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PREFACE.

IT
T has been the purpose of the Publishers to condense into the convenient form of a single

volume the scattered fragments of local history and to give as an aid to the coming searcher after historical truth a systematic recital of events in their relations to the labor of creating and developing La Crosse County. The labor bestowed upon this work has been patiently performed; it is for the public to determine the degree of success attained.

The elaborate and highly interesting article on the Press, from the pen of Mr. Charles Seymour, is one of the most valuable portions of the book. Therein has a skilled writer drawn a clear-cut analysis of a noted character before the country, and, although himself a political and business opponent of the man, Mr. Seymour has evinced a moral courage that is admirable; he has dared to see and define the good qualities, as well as the mental attributes, of a nature which is worthy of the attention of psychologists. The success of Mark M. Pomeroy must be acknowledged one of the noted journalistic phenomena of this generation ; and the facts recorded in Mr. Seymour's sketch will supply the historian of the war-period with most suggestive and significant data from which to draw conclusions. The La Crosse Democrat was a representative of an element in the national life which history cannot ignore; and he who writes must turn to La Crosse for a description of that human instrumentality which was the startling embodiment of an idea.

In general terms, thanks are expressed to the Clergy, the Press, the Pioneers and the Public, for cordial co-operation in the compilation of this book.

That the History of La Crosse County as here presented may be satisfactory to all-a sentiment, we confess, that is bold, in view of the freedom and diversity of opinion-is the sincere prayer of

THE PUBLISHERS.
SEPTEMBER, 1881.

CONTENTS.

....206
...206

PAGE.

PAGE.

PAGE.

Antiquities

19 Educational :

Commerce and Manufactures :

Indian Tribes.

................ 21

Township System..............

.146 Dairy Products...................

203

Pre-Territorial Annals......

29 Free High Schools....

.147 Pork and Beef..

203

Wisconsin Territory.

41 School Offices

.147 Hops.....

204

Wisconsin as a State...

52 State Teachers' Certificates...

....147 Tobacco Cranberries...

..205

Fint Administration............

52 Teachers' Associations......

...148

Liquors ......

...205

Second Administration

57 Libraries

.148 Miscellaneous.....................

Third Administration .............

59 State Superintendents.

.148

Water Power.....................

Fourth Administration ............

62 College Sketches.....

.149 Manufactures.

208

Fifth Administration.......

64 Female Colleges..

.150 Conclusion....

.208

Sixth Administration......

66 Academies and Seminaries.

151 The Public Domain.

210

Seventh Administration...

67 Commercial Schools.........

151 Health

230

War of Secession Commenced.

69 Agriculture......

..151 Geographical Position....

.230

Eighth Administration..............

76 Mineral Resources....

..162 Physical Features............

.230

Ninth Administration......

85 Lead and Zinc..............

..162 Geology.....

.231

Statistics of Volunteers....

90 Iron....

..165

Drainage

.232

Tenth Administration......

92 Copper.......

.168 Climatology...

.232

Eleventh Administration...

93 Gold and Silver..

168 Rain Character.

.233

Twelfth Administration...................... 94

Brick Clays.........

.168 Isotherms

.234

Thirteenth Administration .......

97 Cement Rock...

.170 Barometrical

.234

Fourteenth Administration......

99 Limestone-Glass Sand..

.171 Winds...

.235

Fifteen tb Administration............. 104 Peat-Building Stones....

172 Climatological Changes from Settling

Sixteenth Administration.........

.109 Railroads.

173

in the State....

235

pography and Geology.

..110

Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul.... 173 Influence of Nationalities..

..237

The Archæan Age..........

112 Chicago & Northwestern...

Occupations-Food-Education, etc......238

Paleozoic Time-Silurian Age.. ..115 Wisconsin Central..

178 History of Disease..

.238

Devonian Age...
119 Western Union....

179 Ratio of Sickness, Ft. Howard and Win-

Glacial Period.....

.120 West Wisconsin...

180

Debago.....

.239

Climatology....

121 Milwaukee, Lake Shore & Western ...... 180 Education of the Blind...

241

Trees, Shrubs and Vines...............

.128 Green Bay & Minnesota...

..181 Institute of Deaf and Dumb...

241

Fauna......

Wiscunsin Valley..

..181 Industrial School for Boys.......

..242

Fish and Fish Culture...

.134 Sheboygan & Fond du Lac..

.181 State Prison....

.242

Large Animals—Time of their Disap-

Mineral Point......

.182 State Hospital for the Insane... .242

pearance.......

138 Madison & Portage.

.182 Northern Hospital for the Insane... .243

Peculiarities of the Bird Fauna...........139 North Wisconsin.

...183 City of Milwaukee........

.243

Educational

140 Prairie du Chien & McGregor...... ......183 Health Resorts....

244

Original School Code......

