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Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he hath Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Wilt made me a Christian.

thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in an instant ? Laun. Truly, the more to blame he: we were I pray thee, understand a plain man in his plain Christians enough before; e'en as many as could meaning; go to thy fellows; bid them cover the well live, one by another : This making of Chris- table, serve in the meat, and we will come in to tians will raise the price of hogs; if we grow all to

dinner. be pork-eaters, we shall not shortly have a rasher Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be served in ; on the coals for money.

for the meat, sir, it shall be covered ; for your

coming in to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humours Enter LORENZO.

and conceits shall govern. [Erit LAUNCELOT. Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what you Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are suited! say; here he comes.

The fool hath planted in his memory Lor. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, Laun- An army of good words; And I do know celot, if you thus get my wife into corners. A many fools, that stand in better place,

Jes. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; Laun-| Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word celot and I are out: he tells me flatly, there is no Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou, Jessica ? mercy for me in heaven, because I am a Jew's And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, daughter : and he says, you are no good member of How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife? the commonwealth ; for, in converting Jews to Jes. Past all expressing : It is very meet, Christians, you raise the price of pork.

The lord Bassanio live an upright life; Lor. I shall answer that better to the common- For, having such a blessing in his lady, wealth, than you can the getting up of the negro's He finds the joys of heaven here on earth ; belly; the Moor is with child by you, Launcelot. And, if on earth he do not mean it, it

Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be more Is reason he should never come to heaven. than reason : but if she be less than an honest wo- Why, if two gods should play some heavenly matclia man, she is, indeed, more than I took her for. And on the wager lay two earthly women,

Lor. How every fool can play upon the word ! | And Portia one, there must be something else I think, the best grace of wit will shortly turn into | Pawn'd with the other; for the poor rude world silence ; and discourse grow commendable in none Hath not her fellow. only but parrots. Go in, sirrah ; bid them prepare Lor.

Even such a husband for dinner.

Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife.
Laun. That is done, sir; they have all stomachs. Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that.

Lor. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are you ! Lor. I will anon ; first, let us go to dinner. then bid them prepare dinner.

Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a stomach. Laun. That is done, too, sir : only, cover is the Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk ; word.

Then, howsoe'er, thou speak'st, 'mong other things Lor. Will you cover then, sir ?

I shall digest it. Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my duty. Jes.

Well, I'll set you forth. [Exeunt.



SCENE I. – Venice. A Court of Justice. That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice

To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought, Enter the Duke, the Magnificoes; ANTONIO, Bas- Thou'lt show thy mercy and remorse, more strange

SANIO, GRATIANO, Salarino, Salanio, and others. Than is thy strange apparent cruelty :
Duke. What, is Antonio here?

And where thou now exact'st the penalty,
Ant. Ready, so please your grace.

(Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,) Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,

But touch'd with human gentleness and love, A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch

Forgive a moiety of the principal ; Uncapable of pity, void and empty

Glancing an eye of pity on his losses, From any dram of mercy.

That have of late so huddled on his back ; Ant.

I have heard,

Enough to press a royal merchant down, Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify And pluck commiseration of his state His rigorous course ; but since he stands obdurate, From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of flint, And that no lawful means can carry me

From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never train'd Out of his envy's reach, I do oppose

To offices of tender courtesy. My patience to his fury; and am arm'd

We all expect a gentle answer, Jew. To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,

Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I pur. The very tyranny and rage of his.

pose ;
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the court. And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn,
Salan. He's ready at the door: he comes, my lord. To have the due and forfeit of my bond :

If you deny it, let the danger light

Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our You'll ask me, why I rather choose to have face.

A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, Three thousand ducats : I'll not answer that :


rage yet!



