding quarpriety of the estimate, and the necessity of the appropri.

ter of the previous year, which will make an augmentaation. .

tion of receipts, for the four quarters, of about fifty-seven The estimates for the Marine Corps, with the explana. | thousand seven hundred and sixty-seven dollars. tory statements, are added, and inarked H.

| The total amount of receipts for postage I have the lionor to be, with great respect, sir, your

for the three quarters above stated, is $878,866 33 most obedient servant,

During the same time, the expenditures
SAMUEL L. SOUTHARD. l of the Department were

868,12: 50 To the PRESIDENT of the United States.

10,744 83 REPORT OF THE POSTMASTER GENERAL, Leaving the sum of ten thousand seven hundred and

forty-four dollars and eighty-three cents, more than the Accompanying the President's Message.

expenditures for the three quarters.

Contracts were made in September, 1823, to trans, The Postmaster General to the President of the United

port the mail, in the present year, two hundred and thir. Stutes.

iy-five thousand three hundred and suventy-eight miles Post OFFICE DEPARTMENT, more than it was transported in the year 1823. One

30th November, 1824. hundred and twenty-five thousand and thirty-tour miles SIR: I have the honor to submit to you the following of this distance, it will be conveyed in stages. There report respecting the transactions of this Department has also been given, on many routes, within the sairie The expenditures of the Department

time, greater expedition to the conveyance of the mail. from the 1st April, 1822, to the ist April,

for which an adequate compensation is paid. 1823, were, as stated in my report of No.

In making the mail contracts, in September last, for ven er last,

. $1,169,885 51 ) New England and New York, there was but little reThe receipts for postage, during the

duction of expenditure, but many important accommosame period, were

1,114,345 12 |dations were given, by making provision for an increas

ed transportation of the mail. Under these contracts.

55,540 39 | the mail will be conveyed two hundred and fifty-nine Leaving an expenditure of fifty-five thousand five thousand seven hundred and forty miles per annum more hundred and forty dollars and thirty-nine cents more han it has ever before been transpor ed, by contract, in than the current receipts.

the same sections of country. It will be conveved in The expenditures from the 1st April,

stages, the whole of this distance, except ten thousand 1823, to the 1st April, 1824, were . $1,170,144 63 | five hundred and four miles. · Receipts for postage, during the same

Since the first of July, 1823, the transportation of the time, amounted to

1,153,845 72 | mail has been increased four hundred and ninety-five

thousand one hundred and eighteen miles per annum. 16,298 91 of this distance, it will be conveyed in stages three hun

18th CONGRESS,

2d SESSION.

Report Post Master-General Post Road to New Orleans.

[Senate.

dred and seventy-four thousand two hundred and seven- extent, so as to remove all obstructions to the transportty miles.

ation of the mail, it was deemed important, before the This transportation, computed at the lowest price for commencement of the work, to ascertain the nature and which similar service is performned, will amount to the extent of those obstructions. This was done by the sum of thirty thousand dollars annually. When to this person appointed to make the repairs; and in making sum is added the deficiency of receipts to meet the ex-them, streams of water, which were occasionally renderpenditures for the year ending on the 1st April, 1823, ed impassable to the mail, by high water, were bridged, and the probable excess of receipts for the present year, and swamps, which were also sometimes impassable, above the expenditures, the improvement of the opera- were cause-waved. The work, it is believed, has been tions of the department will appear.

faithfully executed, and at such places on the route as For the above service,

$30,000 00 most required it. Deficiency of receipts to meet the ex

After the work was done, the money was paid, on the penditures for the year ending on the 1st

valuation of two practical men, who were recommendApril, 1823,

55,540 39 ed to the department as well qualified for that purpose. Probable amount of receipts for postage

They were instructed to examine mioutely the manner the present year, above the current ex

i! which the work had been performed, with a view to penses,

15,000 00 its permanency and the object designed, and to report

what sum would be a reasonable compensation for it.

100,540 39! The balance of the appropriation which remains unFrom this statement, it appears that the condition of expended, will be applied in making some additional the department has been improved, in comparison with repairs during the present winter. the year ending on the first of April, 1823, by a reduc- ! I have the honor to be, most respectfully, your obetion of expenditure and increase of receipts, one hun dient servant, dred thousand five hundred and forty dollars and thirty

JOHN M'LEAN. nire cents per annum.