140 Chippewa Falls & Western

.183 Change of Diseases........

.246

Agitation for Free Schools.

141 Narrow Gauge.....

183

Pulmonary Diseases.....

School System under State Govern-

Conclusion....

184 | Statistics

249

ment...

141 | Lumber ...

...185 Population, 1875, of Townships, Alpha-

School Fund Income....

......142 Banking......

...191 betically Arranged by Counties... 249

State University .......

..143 Commerce and Manufactures...

..198 Population by Counties..

.258

Agricultural College......

.144 Furs

Nativity by Counties...

...259

Normal Schools...

144 Lead and Zinc--Iron..........

200 Valuation of Property

.260

Teachers' Institutes.....

.146 Lamber....

..201 Acreage of Principal Crops.....

.... 261, 262

Graded Schools.......

.146 Grain

.202

.....199

ABSTRACT OF WISCONSIN STATE LAWS.

PAGE.

Actions......................................

.283 Elections and General Elections.....

Arrest..

.283 Estrays..........

Attachinent...

.284 Exemptions.......

Adoption of Children..

276 | Fences....

Assignment of Mortgage..

.274 Forms of Conveyances.

Aransement and Collection of Taxes. .267 Forms of Mortgages.

Assessment of Taxes...

.268 Garnishment...

Bills of Exchange or Promissory Notes.......272 Highways and Bridges.

Borrowed Money .....

.267 Hours of Labor....

Capital Punishment..

.278 Interest...

Collection of Taxes...

.270 Intoxicating Liquors..

Commercial Terms....

.285 Judgments....

Common Schools......

..266 Jurisdiction of Courts..

Damages for Trespass...........

.......... 279' Jnrors...

PAGE.

PAGE

.263 Landlord and Tenant.......

.281

279 Limitation o1 Actions....

.285

.284 Marks and Brands.......

.281

280 Married Women..........

.283

.273 Stay Law....

.284

.274 Surveyors and Surveys..

.282

.284 Support of Poor....

.282

.270 Suggestions to Persons Purchasing Books

.273 by Subscription........

28.5

.277 Title of Real Property by Descent...... ....275
.271 Weights and Measures.

.278
284 Wills..

....276
.277 Wolf Scalps.........

.278
278

Wisconsin State Constitution...........

t. 3. Constitution............................

MISCELLANEOUS.

PAGE.

PAGE.

.287 Vote of Wisconsin for Governor and Presi.

.297 dent...................

.................306-307

PAGE.

.....306

Population of the State.....

PAGE.

PAGE.

PAGE

Geological Formation of the Region......... 309 The First Murder.....

351 County Schools.......

420

The Pictured Cave...

313 New Arrivals...

352 Northwestern Horticultural Society........ 421

Additional Notes on the Pictured Cave..... 314 The Character of the Settlers...

353 La Crosse County Bible Society..

422

Political Boundaries...

315 The First Raft..

353 War Record......

423

Topographical Features..

316 The First Post Office...

354 Roster of Volunteers.

437

Watercourses and their Improvements..... 317 Mormon Notes...

854 The Old Settlers' Association.....

440

The Winnebago Confederacy and Indian The Abeence of Schools-Travel to Black City Poor Farm...

440

Occupation...

319

River ...

355 La Crosse County Agricultural Society...... 441

0-chunk-o-raw.

320 New Accessions.

355 Literature...

442

********

Preliminary...

324 The First Marriage...

358 | The Indian Scare....

445

Beginning of La Crosse County..

327 First Death.....

360 The Foote Forgeries.

446

Origin of the name La Crosse.

328 The First Road to Prairie du Chien. 360. A Chapter of First Things......

447

The Game of La Crosse....

330 The First Fourth of July....

364 | REMINISCENCES AND PERSONAL SKETCHES:

Beginning of Settlement

330 Continued Improvements.

366 Nathan Myrick..

449

Mr. Coons' Plea..

332 The First Birth...

368 John Meyer Levy..

4.53

Col. Myrick's Answer....

333 Career of Hon. Timothy Buras...

369 Samuel T. Smith.

455

Gen. Sibley's Letter...

334 A Stirring Event...

371 Peter Cameron....

456

The Rejoinder of Mr. Couns.

334 A Freshet..

372 James M. Garrett.......

Letter from the Department of the In- First Land Sale...

374 Mrs. Berkepmeyer...

457

terior

335 Removal of the Indians...

374 Col. Thomas B. Stoddard.

457

Col. Myrick's Final Answer.

236 The Cameron-Ellis Tragedy.

378 Susan E. De France..

458

Mr. Folsom's Testimony...........

336 Indian Impudence..

378 Hon. George Gale...

453

Brunson's Recollection.

337 | La Crosse in 1850..

