John P. Rafferty Associate Editor, Earth Sciences
The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc, 15 de ago de 2011 - 360 páginas
Anyone who has marveled at the glimmer of a perfectly cut diamond, tended a garden, or consumed a nutritious meal has appreciated some of the many roles that minerals play in our lives. Present in many natural substances, minerals are highly structured entities, each with a unique chemical composition and set of properties. Accompanied by detailed tables, diagrams, and sidebars, this informative volume examines the various types of minerals and their structures and classifications, as well as the physical and chemical attributes that separate one mineral from another.
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The Nature of Minerals
Magmatic Concentration 83 108
Formation of Mineral Deposits
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acid alkali aluminum amphiboles anions aragonite arsenic beta bond borates brown calcite calcium carbonate cations chemical composition clay minerals cleavage refrac colour lustre Mohs colourless common compounds conchoidal constituent contain copper Copyright Encyclopædia Britannica crystal structure dolomite dolostone Earth’s crust edition by Rosen elements Encyclopædia Britannica epsilon eral example feldspars feldspathoid fibrous gamma garnet grains granular gray green hexagonal hydrothermal solutions hydroxyl igneous rocks illite ionic ions iron isometric kaolinite layers limestones magma magnesium magnetite manganese massive metallic metamorphic rocks mica mineral deposit monoclinic muscovite name colour lustre name habit frac occur octahedral sheets olivine omega ortho orthorhombic oxides oxygen atoms palygorskite percent perfect cleavage alpha plagioclase polymorphs potassium prismatic properties pyroxene quartz rhombic rock-forming Rosen Educational Services sedimentary rocks sediments silicate minerals silicon smectite sodium specific gravity substitution sulfate sulfide sulfosalts sulfur surface symmetry temperatures tetrahedral tetrahedrons ture or cleavage uneven fracture vitreous