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Mies Helen Paik, eldest daughter of John Wilson, Esq. of Cumledge, Berwickshire.

5. At Pennycuick, Mr A. Thomson, gun-maker, Edinburgh, to Margaret, daughter of Mr John Henderson, farmer, Pennycuick. /

7- At Shieldhall, William Montgomery, Esq. of Annick Lodge, to Susanna, youngest daughter of the late John Anderson, Esq. London.

9. At Edinburgh, James Usher, Esq. writer, Edinburgh, to Mary, daughter of the late Rev. Thomas Gray, minister of Broughton, Peeblesshire.

13. At Burnsitle, Mr Robert Grieve, writer, Edinburgh, to Marion, eldest daughter of William Holland, Esq. of Bumside.

— At Paisley, Mr James Kerr, manufacturer, to Jane, only daughter of the late William Pinkcrton, Esq.

11. At St Mary's Lambeth, Adam Wilson, of Finsbury Circus, Esq. to Martha Teresa, second daughter of Wilson Lesher, Esq.

— At London, Alexander Bannerman, Esq. of Aberdeen, to Margaret, second daughter of G. J. Guthrie, Esq. of Berkeley Street.

17* At London, Lieut-Colonel Davis, M. P. to Augusta Anne, only child of the late Thomas Champion De Crespigny, Esq.

20, At Aberdeen, William Irvine, Esq. at Towie, to Harriet Ann Stuart, relict of the Rev. George Grant, late minister of Mortlach.

22. At Edinburgh, Lieut. William Hope Smith, of the 4th Regiment Madras Native Infantry, to Eliza, youngest daughter of John Wilson, Esq. of Cumledge, Berwickshire.

— At Eye, Herefordshire, Edmund PoUixfcn Bastard, Esq. of Kitley, Devonshire, and M. P. for that county, to the Hon. Anne Jane Rodney, daughter of the late Lord Rodney.

— At Perth, Mr Mitchel, merchant, John's Street, to Jane, eldest daughter of the Rev. Dr Pringle.

'— Robert Fulton, Esq. Dubbyside, Fifeshire, to Helen, only daughter of the late Major J. Fothcringham of the Engineers on the Madras Establishment.

28. At Aberdeen, Major Henry James Phelps, of the 80th Regiment, to Mary, youngest daughter of R. Grant, Esq. of Diummmer.

— At Hillside, Leith Walk, J. S. Combe, Esq. M.D. Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, to Anne, daughter of the late John Thomson, Esq. Leith.

30. At Leith, Mr J. M'Lcod, merchant, Edinburgh, to Christina, fourth daughter of the late William Loudon, Esq. Kerse Hall. 31. In Christ Church, Cork, William Maginn, Esq. LL.D. to Ellen, eldest daughter of the late Kev. Robert Bullen of Newmarket.


June 15, 18-'2. At Ludanah, Ensign John M. M'Crae, of the Hon. East India Company's 17th regiment native infantry, Bengal establishment, third son of W. G. M'Crae, Esq.

Aug, 2. On board the ship Nearchus, in the river Guyaquil, South America, Mr William Duncan, second officer of that ship.

June 13, 1823. At Fort William, Calcutta, Major John Clelland Guthrie, 44th foot, son of the late Colonel John Guthrie, of the Hon. East India Company's service.

13. Lost at sea, from on board the Hon. Com* pany's ship Vansittart, Mr William Montague Duddingstone, only son of the late Rear-Admiral William Duddingstone.

Sept. 24. At Demerara, Francis Mackenzie'Fair- bairn, son of the late Mr Fairbairn of Berbice. His father and two brothers had fallen victims to the same climate within the last sixteen months.

Oct. 12. At May's Den, Island of Jamaica, Donald M'Lean, Esq.

19. At Graham's Town, Cape of Good Hope, Lieut-Col. George Sackvilie Fraser, of the Cape corps, second son of the late Mr John Fraser, Rhives, Sutherlandshire.

28. At the Cape of Good Hope, E. S. Montagu, late Persian secretary to the government at Calcutta.

Nov. 9. At Demerara, Dr William Wallace, of Three Friends.

Dec. 11. At Siena, Mrs Janet Brodie, daughter of the late William Brodie, Esq. Amisncld Mains.

