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the establishment, who relieve each other every eight hours, so that the work is going on all night, and they cart away about 100 loads of rubbish per day. The bricks consumed are about 70,000 per week, and casks of cement 360 ; the distance already completed is about 296 feet, and the weekly progress about 12 feet.

The tasteful stone bridge which is throwing over the Serpentine River near Kensington Gardens, when finished, will open a delightful promenade and drive entirely round Hyde Park ---it will consist of five arches and two land ones.

It is intended to continue Pall-mall in a straight line to the Green Park: by pulling down the club-houses and the hotel, at the corner of St. James's-street, the whole of Cleveland-row, the stables belonging to the MARQUIS OF STAFFORD, the houses opposite, together with MR. LAMBTON's, and the houses behind it; these improvements will leave an uninterrupted view of the Park and His MAJESTY's New Palace; and would allow a grand carriage way into the Park and to the New Palace. It is also intended to remove Little St. James's-street, and several small houses in that neighbourhood. A grand crescent is to be built on the ground now occupied by Cleveland-row and Little St. James's-street.

Amongst the variety of organic remains which are daily brought to light, and which lead a contemplative mind to the vast changes which this planet has sustained, none are more highly interesting than the discovery of those animals, whose species since the primeval state of things has ceased to exist in this quarter of the globe. Two beautiful specimens, strongly illustrative of this remarkable change, have recently been found in blue alluvial clay on the coast of Essex. They consist of the fossil horns of the buffalo, of gigantic size, with part of the os frontis : the other is a fossil turtle, embedded in a mass of septaria. Both specimens are in the most perfect state of preservation.

BURNS' MONUMENT.---The committee appointed to superintend the completion of the splendid monument, erected at Alloway, to the memory of BURNS, have nearly completed that honorable undertaking. It is built on a small but neat elevation, half a mile from the humble cottage in which the poet was born. Distant a short way from the ruins of Alloway Kirk, in the grave-yard of which the mortal remains of his venerated father were interred. The head-stone that marks the spot, has been so broken and carried off by modern vandals, that only a solitary letter remains of the inscription. Near it, is " the well where Mungo's mither hanged hersel," the old bridge of Doon, and a number of other places immortalized in the works of the poet. On ascending the elevation, on which the monument is erected, the spectator is at once astonished, delighted, and powerfully impressed with the subjects and scenery around him. Beautiful villas, richly ornamented, situated among the finest pleasure grounds, ** haflins seen and haflins hid” by the thriving plantations with which they are sur.. rounded. Almost under his feet is the Doon, dashing rapidly through the scattered masses of rock with which the channel is interspersed; while the “spirit of the waters" is heard soughing through the lofty poplars, willows, and elms, that cover the banks. The view is bounded by a range of rude hills, which at no great distance end abruptly in the ocean, and though divested of the bolder features of the rugged awe-inspiring sublimity of Highland scenery, their barren slopes being contrasted with fine fields in the highest cultivation. The whole forms a scene which it would be difficult to parallel.

BIRTHS.

Oct. 2: The Lady of E. Taunton, Esq. K.C. of a daughter. 3: Mrs. C. L. Francis, of Vauxhall, of a daughter; the Lady of the Rev. R. P. Greenland, of Ealing, of a daughter. 4: Lady of Williams, Esq. of York Terrace, Regent's Park, of a son. 6: Lady of Charles Farebrother, Esq. Sheriff of London and Middlesex, of a son ; at Langlebury, Herts. the Lady of George Sulivan, Esq. of a daughter. 7: at Shadwell Lodge, Norfolk, the Lady of John Jacob Buxton, Esq. M. P. of a son still born; at the Hermitage, Brompton, the Lady of Dr. Sutherland, of a son. 9: at the Vicarage, Hungerford, the Lady of Rev. W. Cookson of a son. 10: Mrs. T. L. Donaldson of a son. 11: the Lady of G. Frederick Lockley, Esq. of a son ; at Ludlam Hall, Suffolk, the Lady of Charles Devon, Esq. of a daughter ; in Regency Square, Brighton, the Lady of H. Chamberlain, Esq. of a son. 13: at Castle Bromwich, Warwickshire, the Countese of Bradford of a daughter. 15 : at Brixton Hill, Lady of James Taylor, Esq. of Furnival's Inn, of a daughter ; in Clarges Street, Piccadilly, the Lady of Thomas Walford, Esq. jun. of a son ; at Stoke Place, the Lady of Lieut. Col. Howard Vyse, of a son.

