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Septuagints and Testaments, Hebrew Grammars and Lexicons, Greek Lexicons, Horne's Introduction, Henry's Bible, Modern Traveller, &c. &c. We hail this as a pledge for further supply, and the first-fruits of Christian kindness.
One arrangement we think desirable, and would rejoice to see accomplished—the permanent and comfortable endowment of seven or eight appointments, which may be termed scholarships. Young men of piety and talent may, after enjoying the advantages of the Institution, be found greatly defective in attainments necessary to qualify them as public speakers. These persons might become much more useful characters, as professors, tutors, translators, or writers of important and requisite works. All their acquirements and reasoning powers might be brought practically and extensively to bear on the literary and moral improvement of their countrymen, by directing their studies to those departments in which they may be likely to excel. The appointment and endowment of scholarships, we think would be an important, as well as permanent advantage connected with the Institution. An opening would be made for the active employment of valuable and diversified talent, without any unnecessary alienation of the funds appropriated to direct missionary purposes. The different branches of study will, by such regulations, be more exclusively and successfully pursued, and the separate departments of knowledge more correctly examined, by our native brethren. Works of considerable importance, both
as translations and original pieces of composition, may be expected as the likely result of their labours, whilst tutors and professors will be best fitted for entering on their public labours by having passed some time in such useful retirement. The power of selecting persons for these scholarships will be vested in the College Council. To secure the continuance and real usefulness of such appointments in this part of India, the interest of £1000 sterling for each will be required. Such scholarships, if desired, may be designated by the benefactor or benefactors who may make such endowments.
A printing establishment is, we conceive, a very essential part of such an Institution. The Christian world is bound to watch every movement indicative of a great moral change. It ought also to be well prepared to facilitate the progress of useful knowledge. When the spirit of inquiry is generally aroused among a people, ample means should be brought within the reach of those who wish properly to direct and answer its demands. The direction of the spirit of general inquiry, is an important talent committed to the church, which her Lord has given her to occupy diligently, that when he comes, he may receive it with usury. If the church neglect this talent, or hide it in a napkin, then an opportunity of benefiting man is not only lost, but interested characters will rise and supply the wants of an inquiring people with poisonous food or the merest trash, which will dissipate or corrupt the mind, and greatly retard moral improvement. How
is the demand in heathen countries, which is daily increasing, to be effectually supplied without a sufficient number of printing establishments? It is in the power of the Christian world to take the lead in directing public opinion among the rapidly-augmenting community emerging from heathen ignorance. The flippant and demoralizing age of infidelity is, we fondly hope, past for ever; all the literary and scientific characters which will be raised up from amongst the natives, will, there is a great probability, be rationally convinced of the truth of Christianity, and admit its importance, though all may not be sincere believers in Christ Jesus as their Saviour. Let every advantage be improved by the church, for every one who is not against Christianity is for it; every lover of truth is a friend to his species, and will prove a help in forwarding the triumph of truth over the whole world. The chief aim of divine wisdom is to make men wise unto salvation; to raise up a host of faithful soldiers to go forth to the conquest. Let her agents then take their stand in the highest and most commanding position to which God, in his holy providence, is inviting them. Elementary works, and every other which issues from these presses, under the superintendence of men in whom are the fear and knowledge of God, should all be made to subserve the great cause of our holy religion : leaving other productions to advance as their weight may be felt, either through the progress of general knowledge, or as the artificial excitement occasioned by speculative men may increase the demand.
The great majority of the population in India may not be able to read, yet many can, and feel a pleasure in the engagement. A great supply of elementary works is needful to furnish those with useful knowledge, who are now disposed and anxious to learn. True knowledge is valuable for its own sake, and very many inquirers will be found desirous to possess it, when they find it within their reach ; because it gives a weight to character, and a superiority to the possessor, which are soon perceived and readily acknowledged by those who are less privileged. Men of correct information and enlarged conceptions, increasing in number, will very soon give a decided tone to public opinion, and such a general and powerful direction, that where useful knowledge is placed within the reach of the many whose means are limited, a very great and rapid moral improvement in society may be reasonably expected. How, need we ask, how is the increasing demand to be supplied without printing establishments at the different stations occupied by Missionaries?
If societies were formed expressly for the purpose of fitting up and supporting the printing departments of Missions, the good likely to result might he incalculably great. The principal object of such associations would naturally lead them to direct their attention to works which they think best calculated to forward their designs, in promoting the highest interests of men. Any expensive, but truly beneficial publication, which they might deem of great importance to translate for the spread of Christian knowledge, could be suggested through the Directors to the Mission whose printing establishment they support, as also what they are willing to contribute towards defraying the expenses connected with such an undertaking. This is a subject we wish to press on the serious consideration of every liberal soul, capable of devising and supporting liberal things. A press would be advantageously employed, and we think is a necessary and important part connected with the Mysore Mission. This will appear by a consideration of the extent of the country, and the languages still much more extensively spoken in India which are common to this province.
The country of Mysore is in extent nearly equal to Great Britain. The population is thin, perhaps not exceeding three millions. The system of heathenism, and the whole plan of Hindoo and Mahommedan governments, are, we conceive, very inimical to the interests of society. Famines, which are not infrequent, the want of prudent foresight in the people, the insecurity of private property, may in some measure account for the small number of inhabitants, whilst the ravaging and sanguinary proceedings of the late Tippoo and his father may have driven not a few, who once inhabited Mysore, to other parts of India. But on this subject we feel no desire to dwell, as it does not come within our province. The country, if properly cultivated, will, we are persuaded, support more than treble its present population. The Canarese and Hindostanee are the languages spoken in the Court of