23. At Butterston, Lieut Joseph Leslie*

26. At Kirkeaan, Alexander Reid, Esq.

27- At Crieff, Mr James Wilson, late merchant In Charlestown, South Carolina, eldest son of the late Mr James Wilson, maltster, Leith.

28. In Stafford Street, Mrs Margaret Borthwick, widow of Lieut-colonel John Borthwick,of the 71st regiment

— At Libberton Cottage, Jane Tod, wife of Lieut Moxey, Royal Navy.

30. At Leith, Mr Alexander Goodlet, late of the Customs.

— At Torquay, Devon, Sarah, Viscountess Kilcoursie.

Jan. 1. 1824. At Edinburgh, Mr Allan Grant, messenger at arms.

— At his house, Canongate, Mrs Janet Brodie, wife of Duncan Cowan, Esq.

— Miss Emily Shirriff, second daughter of the late Lieut-colonel Shirriff, of the Madras cavalry*

2. At Comiston, Daniel Collyer, Esq.

3. At Kirkaldy, Mr William Mitchell, cabinet* maker.

— At No. 108, Prince's Street, Richard Beckwith Craik, Esq. younger of Arbigland.

— At Edinburgh, Mr James Hunter, late baker.

— At the Vicarage, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Eupho- mia, wife of the Rev. William M'Douall.

4. At Pisa, Mr James Brown, of St Vincent Street, Glasgow.

— At Glasgow, John Machen, Esq. in the 51st year of his age.

5. At Edinburgh, Mrs Davie of Brotherton.

— At Rotterdam, John Alexander, the infant son of James H. Turing, Esq.

— At Bath, Hugh Campbell, Esq. of May field, in the county of Ayr, late captain in the 85th regiment.

6. At his house, in Upper Bedford Place, London, the lady of John Loch, Esq.

— At Thavies Inn, London, Iloratius, second son of Alexander Fraser, Esq.

— At Avonbank, Mr Gavin Hamilton, senior of Avonbank, in the county of Lanark.

7. At Leith, Mr John Parker, agent, late of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

— At Luddington House, Surry, Walter Irvine, Esq. in the 76th year of his age.

8. At Dumfries, Robert Jackson, Esq. Comptroller of Customs, and for many years editor and proprietor of the Dumfries Weekly Journal.

— At her father's house, 20, George's Street, Mary, eldest daughter of Mr Jones, of the Theatre-Royal.

9. At her house, St James's Street, Leith Walk, Mrs Esther Annetonies, relict of the late Mr William Ker, goldsmitn, Edinburgh,

10. At the house of the Duchess of Marlborough, Cumberland Gate, London, the Right Hon. Lady Caroline Pennant

— At Rothney, William Gordon, Esq. of Rothney, W. S.

— At Ayr, Captain William Niven, late surveyor of the Customs at Greenock. By fame he was reputed the son of that facetious and well-known character described in Roderick Random under the title of Strap.

At Burnham House, county of Kerry, Ireland, the Right Hon. Lord Ventry.

— At Dalruzian, Thomas Rattray, Esq. aged 82.

— At Edinburgh, Alexander Charles, youngest son of Robert Kerr of Chatto, Esq.

12. Suddenly, at London, at his banking-house, of an apoplectic fit, Joseph Marryat, Esq. M. P. for Sandwich, and chairman to the committee at Lloyd's.

— At No. 104, Laurieston Place, William, second son of Mr James Sanson.

— Mr William Auld, goldsmith, treasurer to the Trades' Maiden Hospital.

— In North Hanover Street, Miss Katherine Fleming.

— At Kittyfield, Roxburghshire, in the 90th year of his age, Mr David Minto, for about half a century farmer of Linglie, near Selkirk.

13. At Largs, Captain Patrick Carnegie, R. N. who fought under Rodney on the memorable 12th of April 1782.

— At Kinsale, the Hon. Governor de Courccy, brother to the late Lord Kinsale.

13. At Newhalls, near Edinburgh, Lady Home, 20. At Collou, in the oountr of Loath, the teat relict of Vice-Admiral Sir George Home of Black- of the venerable Lord Oriel, Viscountess Ferrard, adder, Bart. Baroness Oriel, the lady of that distinguished no

14. At Edinburgh, John, infant son of John bleman. Bruce, Esq. Heriot Hill. 21. At Kelso, Mr Andrew Telfer, bookseller.

— In Panton Square, London, John Ross, Esq. — At Aberdeen, Robert Lamb, Esq. late partlieutenant-colonel, late of the 28th regiment. ner in the house of Robert Anderson and Co.

