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adopted advocates agriculture already amendment American argument assertion benefit bill carried cause cent clause Clay commerce Committee competition condition Congress consideration Constitution convention cotton debate defeat discussion domestic doubt duty effect encouragement England established existing exports expressed fact favor foreign give given grant House important increase industry interest iron labor laid less letter manufactures materials matter means measure meeting ment motion necessary object opinion opponents opposed opposition party passage passed political present principle production promote proposed proposition protection protectionists question raised reason reference regarded regulate rejected remarked reported Representatives resolution result revenue Senate session side South Southern speech spirit suggestion taken tariff tion trade true United vote whole wool woollen writers
Página 293 - to lay taxes for the purpose of providing for the general welfare;" for the laying of taxes is the power, and the general welfare the purpose for which the power is to be exercised. Congress are not to lay taxes ad libitum, for any purpose they please; but only to pay the debts, or provide for the welfare, of the Union. In like manner, they are not to do anything they please, to provide for the general welfare, but only to lay taxes for that purpose.
Página 76 - Not only the wealth, but the independence and security of a country, appear to be materially connected with the prosperity of manufactures. Every nation, with a view to those great objects, ought to endeavor to possess within itself all the essentials of national supply.
Página 81 - It is, therefore, of necessity, left to the discretion of the National Legislature to pronounce upon the objects which concern the general welfare, and for which, under that description, an appropriation of money is requisite and proper. And there seems to be no room for a doubt that whatever concerns the general interests of learning, of agriculture, of manufactures, and of commerce, are within the sphere of the national councils, as far as regards an application of money.
Página 137 - When our manufactures are grown to a certain perfection, as they soon will under the fostering care of Government, we will no longer experience these evils. The farmer will find a ready market for his surplus produce ; and, what is almost of equal consequence, a certain and cheap supply of all his wants.
Página 21 - To regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the several States, and with the Indian tribes.
Página 347 - After the extinction of the public debt, it is not probable that any adjustment of the tariff', upon principles satisfactory to the people of the Union, will, until a remote period, if ever, leave the Government without a considerable surplus in the Treasury, beyond what may be required for its current service.
Página 75 - There seems to be a moral certainty that the trade of a country which is both manufacturing and agricultural will be more lucrative and prosperous than that of a country which is merely agricultural.
Página 332 - It is undoubtedly the duty of the legislature which imposes or authorizes municipalities to impose a tax to see that it is not to be used for purposes of private interest instead of a public use, and the courts can only be justified in interposing when a violation of this principle is clear and the reason for interference cogent. And in deciding whether, in the given case, the object for which the taxes are assessed falls upon the one side or the other of this line, they must be governed mainly by...
Página 70 - But the greatest obstacle of all to the successful prosecution of a new branch of industry in a country, in which it was before unknown, consists, as far as the instances apply, in the bounties premiums and other aids which are granted, in a variety of cases, by the nations, in which the establishments to be imitated are previously introduced.
Página 79 - ... domestic market, depending on that prosperity; yet, in a matter in which there is so much room for nice and difficult combinations, in which such opposite considerations combat each other, prudence seems to dictate that the expedient in question ought to be indulged with a sparing hand.