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CRITICAL NOTICES.

The Charleston Book : a Miscellany in a systematic nomenclature whenever one is called Prose and Verse. Charleston, published

for. It is equally adapted to every variety of style

and subject--to the most shadowy subtlety of disby Samuel Hart, Sen., King-street, 1845. tinction, and the utmost exactness of definition, as

well as to the energy and pathos of popular eloWe have been favored, in advance of

quence-to the majesty, the elevation, the variety of publication, with the sheets of a tastefully the Epic, and the buldest license of the Dithyrambic, executed volume bearing the above title,

no less than to the sweetness of the Elegy, the siinand edited, as we understand, by Mr. Policies of the Pastoral, or the heedless gayety and

delicate characterization of Comedy. Above all, Simms.

what is an unspeakable charm--a sort of naiveté is Many amateur books, made up of local peculiar to it, and appears in all these various styles, contributions, have appeared in Northern

and is quite as becoming and agreeable in an histo

rian or a philosopher-Xenophon, for instance-as cities, containing always pieces of very un. in the light and jocund numbers of Anacreon. Inequal merit. The present volume, collected

deed, were there no other object in the learning

Greek, but to see to what perfection language is cain the polished capital of South Carolina,

pable of being carried, not only as a medium of comdoes not differ greatly from others in this munication, but as an instrument of thought, we see respect. It has writings from men of splen. not why the time of a young man would not be just did repute—and the writings are worthy of

as well bestowed in acquiring a knowledge of it

for all the purposes, at least, of a liberal or elementheir reputation. It has writings from per tary education-as in learning Algebra, another spesons of whom few, probably, ever heard-

cimen of a language or arrangement of signs, perfect and the merit of these, also, seems com

in its kind. But this wonderful idiom happens to

have been spoken, as was hinted in the preceding mensurate with the fame of their authors.

paragraph, by a race as wonderful. The very first The greater part of the book, however, monument of their genius, the most ancient relic of

letters in the Western world, stands to this day altowhich we cannot say of many similar col

gether unrivalled in the exalted class to which it belections, is very good writing ; and there Jongs. What was the history of this immortal poare two or three names that stand among em, and of its great fellow ?' Was it a single indithe first in our literature. Of these, no one

vidual, and who was he, that composed thein ? Had

he any master or model ? What had been his eduwill fail to notice at once the name of the

cation, and what was the state of society in which lamented Legaré,-a name which we can he lived ? These questions are full of interest to a not mention without profound regret that so

philosophic inquirer into the intellectual history of

the species, but they are especially important with ripe and eloquent a scholar, so finished and

a view to the subject of the preseni discussion. able a lawyer, so classical an orator, and a Whatever causes for the matchless excellence of man every way so accomplished, should, in these primitive poems, and for that of the language

in which they are written, will go far to explain the the vigor of manhood, have passed away extraordinary circumstance, that the same favored from among the ornaments equally of his people left nothing unattempted in philosophy, in native state and of the nation. But Mr. letters, and in arts, and attempted nothing without

signal, and, in some cases, unrivalled success. Legaré had happily built his own monument before he died. He has left writings

Another name, widely known as that of which are among the finest critical and ora.

a fine scholar and a writer, appears in the torical productions of the country.

volume-Thomas S. Grimke. Some reMr. Legaré, as is known, was widely marks are introduced on “ the secret of ora. read in classic literature-and had, in par

torical success,' in which he occupies a ticular, an unbounded admiration for the ground quite opposite to Mr. Legaré. "How Greek genius. In this admiration we are

Mr. Grimke should have so disparaged andisposed to join him so fully, that we can

cient oratory, and the classics generally, not refrain from quoting, out of the volume

when his own finished and expressive style before us, an eloquent eulogium on the

was notoriously the result of classical stuGreek language.

dies, is beyond our comprehension.

Washington Allston, too, of whom wo It is impossible to contemplate the annals of Greek literature and art, without being struck with them,

need not here speak in terms of praise, is as by far the most extraordinary and brilliant phe claimed by South Carolina as her son, hav. nomenon in the history of the human mind. The ing been born in Charleston. Extracts of very language, even in its primitive simplicity, as it came down from the rhapsodists who celebrated the

his verse and prose, consisting of "The exploits of Hercules and Theseus, was as great a Tuscan Maid” and passages from “Mowonder as any it records. All the other tongues that naldi," are found in the volume. civilized men have spoken, are poor, and feeble, and barbarous, in comparison with it. Its compass and

interesting essay, by Mr. Poinsett, on the flexibility, its riches and its powers, are altogether Etruscans and their singularly exquisite unlimited. It not only expresses with precision all remains of art, adds much to the interest that is thought or known at any given period, but it enlarges itself naturally with the progress of science, of the compilation. There is a generous and affords, as if without an effort, a new phrase, or tribute to the Pilgrims of New England,