— At Pittenweem, Major John Duddingstone, Gibraltar.

late of the lstbattalian Rovai Scots. 22. In Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, Henry D

13. At Colchester, John Thomson, Esq. Depu- Grant, Esq. second son of the late Francis Grant,

ty Commissary-General to the forces, and late pri- of Kilgraston, Esq.

vate secretary to the most noble the Govemor-ge- —At Moreham, very suddenly, Mr Thomas

neral of India. Henderson, in the 76th year of his age, and 45

— At Berrywell, Mrs Murray. years schoolmaster of that parish.

■ — At Leith, Mr John Durie, merchant. — In St Andrew's Square, Mrs Aitken, wife of

15. At his thouse, Shandwick Place, General Dr John Aitken, surgeon, Edinburgh. Francis Dundas, after a long and painful illness. 23. At Boulogne, Sir Brooke Boothby, Bait*

General Dundas was colonel of the 71stregiment F.L.S. of Ashboum Hall, in the county of Derby,

of light infantry and governor of Dumbarton in his 80th year, castle. 25, At No. 21), North Bridge, Edinburgh, Miss

17. In Stanhope Street, Mayfair, London, Foy. Bamber Gascoyne, Esq. aged 68, many years a re- — At Lauriestion Place, Mrs Janet Robertson,

presentative in Parliament for Liverpool. In the 85th year of her age.

■ 1«. At Ramsgate, Captain Bowles Mitchell, — Mr Thomas Hodge, merchant, Newington. R. N. in the 74th year of his age. He was the — At her house, in Upper Seymour Street, last surviving officer of those who accompanied London, on the 25th ult. Dame Judith Laurie, Captain Cook on his second voyage round the aged 74, widow of General Sir Robert Laurie, world. of Maxwelton, in the county of Dumfries, Bart.

— At Edinburgh, Mr William Tumbull, for- • 27. At 25, Northumberland Street, the infant merly clothier, and late keeper of the mortality re- daughter of J. G. Lockhart, Esq. advocate, cords of the city of Edinburgh. — At Edinburgh, Mr William Thomson, dyer.

20. At Richmond, James, Earl Cornwallis, Bi- — At Castle Howard, Yorkshire, the Right

shop of Litchfield and Coventry, and Dean of Hon. Margaret Caroline, Countess of Carlisle, in

Durham, in the 81st year of his age. He is sue- the 71st year of her age.

ceeded in his title and estates by his only son, 28. At Leith, the Rev. Robert Dickson, D. D.

James Mann, Viscount Broome, now Earl Corn- who for 38 years discharged the ministerial duties

wallis. in the parish of South Leith, respected and belo

— At Edinburgh, James Bissett, Esq. Rear Ad- ved by all ranks, miral of the Red.

Jan. 5.—In Cork, of an organic disease of the heart, Jeremiah Daniel Murphy, Esq. son of D. Murphy, Esq., merchant in that city. This gentleman had only reached the age of eighteen years and a few months, but his acquirements were such as would betoken a far ampler period of existence. He spoke or wrote the Greek, Latin, French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, and Irish languages, with the utmost fluency and precision; and was profoundly versed in their respective literatures* His acquirements in science were highly respectable; and he was graced by the possession of those gentlemanlike accomplishments, which form the ornament of the rank in which he was destined, if Heaven had spared his life, to have moved; while, unlike most lads of precocious acquirements, his manners were mild, engaging, retiring, and modest.

He had contributed occasionally to this Magazine. His perfect command over the Latin language was exemplified in the "Advenlus Regis," No. 56; the " Rising of the North," No. 67 ; and other similar pieces, which we may now venture to say are complete models in their peculiar style. There are other papers also from his pen, which we have not now time to indicate, but all affording earnest of powers of composition, and depth of information, which we are sure would have been amply redeemed, if it had pleased Providence to have granted him a longer sojourn in this world.

O flos juvenum, Ornate bonis,

Spes lreta patris, Ostentatus,

Non certa tua; Raptusque simul,

Data res patriae, Solstitialis

Non mansuris Velut herba solet.

Flower of our youth ! in thee are lost
A father's hopes, a country's boast,
With transient goods adorn'd I just shone,
And wither'd near as soon as blown,
Like flowerets of solsticial zone.

