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Sometimes a verse of this kind concludes a triplet, or three lines that rhyme together, where the fenfe is full and complete; as for example :
In this place it cannot be amifs to observe, that tho' the
A needless Alexandrine ends the fong,
That, like a wounded fnake, drags its flow length along.
For thee the land in fragrant flow’rs is drest ;
For thee the ocean fmiles, and fmooths her wavy breast,
And heav'n itself with more ferene and purer light is blest.
only in heroics; for in odes they are gracefully placed after verses of any number of fyllables whatsoever, The shorter kinds of verfes are chiefly used in operas, 4 odes, and our common fongs ; but they have nothing in them worth notice. We meet with them of three, four, t five, and fix fyllables ; but those of four and fix are most o common, of which let the following specimen suffice : |
The battle near le When cowards fear, | The drum and trumpet founds ; : Their courage warms,
nounced. | In words of three or more fyllables, which are accented on the last fave two, when the liquid r comes between two || vowels, that which precedes the r is frequently cut off; as in temperance, difference, flatterer, viếtory, amorous, and | others; which, though three fyllables, and often used as | fuch in verse, may be contraćted into two when the meafure requires it ; and this contraćtion is denoted by a little | mark called an apostrophe, the words being written or | printed temp'rance, diff'rence, fatt'rer, viết'ry, am'rous, and pronounced accordingly. An elifion is made of both vowels before the r in lab’ring, endeav'ring, neighb’ring, and fuch like words. - Sometimes a vowel is cut off before the other liquids l, m, n, when found between two vowels in words accent
edlike the former ; as in fab’lous, en 'my, mar'ner, instead of
fabulous, enemy, mariner : but this ought to be avoided, the
found being harsh and ungrateful.
Contractions are agreeable enough in fome words of
three fyllables, where the letter s happens between two .
vowels, the latter of which is cut off ; as in reas’ning,
prii'ner, bu’nefs, &c.
The letter o between ll and w, in words of three fylla-
bles, suffers an elifion ; as in foll’swer, bell'swing, &c.
When the vowel e falls between v and n, and the ac--
cent lies upon the foregoing fyllable, it is frequently cut
off, as in heav'n, /ev'n, giv'n, driv'n, &c. The fame
vowel is also cut off in the words pow'r, flow'r, and others
of the like termination.
The words never, ever, over, may lose the confonant v,
and be thus contraćted, ne'er, e'er, o'er.
Most words ending in ed, which we contraćt in our
common discourse, may also be contraćted in poetry ; as
lov'd, threaten'd, expresi'd, ador’d, abandon’a, &c.
Some words admit of an elifion of their first fyllable; as
'mong, 'mongst, 'tween, 'twixt, 'gainst, 'bove, &c. are used
instead of among, amongst, between, betwixt, against, above.
Instead of it is, it was, it were, it will, it would, we
fometimes ufe 'tis, 'twas, 't were, 'twill, ’t would. So like-
wife by't, for by it ; do’t, for do it ; swas’t, for was it, &c.
But these last contraćtions are fcarce allowable, especially
in heroic poetry.
Am may lose its vowel after I; as I'm, for I am : and
fo may are after we, you, they ; as we're, you're, they're ;
for we are, you are, they are: we also fometimes use the
contraćtion, let's, for let us.
The word have fuffers an elifion of its two first letters,
after I, you, we, they ; as I've, you’ve, we've, they’ve, for
I have, you have, we bave, they have. So svill and would
are often contraĉted after the perfonał pronouns ; as I'll
for I will, he'd for be would, &c. or after who, as who'd
for who would, who'll for who will, &c.
The particle to fometimes lofes its o when it comes be-
fore a verb that begins with a vowel ; as t'avoid, t’increase,
fundo, &c. but this elifion is not fo allowable before nouns,
and feldom used by correćt writers.
When the particle the comes before a word that begins
with a vowel or an b not aspirated, it generally loses its e;