A very

some cause of

and numerous essays on various subjects character, than that one portion of our by such writers as Pettigru, Pinckney, great community should become acquainted Simmons, and others sufficiently well with the feelings, opinions, and intellectual known to the public-making altogether a features of other portions—which can be varied and pleasant volume.

fully effected only by perusal of their litera. Among other things is a curious story of ture. a boy that rose to great eminence by cat

Hunt's Library of Commerce-Practical, ing old parchments-illustrating the force Theoretical, and Historical. of habit-introducing which, the writer tells

Under this title a series of volumes is, we the most laughable anecdote we have ever

perceive, to be published by Mr. Hunt, the seen related of the ancients.

gentleman who has done so great a service The Tyrinthians were a people so inveterately to the mercantile community, and all intergiven to joyousness and gayeiy, that they were unable to enter upon the most serious and important by the publication of the Merchants' Maga.

ested in that great department of civil life, deliberations with any thing like solemnity. In their public assemblies the orators, when they attempted

zine. to speak, were convulsca with laughter, and the

The present undertaking is intended as a chairman's hammer lay idle upon his desk while his hands were ingaged in holding both his sides; sequel or accompaniment to this so deservthe amba-sidors of the neighboring kingdoms were edly successful work; obviously a most exreceived with ridiculous grimaces, and the gravest cellent idea, as by this means topics can be senators were neither more nor less than inere buffoons. In short, so far had this spirit of levity ex

treated of which require more elaborate elutended, that a rational word or action had become

cidation than would be consistent with the a prodigy among them. In this deplorable state of design of a Magazine alone. things, they consulted the Oracle, at Delphos, for a cure of their folly. The reply of the god was, that

The Part before us (being Part First of if they succeeded in offering a bull to Nepumme with the first volume) is a “Sketch of the Comout laughing during the ceremony, they might hope mercial Intercourse with China, reprinted thereafter for a greater share of wisdom. A sacrifice is in itself by no means a capital joke,

from Knight's Store of Knowledge, with but yet, well aware of their propensity, they took

additions by the American Editor.” A very every precaution to avoid the provocation even of a interesting and succinct, but lucid history smile. The youths of the city were debarred the

of this intercourse, from the earliest times privilege of assisting at the ceremony, and vot only they, but all others were excluded, who had not of which we have any authentic account,

elancholy within themselves-such, is given, interspersed with as much valuafor instance, as were afflicted with painful and in

ble information of the customs of this curious curabie discases-such as were overhead and heels in debe-and such as were wedded to scolding wives. people, bearing upon the subject of ComWhen all these collected on the beach to immolate merce, as was possible in so small a comthe victim, they prepared to perform their office with looks composed io seriousness, their eyes being cast

pass. Nothing need be said of the impordown and their lips compressed together. Just at tance of this particular subject, at the time this moment a boy, who had glided in unperceived, of so great an epoch as the present in the and whom some of the attendants were endeavoring commercial intercourse of the rest of the to drive oui, exclaimed, in a comico-serious tone of voice, " What! are you afraid that I will swallow

world with that nation. your bull ?"

This was too much for them; their Within the space that we can possibly counterfeit solemnity was disconcerte!; habit over give to notices such as this, it is impossible came their resolution; they burst into roars of laughter; the sacrifice was abandoned ; and gravity

for us to say what ought so forcibly to be never returned to the Tyrinthians.

said upon a topic suggested by this publica

tion. We mean the great importance to all The prose of the collection is much bet- engaged in Commerce, of information comter than the poetry--a circumstance to be mensurate with their profession. To say expected. No local compilation could be nothing of the dignity and stability of charmade in any part of the country, that acter involved in the idea of an intelligent would not show the same features. There merchant, how much wildness of specula. are several specimens, however, which are tion, and misapplication of energy, enter. not without merit.

prise, and labor, would be avoided, were Aside from the intrinsic merits of a good merchants more generally acquainted with portion of its contents, we are glad to see the various and complicated subjects conthis volume on another account. We have nected with their calling; so that the causes had little community of literature in this and consequences of operations might be country.

Even in cities do our literary more intelligently reasoned about. In Engmen live in miserable cliques ; between the land, Commerce is now treated as a scicultivated minds of neighboring cities there ence; and it is becoming more and more is still less intercourse ; least of all, have necessary every day that it should be unthe writings of one section of the Union derstood as such, in order to success. In been familiar to another. It ought to be fact, when the numbers contending for its otherwise. Nothing would tend more to glittering prizes only become a little more create unanimity of feeling and purpose numerous than they are, to so understand throughout the country, and to build up a and practise it will be essential to the avoidbody of national literature of a uniform ance of certain failure.