16 : at Rochester, the Lady of Rev. D. F. Warner of a daughter; Mrs. W. H. Cooper, of South Villa, Regent's Park, of a son. 19; at Somerby, Melton Mowbray, the Lady of Benjamin Burton, Esq. of Gloucester Place, Portman Square, of a son.

.

MARRIED.

Oct. 2: at Oxendon, Northamptonshire, Mr. John Marriott, Surgeon, of Kilworth, Leicestershire, to Georgiana, second daughter of the Rev. George Boulton, Rector of Oxendon; at Richmond, Yorkshire, the Rev. D. Tremlett, Rector of Rodney Stoke, near Wells, to Isabella Mary, youngest daughter of the late Thomas Simpson, Esq. 5: Octavius, eighth son of the late Dr. William Green, of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Thundercliffe Grange, Yorkshire, to Elizabeth Jane, second daughter of Jonathan Patten, Esq.; at Plymouth, Thomas Robson, Esq. M. D. of Demerary, to Amelia, second daughter to Benj. Harper, Esq. late of Grenada, and now of Demerary; at St. John's, Wapping, Magnus Johnson, Esq. to Jane, eldest daughter of John Fulham, Esq. of Wapping. 7: Sidney Strong, of Pewsey, Wilts. Esq. to Susannah Bianca, eldest daughter of John Gilman, Esq. 10 : at Aldenham, Captain Phillimore, eldest son of William Robert Phillimore, Esq. of Kendalls, Hertfordshire, to Miss West, of Portland Place, daughter of the late William West, Esq.; at Bridgenorth, Shropshire, James Shipley, Esq. Lieutenant R. N. to Harriet Sarah, only child of the Rev. Henry Ward, Havering Bower, Essex : John Dean Paul, Esq. to Georgina Beauclerk, third daughter of Charles George Beauclerk, of St. Leonard's Lodge, Sussex, and granddaughter of the late Duchess of Leinster 11: W. H. Ainsworth, Esq. eldest son of the late Thomas Ainsworth, Esq. of Manchester, to Fanny, youngest daughter of Mr. Ebers, of Sussex Place, Regent's Park ; Rich. Frankum, Esq. Surgeon, Grove House, Lisson Grove, to Harriett, eldest daughter of the late Samuel Hobson, Esq. of Wensley Dale, Yorkshire. 12 : at Walthamstow, Essex, John Farquhar Fraser, Esq. nephew of the late John Farquhar, Esq. of Fonthill Abbey, in the county of Wilts, to Agnes, youngest daughter of the late Rev. Walter Bagot, of Blithfield, Staffordshire ; John Robison, Esq. of Athol Crescent, Edinburgh, to Isabella, fourth daughter of the late Thomas Benson, Esq. 17 : Francis John, youngest son of the late Sir Henry Lambert, Bart. to Catherine, only daughter of the late Major General Wheatley, of Lesney, in Kent. 18: at Richmond, the Rev. Samuel Paynter, M. A. Rector of Hatford, Berks. to Eliza, only daughter of Samuel Painter, of Richmond, in the county of Surrey, Esq. 19: at St. George's, Hanover-square, Henry Murray, Esq. youngest son of the late Lord George Murray, and nephew to his Grace the Duke of Athol, to Catherine Otway Cave, third daughter of the late Henry Otway, Esq. of Stamford Hall, Leicestershire, and Castle Otway, in Ireland.

DEATHS.

