The Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas about Probability, Induction and Statistical Inference

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Cambridge University Press, 31 de jul de 2006 - 209 páginas
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Historical records show that there was no real concept of probability in Europe before the mid-seventeenth century, although the use of dice and other randomizing objects was commonplace. Ian Hacking presents a philosophical critique of early ideas about probability, induction, and statistical inference and the growth of this new family of ideas in the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries. Hacking invokes a wide intellectual framework involving the growth of science, economics, and the theology of the period. He argues that the transformations that made it possible for probability concepts to emerge have constrained all subsequent development of probability theory and determine the space within which philosophical debate on the subject is still conducted. First published in 1975, this edition includes an introduction that contextualizes his book in light of developing philosophical trends. Ian Hacking is the winner of the Holberg International Memorial Prize 2009.
 

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An absent family of ideas I
1
Duality
11
Opinion
18
Evidence
31
Signs
39
The first calculations
49
The Roannez circle 1654
57
The great decision 1658?
63
Political arithmetic 1662
102
Annuities 1671
111
Equipossibility 1678
122
Inductive logic
134
The art of conjecturing 1692? published 1713
143
which both undertakes a selfconscious analysis of the concept of probability
154
Design
166
Induction 1737
176

The art of thinking 1662
73
Probability and the law 1665
85
Expectation 1657
92

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English: Meaning and Culture
Anna Wierzbicka
Visualização parcial - 2006
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Sobre o autor (2006)

Ian Hacking holds the chair of philosophy and history of scientific concepts at the College de France. Until recently he was a University Professor of philosophy at the University of Toronto. He is the author of many books, including Representing and Intervening, The Taming of Chance, Probability and Inductive Logic, and most recently Historical Ontology. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the American Academy of Arts and Science, and the British Academy. In 2004 he was elected a Companion of the Order of Canada. He is also the winner of the Holberg International Memorial Prize 2009.

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