Life and Eloquence of the Rev. Sylvester Commerce of the Prairies : or the Journal

Lurned, First Pastor of the First Pres. of a Santa Trader during eight exbyterian Church in New Orleans. By peditions across the great Western PraiR. R. GURLEY. New York: Wiley & ries, and a residence of nearly nine years Putnam, 161 Broadway, 1844.

in Northern Mexico. Illustrated with

maps and engrarings. By Josian Gregg. Pulpit eloquence is a distinct field in ora Two volumes. New York: Henry G. tory, and its requisitions on all the resources Langley, 8 Astor House. 1844. of the speaker are as great, certainly, as We do not suppose that any number of are found in any department of the art. If

books, written from personal observation its subjects are less varied than those of

and adventure on the great prairies of the an every-day worldly nature--which may west, by those capable of describing what admit of doubt-they will yet bear to be they saw and met with, would weaken our more frequently recurred to; if they appear interest in a new volume depicting the same not of such immediate, and therefore press. , wonderful country. There is so much of ing concern, they are yet of infinitely vaster

new and varied incident still to be met with import, and present themselves to the mind

-So much of her fresh solitudes still left to with such breadth and extension as belong Nature--so much that is unchangeably to the prospects of immortality. And in magnificent in its immense scenery-so this country its field is doubtless more dis- much room to be free--that the imagination, tinct, and makes greaier exactions, than in

among its green-swelling prairies, mounds, any other. For the turn of our people is and vast rivers, with buffalo herds, and lines decidedly towards oratory; and as the mass of dark forest belting the distance, very read. here are unquestionably more intelligent ily loses itself for the fiftieth time. Though than in any other land, they will expect far Pike and Long, therefore, gave such full inore of their sacred teachers,

accounts of their journeys from the Missis. The discourses of the Rev. Sylvester sippi to the mountains, and Murray, IrvLarned have been looked for now for several ing, and Hoffman, and more recently the years, and great expectations, founded on graphic narrator of the “Santa Fé Expediuniversal report, had been formed with re

tion," have added to scenes of the prairie spect to their merits. Oratorical efforts, many graces of style, the present somewhat however, which when delivered produced loosely-arranged 'narrative of Mr. Gregg the greatest effect, often appear, when pe seems efectually to reawaken our interest. rused in writings, to have no qualities justi Mr. Gregg's narrative is peculiariy ramfying such an impression ; so much of the bling; but for that very reason, it has the power of eloquence belongs to the voice, the

more variety, which is, of course, in such eye, the least motion of the hand. This

a work, one great element of attraction. fact, united with the great expectation He gives some new information about the which had been raised, would come in the

more distant Mexican territories, and a way at once to disappoint the readers of good deal that is new about many wild Mr. Larned's Sermons now published. Yet, tribes of Indians. It is a book, in brief, though his person "combined dignity, grace, pleasant to read, and one to which wo and strength," though “his countenance should recur in writing about that region well expressed his soul, and his voice was of the con inent. persuasion,”-none of which aids to im. pression can now be of avail-yet no one

Elements of Logic, together with an Inof those who may peruse these discourses in

troductory View of Philosophy in genhis own chamber, can fail to be struck with eral, and a Preliminary View of the their many high qualities. After reading

Reason. By HENRY P. TAPPAN. New them, we cannot greatly differ froin the

York and London : Wiley & Putnam.

1814. opinion of his biographer, that “nothing irrelevant, nothing superfluous, is admitted;" Prof. Tappan is most favorably known that “he enters at once, and proceeds stead in the field of philosophical inquiry by his ily onward in his argument, never pausing, able Review of Edwards on the Will. The and never deviating from his main design;" present work on the very difficult field of that "his words are things, his illustra. logic will add to his reputation. It is divi. tions arguments, and even his ornaments ded into Primordial Logic, Inductive Logic, seem but to clasp the simple drapery and Deductive Logic-presenting, in a of great and majestic thoughts.” If with more attractive form than is usual, a full all this he had, as is urged, the rare talent discussion of all the principal elements of of being eloquent without seeming sensible the subject. It is too large a subject, how. of it, of hiding from himself and others the ever, to be laid aside by us with a brief power by which he moved them, he was reference. We shall give it an extended certainly an orator.

notice on another occasion.

The Literary Remains of the late Willis Ellen Woodrille: or Life in the West.

Gaylord Clark. New York: Burgess, New York: Henry G. Langley, 8 Astor Stringer, & Co., 222 Broadway.

House. 1844. We have received from the publishers the This book is not particularly worth novarious writings of Mr. Clark, as edited by ticing as a work of fiction. It deserves his brother, the conductor of the “ Knick- praise, however, for its general elegance of erbocker.” We regret the want of space language-a trait not always found in the for an appropriate notice of them at this fictions of the day—and for a very clear time. In our next we shall endeavor to do and truthful portraiture of the life, princijustice to a man of genius, a true poet, and ples, and practice of the western land specone of the finest humorists whoin the coun. ulators, especially their extreme want of try has produced.

what we might term financial morality.