But, say, it is my humour ; Is it answer'd ? A messenger with letters from the doctor,
What if my house be troubled with a rat,

New come from Padua.
And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats

Duke. Bring us the letters; Call the messenger. To have it ban’d? What, are you answer'd yet? Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man? cou. Some men there are, love not a gaping pig ; Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat ;

The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, And others, when the bagpipe sings i' the nose, Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. Cannot contain their urine; for affection,

Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock, Mistress of passion, sways it to the mood

Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit Of what it likes, or loaths : Now, for your answer, Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me : As there is no firm reason to be render'd,

You cannot better be employ’d, Bassanio, Why he cannot abide a gaping pig;

Than to live still, and write mine epitaph. Why he, a harmless necessary cat ;

Enter Nerissa, dressed like a lawyer's clerk. Why he, a swollen bagpipe ; but of force Must yield to such inevitable shame,

Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario ? As to offend, himself being offended ;

Ner. From both, my lord: Bellario greets your So can I give no reason, nor I will not,


[Presents a letter. More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing,

Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly I bear Antonio, that I follow thus

Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd ?

there. Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man,

Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh To excuse the current of thy cruelty.

Jew, Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my an

Thou mak’st thy knife keen: but no metal can,

No, not the hangman's axe, bear half the keenness Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not love? Of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee? Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill ? Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make, Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first.

Gra. O, be thou damn'd, inexorable dog !
Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent sting And for thy life let justice be accus'd.
thee twice?

Thou almost mak'st me waver in my faith,
Ant. I pray you, think you question with the Jew: To hold opinion with Pythagoras,
You may as well go stand upon the beach,

That souls of animals infuse themselves
And bid the main food bate his usual height;

Into the trunks of men : thy currish spirit You may as well use question with the wolf, Govern'd a wolf, who, liang'd for human slaughter Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb;

Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet, You may as well forbid the mourtain pines

And, whilst thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam, To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, Infus'd itself in thee; for thy desires When they are fretted with the gusts of heaven ;

Are wolfish, bloody, starv'd, and ravenous. You may as well do any thing most hard,

Shy. Till thou can'st rail the seal from off my bond, As seek to soften that (than which what's harder ?) Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: His Jewish heart : Therefore, I do beseech you,

Repair thy wit, good youth; or it will fall Make no more offers, use no further means,

To cureless ruin. - I stand here for law. But, with all brief and plain conveniency,

Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will. A young and learned doctor to our court :Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here is six.

Where is he? Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats,

Ner. He attendeth here hard by, Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,

To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. I would not draw them, I would have my bond.

Duke. With all my heart : - some three or four Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring none ?

Go give him courteous conduct to this place. Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no

Meantime, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. wrong ?

[Clerk reads.] Your grace shall understand, that, You have among you many a purchas'd slave, Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules,

at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : but in

the instant that your messenger came, in loving visitYou use in abject and in slavish parts,

ation was with me a young doctor of Rome, his Because you bought them :- - Shall I say to you,

name is Balthasar: I acquainted him with the cause Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ?

in controversy between the Jew and Antonio the merWhy sweat they under burdens ? let their beds

chant : we turned o'er many books together : he is Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates Be season'd with such viands? You will answer,

furnish'd with my opinion ; which, better'd with his The slaves are ours: — So do I answer you;

own learning, (the greatness whereof I cannot enough

cummend,) comes with him, at my importunity, to The pound of flesh, which I demand of him,

fill up your grace's request in my stead. I beseech Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it :

you, If you deny me, fye upon your law !

let his lack of years be no impediment to let him

lack a reverend estimation ; for I never knew so young There is no force in the decrees of Venice :

a body with so old a head. I leave him to your graI stand for judgment : answer; shall I have it?

cious acceptance, whose trial shall better publish his Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court,

commendation. Unless Bellario, a learned doctor, Whom I have sent for to determine this,

Duke. You hear the learned Bellario, what he Come here to-day,

writes : Salar.

My lord, here stays without And here, I take it, is the doctor come.

of you,

Enter Portia, dressed like a doctor of laws.


Why, this bond is forfeit; Give me your hand: Came you from old Bellario? And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Por. I did, my lord.