Oct. 1: at Southampto:1, aged 76, Major General W. Fawcett, Governor of Limerick, eldest son of the late Right Hon. Sir W. Fawcett, K. C. B.; aged 23 years, Jemima, eldest daughter of Mr. G. I. Payne, of Hackney. 3: Maria, youngest daughter of James Wilkinson, Esq. of Paddington, in her 22d, year; at Denne Park, Sussex, James Eversfield, Esq. aged 31; at Peckham House, Surrey, Henry Smith, Esq. in the 85th year of his age; in Sloane-street, Ann, relict of the late Frogmere Cumming, Vicar of Cardington, Bedfordshire. 4: At Brighton, Harriet Elizabeth Courtenay, aged 17 years, only daughter of W. Courtenay, Esq. Clerk Assistant of the House of Lords. 8: At Gorphwysfa, near Bangor, Hectwood Williams, Esq. of New Bond-street. 9: at his house, Bloomsbury-place, John Whitmore, Esq. aged 76; at Burgate House, Hants. Mrs. Pocock, daughter of the late Hon. T. W. Coventry, of North Cray Place, Kent. 11 : Isabel Barclay, wife of the Rev. William Fortescue, of George Nimpton, and Wear Gifford, Devon, and second daughter of the late James Cristie, Esq. of Durie, Fifeshire. 12 : Mr. George Kent; at Egleston Hall, universally respected and lamented, William Hutchinson, Esq. aged 63, one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace, and formerly High Sheriff and Vice-Lieutenant of the county of Durham ; and on the following morning, aged 52, Mary, his wife, daughter of the late M. Byam, Esq. of the Island of Antigua. 13: at Nottingham, aged 18, Elizabeth, only daughter of Isaac Fisher, Esq. 14: at Lancing House, Sussex, Elizabeth, widow of the late Rev. Colston Carr, Vicar of Ealing, Middlesex, and mother of the Bishop of Chichester; Daul Bennett, Esq. of Faringdon House, Berks, in his 67th year. 15 : at Marwell Hall, Hants, Isabel, the youngest daughter of William Clowes, Esq. aged 13 months. 16 : in Berkeley-square, Thomas Porteus, Esq. aged 55, of Parkbury Lodge, and late of Half-moon-street; in Duchess Street, Portland Place, France wife of James Gorden Duff, Esq. aged 33. 21: at Deptford, Mr. Robert Atkins, for many years Sacrist and Verger of Westminster Abbey, aged 78.

NATIONAL MAGAZINE,

AND

GENERAL REVIEW.

Vol. I. No. II.- DECEMBER 1, 1826.

CONTENTS.

67

73 76

78

79 80 81

87 87

I. BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF THE RIGHT HONORABLE

ROBERT PEEL
II. The Literature of England, from the time of the Druids, to the present

Century, No. I.
III. The World
IV. The Cross of the South

v. To Ada
VI. Is he Married ?
VII. The Office of Lord Chancellor, its Origin and Ancient Duties
VIII. The Exchange
IX. Content

X. English Writers and Foreign Criticism
XI. Remembrance
XII. Collectanea, No. I.
XIII. The War Song
XIV. The Lover's Seat

xy. The Stream of Life
XVI. Greece
XVII. Cupid
XVIII. “ Cherry Ripe" and its Author
XIX. Youth and Age

XX. Old English Dramatists, No. II.---Eastward Hoe...
XXI. REVIEW.---Turner's Henry VIII. ; The Heart, and other Poems;

Honor O‘Hara; Commentaire Littéraire; The Forget-me-Not,

The Literary Souvenir ; The Amulet ; Friendship's Offering .... XXII. MONTHLY REGISTER---The Drama, No. II. ; Literary and Domestic

nce; Births, Marriages, and Deaths..

88 96 97

99

100 105 106 106 107 108 109

117

125

LONDON:

HENRY DIXON, 19, CAREY STREET, LINCOLN'S INN FIELDS; SHERWOOD AND CO. 20, PATERNOSTER ROW; J. CHAPPELL, AND E. WILSON, ROYAL EXCHANGE; J. CAPES, 111, FLEET STREET ; W. TAYLOR, WHITE HART COURT, LOMBARD STREET; SUSTENANCE AND STRETCH, PERCY STREET, RATHBONE PLACE; J. ATTFIELD, KINGSTON ; J. RUSHER, READING ; J. DECK, BURY ST. EDMUND's; J. WRIGHTSON, BIRMINGHAM; E. WILLIAMS, BATH ; MESSRS. LANCASTERS, BRISTOL ; AND MAY BE HAD OP ALL OTHER BOOKSELLERS.