Printed by Jama Ballantynt and Co. Edinburgh.






It has been, for a considerable time, a subject of complaint among intelligent men, that the present system of Periodical Criticism is altogether unsuited to answer the fair and, honourable purposes of the Literary World.

The vast and perpetually increasing abundance of English Publication, and the new vigour which political circumstances, and the general growth, of the popular mind, have excited in Foreign Literature, deserve a more frequent and comprehensive survey, than that which it is within the plan of our principal Reviews to give; and the deep and spreading influence of English Opinion in the Old and New Worlds, unquestionably requires that it should be delivered in the spirit of manliness and integrity, sincere, learned, and impartial.

No man can doubt that the principal Reviews have utterly failed in those essential points; that half a dozen Essays every three months are unequal to give any idea of the progress of Literature; that the ambitious authorship, whose object is simply to display the powers of the Reviewer, must defeat the purpose of the reader, who desires to be acquainted with the Book; that the tone of sneering and pret personality, which makes the study and the triumph of modern criticism, goes directly to offend correct taste, and to insult and repel the progress of all honourable and sensitive minds; and that, in addition, the notorious bondage and instrumentality of those Reviews, as tools of Government and Opposition, totally extinguishes the hope of right judgment in matters of the first importance to us as individuals, as subjects of a free state, and as lovers of literature.

In those Journals too, Foreign Publication has found but the most trivial and occasional notice. Yet, on the Continent, a new and brilliant period has opened, that almost resembles the fifteenth Century, in the suddenness, masculine strength, and original splendour, of its intellectual exertion. In France, in Germany, throughout the North and East of Europe, from Siberia to Hungary, great acquisitions have been mode in every region of mental and physical discovery, into which powerful and accomplished minds could break their way. Of these labours the English reader has been kept in general ignorance,—on ignorance which it is not within the scope of the principal Journals to enlighten.

Under those impressions, some individuals, well acquainted with the general course of polite and philosophical learning, advantageously situated for obtaining valuable information, and altogether free from the influence of Party or Publishers, have determined on producing a New Review, to be entitled The Universal Review, or Chronicle of the Literature of all Nations.

In Politics, honouring the wisdom of their ancestors, they will be the abettors neither of change nor of corruption. Their principles are Constitutional and National.

In Religion, not less honouring the holiness and sincerity of the Founders of the Established Church, they will respect conscientious differences of opinion. .

In Criticism, they will not indulge in Essay-writing. General views and abstracts of the more important classes of knowledge will be given from time to time,—an original feature, which they contemplate as of peculiar utility to the student. To meet the rapidity of modern publication, the Review will appear every Two Months: a portion of each Number being set apart for foreign works. The price of the Number will be Five Shillings: thus bringing the annual subscription close to the level of the other Reviews. In this mode, every work of the year, that can be conceived to be of any value, will be described within the year; the purpose of the UniVersal Review being altogether to give that sufficient and immediate knowledge of books, which may enable the student, the collector, and the general reader, to decide at once how far they may gratify their tastes, or assist their studies and opinions.

The first Number will be published in March, 1824, by 6. & \V. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria-Lane, London, and Waugh & Innks, Ediitburgh.

"•* Lelttrt and Communications, $c. to be forwarded to G. & W. B.




No. LXXXVI. MARCH, 1824. Vol. XV.


Letter From A " Eirst-floor Lodger," . . . . ; 251

La Martine's Poetry, . . 257

Delavigne's New Comedy And Messeniennes, . . . . 262

John Hall And His Wife. A Sketch, ;i . 265

Sonnets, 268

Ireland, ........... 269

On Moonlight. From The Swedish Of Ingelrain, . . 295

The Shepherd's Calendar. Class V. The Lasses, . . 296

The Man-of-war's-man, Chap; X. and XI. . ... . 305

The Edinburgh Review. No. LXXVIII. Articles I. And IX.

The State of Europe, and the Holy Alliance, . . . . . 317

Sayings And Doings, . . . . . • ... . 334

Note from Mr ODoherty, .... i i 342

Croly's Comedy, . 343

The Recent State Papers Concerning South America, . . 351

Noctes Ambrosian^e. No; XIII., ...... 358


William Blackwood, No. 17, Prince's Street, Edinburgh; And T. Cadell, Strand, London;

To whom Communications (post paid) may be addressed.
Sold Also By All The Booksellers Of The United Kingdom.


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