A pound of flesh, to be by him cut ofl' Duke. You are welcome : take your place.

Nearest the merchant's heart: - Be merciful; Are you acquainted with the difference

Take thrice thy money ; bid me tear the bond. That holds this present question in the court ?

Shy. When it is paid according to the tenour. Por. I am informed throughly of the cause.

It doth appear, you are a worthy judge ; Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew ?

You know the law, your exposition Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth.

Ilath been most sound: I charge you by the law, Por. Is your name Shylock ?

Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar, Shy.

Shylock is my name.

Proceed to judgment : by my soul I swear,
Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow; There is no power in the tongue of man
Yet in such a rule, that the Venetian law

To alter me: I stay here on my bond.
Cannot impugn you, as you do proceed. -

Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court You stand within his danger, do you not ?

To give the judgment. [70 Antonio Por.

Why then, thus it is. Ant. Ay, so he says.

You must prepare your bosom for his knife : Por.

Do you confess the bond ? Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man! Ant. I do.

Por. For the intent and purpose of the law
Then must the Jew be merciful.

Hath full relation to the penalty,
Shy. On what compulsion must I ? tell me that. Which here appeareth due upon the bond.

Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; Shy. 'Tis very true: () wise and upright judge ! It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven

How much more elder art thou than thy looks! Upon the place beneath : it is twice bless'd;

Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes :


Ay, his breast : 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest ; it becomes So says the bond ; — Doth it not, noble judge ? The throned monarch better than his crown; Nearest his heart, those are the very words. His scepter shows the force of temporal power,

Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to weigh The attribute to awe and majesty,

The flesh ? Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings;


I have them ready. But mercy is above this scepter'd sway,

Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your It is enthron'd in the hearts of kings,

charge, It is an attribute to God himself ;

To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. And earthly power doth then show likest God's Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ? When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, Por. It is not so express'd; But what of that ? Though justice be thy plea, consider this

'Twere good you do so much for charity. That in the course of justice, none of us

Shy. I cannot find it ; 'tis not in the bond. Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy ;

Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say? And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Ant. But little; I am arm’d, and well prepar’d... The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much, Give me your hand, Bassanio ; fare you well! To mitigate the justice of thy plea;

Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you;
Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice For herein fortune shows herself more kind
Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there.

Than is her custom : it is still her use,
Shy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the law, To let the wretched man out-live his wealth,
The penalty and forfeit of my bond.

To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow,
Por. Is he not able to discharge the money ? An age of poverty; from which lingering penance

Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; Of such a misery doth she cut me off. Yea, twice the sum : if that will not suffice, Commend me to your honourable wife : I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er,

Tell her the process of Antonio's end, On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart : Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death; If this will not suffice, it must appear

And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you,

Whether Bassanio had not once a love. Wrest once the law to your authority :

Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, To do a great right do a little wrong;

And he repents not that he pays your debt ; And curb this cruel devil of his will.

For, if the Jew do cut but deep enough, Por. It must not be ; there is no power in Venice I'll pay it instantly with all my heart. Can alter a decree established :

Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife, 'Twill be recorded for a precedent;

Which is as dear to me as life itself; And many an error, by the same example,

But life itself, my wife, and all the world, Will rush into the state : it cannot be.

Are not with me esteem'd above thy life;
Shy. A Danielcome to judgment! yea, a

I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all
Daniel !

Here to this devil, to deliver you.
O wise young judge, how do I honour thee !

Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond.

that, Shy. Here it is most reverend doctor, here it is. If she were by, to hear you make the offer. Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd Gra. I have a wife, whom, I protest I love ; thee.

I would she were in heaven, so she could Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven : Entreat some power to change this currish Jew. Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?

Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back; No, not for Venice.

The wish would make else an unquiet house.