Price, 1s. 6d.

D. Cartwright, Printer, 91, Bartholomew Close.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

A merry Christmas to you all, our excellent Contributors, a right merry Christmas; such an one as used to grace the olden time; and we charge you, that when“ the bumper toast goes round,” you forget not us and our Magazine. For ourselves, we have vowed to dedicate a bumper of the best to every letter of the alphabet; and forasmuch as we have in our list two W.'s, three C.'s, and divers combinations of the letters, we have determined, in the exercise of our judgment, to toast you all; and if it cannot be done upon one Christmas Day, we ordain that there be two Christmas Days in the ensuing month, that every thing may be done with due attention to order, and in proper time.

Roland will not do for us. He does not seem aware of the old saying, that impudence and ignorance are nearly allied.

Alciphron shall hear from us.

W. the Second, and T. H. K. will find letters at the Publisher's.

We do not know why Q in the Corner should ask such a question, but we have no hesitation in replying, that we do not pledge ourselves to give a Biographical Memoir in every Number ; but we do pledge ourselves, that a Memoir shall not be omitted, except we can substitute a leading article of very peculiar interest and importance.

We are extremely sorry that J. A.'s lady is so unkind, but we cannot insert his “ Lament.” We would recommend him to send his verses to her---surely she cannot withstand such lines as these :

“ Celestial virgin! bending at thy shrine,

I vow to be thy lover---only thine !
Grant me thy hand, indulgent, or I die ;

Grant it, oh! grant it to my anxious cry." The communications sent by Der Ritter Von Weg, and J. M. Lacey, shall be inserted.

Pearls of Poësy, No. 2, in our next.

We have received several communications so late in the month, that we have not time to peruse them. We will transmit our decisions to the publisher before the 10th of December.

Witness Ourself,
JON, OLDBUCK, THE YOUNGER.

Communications (which are requested to be sent early in each month) to be addressed

to the Editor, at Mr. H. Dixon's, 19, Carey Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields.

The “ Literary and Commercial Advertiser” is particularly recommended to the

notice of our Advertising friends.

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FOLLOWING up the intention expressed in our last number, we have selected for the subject of our present memoir, a gentleman, of whom England may, indeed, well feel proud; one who, although not as yet advanced beyond the time of life at which many men merely begin to live, has already conferred infinite obligations upon his country, and given a glorious earnest of the benefits we may expect from his continued exertions. Mr. Peel cannot boast of being what is usually termed a man of family—the name he bears has never been immortalized by heroic achievements, or commanding wisdom-he cannot trace bis descent from any powerful barbarian ; but he has the far prouder satisfaction of knowing, that he has himself achieved a distinction which a long ancestry could never have secured for him, bad he been wanting in the wisdom, firmness, and knowledge, which the high situation he now fills pre-eminently demands. The grandfather of Mr. Peel was a respectable yeoman, resident at Peel-Cross, in the county of Lancaster, at which place his ancestor bad resided for several generations,-a fact which is evidenced by its bearing their family name. Robert Peel, of Peel-Cross, had seven sons and one daughter. Robert, his eldest son, was born at Blackburn, in Lancashire, on the 25th of April, 1750, and is said to have been employed, together with several of his brothers, in Arkwright's manufactory at that place. In 1773, he engaged in a cotton manufactory at Bury, in Lancashire, in conjunction with Mr. William Yates, whose daughter, Ellen, he married in July, 1783. The business in which he was thus jointly concerned was so pre-eminently successful, that in the course of fourteen years, he purchased a large estate in Lancashire, and subsequently Drayton Manor in Staffordshire. At Tamworth, in the latter county, he erected some very extensive cotton works ; and in 1790, was returned to Parliament for that borough, after a contest with the powerful family of the Townshends. Some idea of the importance to which this most successful manufacturer rose in the course of a few years, may be formed from the fact, that 15,000 persons were at one time employed in his establishments. In his politics, he always distinguished himself as a strenuous supporter of Mr. Pitt; and in of national distress, came forward most generously in support of order and good government; in the year 1797, when the country was called upon for voluntary contributions

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