The President of the U. States. The advantages from the arrangement adopted respecting newspaper postage have not been fully developed, but REPORT OF THE POSTMASTER GENERAL, it has been ascertained, that the receipts from that item have been increased at the rate of about twenty-five

On the subject of the most practicable Post Route thousand dollars per annum.

from New Orleans to Washington City. Unremitted exertions have been made to collect the

Post-OFFICE DEPARTMENT, balances due to the department. Within the past year,

15th December, 1824. many suits have been brought and judgment obtained. Sia: In obedience to a resolution of the Senate of the In many cases, where judgments have been obtained on United States, adopted at their last session, requiring accounts of long standing, the delinquent Postmasters the Postmaster General to report to the “ Senate, at the and their sureties have been found insolvent, and the present session, the most practicabie post route from costs of suit have been consequently paid by the depart. 1 New Orleans to Washington City," I have the honor to ment. To avoid, as far as possible, a useless expendi- state, that the route on which the mail has been transture of this kind, the Attorney of the United States is ported, for several years past, from this City to New Ornow requested, when an account of some years standing leans, is by the way of Fredericksburg and Abingalon, in is sent to him for collection, not to commence suit, if, ou Virginia; Knoxville and McMinville, in Tennessee ; inquiry, he shall find that the principal and his surely Huntsville, Rushville, and Pikeville, in Alabama ; Coare insolvent. Toissue process in such a case, would lumbus, Jackson, Fort Gibson, Washington, Natchez, subject the department to a bill of costs, without answer and Woodville, in Mississippi ; thence, by St. Francising any valuable object to the public. In a short time, ville and Baton Rouge, to New Orleans. This route all demands against delinquent Postmasters will be in is estimated to be 1,380 miles, and requires a travel of suit, where there exists any probability that more than 24 days. the cosis can be collected.

The military road, as it is called, from Columbus, in The improvement which has been made in the reve Mississippi, to Madisonville, in Louisiana, is on nearly a me of this department, for the past year, authorizes the direct line from the former to New Orleans, and much opinion that it will be able to meet an increased expen: nearer than the road by the way of Washington and diture, by affording additional mail accommodations on Natchez But this road is represented to be so much established routes, or by transporting the mail on new out of repair, as to render the regular transportation of routes, which Congress may think proper to establish. the mail upon it impracticable. The bridges and cause.

There are many routes, now in operation, which re-ways have fallen into decay and, in many parts, the enquire a greater expenditure than any advantage arising tire space, opened for the road, has become filled with to the public would seem to justify. If these were dis- young growths of timber. continued, and other routes of more general utility esta- some years since, a contract was made, by this deblished, the public convenience would be greatly pro-partment, to transport the mail to New Orleans, from moted, without adding to the expenditure of the de- this City, by Salisbury, in North Carolina ; Spartanburg, partment. A judicious revision of the mail routes, and in South Carolina; Athens and Fort Hawkins, in Georof the law regulating the Post Office Departmeni, will gia ; and Fort Stoddart, in Alabama, the distance being enable it, in a very short time, not only to send the mail computed at 1260 miles. But there were so many obinto every populous neighborhood of the Union, but to structions on this route, arising from streams of water, give every accommodation which may be desirable to and other causes, that it was found impracticable to perthe important commercial posts.

form the contract, and it was abandoned. The money lately appropriated by Congress to repair There is a mail route from Knoxville, in Tennessee, by so much of the mail route, from Nashville in Tennessee, I the way of Kingston, in the same state; Bernetsville, to New Orleans, as passes through the Indian country, and Cahawba, and St. Stephen's, in Alabama,to New Orleans, which was placed by your direction at the diposition of which makes the distance from Washington to that this department, has been applied to the object intend-place, 1,222 miles. But the obstructions on this route ed, except five hundred and ninety dollars and six cents. are known to be nearly as great as on the route by the

As a small sum of money was to be expended in re-way of Athens and Fort Hawkins. pairing a road of great length, and as the public inter 1'he post route to New Orleans, which passes through est required that the repairs should be made the whole the capitals of the Southern states, is estimated at 1,312

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miles. This distance might be reduced to 1,100 viles, troy all newspapers that become wet, and not unfreif no greater deviations, from a direct line,were made, than quently, letters are much obliterated. When the mail would be necessary to obtain good ground for a road,and | is a considerable time immersed in water, as has often to pass through Richmond, Raleigh, Columbia, and Mil been the case on this route, it is impossible to secure it ledgeville; and thence by Coweta and St. Stephen's to perfectly from injury. New Orleans. A part of the Alabama and Mississippi | The Department now pays at the rate of fifty-two mail, and the mail from the south to New Orleans, is dollars and seventy-six cents a mile for the transportatransported on this route. But, in the winter and spring tion of the mail three trips in each week, to New Orleans. seasons of the year, the numerous streams of water over On a good turnpike road, it could be conveyed in a stage which there are neither bridges nor ferries, present in- as often, and in less than half the time, at the same exsurmountable obstacles to the regular and rapid trans- pense. And what is a most important consideration, mission of the mail on this route.