Shy. These be the Christian husbands: I have a Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice. daughter;

In which predicament, I say, thou stand'st : 'Wouli, any of the stock of Barrabas

For it appears by manifest proceeding, Had been her husband, rather than a Christian! That, indirectly, and directly too,

[ Aside. Thou hast contriv'd against the very life We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence. Of the defendant ; and thou hast incurr'd

Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is thine; The danger formerly by me rehears'd.
The court awards it, and the law doth give it. Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke.
Shy. Most rightful judge !

Gra. Beg that thou may'st have leave to lang Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his

thyself : breast;

And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, The law allows it, and the court awards it.

Thou hast not left the value of a cord; Shy. Most learned judge! — A sentence; come, Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state's charge. prepare.

Duke. That thou shalt see the difference of our Por. Tarry a little ; — there is something else.

This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it:
The words expressly are a pound of Aesh :

For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's;
Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh; The other half comes to the general state,
But, in the cutting it, if thou dost shed

Which humbleness may drive unto a fine.
One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods Por. Ay, for the state ; not for Antonio.
Are, by the laws of Venice, confisrate

Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that: Cnto the state of Venice.

You take my house, when you do take the prop Gra. O upright judge !-Mark, Jew ;-0 learned That doth sustain my house; you take my life, judge!

When you do take the means whereby I live. Shy. Is that the law ?

Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio ? Por.

Thyself shall see the act : Gra. A halter gratis ; nothing else; for God's sake. For, as thou urgest justice, be assur’d,

Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the court, Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir’st. To quit the fine for one half of his goods; Gra. O learned judge !—Mark, Jew ;-a learned I am content, so he will let me have judge!

The other half in use, - to render it,
Shy. I take this offer then, -pay the bond thrice, Upon his death, unto the gentleman
And let the Christian go.

That lately stole his daughter;
Here is the money.

Two things provided more, — - That for this favour, Por. Soft ;

He presently become a Christian ; The Jew shall have all justice ;-soft ;-no haste ;- The other, that he do record a gift, He shall have nothing but the penalty.

Here in the court, of all he dies possess'd, Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge ! Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter.

Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the flesh. Duke. He shall do this ; or else I do recant Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor more, The pardon, that I late pronounced here. But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'st more, Por. Art thou contented, Jew, what dost thou say? Or less, than a just pound. be it but so much Shy. I am content. As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance,


Clerk, draw a deed of gist. Or the division of the twentieth part

Shy. I pray you give me leave to go from hence : Of one poor scruple: nay, if the scale do turn I am not well; send the deed after me, But in the estimation of a hair,

And I will sign it. Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate.


Get thee gone, but do it. Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew !

Gra. In christening, thou shalt have two god. Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip.

fathers; Por. Why doth the Jew pause ? take thy forfeiture. Had I been judge, thou should’st have had ten more, Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. To bring thee to the gallows, not the font. Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is.

[Exit SHYLOCK. Por. He hath refus'd it in the open court;

Duke. Sir, I entreat you home with me to dinner. He shall have merely justice, and his bond.

Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon; Gra. A Daniel, still say I ; a second Daniel !- I must away this night toward Padua. I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. And it is meet, I presently set forth.

Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal? Duke. I am sorry, that your leisure serves you not.

Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, Antonio, gratify this gentleman; To be so taken at thy peril, Jew.

For, in my mind, you are much bound to him. Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it!

[Ereunt DUKE, Magnificoes and Train. I'll stay no longer question.

Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my friends Por.

Tarry, Jew; Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted The law hath yet another hold on you.

Of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof, It is enacted in the laws of Venice,

Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew, If it be prov'd against an alien,

We freely cope your courteous pains withal. That by direct, or indirect attempts,

Ant. And stand indebted, over and above, He seek the life of any citizen,

In love and service to you evermore.
The party, 'gainst the which he doth contrive,

Por. He is well paid that is well satisfied :
Shall seize one half his goods; the other half And I, delivering you, am satisfied,
Comes to the privy cotier of the state ;

And therein do account myself well paid ;
And the offender's life lies in the mercy

My mind was never yet more mercenary.