383 Rev. Benjamin W. Reynolds..

460

Mining Settlements and Military Posts... 338 The First Elopement..

383 Orrin L. Smith....

461

Nathan Myrick's Arrival.

339 The Year of Real Progress..

386

Harvey E. Hubbard..

461

A Dangerous Journey...

340 Organization of La Crosse County

389 Alexander McMillan..

Myrick's Adventure with an Indian 341 The County Seat....

392 Duncan D. McMillan....

463

The Settlement of the Main Land.... 342 The Richardson Homicide...

395 John S. Simonton....

463

The First Survey ........

345 The Stafford Shooting.....

395 Ethan Roberts...

464

Death of D'Cora's Son.......

345 | The Murder of David Darst...

395 Judge Cyrus K. Lord..

466

The Mormon Invasion.

346 Growth of the Village...

400 Theodore Rodolf..

467

Advancing Civilization

346 The United States Land Office.

403 William W. Crosby.

467

Maj. Hatch's Exploit..

347 Evidences of Progress..

404 Charles Green Hanscome...

Myrick's First House....

348 Official Roster....

414

Har J. Peck....

472

Later Land Claims...

349 Court House....

418

A. Steinlein...................

472

Pioneer Hardships..

350 Poor House...

420 | Census Reports.........

473

456

462

HISTORY OF LA CROSSE CITY.

498

PAGE.
PAGE.

PAGE.

La Crosse City.

474 | RELIGIOUS:

Flouring-Mills...

618

The First Visitors....

475 First Presbyterian Church......

561 Elevators...

622

Business in 1861..

496

North Presbyterian Church.

563 Public Buildings and Hotels...

623

City Officers.........

First Congregational Church..

563 Gas Works...

City Hall......

501 Baptist Church.......

564 Telephone Exchange.

633

Police Department...

501 Baptist Sabbath School....

566 Manufactures...

633

Fire Department..

501 First Methodist Epifcopal Church... 568 | Breweries.

642

The Water Supply.

504 North La Crosse M. E. Church.

569 Pork Packing.

647

City Scales.....

507 German M. E. Church ...........

569 | Masonic

647

City Parks...

507 Christ's Episcopal Church.....

570 I.0. O. F..

654

Post Offices...

507 St. Paul's Universalist Church.... 571 Grand Lodge of A. 0. U. W. of Wisconsin. 656

Oustom Honse..

509 German Lutheran School.......

571 Ancient Order United Workmen.............. 667

Board of Trade..

509

German Lutheran Society .................. 572 Knights of Pythias..

608

Oak Grove Cemetery.

512 German Reformed....

572 Knights of Honor.......

Schools...........

514 Norwegian Lutheran Church. 672 Royal Arcanum..

Kindergarten School...

521 Norwegian Lutheran, North La Crosse 573 American Legion of Honor...

659

La Crosse Business College.

521 Anshe Chesed Congregation........ 573 Young Men's Library Association

660

The Roman Catholic Church... 573 Temperance Organizations.

661

THE PRESS......

522 The Rev. Michael Heirs, D. D. ...... 576 Miscellaneous Societies....

663

The Spirit of the Times...

525 La Crosse County Bible Socisty. 580 Bands

669

The La Crosse Democrat....

526 La Crosse Bar Association....

581 | Military

669

The La Crosse National Democrat........ 528 Banks and Banking...

582 Land Office...

670

The La Crosse Independent Republican.. 528 Railroads...

683 | La Crosse Medical College.

671

Press Items, 1854 to 1860....

529 Railroad Bridges.

590 The Artesian Well....

671

Mark M. Pomeroy and the La Crosse La Crosse Street Railways...

597 Turkish Batlıs......

672

Democrat

545 Cliff wood...

598 David Law's Freight and Omnibns Line... 673

The La Crosse Republican's Attitude... 554 River Interests.....

599 Fires......

673

The later Journalistic Enterprises....... 556 The Lumber Interests.

603 The Storm Fiend..

676

Saw-Mills.........

605 Wholesale Business.

679

HISTORY OF VILLAGES AND TOWNS.

Town of Farmington...

First Settled...

Official.......

Town of Hamilton.

Early Settlement..

Schools....

First Post Office.....

Mills ...

Village of Neshonoc.

Village of West Salem..

Post Office...

PAGE.

683 Schools..

683 Churches

687

Secret Societies..

690 Official Record.

690 Town of Holland..

692 First Settler...

694 Official.....

694 Town of Barre....

694 Early Settlement.

695 Schools....

6967

Churches and Societies..

PAGE

606

Mills

697 Post Office......

701 Town of Burns..

7112 Early Settlement..

705 Schools.....

706 Post Office....

707 Mills

709 Cheese Factory

709 Official Record....

710 Town of Onalaska...

710 Societies...

PAGE

710

711

719

712

713

713

714

714

713

716

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