THE SOLILOQUY.
The lamp burns dimly, and the midnight stars
Have wheeled their slow course round the moveless pole.
--Thus, then, oh! thus, with a returnless vow,
And a most voiceless purpose, deep within-
Deeper than fear or doubting-am I fung
On the great ocean of the world's wide thought.
What fortune there unto my freighted bark
Shall fall, I know not. Every billow seeks
Its own wild independence; and the shores
Of that tumultuous deep are strown along
With the dull wrecks of many a glorious scheme,
Once buoyant borne upon the topinost wave--
And under the dark waters, all unseen,
Lie myriad others, which no thought of man
Shall more remember. None the less, for these,
Shall yet another, laden with great hopes
And solemn purposes, go calmly forth
To struggle, as it may, for its bold aims,
And meet its destiny. There will be storms
In causeless strange abuse, and the strong breath
Of busy mouths will blow upon our course,
And their loud clamor strive to drown the voice
Of sun-bright Truth that sitteth on the prow :-
Nay, bitterer far, pretended friendly tongues
May fill the fair free winds with secret taint,
Poisoning the spirit of so fair a voyage-
Yet will we on with a most constant heart,
Stretch the broad sails, and through the dark-brow'd deep,
“Stem nightly towards the pole !" For if for thee,
O Native Land! there be forever sunk
One new delusion or one hoary error,
And thy dear sons accord no thought of praise,
Be all my recompense the toil for good,
And the high consciousness of evil slain,
And that which none can take away, thy gifts,
O Intellectual Beauty Influence bright,
Wide Presence! Great Adorner!-thou that wast
The earliest offspring of th’ Eternal Soul,
Most loved, most honored, and endowed with power
Over the souls of angels and the mind
Of man, create in glory-thou that sitt'st
Among the clouds, and watchest with the stars,
And holdest converse deep, all times, all hours,
With the old mountains, and the changeful skies,
And solemn ocean, drinking in the light
Of God's great universe with silent gaze,
And look'st through all things~-unto me, o Spirit !
Mayst thou reveal thy presence and thy power,
And all the calmness of thine aspect fair.

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VICTRIX CAUSA DIIS PLACUIT, SED VICTA CATONI. -- Lucan.

THE serious alarm for the national political scepticism, they, one and all, welfare, swallowing up, as it were, all seaders and followers, masters and disciinferior regrets of party defeat and per- ples, regarded the late struggle as simply sonal chagrin, with which the great Whig a game of mingled skill and chance, in Party throughout the whole Union look which “the spoils” were the highest back upon the result of the Presidential stake at risk, and look upon the result Election, is but consistent with the grave as one which, while it gives the winner importance which, with one consent, they leave to laugh, neither justifies nor ex. had openly and earnestly attributed to cuses any depth of grief on the part of the mighty contest when impending. It the loser. It fills them, then, both with evinces, at once, the sincerity of our opin- amazement and vexation, that so vast a ions respecting the dignity of the crisis, body of their fellow citizens, in spite of and justifies the magnitude of the prepa- the decorous moderation with which they rations which we set on foot to achieve bear their success, and when, as they its prosperous issue. It teaches, that the flippantly express it, “ the excitement besolemnity of the juncture was neither the ing over, there should be a renewal of dream of an inflamed imagination, nor good feeling”-should persist in impartthe stale trick of political bankruptcy ing to their triumphal shows the aspect that the enthusiasm which stimulated of funereal processions and in shadowing our exertions was no mountebank extra- the glories of their party victory with the vagance, and the patriotism which sus dark drapery of national calamity. tained our labors was neither a cunning That we have expressed the prevalent device to delude others, nor an illusion feelings of the Whig party at the result which deceived ourselves.

of the election, and without exaggeraWe are fully aware that the earnest tion, we appeal to the consciousness and sorrow which pervades the feelings of observation of every one of our readers. the whole mass of the defeated party, and When the last ray of hope had faded out gives a severe and almost gloomy tone to of our hearts, sad regret for the past, sad every public and private expression of foreboding for the future, did indeed take them, while is extremely annoying to possession of us : they were natural, they the self-satisfaction of the victors, is were manly emotions, and from friend or utterly unintelligible to their comprehen- foe we cared not to conceal them. But sion. Trained in a discipline which the lapse of time has somewhat blunted deems politics an arena, not a battle-field, the keenness of these impressions, and a deals with its conflicts as mere prolusions calm contemplation of our actual position of arms, and not an honest and serious greatly assuaged their bitterness. The warfare-bred in a school of absolute matter in hand does not require us to

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VOL. 1.-NO. II.

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