I pray you, know me, when we meet again ,

Buss. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him, I wish you well, and so I take my leave.

Give him the ring; and bring him, if thou can'st, Bass. Dear sir, of force I must attempt you Unto Antonio's house : -away, make haste. further;

[Erit GratiANO. Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute, Come, you and I will thither presently ; Not as a fee : grant me two things, I pray you, And in the morning early will we both Not to deny me, and to pardon me.

Fly toward Belmont: Come, Antonio. [Ereunt Por. You press me far, and therefore I will yield. Give me your gloves, I'll wear them for your sake;


The same.

A Street.
And, for your love, I'll take this ring from you :

Enter Portia and NERISSA.
Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no more ;
And you in love shall not deny me this.

Por. Inquire the Jew's house out, give him this Bass. This ring, good sir, — alas, it is a trifle ;

deed, I will not shame myself to give you this.

And let him sign it; we'll away to night, Por. I will have nothing else but only this ; And be a day before our husbands home : And now, methinks, I have a mind to it.

This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo. B1ss. There's more depends on this than on the

Enter GRATIANO. value. The dearest ring in Venice will I give you,

Gra. Fair sir, you are well overtaken : And find it out by proclamation;

My lord Bassanio, upon more advice, Only for this, I pray you pardon me.

Hath sent you here this ring; and doth entreat Por. I see, sir, you are liberal in offers :

Your company at dinner. You taught me first to beg; and now, methinks,


That cannot be:
You teach me how a beggar should be answer’d. This ring I do accept most thankfully,
Bass. Good sir, this ring was given me by my


pray you, tell him : Furthermore,

I pray you, show my youth old Shylock's house. And, when she put it on, she made me vow,

Gru. That will I do. That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it.


Sir, I would speak with you :Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save their I'll see if I can get my husband's ring, (To Portia. gifts.

Which I did make him swear to keep for ever. An if your wife be not a mad woman,

Por. Thou may'st, I warrant; We shall have old And know how well I have deserv'd this ring,

swearing, She would not hold out enemy for ever,

That they did give the rings away to men ; For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you!

But we'll outface them, and outswear them too. [Ereunt Portia and Nerissa. Away, make haste; thou know'st where I will tarry. Ant. My lord Bassanio, let him have the ring; Ner. Come, good sir, will you show me to this Let his deservings, and my love withal,


[Exeunt. Be valued 'gainst your wife's commandment.

And so,



SCENE I. – Belmont. Avenue to Portia's House.

Lor. The moon shines bright: - In such a night

as this,
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees,
And they did make no noise; in such a night,
Troilus, methinks, mounted the Trojan walls,
And sigh'd his soul toward the Grecian tents,
Where Cressid lay that night.

In such a night,
Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew;
And saw the lion's shadow ere himself,
And ran dismay'd away.

In such a night,
Stood Dido with a willow in her hand
Upon the wild sea-banks, and wav'd her love
To come again to Carthage.

In such a night,
Medea gather'd the enchanted herbs
That did renew old Æson.

In such a night,
Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew:
And with an unthrift love did run from Venice,
As far as Belmonte

And in such a night,

Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well;
Stealing her soul with many vows of faith,
And ne'er a true ope.

And in such a night,
Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew,
Slander her love, and he forgave it her.

Jes. I would out-night you, did no body coine :
But, hark, I hear the footing of a man.

Lor. Who comes so fast in silence of the night?
Steph. A friend.
Lor. A friend? what friend ? your name, I

you, friend?
Steph. Stephano is my name; and I bring

My mistress will before the break of day
Be here at Belmont; she doth stray about
By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays
For happy wedlock hours.

Who comes with her ?
Steph. None, but a holy hermit, and her maid.
I pray you, is my master yet return'd ?
Lor. He is not, nor we have not heard from

But go we in, I pray thee, Jessica,

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