the utmost security would be given to the mail by such On a direct line from Washington to New Orleans, a transportation, and a very considerable increase to the the distance is 960 miles. This line passes near War- receipts of the department. renton, Charlottesville, Lexington, Big Lick, Grayson I have the honor to be, respectfully, your obedient Court House, in Virginia ; Ashville, in North Carolina ; servant,

JOHN MCLEAN, thence, through the Indian country by Cahawba and St. / Hon. Joun GAILLARD. Stephens, in Alabama, to Pearlton, near Lake Borgne ; thence to New Orleans. The northwestern part of North Carolina, through

ANNUAL TREASURY REPORT. which this line passes, is so mountainous as to render a deviation to the south r north, in constructing a road,

TREASURY DEPARTMENT, indispensable. A deviation to the north, so as to avoid

December 31, 1824: the mountains, will pass by or near Fotheringay, Wythe Court-house, Christiansburg, and Abingdon, in Virginia; Sir: I have the honor to transmit a Report, Knoxville, in Tennessee ; thence, through the Tennes prepared in obedience to the “ Act supplementsee Valley, by Cahawba, to New Orleans, on nearly a strait direction. This route is estimated at 1,056 miles, al

ary to the act to establish the Treasury Deincluding ten per cent. for the variation from a straight partment.” line, from Washington to Knoxville; thence to New Orl I have the honor to be, with great respect, sir, leans; and is believed to be the nearest direction practi- | your obedient servant, cable for a post road from Washington to New Orleans. The variation, so as to pass by Knoxville, would not in

WM. H. CRAWFORD. crease the distance more than six miles. A deviation to Hon. SPEAKER the south, so as to avoid the principal mountains, would

of the Ilouse of Representatives. pass near Salem, in North Carolina, Greenville, in South Carolina, and Athens, in Georgia. This route would not vary, at any one point, more than 60 miles from a

REPORT. direct line, and would not increase the distance, by a

In obedience to the directions of the “ Act suppleline passing through the above places, more than seyen,

mentary to the act to establish the Treasury Departmiles.

meat," the Secretary of the Treasury respectfully subThe route by the way of Warrenton, Abingdon, and Knoxville, affords great facilities for the construction of

mits the following Report: a mail road. Through Virginia and Tennessee, the ma- 1. of the Public Revenue and Expenditure for terials are abundant for the formation of a turnpike;

the years 1823 and 1824. and through the states of Alabama and Mississippi, it is believed, from information which has been obtained, thail The nelt revenue which accrued from duties on im. in no part of the Union can an artificial road of the same ports and tonnage, during the year 1823, amounted to length, be constructed at less expense. On this part of

$ 17,008,570 80 the route, the general face of the country is level, and the soil well adapted to the formation of a solid road. The actual receipts into the Treasury Some information has been communicated to this De during the year 1823, amounted to 20,540,666 26 partment on this subject, but it does not come strictly Viz: within the scope of the resolution. If a substantial | Customs

19,088,433 44 road were made, in this direction, to New Orleans, the

Public Lands

916,523 10 mail could be transported to that place, from this city,

Dividends on stock in the in eleven days. If the road were to pass through the Bank of the U. States 350,000 00 capitals of Virginia, North arolina, South Carolina, and Arrears of internal duties Georgia, it could be conveyed in less than twelv? days. and direct tax, and inThe route on which the mail is now transported to cidental expenses

131,951 69 New Orleans, although more circuitous than some others, Repayments of advances in the present condition of the roads, is the safest and made in the War Debest. There are many obstructions on it, but they are partment, for services or less numerous than on any other. Greater celerity and supplies, prior to 1st Jusafety are given to the mail on this route, than could be ly, 1816

53,758 03 given to it on any otber, to New Orleans, and it passes | Making, with the balance through, and supplies, many important towns and vill in the Treasury on the lages, and thickly settled parts of the country.

1st January, 1823, of 4,237,427 55 In the winter and spring seasons of the year, the mail on this route, as on all others in the same parts of An aggregate of

24,778,093 81 the country, is sometimes entirely obstructed by high The actual expenditures during the waters; and, when this is not the case, it is frequently year 1823, amounted to

15,314,171 00 much injured by the mail horses swimming creeks and Viz: through swamps of considerable extent. The friction Civil, diplomatic, and misfrom the movement of the mail horses, is certain to des-1 cellaneous

2,022,093 99

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